**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### invariant measure of uniquely ergodic horocycle flow

Let $S$ be a compact connected orientable surface of variable negative curvature, and let $M=T^1S$ be the unit tangent bundle of $S$. Then, we know from the paper of Brian Marcus (*) that the negative ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

284 views

### Does specification implies that entropy map is upper semicontinuous?

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space and f a continuous transformation on X. f has the specification if one can always find a single orbit to interpolate between different pieces of orbits, up to a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Reading Ratner's paper “Ragunathan's conjectures for SL(2,R)”

Hello everyone (interested),
I am trying to read Marina Ratner's paper "Ragunathan's conjectures for $SL_{2}(R)$" (Israel Journal of Mathematics 80 (1992), 1-31). There is a claim right at the end of ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

447 views

### Rounding errors in images of Julia sets

One typically computes Julia sets by iterating a complex function, such as a polynomial or rational function.
How do rounding errors affect the results?
I'm looking for references on this issue, ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### When does the sequence of iterates of a rational function converge?

Darsh asks at the 20-questions seminar:
Let $f:P^1 \rightarrow P^1$ be rational function.
Can you say when the sequence $\{ f^n(x)\}_n=\{ x,f(x),f(f(x)),\cdots\} $ converges? What about the sequence ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Stability of a linear system and spectrum of the product of two matrices

Let us consider an invertible matrix $\mathbf{A}\in GL_d(\mathbb{R})$ such that all its diagonal entries $\mathbf{A}_{ii}=-1 \; \forall \, i$.
My question is the following:
Does it always exists a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Hyperbolic toral automorphisms, and maximizing over orbits the minimum along an orbit of a function

Setup:
Let $\phi\colon T^2 \to T^2$ be a hyperbolic toral automorphism. Let $f\colon T^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function.
For $x \in T^2$, let $\underline{f}(x) = \inf_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

410 views

### Time for Langton's ant to cover a “square” torus

Langton's ant is a cellular automaton running as follows:
Squares on a plane are colored variously either black or white. We
arbitrarily identify one square as the "ant". The ant can travel ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### A question about Mirzakhani et. al.'s algebraicity theorem

While the geodesic flow on a complete hyperbolic surface is ergodic, the closure of an individual orbit (a geodesic line) can take a complicated fractal-like shape. Nonetheless, there is an ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Is there a categorical treatment of dynamical systems?

Let $X$ be a set and $(T,\cdot)$ an abelian group. Is there a category of $T$-dynamical systems on $X$ which yields useful information about $X$ and $T$?
More precisely, is there a category whose ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Regarding the definition of S-flows over a category (given a monoid S)

(This question was originally directed to Simone Virili, referring to the answer http://mathoverflow.net/a/103840/2926, but could also be addressed to the greater community.)
I was wondering if you ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### Does Langton's ant cover every n by 6 gridded torus?

This post follows this other post about times cover by Langton's ant of $n$ by $n$ gridded torus.
For $n$ by $n$ gridded torus, I've checked for $n \le 1000$ that the ant covers all. This fact needs ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

941 views

### Invariance of dynamical system under a transformation

I have come across an interesting property of a dynamical system, being transformed by a map, but i haven't been able to figure out why this is happening (for quite some time now actually). Any help ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

103 views

### Density of periodic points and density of periodic measures

There are many results (usually connected to specification-like properties) about density of periodic measures in the space of all invariant ones. However some questions that seem to be easy (at first ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Does every measure-preserving dynamical system admit a backward orbit?

This seems like a really basic question, and yet I haven't managed to find the answer!
Let $(X,\Sigma,\mu,T)$ be a measure-preserving dynamical system. Does there necessarily exist at least one ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

76 views

### Lyapunov exponents of dual / adjoint / transpose random dynamical system (RDS)

Consider the the state of a system at time $n$, $X_n$, as the action of a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices acting on a $d$ dimensional vector $X_0$, so we have
$$X_n = A_n \cdots ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

587 views

### In how many steps a random walk visits all the elements of a finite group, with a probability 1/2?

This question is a variation of the return to the origin problem.
Let $G$ be the finite group $\mathbb{Z}/n \times \mathbb{Z}/n$ and let the random transformation $T: G \to G$ such that $T(a,b) = ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Product of two foliations

1.What is an example of a manifold $M$ with two foliations $F$ and $F'$ which are not topological equivalent but the product foliations $F\times F$ and $F'\times F'$, as foliations on $M\times M$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### length comparison on negatively curved surfaces

Suppose $g_1$, and $g_2$ are two Riemannian metrics on a closed surface $S$, provided that the Gaussian curvature $K_{g_1}$ $<$ $K_{g_2}\leq -1$. Denote by $\mathcal{C}$ the set of free homotopy ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Choosing a metric in which homeomorphism is Holder continuous

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable space, and let $f:X \to X$ be a homeomorphism. Is it always possible to choose a compatible metric on $X$ in which $f$ is Holder continuous? I've tried some simple ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Discontinuity of Radon-Nikodym derivative for Patterson-Sullivan measures for word metrics on Gromov hyperbolic groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group coming endowed with a word metric coming from some finite generating set. Let $\nu$ be an associated Patterson-Sullivan measure (quasi-conformal density).
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

162 views

### Find a sequence with uniform frequencies and recurrent property

Given any 4 positive numbers $p_{00}\,,p_{01}=p_{10}\,,p_{11}$,such that the sum of the 4 numbers is 1, now I want to find a sequence in $\{0\,,1\}^\mathbb{N}$
such that this sequence has uniform ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Classification of ergodic measures for circle expanding maps

Let us consider the classical self-covering of the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ given by
$$\times_d(x) = dx \mod 1$$
where the degree $d$ is any integer greater than $1$.
There are a wealth of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

292 views

### Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Let $X$ be a non vanishing vector field on a compact manifold $M$. The only differential operator associated with $X$ which I am aware of, is the derivational operator $D(g)=X.g$. Unfortunately ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

Edit:For a recent progress on the Hilbert 16th problem see the following note which consider an infinite dimensional nature for this apparently 2 dimensional amazing problem . Best wishes for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Techniques for finding the stationary state of a continuous-state, discrete-time Markov process

I'm interested in a continuous-state, discrete-time Markov process. Let the distribution at time $t$ be $f_t(x)$. The update equation has the form
\begin{equation}
f_{t+1}(x) = \int f_t(x') g(x', x) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### Classification of complex Kronecker foliations

Let $\theta \in \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed complex number. The submersion $f:\mathbb{C}^{2}\to \mathbb{C}\; \text{with}\; f(x,y)=y-\theta x$ defines a complex foliation on $\mathbb{C}^{2}$. Consider the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Perron-Frobenius theory for reducible matrices

Can someone suggest some sources/references dealing with the Perron-Frobenius theory for nonnegative matrices that are reducible?
Specifically, if $A\ge 0$ is a $d\times d$ matrix with no assumptions ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### A question on Collatz's conjecture

Let $C$ : ${\mathbb N}\longrightarrow {\mathbb N}$ be Collatz's map defined by $C(n) = 3n+1$ if $n$ is odd, and $C(n)=n/2$ if $n$ is even. Then according to Collatz's conjecture, we should have $C^k ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$.
The segments are open, excluding their endpoints.
They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Lyapunov exponent for circle diffeomorphisms

Let $f:S^1\to S^1$ be an orientation-preserving circle diffeomorphism with irrational rotation number (see here). Then the system $(S^1,f)$ admits a unique invariant measure, say $\mu_f$.
Let ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Uniqueness of analytic center manifold

In a book, i have read a remark which says that the center manifold of an equilibrium point of a differential equation is not unique in general but is unique in the class of analytic manifold. The ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Palis' conjecture and Newhouse's results

Newhouse proved that in the space of C^r smooth diffeomorphisms r > 2, a topologically general dynamical system can have an infinite number of attractors (he goes even further, actually in showing the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Translation surfaces & integer multiples of $\pi$

Richard Schwartz, in Mostly Surfaces (Vol. 60. American Mathematical Soc., 2011),
defines (on p.14) a translation surface as "a Euclidean cone surface, all of whose 'angle errors' are integer ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

306 views

### Which polygons have *simple* periodic billiard paths?

I know (or, rather, believe) that it remains unknown whether every polygon
has a periodic billiard path.
But Masur proved in the 1980's that every rational polygon
(vertex angles rational multiples ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### On the decay of correlations of an ergodic sequence over the set $X_{0}=0$

The following question arose while I was trying to explore possible further extensions of a CLT by Liverani which I mentioned here already (see this link, I can tell you more details upon request). It ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

188 views

### A Lie algebra associated with a one dimensional foliation

A non vanishing vector field $X$ on a manifold is called "well behaved" if for every non vanishing smooth function $f$ we have $$C(X)\simeq C(fX)$$ This means that the centralizer Lie algebras ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Linear forms with best approximation vectors lying in a subspace

Setup: For $u \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\rho(u)$ be the Euclidean length, $\sqrt{u_1^2 + \ldots + u_n^2}$. For $x \in \mathbb{R}$ let $\|x\| = \min_{k \in \mathbb{Z}} |x - k|$, and for $x \in ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

885 views

### Central Limit Theorem(s) for irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be irrational and $T: S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ be the rotation by $\alpha$. I'm interested in what type of Central Limit Theorem (if any) can hold for sums $Y_n = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### A cohomology associated with a codimension one foliation(2)

What is an example of a codimension one foliation of a manifold for which this cohomology is finite dimension for all dimension $*$?
Moreover what is the description of this cohomology for ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

443 views

### On the boundary of the twindragon

Let $\mathcal T$ be the famous twindragon, i.e.,
$$
\mathcal T=\left\{\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n\left(\frac{1+i}2\right)^n : a_n\in\{0,1\}\right\}.
$$
Then, as is well known, $\mathcal T$ has a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

84 views

### A cohomology associated with a codimension one foliation

Let $\alpha$ be a non vanishing one form on a manifold which which defines a codimension one foliation. With this $\alpha$ we define the following complex:
$$\phi:\Omega^{i}(M)\to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

50 views

### positively invariant set respec to fractional system

In my research I need to show that the set
$$M := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^4,X≥0\}$$
where
$$X(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t),x_3(t),x_4(t))^T$$
is positively invariant with respect the following system of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Analogous to a PDE but where independent variable is a function

Consider, as an example for my question, a density function $u(\boldsymbol{x},t)$ on a vector field $\boldsymbol{x}$ at some time $t$. The flow velocity vector of the density is given by ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Help with notation for the state of a dynamical system defined by a PDE

Before my question let me briefly describe a simplified version of the dynamical system I'm working with. Suppose that I have a density function $m(\boldsymbol{x},t)$, that describes the abundance of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Recent Survey on Dynamics of Linear Operator

I'm studying Linear Dynamics using the textbook Linear Chaos by grosse erdmann. I'm looking for a recent encyclopaedic article/survey which gives me a big picture of the area.
It seems erdmann and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Stationarity of Brownian motion with drift

Suppose the following SDE for $X_t$ is well-posed:
$$dX_t = \sqrt{2}\, dB_t - \nabla\Phi(X_t)\,dt.$$
For what $\Phi\in C^1(R^d)$ will $X$ have stationary distribution $u_{\infty}$? For what $\Phi$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### What is the state of the art of visualizing bifurcations for “difficult” dynamical systems?

This question is related to my other recent question on MO (although I am not confident that the dynamical system described in that other question is actually "difficult," in the sense that I will ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### conjugacy between geodesic flows on 2-tori

Let $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ be two flat tori of dimension 2 such that their geodesic flows are $C^0$-conjugated, is there an isometry between $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ ?
I emphasize the fact ...