Dynamics of differential equations and flows, mechanics, classical few-body problems, iterations, complex dynamics, delayed differential equations.

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6
votes
2answers
317 views

Rotation numbers for amenable group actions on the circle

Given an orientation-preserving homeomorphism $f: S^1 \to S^1$, one can define its rotation number $\rho(f) \in \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, as $\rho(f) = (\lim_{n \to \infty} \tilde{f}^n(0)/n) + ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Is it possible to approximate an area-preserving diffeomorphism by a sequence of conjugates of periodic rotations?

Is it possible to approximate an area-preserving diffeomorphism $T$ of the disk $\mathbb{D}^2$ by a sequence of conjugates of periodic rotations $B_n^{-1} S_{\frac{p_n}{q_n}} B_n$, where $ ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Stability analysis of ODE

My questions concerns the stability analysis of the following dynamical system : $\dfrac{d}{dt} a_{i}(t) = D_{i} + \displaystyle{\sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}a_{j}(t) + \sum_{j=1}^{n}\sum_{k=1}^{n} C_{ijk} ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Under what conditions can interval exchanges be approximated by periodic maps?

Under what conditions can an interval exchange be approximated by periodic maps? (in the weak topology for the Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$ ). Are there non-trivial examples of periodically ...
9
votes
0answers
365 views

Poincaré recurrence and symplectic packings

Question. Is there any example of a path connected symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ that has infinite volume, but which cannot be packed by an infinite number of symplectic balls of a fixed radius ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

Dynamics of $3^x$ mod 1

Consider the map $f(x)=3^x$ mod 1. Using the the iterated function system $T_{0}x=\log_{3}(x+1), T_{1}x=\log_{3}(x+2)$ we see that $f$ is dynamical conjugated to a full shift on two symbols. Moreover ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Extending the hyperbolic splitting on $\Lambda$ to a neighborhood of $\Lambda$

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $f:M→M$ a diffeomorphism. Let $\Lambda\subset M$ be a compact invariant subset of $M$. We say that $\Lambda $ is a hyperbolic set for $f$ when there ...
6
votes
2answers
358 views

“is topologically mixing” vs. “is topologically transitive” in the defition of chaos

This question is cross-posted from MSE, since it hasn't gotten an answer there for over 72 hours. Wikipedia gives essentially "is topologically mixing and has dense periodic periodic orbits" as the ...
10
votes
2answers
409 views

Vector field on 3-sphere

Let $V$ be a vector field on $S^3$ such that its singularity points, namely the points at which the vector field vanishes, are only sinks or sources (i.e. the field is converging or diverging). Is ...
1
vote
0answers
196 views

Weakened jacobian conjecture for entire functions

A rudin's theorem is the assertion that any polynomial injection between affine spaces of the same dimension has a polynomial inverse, and the inverse is also given by polynomials. The jacobian ...
5
votes
2answers
206 views

What one really can do with fractals built from L-systems?

For any L-system one can naturally associate a fractal. Why these fractals are (mathematically) useful apart that they are a source of nice pictures?
4
votes
1answer
201 views

What is the probability of an arbitrary nonlinear dynamical system to be chaotic?

Particularly, how to characterize a set of chaotic nonlinear dynamical systems as a subset of nonlinear dynamical systems with respect to the set cardinality? To explain the question more, a simple ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

whether there are some books and original papers ergodic theory approach to ODE

Recently I become more and more interested in the field of ergodic theory, especially in the dimension theory and thermal formalism and its applications. People always said that most of the ideas in ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Volume Function on Banach Spaces

I'm looking for a reference for the following so-called Volume Function $V_n$, which is intended to be a Banach/normed vector space generalization of the determinant. Let $X$ be a Banach space with ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

inverse problem for ergodic measures

It is a basic fact in the weak-* topology, the set of invariant measures for a dynamical system is closed, compact, and convex in the weak-* topology. Furthermore, the set of ergodic measures is equal ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

Extension of diffeomorphisms preserving bilateral bounds of the derivatives

Suppose $f$ is a $C^k (1\leq k\leq\infty)$ function from the unit ball $\mathcal{B}$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ to itself, which is a diffeomorphism from the domain to its image, with the upper and lower ...
6
votes
1answer
297 views

What is known about dynamics on Grassmannians?

I have found myself becoming interested in dynamical systems given by homeomorphisms acting on $G(r,d)$, the space of $r$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^d$. I tried to do a literature search ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Construction of a Denjoy Counterexample

John Milnor proofed the existence of a Denjoy counterexample in http://www.math.sunysb.edu/~jack/DYNOTES/dn15.pdf page 15-4. I could follow his arguments until "It is now reasonably straightforward to ...
4
votes
1answer
321 views

Intuition of Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy

For a measurable entropy of measurable transformation $T$ from $(X,\mathcal{B},m)$ to itself. For each finite measurable partition $\mathcal{A}=\{A_i\}_{i=1}^{m}$ of $X$, we can define ...
14
votes
3answers
605 views

fixed point property for maps of compacts

Definition. A topological space $X$ has the Fixed Point Property (FPP) if every continuous self-map $X\to X$ has a fixed point. Question. If $X$ and $Y$ are homotopy-equivalent compact metrizable ...
7
votes
3answers
458 views

Knots and Dynamics. Recent breakthroughs?

I recently started reading Étienne Ghys slides on knots and dynamics <http://www.umpa.ens-lyon.fr/~ghys/articles/icm.pdf> which seem very interesting. I know this approach to knots and dynamics is ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Boundary flux maximizing drift (velocity) vector fields for 2D heat equation

Looking for literature / known results on the following class of problems: Consider the domain bounded, open $\Omega\in \mathbb R^2$ with smooth boundary, divergence free drift $u=u(x,t)$, scalar ...
3
votes
2answers
276 views

How to understand a solenoid?

Consider the invertible extension of the circle-doubling map T(x)=2x (mod 1), the new system can be represented as X={(x_k)|x_{k+1}=T(x_k)}(see GTM 259 ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Is Taylor expansion related to Helmholtz decomposition?

The Taylor expansion of a vector field $f(x)$ to the order of one is $$f(x)=f(x_0)+Jf(x_0)\cdot\Delta x+o(\Delta x)$$ where $Jf$ is Jacobian of the vector field and $\Delta x=x-x_0$. Suppose we ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Examples of transformations that are totally ergodic but not weakly mixing?

The most natural examples are irrational rotations. Are there other examples that are fundamentally different from irrational rotations? By the way, if $T$ is totally ergodic, but not weakly mixing, ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Is autonomous dynamical system equivalent to one single higher-order ode?

We know that a higher-order ode can be converted to dynamical system by replacing each higher-order derivative by a new variable. What about inverse problem? Does a dynamical system convert to a ...
9
votes
2answers
437 views

Birkhoff ergodic theorem and the measure of the bad points

In the Birkhoff ergodic theorem we have a PMPS $(X,B,\mu,T)$ and that for any $f\in L^1(X,\mu)$ $\frac{1}{N}\sum_{n=0}^{N-1}f(T^n x)\to \int f \, d\mu,$ in measure, in $L^1$-norm and $\mu$-a.e. My ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Liouville's theorem: How to get an invariant measure?

Liouville's theorem states that the `natural' 2-from is preserved under the Hamiltonian flow. Apparently this leads to an invariant measure $\mu$ as follows \begin{equation} d\mu = \frac{d\sigma}{|| ...
2
votes
3answers
237 views

Fatou sets and topological entropy

Let us consider a diffeomorphism of a compact real manifold (complex manifold defined over the reals), and let us say that the diffeomorphism is birational. Hence, it extends to a birational map from ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Center-stable manifolds

Let $f:M\to M$ be a partially hyperbolic diffeomorphism. That is, there exists a continuous splitting $TM=E^u\oplus E^c\oplus E^s$ into unstable, center and stable bundles. It is well known that there ...
16
votes
4answers
713 views

Non-chaotic bouncing-ball curves

I was surprised to learn from two Mathematica Demos by Enrique Zeleny that an elastic ball bouncing in a V or in a sinusoidal channel exhibits choatic behavior:     (The Poincaré map ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Estimation of number of ways to concatenate strings of the form $01^k2^k$ to create a string of length n

In symbolic dynamics, the context-free shift is the set of biinfinite concatenations of strings of the form $01^k2^k$ for $k\in\mathbb{N}\cup\lbrace 0\rbrace$. I've reduced a certain problem to ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

Is a closed set with orbit capacity zero automatically thin?

Let $G$ be a countably infinite amenable group. Let $\alpha: G\curvearrowright X$ be a continuous group action. (Mostly free and minimal, though!) Definition 1: Let $A\subset X$ be closed and ...
3
votes
2answers
233 views

Unstable Foliations

Let $M$ be a closed compact Riemannian manifold, $\mathcal{F}$ be a $C^1$ foliation on $M$. Let $F(x)\in\mathcal{F}$ be the leaf containing $x$. Definition. $\mathcal{F}$ is said to be a unstable ...
5
votes
1answer
904 views

Beyond Collatz: A $5n+1$ conjecture? [closed]

Let $$x_{n+1} = \begin{cases} x_n/2 &;\text{if } x_n \equiv 0 \pmod{2}\\ k\,x_n+1 &; \text{if } x_n\equiv 1 \pmod{2} \end{cases}$$ and $k=3$ and $x_n\in\Bbb N$. Collatz conjectured for this ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Uniform hyperbolicity decay estimate

I have been trying to understand the proof of the following result, which is considered well-known. Theorem: Fix a compact metric space $X$, a homeomorphism $T:X \to X$, and a continuous map $ A : ...
8
votes
2answers
227 views

Transitive geodesics on closed surfaces of genus greater than one

A well-known result of Hedlund and Morse states that if a Riemannian metric on a closed surface of genus $g > 1$ has no conjugate points, then it carries transitive geodesics (i.e., geodesics whose ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Non-linear 1st order difference equation

I have been trying to solve the following difference equation for some time now : $$u^3(n+1) = a - b\cdot u^2(n) + u^3(n), \qquad a \ne 0 \ne b$$ I have tried various substitutions, simplifications ...
11
votes
0answers
149 views

Fundamental groups of reduced subgroup lattices

Let $G$ be a group. Its subgroup lattice, denoted $\Sigma G$, consists of all subgroups of $G$ partially ordered by inclusion. The topology of this poset is quite trivial, since it always has a ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Holomorphic representations of complex reductive Lie groups and the boundary of orbits (Reference request)

I have difficulties finding an appropriate reference for the following question (which I hope that it to be true). Let $U$ be a compact Lie group, $G:=U^{\mathbb{C}}$ its complexification and $\tau: ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

How many different states of Nash equilibrium?

So there is this quite well known Prisoner's dilemma where two parties can both defect and cooperate (and get points based on their decisions). In my presently used example I take it that cooperating ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Equivariant zero dimensional extension recovering a given measure

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable space and $\alpha: \mathbb{Z}^d\curvearrowright X$ a continuous group action. Then it is well known that there exists a zero dimensional compact space $Y$, an action ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

How does it End?

A recent project has forced my colleague and me to take a rather abstract approach to dynamical systems, and the following definition arose naturally in that context. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Rotation number of perturbated equation

I have a differential equation on torus $(t,x)$ and well studied it's Arnold tongues for Poincare map of the circle $x(t=0) \to x(t=2\pi)$. The question is how changes rotation number when I add small ...
11
votes
2answers
431 views

Book on the Three body Problem

Hi all, I am looking for a good book about the famous (infamous perhaps?) three body problem - both theoretical and numerical hardless and accomplishments. can you help? Thanks
10
votes
1answer
707 views

Analysis of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Motivation: The Mandlebrot set is a simply connected set with an infinitely complex boundary, but CAN one move from interior to the exterior of this topological space by just crossing over a finite ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Mapping nonlinear systems into linear ones

This is a request for references. I'm not asking for the answer... Just give me a starting point! I'm interested in global linearization of linear equations. I guess the problem is well understood in ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Hyperbolic sets that are not locally maximal

I would like, if possible, a simple example of a hyperbolic set that is not locally maximal. What kind of dynamic phenomenon should occur for the appearance of hyperbolic set that is not maximal.
3
votes
0answers
84 views

“Spectral decomposition” action on the unitary group

Consider a matrix $U$ from the unitary group $U_N(\mathbb{C})$ and consider the map $f:U_N(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow U_N(\mathbb{C})$ where $f(U)$ is the matrix of the eigenvectors of $U$. What is ...
2
votes
1answer
389 views

C* Algebras, Foliations and Dynamical Systems

I am a Ph.D student involved in topics like integrability of foliations arising from center stable bundles of partially hyperbolic dynamical systems. These are generally only continuous bundles so one ...