Dynamics of differential equations and flows, mechanics, classical few-body problems, iterations, complex dynamics, delayed differential equations.

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A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...
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124 views

Positively invariant set

In my research I need to show that the set $$S:=\left\{x_{i}\in [0,1] , y_{i} \in [0,c_{i}] ; i = 1,\dots , n; \sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_{i}+y_{i}) =1\right\},$$ is positively invariant with respect the ...
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1answer
163 views

Are there $0$ entropy non-atomic invariant measures for $2x$ and $3x$ modulo $1?$

This question appears for first time (to my knowledge) in ×2 and ×3 invariant measures and entropy Daniel J. Rudolph Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems / Volume 10 / Issue 02 / June 1990, pp 395 - ...
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190 views

A derivational approach to the Poincare Bendixson Theorem

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a smooth vector field on the plane. Assume that $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ is a compact subset (not necessarily invariant under ...
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111 views

Name/terminology for a relationship between group actions

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, both acting on a set $X$. Suppose that there is a homomorphism $\phi:G\to H$ such that for every $g\in G$ and $x\in X$, $g\cdot x = \phi(g)\cdot x$. Is there a name for this ...
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149 views

Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let ...
23
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703 views

Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$. There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...
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154 views

The geometric shape of domains of flows

Consider a smooth (non-compact) manifold $M$ with a vector field $X$. Then we know that there is a open neighbourhood $U \subseteq M \times \mathbb{R}$ of $M \times \{0\}$ such that on $U$ the flow ...
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569 views

Base change for $\sqrt{2}.$

This is a direct follow-up to Conjecture on irrational algebraic numbers. Take the decimal expansion for $\sqrt{2},$ but now think of it as the base $11$ expansion of some number $\theta_{11}.$ Is ...
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1answer
137 views

Jacobian has small eigenvalues everywhere in an open set. Does this imply globally attracting fixed point in that set?

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. For my purposes, we can assume that $U$ is just a rectangle. I have an infinitely differentiable map $M:U\to U$ that has a unique fixed point $p$ in $U$. ...
6
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1answer
128 views

Angles and proportions occurring in L-system fractals

This is about properties of certain fractals defined by Lindenmayer systems, a.k.a. L-systems. Unlike “classical” fractals like Julia sets or the Mandelbrot set (the name “set” says it all), these ...
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3answers
906 views

Central Limit Theorem(s) for irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be irrational and $T: S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ be the rotation by $\alpha$. I'm interested in what type of Central Limit Theorem (if any) can hold for sums $Y_n = ...
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427 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
3
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122 views

On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...
2
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1answer
177 views

On the Birkhoff ergodic theorem for geodesic flows

Let $S$ be a closed surface endowed with a Riemannian metric of negative curvature and let $US$ be the unit tangent bundle. Let $\mu$ be the Liouville measure on $US$. Let $f: ...
6
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3answers
207 views

Is there a effective computational criterion to all periodic points of a rational function are repelling.

I came up with a question to know the fatou component of of some types of rational function. In some sense, I may need to give a computational criterion to existence of attracting periodic basin for a ...
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73 views

Does the number of zero eigenvalues correspond to the dimension of equilibrium manifold for nonlinear system?

Consider nonlinear dynamical system with $m \times m$ Jacobian matrix $J(x)$ that has $k$ zero eigenvalues for all $x$. The rest $m-k$ eigenvalues have negative real part for all $x$. Is that true ...
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3k views

The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

Edit:For a recent progress on the Hilbert 16th problem see the following note which consider an infinite dimensional nature for this apparently 2 dimensional amazing problem . Best wishes for ...
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1answer
262 views

Heisenberg group acts on the circle

Let $H$ be a Heisenberg group, i.e. $$ H=\left\langle a,b,c |[a,b]=c,[a,c]=[b,c]=1\right\rangle. $$ $H$ acts on the circle by homeomorphism which preserves the orientation. If the rotation number of ...
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260 views

Proof of im/possibility of constructing any fractal by iterated function systems? [closed]

Well the question is as simple as that and what I really want to see is if there is a mathematical proof that can tell whether every fractal(object of any non-integer dimension) can be constructed by ...
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105 views

Regarding a paper relating surfaces and integrable mappings

This question has been posted on stackexchange, without answers. I'm reading the paper "A classification of two-dimensional integrable mappings and rational elliptic surfaces". I have two questions: ...
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1answer
106 views

Regarding the definition of S-flows over a category (given a monoid S)

(This question was originally directed to Simone Virili, referring to the answer http://mathoverflow.net/a/103840/2926, but could also be addressed to the greater community.) I was wondering if you ...
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135 views

The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$: ...
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1answer
151 views

Estimates of Hausdorff dimension (and its derivatives)

For example, the cookie cutter maps, say $T:I_1 \cup I_2 \subset [0,1] \to [0,1] $ is a $C^2$ map such that $|T'|>1$ and provided $I_1$ and $I_2$ are disjoint closed intervals and $T(I_i)=[0,1]$. ...
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1answer
243 views

“strongly mixing” action on dimers?

In Local Statistics of Lattice Dimers we study a nice familiar object, domino tilings in the plane extending out to infinity. His paper is going to discuss the frequency of various "motifs" in ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Non-convergence of ergodic measures with positive entropy

Let $T:X\to X$ be a continuous function on a compact metric space $X.$ Let $\mu$ be a $T$ invariant and ergodic probability measure on $X$ with strictly positive Sinai entropy $h_{\mu}(T).$ Let ...
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1answer
90 views

Example of non-convergence of iteration of measures

Let $T:X\to X$ be a continuous function on a compact metric space $X.$ Let $\mu$ be a $T$ invariant and ergodic probability measure on $X.$ Let $F:X\to X$ be a continuos transformation that commutes ...
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1answer
112 views

Is the following conjecture regarding rotational iterates of collection of points on a circle true?

Let $\varphi_1,\dots,\varphi_k$ be a set of angles in $[0,\pi)$. For each $n\in\mathbb{N}$, let $$ \rho(n):=\min_{j=1,\dots,k} \{n\cdot \varphi_j \mod \pi \}. $$ Is it true that for infinitely many ...
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2answers
264 views

The importance of differentiable dynamics from outside dynamics? (mainly topology)

I'm looking for examples that highlight how dynamical systems (particularly, Hamiltonian and Reeb dynamics) can be used to shed light in other areas of mathematics. This could potentially include ...
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137 views

Kopell's lemma in higher dimensions

Kopell's lemma states the following: suppose f and g are commuting $C^2$ diffeomorphisms of $[0, \infty)$ such that $f(x) < x$ for every $x > 0$ and $g(p) = p$ for some $p > 0$. Then $g$ is ...
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279 views

Wait time to grid network disconnection with failing edges

Let $G_n$ be an $n \times n$ planar toroidal grid graph, with each node connected to its four neighbors, with the top row connected to the bottom, and the right column connected to the left. Suppose ...
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1answer
101 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
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56 views

Is an odometer action on a product space always conjugate to its inverse by an involution?

This is a follow on question from Is an non-singualr invertable ergodic transformation on a measure space isomorphic to its inverse? Given a measure $\mu$ on the product space $X = \prod_{i=1}^\infty ...
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1answer
558 views

The space of diffeomorphisms on a manifold

It is well known that given a compact connected smooth manifold without boundary $M$, the set of diffeomorphisms $Diff^{r}(M)$ of $M$ for $r≥1$, is open in $C^{r}(M)$, the set of continuous functions ...
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2answers
108 views

Original article about a theorem of Cartan on iterations of analytic functions

I'd like to know in which paper of H. Cartan I could find the following theorem : Let $\Omega$ be a connected, open and bounded subset of $\mathbb{C}$. Let $a \in \Omega$ and $f \in ...
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60 views

Single parameter bifurcations caused by a simple additive term

Note: I asked this question on Math.SE over two months ago, and it has not received any answers. Motivation: A practical dynamical system is often described by an ODE that has a parameter that ...
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3answers
376 views

Precise location of the Mandelbrot Bulb Attachment to the main Cardioid

Is there an analytical formula for determining the location of the attachment points of the bulbs on the main cardioid? I was told there is an exact parametrization of the boundary of the main ...
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1answer
177 views

Second order ODE

I was wondering whether this ODE has been studied yet or whether there is anything we can say about its solutions? $$(1-t^2)u_{tt}-tu_t+\left[ n \beta (2t^2-1)+ \beta^2 (2t^2-1)^2+C\right]u=0$$ $C$ ...
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2answers
374 views

$\{\phi:\int \phi d\mu=0\}$ for a fixed shift invariant $\mu$

Given a shift invariant probability measure $\mu$ on a mixing subshift of finite type. What are the Lipschitz functions with zero integral with respect to the measure $\mu?$ Clearly any ...
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1answer
132 views

Regularity of Patterson-Sullivan Length function

Let $(M,g)$ be a negatively curved, closed Riemannian manifold. I'll ask the question first, then explain the involved players. This data defines the Patterson-Sullivan length function, ...
2
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84 views

Automorphisms of Nilmanifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be an n-dimensional, rational, nilpotent Lie algebra with simply connected that lie group $G$. It is stated in some papers that if $A$ is an automorphism of $\mathfrak{g}$ which is ...
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1answer
73 views

A question for the inverse orbit in the construction of conformal measure

Recently, I read a theorem of existence of conformal measure for the rational map. I did not understand two places in the proof. The author claims that there exists an open set $V\subset ...
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2answers
531 views

Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...
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1answer
208 views

Fixed point of a function on the circle

Consider a circle $C$ with radius of $r$, we place $m$ balls(treated as point) randomly on it, and each ball $i$ has the mass $m_i$. We define a function $\varphi:C\rightarrow C$ which maps $x\in C$ ...
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128 views

Manifolds supporting finite order diffeomorphisms (a local construction?)

The following question is mainly inspired by this previous one Which manifolds admit a diffeomorphism of order $n$? and some answers given there. For $d\geq 2$, let $\mathbb{B}^d$ denote the closed ...
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2answers
213 views

Classes of dynamical systems

A consequence of Birkhoff ergodic theorem tells us that ergodicity is equivalent to: $\forall A,B \in \mathcal{B} \quad \frac{1}{N}\sum_{n=0}^{N-1}\mu(A\cap T^{-n}(B))\stackrel{N\to ...
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1answer
85 views

Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...
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1answer
105 views

Unfoldings of trajectories on the Veech triangle $V_4$

Let $V_4$ be the isosceles triangle with base angle $\pi/8$. $V_4$ is a Veech triangle, so the dynamics of billiards on it are very well understood. Above is the unfolding of $V_4$, with edge ...
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introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...
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1answer
145 views

$C^1$ stability conjecture on non-compact manifolds

In the study of dynamical systems, the link between structural stability and Smale's Axiom A has been explored by many authors. One of the important outcomes of this endeavor was the proof of $C^1$ ...