**3**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Let $X$ be a non vanishing vector field on a compact manifold $M$. The only differential operator associated with $X$ which I am aware of, is the derivational operator $D(g)=X.g$. Unfortunately ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Substitutions and Sturmian sequences

We know that any substitution can generate sequence, for example the Fibonacci substitution:
$\sigma(0)=01, \sigma(1)=0$, then we can define a Sturmian sequence $\omega$, i.e., the fixed point of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### A question about transitivity

Recently in something that I'm studying, I needed to know if the following map is transitive: $\sigma: M^{\mathbb{N}}\to M^{\mathbb{N}}$ the unilateral shift, where $M$ is a uncountable compact metric ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

205 views

### Isomophism between two irrational rotations

Define two dynamical systems $([0,1), \mathbb{B}_1, \mathbb{L}, T_1(x)=x+\alpha_1\mod 1)$ and $([0,1), \mathbb{B}_2, \mathbb{L}, T_2(x)=x+\alpha_2\mod 1)$, where $\alpha_1,\alpha_2 $ are two ...

**33**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does iterating a certain function related to the sums of divisors eventually always result in a prime value?

Let define the following function for integers (from 2): $f(x)=\sigma(x)-1$, where $\sigma$ is the sum of the divisors of $x$.
For example $f(6)=6+3+2=11$, $f(5)=5$.
Note that $x$ is a fixed point for ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### Geodesic flow on infinite surfaces

The geodesic flow on a compact hyperbolic surface (i.e. a surface with a riemannian metric of constant curvature $-1$) has been well-studied, in particular it has been known for a long time that it is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### square tiled surfaces: Counting Saddle Connections vs Counting Square-Tiled Surfaces

I am reading Prime arithmetic Teichmuller discs in H(2) where they discuss the Siegel-Veech constant in a stratum $\mathcal{H}(2)$ of surfaces. However I see two definitions of Siegel-Veech constant:
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Question on the number of equilibria

Let $f: C \to C$ be a smooth function and $C$ be a compact set, subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We assume that all the fixed points are hyperbolic. Is it true that the number of fixed points is finite or ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Lecture notes on semi group theory for linear evolution equations

I am reading (or trying to read :)) One parameter semigroups for Linear Evolution equations by Klaus-Jochen Engel and Rainer Nagel. I was wondering if someone was aware of a good set of lecture notes ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Periodicities of a Complex Dynamical System

Consider A function $f:\mathbf{C}^2\rightarrow \mathbf{C}$ defined as $$f_{\alpha, \beta}(z,w)=\frac{\alpha}{z}+\frac{\beta}{w}$$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ both are complex number.
It is easy to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Conjectural growth rate for ergodic sums of logarithms

Let $\theta, \phi \in [0,1)$, and consider the sums
$$
S_n(\theta,\phi)=\sum_{k=0}^n \log|e^{2\pi i (k\theta+\phi)}-1|.
$$
The possible boundedness from above of such sums plays a key role in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Self-diffeomorphisms of $\mathbb{R}^2$

I guess my question is very vague. Let $\phi: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be an orientation-preserving diffeomorphism that fixes the origin. Does $\phi$ take any sort of "normal form" if we allow ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Ferenczi: minimal, uniquely ergodic, sublinear complexity systems are not strongly mixing

The following result is on page 26 of this paper by Ferenczi [PDF].
Corollary 3. A minimal and uniquely ergodic system of sub-affine complexity cannot be strongly mixing (i.e., $\mu(T^nA \cap B) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

113 views

### Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions $X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N)$, we have
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Smoothness in Ecalle's method for fractional iterates

Some four years ago I answered my own question on fractional iteration, concluding that there is a half iterate of sine, that is $f(f(x)) = \sin x,$ which is real analytic for $0 < x < \pi$ but ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Differential Geometric Aspects of Rubber Bands

What happens, if a rubber band ( of length $l_0$ that has been stretched to length $l_1:=l_0+\Delta l\;$ and brought into the shape of a closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ ) is released and if the only ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### Trapping a particle

A particle starts a brownian walk in the middle of a long tunnel in the plane, at one end of the tunnel is a region Y of given area A.
Does the shape of region Y affect average time for the particle ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### A question on periodic points and recurrent points

I have been reading the book "dynamical systems and semisimple groups an introduction". In this book, a point of a topological $G$-space $X$ is a periodic point if $G/G_x$ is compact, where $G$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Algorithm for determining when polynomial iteration is bounded?

Let $f: \mathbb{Q}\to \mathbb{Q}$ be a polynomial map with rational coefficients. Let $p\in \mathbb{Q}^n$. Is there a known algorithm that given this data determines whether or not the iterates ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

325 views

### Generic absence of non-trivial first integrals of geodesic flows

Is it true that given a smooth manifold M (with or without boundary), a "generic" metric g on M does not possess any non-trivial (non-constant) first integral for the geodesic flow induced by g on the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Characterization of certain analytic vector fields on $S^{2}$

Let $X$ be a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which satisfies:
$X$ has a finite number of singularities on $S^{2}$
The equator is invariant under flow of $X$
3.$g_{*}X=\pm X$ where $g$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Are codimension one foliations of $\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$ with compact leaves, stable at origin?

Assume that we have a codimension one foliation of $\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$ with compact leaves.
Is it true to say that the foliation is stable at origin:That is: for every neighborhood $V$ of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Dropping altitudes to achieve nonobtuse planar triangulations: finite or infinite?

Given a planar triangulation of (say) a convex region,
imagine the following process to convert it to a triangulation with
no obtuse angles:
Pick an arbitrary obtuse angle at vertex $a$ of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Why Poincare sphere compactification and not torus compactification

The Poincare compactification is a method to carry a polynomial vector field on the plane to an analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ via analytic embedding $$(x,y)\to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### “The” kronecker foliation or “a” kronecker foliation?

Consider the following two foliations of torus:
1)The Kronecker foliation with slope $\sqrt{2}$
2)The Kronecker foliation with slope $\pi$
As I learn from the literature, these two foliations are ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$
It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

84 views

### Smooth normal forms of vector fields (the path method)

I start by considering a polynomial vector field $$F=\varepsilon\frac{\partial}{\partial x}-(z^2+x)\frac{\partial}{\partial z}+0\frac{\partial}{\partial \varepsilon}.$$ Next I define a perturbation of ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Prime factorization “demoted” leads to function whose fixed points are primes?

Let $n$ be a natural number whose prime factorization is
$$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} \; .$$
Define a function $g(n)$ as follows
$$g(n)=\sum_{i=1}^{k}p_i {\alpha_i} \,$$
i.e., exponentiation is ...

**44**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Escape the zombie apocalypse

Consider zombies placed uniformly at random over $\mathbb{R}^2$ with asymptotic density $\mu$ zombies/area. You are placed at a random point and can move with speed $1$. Zombies move with speed $v\leq ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### First return time in an interval for N particles rotating on the circle at constant random speeds

Here is my problem: draw N velocities $v_1,v_2,\dots,v_n$ in $[-\pi,\pi]^N$ from some measure (Haar measure of uniform independent for simplicity) and make $N$ particles rotate around the circle with ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### A strengthening of base 2 Fermat pseudoprime

If $n$ is a prime then for all $k$ with $1 \le k \le [n/2]$,
$k$ divides ${n-1 \choose 2k-1}$ because of the identity
${n-1 \choose 2k-1} \frac{n}{k}=2{n \choose 2k}$. My question is whether
an ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

461 views

### The lonely molecule

Suppose $n$ air molecules (infinitesimal points) are bouncing around in
a unit $d$-dimensional cube, with perfectly elastic wall collisions.
Let $k=n^{\frac{1}{d}}$.
For example, in 3D, $d=3$, with ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Not-lonely runners

The lonely runner conjecture
has several formulations.
They all involve a number $n$ runners running on a circular track,
each with a different speeds, and the conjecture is that each runner is ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

890 views

### If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Generic path in the space of vector fields on the orientable surface

Who knows, does a theorem of such form exist:
Any one-parameter family of vector fields on the orientable surface may be slightly perturbed such that
1) all fields in the family except finite number ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

219 views

### A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows
For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### Positively invariant set

In my research I need to show that the set $$S:=\left\{x_{i}\in [0,1] , y_{i} \in [0,c_{i}] ; i = 1,\dots , n; \sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_{i}+y_{i}) =1\right\},$$ is positively invariant with respect the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Are there $0$ entropy non-atomic invariant measures for $2x$ and $3x$ modulo $1?$

This question appears for first time (to my knowledge) in
×2 and ×3 invariant measures and entropy
Daniel J. Rudolph
Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems / Volume 10 / Issue 02 / June 1990, pp 395 - ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### Name/terminology for a relationship between group actions

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, both acting on a set $X$. Suppose that there is a homomorphism $\phi:G\to H$ such that for every $g\in G$ and $x\in X$, $g\cdot x = \phi(g)\cdot x$. Is there a name for this ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous
Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

721 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### The geometric shape of domains of flows

Consider a smooth (non-compact) manifold $M$ with a vector field $X$. Then we know that there is a open neighbourhood $U \subseteq M \times \mathbb{R}$ of $M \times \{0\}$ such that on $U$ the flow ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

590 views

### Base change for $\sqrt{2}.$

This is a direct follow-up to Conjecture on irrational algebraic numbers.
Take the decimal expansion for $\sqrt{2},$ but now think of it as the base $11$ expansion of some number $\theta_{11}.$ Is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Jacobian has small eigenvalues everywhere in an open set. Does this imply globally attracting fixed point in that set?

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. For my purposes, we can assume that $U$ is just a rectangle. I have an infinitely differentiable map $M:U\to U$ that has a unique fixed point $p$ in $U$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

144 views

### Angles and proportions occurring in L-system fractals

This is about properties of certain fractals defined by Lindenmayer systems, a.k.a. L-systems. Unlike “classical” fractals like Julia sets or the Mandelbrot set (the name “set” says it all), these ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

923 views

### Central Limit Theorem(s) for irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be irrational and $T: S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ be the rotation by $\alpha$. I'm interested in what type of Central Limit Theorem (if any) can hold for sums $Y_n = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

435 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...