# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Classes of dynamical systems

A consequence of Birkhoff ergodic theorem tells us that ergodicity is equivalent to:
$\forall A,B \in \mathcal{B} \quad \frac{1}{N}\sum_{n=0}^{N-1}\mu(A\cap T^{-n}(B))\stackrel{N\to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Unfoldings of trajectories on the Veech triangle $V_4$

Let $V_4$ be the isosceles triangle with base angle $\pi/8$. $V_4$ is a Veech triangle, so the dynamics of billiards on it are very well understood.
Above is the unfolding of $V_4$, with edge ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### $C^1$ stability conjecture on non-compact manifolds

In the study of dynamical systems, the link between structural stability and Smale's Axiom A has been explored by many authors. One of the important outcomes of this endeavor was the proof of $C^1$ ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

194 views

### Existence of nonergodic polygonal billiard

Let $P$ be a polygon in the plane. One can define the billiard flow on the unit tangent bundle of $P$, just following the trajectories of the billiard at speed one.
A standard conjecture is that a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Centre manifold theory for a curve of equilibrium points

I am looking for advice concerning a specific situation related to centre manifold theory (compare Perko 2001).
The part which is known
Let's consider a differential equation in higher-dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Non-hyperbolic fixed points in multidimensional systems

Consider first a one-dimensional dynamical system given by $dx/dt = f(x)$. Suppose that the origin is a fixed point, i.e. $f(0)=0$. Suppose that we're interested in whether trajectories that start ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Lyapunov Exponents for independent-nonidentically distributed matrices?

My question is highlighted in bold at the end.
$\mathrm{\underline{Background}}$
Consider a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices $A_{i}$
(with $\mathbb{E}\log\left\Vert A_{i}\right\Vert ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Deterministic shifts

We consider (topological) dynamical systems $(\Omega, S)$, where $S$ is the shift $(Sx)_n=x_{n+1}$, and $\Omega\subset[0,1]^{\mathbb Z}$ is a compact, shift invariant subspace. I call such a system ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Graph presentation of Lexicographic shifts

Consider a finite alphabet $\{0,1, \ldots, n-1\}$. Let $\Sigma_n = \mathop{\prod}\limits_{j=1}^{\infty}\{0, \ldots n-1\}$ be the set of infinite one sided sequences and $\prec$ the lexicographic ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

166 views

### Nielsen-Thurston classification of homeomorphisms for open surfaces?

In Proposition 3.1. in this article by John Franks, he applies the Nielsen-Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms to a homeomorphism $ \ f:M \rightarrow M$ of an open surface $M$ which is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Homeomorphisms that admit a decomposition

Let $I^n:=[0,1]^n$ and $T$ be a homeomorphism on $I^n$.
If $T$ admits a decomposition of $I^n=A\cup B\cup C$ with $A,B,C$ Lebesgue measurable and mutually disjoint such that $$T(A)=B, T(B)=A \ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Quick estimate of attractor of non-linear dynamical system [closed]

Say I have a system of form
$$
\frac{dy}{dt} = f(y),
$$
and it is know this system has an attractor. Can I quickly for given $\varepsilon$ guess some point, such in its $\varepsilon$- neighbourhood ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Omit each vertex in turn of convex polygon: Iterative limit?

Let $P=P_0$ be a convex polygon of $n$ vertices $v_k$.
Let $P_{i+1}$ be the convex polygon obtained by intersecting the halfplanes
determined by the lines through every other vertex.
Below, $P_0$ is ...

**6**

votes

**6**answers

537 views

### Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ conjecture, bibliography

Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ original conjecture states that the unique continuous invariant probability measure for $2x$ mod $1$ and $3x$ mod $1$ is the Lebesgue measure.
I wanted to have a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Automorphism group of compact abelian group

I am looking for references on the automorphism group $\mathrm{Aut}(X)$ of a compact abelian group $X$. By automorphisms I mean topological group automorphisms. Some particular questions are as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Is it true that a nondegenerate minimizing periodic orbit of mechanical Hamiltonian system is hyperbolic

Consider mechanical Hamiltonian system of the form
$$H(p,q)=\dfrac{\Vert p\Vert^2}{2}+V(q),\quad (q,p)\in T^*\mathbb T^n.$$
Here we suppose the periodic orbit $\gamma$ minimizes the Lagrangian ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Example for a dynamical system which is not point-distal

Let $(X, d)$ be a compact metric space, let $T$ be a group of actions on $X$. Then $(X,T)$ is a topological dynamical system with transformation group $T$, and we denote it by $(X,T)$. We say points ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### Periodic solution of first order ODE

There is a famous result shows that for every continuous function $f:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow {\mathbb R}$, the first order autonomous system
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{l}
\dot{x}=f(x), \\
x(t_0)=x_0,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\
\dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta,
\end{array}
\right.
$$
where ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Mixing property of first return map

Let $(X,\mathcal{X},\mu)$ be a probability measure system, $T:X\to X$ be a $\mu$-preserving isomorphism on $X$. Let $A\in \mathcal{X}$ such that $\mu(\bigcup_{n\ge 0}T^nA)=1$, and $\mu_A$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

426 views

### Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesiable flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$:
\begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation}
This equation defines a foliation on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$.
A local question
Is there an analytic vector ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background
Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying,
$f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$,
for every ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Raphael Douady's thesis: Applications du théorème des tores invariants

Raphael Douady's thesis, Applications du théorème des tores invariants, has been cited in numerous papers by many experts.
According Wikipedia, he proves of the equivalence of KAM ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Constructing an interval exchange given a prescribed trajectory

Given a prescribed trajectory, is it possible to construct an interval exchange having this trajectory?
For example, given a 3-letter word (like aaabbbccabcaaa ), is it possible to construct a 3- ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

464 views

### Spearing rolling hula hoops

Or: Stabbing rolling disks.
Imagine there are $n$ unit-diameter disks rolling between $x=0$ and $x=d$,
reflecting off either end.
The disk centers start at a random location within $[\frac{1}{2}, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Link between presence of attracting random fixed points and synchronisation - is this an open question?

This is a question in the theory of random dynamical systems.
Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space, let $(I,\mathcal{I},\nu)$ be a probability space, and let $(f_\alpha)_{\alpha \in I}$ be an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Question on center-stable manifold

Assume that you have a gradient system smooth enough and a fixed point $x_{0}$. Is it true that if $x_{0} \in \omega(x)$ then $\gamma^{+}(x)$ must intersect the local center-stable manifold of ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

961 views

### Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group
generated by the permutation
$$
a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m)
$$
of order $6$ and the involutions
$$
b: \ (m,n) \ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Find a sequence with uniform frequencies and recurrent property

Given any 4 positive numbers $p_{00}\,,p_{01}=p_{10}\,,p_{11}$,such that the sum of the 4 numbers is 1, now I want to find a sequence in $\{0\,,1\}^\mathbb{N}$
such that this sequence has uniform ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### n-body systems and bifurcations

From what I understand, in bifurcation theory, one definition of the equivalence of two dynamical systems is that they are topologically equivalent. However if say proteins A, B start out as straight ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

191 views

### Physical Measure Vs. SRB measures

Anybody can help me to have an idea about an example showing the difference of a Physical measur with compare to an SRB measure?
By a Physical measure i mean in the sense of $\nu$ a ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

432 views

### Invariant subsets of $z \mapsto z^2$

Where can I find an explicit construction of closed invariant subsets of the map $z \mapsto z^2$ on the unit circle? Furstenberg mentions that there are continuum of such disjoint minimal sets but ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### Invariant measures on a compact metric space

I'm dealing with a continuous flow on a compact metric space $X$, and $\mu$, $\nu$ are two invariant Borel probability measures on $X$. If I know that $\mu(A)=\nu(A)$ for all the invariant Borel ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### A variation of the Banach fixed-point theorem

Let $(X, d)$ be complete metric space, $q \in [0, 1)$ be a real number, and $f$ be a map that satisfies $$d(f(x), f(y)) \leq q \cdot d(x, y)$$ for all $x, y \in X$. Then, Banach fixed-point theorem ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Renewal systems: Intrinsic ergodicity and a question related to the Adler's conjecture

Consider the alphabet $\mathcal{A} = \{0,1\}$ and consider a finite set of words $W = \{\omega_1, \ldots , \omega_n\}$ over $\mathcal{A}$. Then the renewal system $\Sigma_{W}$ generated by $W$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### Gradient-like systems and limit sets

Suppose we have an autonomous ode $$\dot{x} = f(x)$$ which corresponds to a $\underline{gradient-like}$ dynamical system, $f: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$. Is it true that the set of initial ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### excplicit formula of iterates of an interval exchange

Let $f$ be an interval exchange transformation of $[0,1]$. Is there an explicit formula giving $f^k(0)$ in function of $k$?
If not, are there particular cases where this formula is simple? (except ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Markov Partitions for toral automorphisms

I know that my question is more practical than theoretical. But, I do know where to look for the theoretical sources.
I want to find a program in the case that it exists (does it?), or to program it. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Question about a length inequality in algebraic dynamics

Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Let $f\colon X\rightarrow X$ be an integral self-morphism. If $x\in X$ is a closed point, I will write $\mathcal{F}_{1}^x$ for the coherent sheaf of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Open dynamical system of doubling map

I want to prove the following simple lemma:
Let $T(x)=2x\mod 1$, be defined on $[0\,,1)$ to itself,suppose for any $k\ge 0$, $T^{k}(a)\notin(a\,,b)$, then we have
$\Omega=\{x\in[0\,,1):\mbox{for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system:
\begin{equation}\cases{
x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\
y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) }
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Real analytic ergodic diffeomorphisms of the two sphere

Does there exists a real analytic area preserving ergodic diffeomorphism on $S^2$?
(Possibly by perturbing a rotation in the real-analytic topology?)

**2**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for
the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically.
Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

175 views

### Linear dynamical systems: interpretation of Frobenius eigenvector

Consider a positive linear dynamical system. $\frac{dx}{dt}=Ax$, where $A$ is a quasipositive/Metzler/essentially nonnegative matrix. By its properties, the vector $x$ will remain positive for all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Power series expansion of the Koenigs function

Given a non-zero holomorphic function $f$ fixing $0$ which isn't a Mobius transform, the Koenigs function of $f$, which we'll call $h$, is the function which linearizes $f$ in the sense that
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Existence and uniqueness of heteroclinic orbits

I am looking for conditions on a nonlinear dynamical system $\frac{d\vec{x}}{dt} = \vec{F}(\vec{x})$ that guarantee the existence of a unique heteroclinic orbit between a stable attractor of this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### What is a pure algebraic interpretation for this dynamical property?

According to comments of Yves Cornulier to the previous version of this question I revise the question as follows:
To what extent the following types of Lie algebras $A$ are classified? And what is ...