Dynamics of differential equations and flows, mechanics, classical few-body problems, iterations, complex dynamics, delayed differential equations.

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4
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106 views

Kopell's lemma in higher dimensions

Kopell's lemma states the following: suppose f and g are commuting $C^2$ diffeomorphisms of $[0, \infty)$ such that $f(x) < x$ for every $x > 0$ and $g(p) = p$ for some $p > 0$. Then $g$ is ...
7
votes
2answers
264 views

Wait time to grid network disconnection with failing edges

Let $G_n$ be an $n \times n$ planar toroidal grid graph, with each node connected to its four neighbors, with the top row connected to the bottom, and the right column connected to the left. Suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Is an odometer action on a product space always conjugate to its inverse by an involution?

This is a follow on question from Is an non-singualr invertable ergodic transformation on a measure space isomorphic to its inverse? Given a measure $\mu$ on the product space $X = \prod_{i=1}^\infty ...
4
votes
1answer
480 views

The space of diffeomorphisms on a manifold

It is well known that given a compact connected smooth manifold without boundary $M$, the set of diffeomorphisms $Diff^{r}(M)$ of $M$ for $r≥1$, is open in $C^{r}(M)$, the set of continuous functions ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Original article about a theorem of Cartan on iterations of analytic functions

I'd like to know in which paper of H. Cartan I could find the following theorem : Let $\Omega$ be a connected, open and bounded subset of $\mathbb{C}$. Let $a \in \Omega$ and $f \in ...
1
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0answers
50 views

Single parameter bifurcations caused by a simple additive term

Note: I asked this question on Math.SE over two months ago, and it has not received any answers. Motivation: A practical dynamical system is often described by an ODE that has a parameter that ...
4
votes
3answers
297 views

Precise location of the Mandelbrot Bulb Attachment to the main Cardioid

Is there an analytical formula for determining the location of the attachment points of the bulbs on the main cardioid? I was told there is an exact parametrization of the boundary of the main ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Second order ODE

I was wondering whether this ODE has been studied yet or whether there is anything we can say about its solutions? $$(1-t^2)u_{tt}-tu_t+\left[ n \beta (2t^2-1)+ \beta^2 (2t^2-1)^2+C\right]u=0$$ $C$ ...
1
vote
2answers
364 views

$\{\phi:\int \phi d\mu=0\}$ for a fixed shift invariant $\mu$

Given a shift invariant probability measure $\mu$ on a mixing subshift of finite type. What are the Lipschitz functions with zero integral with respect to the measure $\mu?$ Clearly any ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Regularity of Patterson-Sullivan Length function

Let $(M,g)$ be a negatively curved, closed Riemannian manifold. I'll ask the question first, then explain the involved players. This data defines the Patterson-Sullivan length function, ...
2
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0answers
75 views

Automorphisms of Nilmanifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be an n-dimensional, rational, nilpotent Lie algebra with simply connected that lie group $G$. It is stated in some papers that if $A$ is an automorphism of $\mathfrak{g}$ which is ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

A question for the inverse orbit in the construction of conformal measure

Recently, I read a theorem of existence of conformal measure for the rational map. I did not understand two places in the proof. The author claims that there exists an open set $V\subset ...
10
votes
2answers
346 views

Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Fixed point of a function on the circle

Consider a circle $C$ with radius of $r$, we place $m$ balls(treated as point) randomly on it, and each ball $i$ has the mass $m_i$. We define a function $\varphi:C\rightarrow C$ which maps $x\in C$ ...
0
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0answers
109 views

Manifolds supporting finite order diffeomorphisms (a local construction?)

The following question is mainly inspired by this previous one Which manifolds admit a diffeomorphism of order $n$? and some answers given there. For $d\geq 2$, let $\mathbb{B}^d$ denote the closed ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Classes of dynamical systems

A consequence of Birkhoff ergodic theorem tells us that ergodicity is equivalent to: $\forall A,B \in \mathcal{B} \quad \frac{1}{N}\sum_{n=0}^{N-1}\mu(A\cap T^{-n}(B))\stackrel{N\to ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Unfoldings of trajectories on the Veech triangle $V_4$

Let $V_4$ be the isosceles triangle with base angle $\pi/8$. $V_4$ is a Veech triangle, so the dynamics of billiards on it are very well understood. Above is the unfolding of $V_4$, with edge ...
4
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0answers
138 views

introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

$C^1$ stability conjecture on non-compact manifolds

In the study of dynamical systems, the link between structural stability and Smale's Axiom A has been explored by many authors. One of the important outcomes of this endeavor was the proof of $C^1$ ...
6
votes
3answers
199 views

Existence of nonergodic polygonal billiard

Let $P$ be a polygon in the plane. One can define the billiard flow on the unit tangent bundle of $P$, just following the trajectories of the billiard at speed one. A standard conjecture is that a ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Centre manifold theory for a curve of equilibrium points

I am looking for advice concerning a specific situation related to centre manifold theory (compare Perko 2001). The part which is known Let's consider a differential equation in higher-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Non-hyperbolic fixed points in multidimensional systems

Consider first a one-dimensional dynamical system given by $dx/dt = f(x)$. Suppose that the origin is a fixed point, i.e. $f(0)=0$. Suppose that we're interested in whether trajectories that start ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Lyapunov Exponents for independent-nonidentically distributed matrices?

My question is highlighted in bold at the end. $\mathrm{\underline{Background}}$ Consider a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices $A_{i}$ (with $\mathbb{E}\log\left\Vert A_{i}\right\Vert ...
5
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0answers
220 views

Deterministic shifts

We consider (topological) dynamical systems $(\Omega, S)$, where $S$ is the shift $(Sx)_n=x_{n+1}$, and $\Omega\subset[0,1]^{\mathbb Z}$ is a compact, shift invariant subspace. I call such a system ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Graph presentation of Lexicographic shifts

Consider a finite alphabet $\{0,1, \ldots, n-1\}$. Let $\Sigma_n = \mathop{\prod}\limits_{j=1}^{\infty}\{0, \ldots n-1\}$ be the set of infinite one sided sequences and $\prec$ the lexicographic ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Nielsen-Thurston classification of homeomorphisms for open surfaces?

In Proposition 3.1. in this article by John Franks, he applies the Nielsen-Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms to a homeomorphism $ \ f:M \rightarrow M$ of an open surface $M$ which is ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Homeomorphisms that admit a decomposition

Let $I^n:=[0,1]^n$ and $T$ be a homeomorphism on $I^n$. If $T$ admits a decomposition of $I^n=A\cup B\cup C$ with $A,B,C$ Lebesgue measurable and mutually disjoint such that $$T(A)=B, T(B)=A \ ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Quick estimate of attractor of non-linear dynamical system [closed]

Say I have a system of form $$ \frac{dy}{dt} = f(y), $$ and it is know this system has an attractor. Can I quickly for given $\varepsilon$ guess some point, such in its $\varepsilon$- neighbourhood ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Omit each vertex in turn of convex polygon: Iterative limit?

Let $P=P_0$ be a convex polygon of $n$ vertices $v_k$. Let $P_{i+1}$ be the convex polygon obtained by intersecting the halfplanes determined by the lines through every other vertex. Below, $P_0$ is ...
6
votes
6answers
558 views

Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ conjecture, bibliography

Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ original conjecture states that the unique continuous invariant probability measure for $2x$ mod $1$ and $3x$ mod $1$ is the Lebesgue measure. I wanted to have a ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Automorphism group of compact abelian group

I am looking for references on the automorphism group $\mathrm{Aut}(X)$ of a compact abelian group $X$. By automorphisms I mean topological group automorphisms. Some particular questions are as ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Is it true that a nondegenerate minimizing periodic orbit of mechanical Hamiltonian system is hyperbolic

Consider mechanical Hamiltonian system of the form $$H(p,q)=\dfrac{\Vert p\Vert^2}{2}+V(q),\quad (q,p)\in T^*\mathbb T^n.$$ Here we suppose the periodic orbit $\gamma$ minimizes the Lagrangian ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Example for a dynamical system which is not point-distal

Let $(X, d)$ be a compact metric space, let $T$ be a group of actions on $X$. Then $(X,T)$ is a topological dynamical system with transformation group $T$, and we denote it by $(X,T)$. We say points ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Periodic solution of first order ODE

There is a famous result shows that for every continuous function $f:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow {\mathbb R}$, the first order autonomous system $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot{x}=f(x), \\ x(t_0)=x_0, ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Mixing property of first return map

Let $(X,\mathcal{X},\mu)$ be a probability measure system, $T:X\to X$ be a $\mu$-preserving isomorphism on $X$. Let $A\in \mathcal{X}$ such that $\mu(\bigcup_{n\ge 0}T^nA)=1$, and $\mu_A$ be the ...
4
votes
2answers
440 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesiable flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$: \begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation} This equation defines a foliation on ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying, $f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$, for every ...
7
votes
1answer
356 views

Raphael Douady's thesis: Applications du théorème des tores invariants

Raphael Douady's thesis, Applications du théorème des tores invariants, has been cited in numerous papers by many experts. According Wikipedia, he proves of the equivalence of KAM ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Constructing an interval exchange given a prescribed trajectory

Given a prescribed trajectory, is it possible to construct an interval exchange having this trajectory? For example, given a 3-letter word (like aaabbbccabcaaa ), is it possible to construct a 3- ...
14
votes
2answers
468 views

Spearing rolling hula hoops

Or: Stabbing rolling disks. Imagine there are $n$ unit-diameter disks rolling between $x=0$ and $x=d$, reflecting off either end. The disk centers start at a random location within $[\frac{1}{2}, ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Link between presence of attracting random fixed points and synchronisation - is this an open question?

This is a question in the theory of random dynamical systems. Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space, let $(I,\mathcal{I},\nu)$ be a probability space, and let $(f_\alpha)_{\alpha \in I}$ be an ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Question on center-stable manifold

Assume that you have a gradient system smooth enough and a fixed point $x_{0}$. Is it true that if $x_{0} \in \omega(x)$ then $\gamma^{+}(x)$ must intersect the local center-stable manifold of ...
25
votes
2answers
1k views

Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group generated by the permutation $$ a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m) $$ of order $6$ and the involutions $$ b: \ (m,n) \ ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Find a sequence with uniform frequencies and recurrent property

Given any 4 positive numbers $p_{00}\,,p_{01}=p_{10}\,,p_{11}$,such that the sum of the 4 numbers is 1, now I want to find a sequence in $\{0\,,1\}^\mathbb{N}$ such that this sequence has uniform ...
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0answers
24 views

n-body systems and bifurcations

From what I understand, in bifurcation theory, one definition of the equivalence of two dynamical systems is that they are topologically equivalent. However if say proteins A, B start out as straight ...
3
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2answers
203 views

Physical Measure Vs. SRB measures

Anybody can help me to have an idea about an example showing the difference of a Physical measur with compare to an SRB measure? By a Physical measure i mean in the sense of $\nu$ a ...