23
votes
2answers
924 views

Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group generated by the permutation $$ a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m) $$ of order $6$ and the involutions $$ b: \ (m,n) \ ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Examples of amenable groups acting on the real line

In the literature, there are several examples of solvable groups acting by order preserving homeomorphisms of the real line. There are also examples of groups of intermediate growth acting in the same ...
6
votes
2answers
292 views

Rotation numbers for amenable group actions on the circle

Given an orientation-preserving homeomorphism $f: S^1 \to S^1$, one can define its rotation number $\rho(f) \in \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, as $\rho(f) = (\lim_{n \to \infty} \tilde{f}^n(0)/n) + ...
11
votes
0answers
141 views

Fundamental groups of reduced subgroup lattices

Let $G$ be a group. Its subgroup lattice, denoted $\Sigma G$, consists of all subgroups of $G$ partially ordered by inclusion. The topology of this poset is quite trivial, since it always has a ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

“Spectral decomposition” action on the unitary group

Consider a matrix $U$ from the unitary group $U_N(\mathbb{C})$ and consider the map $f:U_N(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow U_N(\mathbb{C})$ where $f(U)$ is the matrix of the eigenvectors of $U$. What is ...
5
votes
2answers
230 views

pointwise ergodic theorem and mean sojourn time

Originally posted on Maths StackExchange, but repositing here because of getting no answer there. Not a research question really - I'm just confused by implications between various ergodic ...
8
votes
2answers
349 views

Birational Automorphisms and infinite divisibility

Suppose $X$ is some algebraic variety. It can be over $\mathbb{C}$, but it doesn't have to (but char $0$ preferred). Is it possible that the additive group $\mathbb{Q}$ acts on it birationally, ...
3
votes
0answers
229 views

A Dedekind Eta trajectory / horocyclic flow (Reference request)

I've been exploring the composition of essentially the Dedekind $\eta$-function with parabolic Möbius transformations, ...
4
votes
2answers
263 views

Complexification or 'real'ization of Mapping Class group.

So is there a complexification or 'real'ization of the mapping class group or can it be realised as a lattice in some lie group. like $PSL(2, \mathbb Z)$ in $PSL(2, \mathbb R)$. for g=1 this certainly ...
3
votes
2answers
394 views

Another question about amenability and Følner sequences

Følner's characterization of Amenability says that a group $G$ is amenable if there exists a directed set $(I,\leq)$ and a net {$F_i:i\in I$} of finite subsets of $G$ such that for every $γ ∈ G$, ...
4
votes
4answers
363 views

Orbits of the projective special linear group on $\mathbf{Q} \cup \{\infty\}$

The group $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbf{Q})$ of fractional linear transformations $x \mapsto (ax+b)/(cx+d)$ such that $a,b,c,d \in \mathbf{Q}$ and $ad-bc = 1$ acts on $\mathbf{Q} \cup \lbrace ...
9
votes
0answers
249 views

For a group with one end does the property of connected spheres follow?

One of my friends is studying group actions on the circle, and he ended up with a question in geometrical group theory. Let us consider a finitely generated group $G$ with generators $g_1, \ldots ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Actions of the discrete Heisenberg group by formal power series of two variables

I am interested in faithful actions of the discrete Heisenberg group $H$ by smooth diffeomorphisms of a surface $S$, that is, 1-1 homomorphisms $\phi \colon H \to \text{Diff}^{\infty}(S)$. We say $p ...
1
vote
4answers
308 views

A Fractional Linear Transformation Class Property

Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the class of Fractional Linear Transformations (or FLT's) consisting of $f: [-1,0] \rightarrow [-1,0]$ such that $f(x) = \frac{ax+b}{cx+d}$ where $a,b,c,d \in R$, and ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Possible homogeneity of infinite dimensional Sierpinski carpet analogues?

Start with the Hilbert cube $H=I^\omega$, thinking of its coordinates as written in ternary expansion. Construct subsets $S_n$ by removing points from $H$ if for any $m$, at least $n$ of the ...
1
vote
2answers
914 views

Periodic matrices in SL(3,Z)

Periodic matrices in SL(3,Z) will be conjugated to product of periodic matrices in SL(2,Z) by +- indentity on a third integer direction. Is this true? Sorry, following your comments, maybe ...
7
votes
1answer
402 views

Classification of countable subgroups of the circle

Is there a classification of all countable subgroups of the circle $\mathbb{T} \simeq \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$? It seems that there are quite a lot of them, e.g.: cyclic subgroups $\{a^n\colon ...
13
votes
1answer
807 views

Rokhlin lemma for arbitrary infinite groups.

Let $G$ be an at most countable discrete group acting freely on a standard probability measure space $X$ in a measure preserving way. It is well known that if $G$ is a finite group then this action ...
6
votes
1answer
522 views

Actions orbit equivalent to profinite ones

Let $G$ be a countable discrete residually finite group. Is there a way to characterise the actions of $G$ that are orbit-equivalent to profinite ones? Ozawa and Popa introduced the concept of ...
6
votes
0answers
290 views

“topological” conjugacy of group automorphisms

In the paper "Orbit Equivalence and Topological Conjugacy of Affine Actions on Compact Abelian Groups", S. Bhattacharya shows (Theorem 3) the following: Theorem. Given two actions $\alpha$ and ...
6
votes
3answers
991 views

amenable equivalence relation generated by an action of a non-amenable group

Question. Give a (possibly elementary) example of a probability measure preserving action $\rho\colon G \curvearrowright X$ of a finitely-generated discrete group $G$ on a standard borel space $X$ ...
14
votes
13answers
3k views

Is there a “crash-course” book on Abelian varieties (e.g., an introduction for physicists)?

Hello, In our (rather applied) theoretical physics research, we have encountered an important class of problems, which seem to require an understanding of Abelian functions (unfortunately, this ...
2
votes
1answer
633 views

Are all Nilmanifolds quotients of Heisenberg Group

I've been reading some wonderful blog entries where Terry Tao and Ben Green prove some generalizations of Weyl Equidstribution using a "higher" Fourier Analysis. Unfortunately, all the information I ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a reset sequence?

There is a question someone (I'm hazy as to who) told me years ago. I found it fascinating for a time, but then I forgot about it, and I'm out of touch with any subsequent developments. Can anyone ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Homomorphisms from R to $Diffeo^+(R)$, or “fractional iterations”

Let $G$ be the group of orientation-preserving homeomorphisms (or, if you prefer, diffeomorphisms) of the real line. Does there exist a natural way to associate, to each function $f \in G$, a ...
5
votes
1answer
336 views

Automorphisms of $\pi_1$ induced by pseudo-Anosov maps

Suppose $X$ is an orientable surface with non-empty boundary and $f:X\to X$ is a pseudo-Anosov automorphism that acts identically on $H_1(X,\mathbf{Z})$. Let $x$ be a fixed point of $f$. For any ...