2
votes
0answers
111 views

A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions $X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N)$, we have ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$ It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Smooth normal forms of vector fields (the path method)

I start by considering a polynomial vector field $$F=\varepsilon\frac{\partial}{\partial x}-(z^2+x)\frac{\partial}{\partial z}+0\frac{\partial}{\partial \varepsilon}.$$ Next I define a perturbation of ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Involution on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Is there a Lie algebraic involution $\theta$ on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ which restriction to linear vector fields is the involution $\theta(A)=-A^{tr}$ for $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$? ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

A derivational approach to the Poincare Bendixson Theorem

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a smooth vector field on the plane. Assume that $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ is a compact subset (not necessarily invariant under ...
6
votes
0answers
144 views

The geometric shape of domains of flows

Consider a smooth (non-compact) manifold $M$ with a vector field $X$. Then we know that there is a open neighbourhood $U \subseteq M \times \mathbb{R}$ of $M \times \{0\}$ such that on $U$ the flow ...
1
vote
0answers
202 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Single parameter bifurcations caused by a simple additive term

Note: I asked this question on Math.SE over two months ago, and it has not received any answers. Motivation: A practical dynamical system is often described by an ODE that has a parameter that ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Second order ODE

I was wondering whether this ODE has been studied yet or whether there is anything we can say about its solutions? $$(1-t^2)u_{tt}-tu_t+\left[ n \beta (2t^2-1)+ \beta^2 (2t^2-1)^2+C\right]u=0$$ $C$ ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Non-hyperbolic fixed points in multidimensional systems

Consider first a one-dimensional dynamical system given by $dx/dt = f(x)$. Suppose that the origin is a fixed point, i.e. $f(0)=0$. Suppose that we're interested in whether trajectories that start ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying, $f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$, for every ...
2
votes
0answers
242 views

A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Linear dynamical systems: interpretation of Frobenius eigenvector

Consider a positive linear dynamical system. $\frac{dx}{dt}=Ax$, where $A$ is a quasipositive/Metzler/essentially nonnegative matrix. By its properties, the vector $x$ will remain positive for all ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Id monodromy in hamiltonian dynamics

In my problem I have non autonomous Hamiltonian which depends on 2 parameters (pretty close to oscillator Hamiltonian, $(a+b\cos t +1) p^2+(a+b\cos t-1)q^2$, $a,b$ - parameters). From numerical ...
9
votes
1answer
286 views

An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits

Edit: There is an interesting complete answer for the second part(see the answer by Thomas Kragh). I search for an answer for the first part. 1.Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

Question on measure zero set of initial conditions in dynamical systems

[Update] Let $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a closed, bounded, convex set with measure $m(S)>0$ and let an autonomous dynamical system (system of ODEs) be given by $$\frac{dx}{dt} = f(x),$$ where ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

For a linear dynamic system, what can we learn from its singluar value and rank?

Given a linear system $\frac{dx}{dt}=Mx$, what's the relationship between the dynamic's property and the singular value decomposition/rank of $M$ ?
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Convergence of trajectories and asymptotic stability

Say that an autonomous system $\dot{u} = f(u)$ in $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ has the property that for any two solutions $x(t), y(t)$ corresponding to initial conditions $x(0)$ and $y(0)$ the trajectories are ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Prove that origin is globally exponentially stable with Lyapunov Indirect Method

I'm wondering, if we have a nonlinear system governed by $\dot{x} = Ax + g(x)$ where $||g(x)|| \leq \gamma ||x||^2$ and A is Hurwitz how can we show that the origin is globally exponentially ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations $$ \sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n, $$ has ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Hopf bifurcation for systems where the dynamics is homogeneous of degree 1

Consider dynamical system in dimension 3 $$x'(t)=f(x(t),d)$$ where the dynamics f is homogeneous of degree 1 and there is exactly one line of equilibrium points. This line is independent of the ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

On global attraction of a stable node for a four dimensional nonlinear system

Consider the dynamical system on ${\mathbb R}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$ (or ${\mathbb T}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$) described by $$\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot{\theta}_1 = \omega_1 - ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Approximating solutions of non-linear differential equations

I have met a system of non-linear equations as follows, $$\frac{\mathbb{d}y_k}{\mathbb{d}t}=-(1-\alpha)y_k\sum_s{s^az_s}-\alpha y_kz_k,$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Regularity of a nonlinear ODE [Traveling wave solutions of parabolic systems]

In the book of Volpert on Traveling wave solutions of Parabolic Systems (AMS), one reads "the following assertion is readily proved and we shall not discuss it in detail". The same result is tacitely ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

whether there are some books and original papers ergodic theory approach to ODE

Recently I become more and more interested in the field of ergodic theory, especially in the dimension theory and thermal formalism and its applications. People always said that most of the ideas in ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Is autonomous dynamical system equivalent to one single higher-order ode?

We know that a higher-order ode can be converted to dynamical system by replacing each higher-order derivative by a new variable. What about inverse problem? Does a dynamical system convert to a ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

Non-linear 1st order difference equation

I have been trying to solve the following difference equation for some time now : $$u^3(n+1) = a - b\cdot u^2(n) + u^3(n), \qquad a \ne 0 \ne b$$ I have tried various substitutions, simplifications ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Rotation number of perturbated equation

I have a differential equation on torus $(t,x)$ and well studied it's Arnold tongues for Poincare map of the circle $x(t=0) \to x(t=2\pi)$. The question is how changes rotation number when I add small ...
1
vote
1answer
418 views

Good books on stochastic partial differential equations?

I have a system of 2 PDEs, one with a probabilistic right side, and kind of stuck on what to read about those things.. Any good books around? Both analytical (if any) and numerical methods are ...
5
votes
1answer
545 views

Numerical calculation of Arnold tongue

Hello. I am working on investigation of family of dynamical systems on the torus $$\dot{x}=\cos(x)+b\cos(t)+a$$ $$\dot{t}=1$$ and it's Poincare map $$P:(x,0) \rightarrow (P(x),2\pi=0)$$ I need to find ...
0
votes
1answer
340 views

phase portrait of system of differential equations

Is there a full classification of the phase portraits of the following systems of differential equations \begin{equation} \cases{ \dot x=a_{11}x+a_{12}y+a_{13}z \\ \dot y=a_{2 1}x+a_{22}y+a_{23}z\\ ...
1
vote
1answer
414 views

How to deduce the existence of stationary points from fixed points of evolution maps?

This is probably a very elementary question. Nevertheless I decided to post it on MO. Consider a smooth manifold $M$ and a smooth complete vector field $v:M\rightarrow TM$. Consider an autonomous ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

First order PDE, singular at a point

I am pretty sure this should be text book material, but I couldn't find this anywhere; maybe I just don't know where to look. Problem: Suppose we have a smooth vector field $X = a_i x^i \partial_i + ...
2
votes
0answers
308 views

Partial feedback linearization (Control theory)

Greetings, I'm trying to understand a theorem about partial feedback linearization from a paper "On the largest feedback linearizable subsystem" by R.Marino (you can find it here: ...
2
votes
0answers
724 views

Bessel functions in wave propagation and scattering

Is there a way to scale Bessel J(n,.) (Bessel of first kind) and Bessel H(n,.) (Bessel of third kind or Hankel)? I am having computer problems with higher orders (higher vlaues of n) and small ...
3
votes
0answers
827 views

(Approximate) analytic solutions to the Mathieu equation

I'm trying to solve the driven Mathieu equation $x''+\beta x'+(a-2q\cos{\Omega t})\frac{\Omega^2}{4}x=f(t)$ for both zero and non-zero $\beta$. I can write down an analytic solution using the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Omega-limit set of the omega-limit set

Consider a dynamical system given by its flow $\phi(t,x)$, where $t \in R$, $x \in R^n$ and $\phi: R \times R^n \to R^n$ is (say) differentiable. The $\omega$-limit set, $\omega(p)$, of a point $p ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

2- and 3-body problems when gravity is not inverse-square

Suppose that gravity did not follow an inverse-square law, but was instead a central force diminishing as $1/d^p$ for distance separation $d$ and some power $p$. Two questions: Presumably the 2-body ...
3
votes
1answer
642 views

Limit of a discrete time dynamical system

I have the following discrete time dynamical system $$ y(t+1) = y(t) + \frac{1}{1+\exp(z+ u f y(t))} ,\quad y(0)=0,$$ where $z$ is a real number $f$ and $u$ are non-negative reals. I know I have ...
8
votes
1answer
361 views

Existence of a vector field with a finite number of limit cycles.

The following question is related to the Seifert conjecture. Let $M$ be a closed manifold with zero Euler characteristic. Is it true that each homotopy class of nowhere-zero vector fields on $M$ ...
2
votes
1answer
645 views

A formula for the Jacobian of a flow

Let $U : \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be a smooth vector field, and let $F_t : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be the corresponding smooth flow, defined by the differential equation ...
3
votes
3answers
583 views

Analytic ODE with complex time

Suppose we have a complex vector field on $\mathbb{C}^n$ which is analytic and has $|DV| < L$ on ball $B_r$ with radius r. I would like to understand: 1) if there exists an analytic flow ...
6
votes
1answer
417 views

Estimating the flow when we know the vector field

Suppose we have a $C^k$ vector field $v$ and let $\phi_t$ be the corresponding flow. I have estimates on $v$ and its derivatives: $|v| < C_0$, $|Dv| < C_1$, $|D^2v| < C_2$, ... $|D^kv| < ...
68
votes
0answers
5k views

Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Difference Equations & Possible Limits

The answer to this may well be in some elementary textbook - a reference might be more useful than a short answer here. If we look at the behaviour of a point in R n under matrix multiplication, we ...
63
votes
11answers
12k views

What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...