5
votes
1answer
211 views

“strongly mixing” action on dimers?

In Local Statistics of Lattice Dimers we study a nice familiar object, domino tilings in the plane extending out to infinity. His paper is going to discuss the frequency of various "motifs" in ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Constructing an interval exchange given a prescribed trajectory

Given a prescribed trajectory, is it possible to construct an interval exchange having this trajectory? For example, given a 3-letter word (like aaabbbccabcaaa ), is it possible to construct a 3- ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

excplicit formula of iterates of an interval exchange

Let $f$ be an interval exchange transformation of $[0,1]$. Is there an explicit formula giving $f^k(0)$ in function of $k$? If not, are there particular cases where this formula is simple? (except ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Status of the 196 conjecture?

A palindrome is a number which remains the same when reversing it, for instance 34143. Now pick an arbitrary number, say 26: then 26+62=88 is a palindrome. If the number was 57, then 57+75=132 is not ...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Bohr sets, Coin-flip sets and Roth's theorem

I have been learning about Roth's theorem, trying to understand how Fourier series and dynamical systems (or even graph theory and binary sequences)are involved in counting arithmetic sequences in ...
5
votes
1answer
221 views

constant averages along orbits

What should one say to describe the situation in which a function $T$ from some set $X$ to itself, and a function $f$ from $X$ to some characteristic-zero field $K$, have the property that the average ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

subwords of the fibonacci word

The Fibonacci word is the limit of the sequence of words starting with "0" and satisfying rules $0 \to 01, 1 \to 0$. It's equivalent to have initial conditions $S_0 = 0, S_1 = 01$ and then recursion ...
3
votes
0answers
194 views

How many set partitions on a big cube’s boundary arise from cubomino decompositions of the solid cube?

Introduction. This is a counting question about configurations that can appear on the outside of assembled Soma cube-like puzzles. More specifically, it’s about the ways in which the pieces of an ...
7
votes
4answers
916 views

The non-convergence of f(f(x))=exp(x)-1 and labeled rooted trees

This question is closely related to MO f(f(x))=exp(x)-1 and other functions “just in the middle” between linear and exponential. Consider $e^{e^x-1}$, this is the generating function of the Bell ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a reset sequence?

There is a question someone (I'm hazy as to who) told me years ago. I found it fascinating for a time, but then I forgot about it, and I'm out of touch with any subsequent developments. Can anyone ...
16
votes
3answers
665 views

Counting certain arrangements of n triangles. Does the count grow superexponentially?

Overview For integers n ≥ 1, let T(n) = {0,1,...,n}n and B(n)= {0,1}n. Note that |T(n)|=(n+1)n and |B(n)| = 2n. A certain set S(n) ⊂ T(n), defined below, contains B(n). The question is about ...
10
votes
3answers
854 views

Periodic orbits and polynomials

There are two simple and classic enumerations that still I'm puzzled about. Let's start with a simple counting problem from a well-known dynamical system. fact 1 Consider the "tent map" ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

reversible Turing machines

Hello, Let T be a Turing machine such that 1) it operates on the alphabet {0,1}, 2) its set of states is A 3) the language it accepts is $L$ . Does there exists a Turing machine S which also ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Uniqueness in Composition of Polynomials

The following situation came up in my research: Suppose two functions $f$ and $g$ map $[0,\infty)$ to (a subset of) itself. The function $f$ is linear and $g$ is quadratic, but $g$ is one-to-one on ...
12
votes
2answers
632 views

Is there an analogue of the Lefschetz fixed point theorem for discrete dynamical systems?

Background/Motivation Let $(X, f)$ be a discrete dynamical system. For now, $X$ is just a set and $f$ is just a function $f : X \to X$. Suppose that $f^n$ has a finite number of fixed points for ...