Dynamics of differential equations and flows, mechanics, classical few-body problems, iterations, complex dynamics, delayed differential equations.

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Characterization of the stable manifold [on hold]

Assume we study a (finite dimensional) differential system $$ x'(t)=f(x(t)), \quad x(t) \in \mathbb R^n, $$ for a smooth function $f$ and such that $0$ is an equilibrium point. Thus, we have existence ...
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0answers
31 views

Techniques for finding the stationary state of a continuous-state, discrete-time Markov process

I'm interested in a continuous-state, discrete-time Markov process. Let the distribution at time $t$ be $f_t(x)$. The update equation has the form \begin{equation} f_{t+1}(x) = \int f_t(x') g(x', x) ...
7
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96 views

Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. The segments are open, excluding their endpoints. They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Lyapunov exponent for circle diffeomorphisms

Let $f:S^1\to S^1$ be an orientation-preserving circle diffeomorphism with irrational rotation number (see here). Then the system $(S^1,f)$ admits a unique invariant measure, say $\mu_f$. Let ...
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4answers
2k views

A question on Collatz's conjecture

Let $C$ : ${\mathbb N}\longrightarrow {\mathbb N}$ be Collatz's map defined by $C(n) = 3n+1$ if $n$ is odd, and $C(n)=n/2$ if $n$ is even. Then according to Collatz's conjecture, we should have $C^k ...
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0answers
53 views

Uniqueness of analytic center manifold

In a book, i have read a remark which says that the center manifold of an equilibrium point of a differential equation is not unique in general but is unique in the class of analytic manifold. The ...
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1answer
72 views

Palis' conjecture and Newhouse's results

Newhouse proved that in the space of C^r smooth diffeomorphisms r > 2, a topologically general dynamical system can have an infinite number of attractors (he goes even further, actually in showing the ...
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1answer
100 views

Translation surfaces & integer multiples of $\pi$

Richard Schwartz, in Mostly Surfaces (Vol. 60. American Mathematical Soc., 2011), defines (on p.14) a translation surface as "a Euclidean cone surface, all of whose 'angle errors' are integer ...
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292 views

Which polygons have *simple* periodic billiard paths?

I know (or, rather, believe) that it remains unknown whether every polygon has a periodic billiard path. But Masur proved in the 1980's that every rational polygon (vertex angles rational multiples ...
3
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84 views

On the decay of correlations of an ergodic sequence over the set $X_{0}=0$

The following question arose while I was trying to explore possible further extensions of a CLT by Liverani which I mentioned here already (see this link, I can tell you more details upon request). It ...
3
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1answer
128 views

invariant measure of uniquely ergodic horocycle flow

Let $S$ be a compact connected orientable surface of variable negative curvature, and let $M=T^1S$ be the unit tangent bundle of $S$. Then, we know from the paper of Brian Marcus (*) that the negative ...
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85 views

Linear forms with best approximation vectors lying in a subspace

Setup: For $u \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\rho(u)$ be the Euclidean length, $\sqrt{u_1^2 + \ldots + u_n^2}$. For $x \in \mathbb{R}$ let $\|x\| = \min_{k \in \mathbb{Z}} |x - k|$, and for $x \in ...
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0answers
50 views

A cohomology associated with a codimension one foliation(2)

What is an example of a codimension one foliation of a manifold for which this cohomology is finite dimension for all dimension $*$? Moreover what is the description of this cohomology for ...
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0answers
183 views

A Lie algebra associated with a one dimensional foliation

A non vanishing vector field $X$ on a manifold is called "well behaved" if for every non vanishing smooth function $f$ we have $$C(X)\simeq C(fX)$$ This means that the centralizer Lie algebras ...
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1answer
81 views

A cohomology associated with a codimension one foliation

Let $\alpha$ be a non vanishing one form on a manifold which which defines a codimension one foliation. With this $\alpha$ we define the following complex: $$\phi:\Omega^{i}(M)\to ...
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1answer
50 views

positively invariant set respec to fractional system

In my research I need to show that the set $$M := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^4,X≥0\}$$ where $$X(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t),x_3(t),x_4(t))^T$$ is positively invariant with respect the following system of ...
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65 views

Analogous to a PDE but where independent variable is a function

Consider, as an example for my question, a density function $u(\boldsymbol{x},t)$ on a vector field $\boldsymbol{x}$ at some time $t$. The flow velocity vector of the density is given by ...
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1answer
192 views

Choosing a metric in which homeomorphism is Holder continuous

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable space, and let $f:X \to X$ be a homeomorphism. Is it always possible to choose a compatible metric on $X$ in which $f$ is Holder continuous? I've tried some simple ...
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2answers
430 views

On the boundary of the twindragon

Let $\mathcal T$ be the famous twindragon, i.e., $$ \mathcal T=\left\{\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n\left(\frac{1+i}2\right)^n : a_n\in\{0,1\}\right\}. $$ Then, as is well known, $\mathcal T$ has a ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Help with notation for the state of a dynamical system defined by a PDE

Before my question let me briefly describe a simplified version of the dynamical system I'm working with. Suppose that I have a density function $m(\boldsymbol{x},t)$, that describes the abundance of ...
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0answers
35 views

Recent Survey on Dynamics of Linear Operator

I'm studying Linear Dynamics using the textbook Linear Chaos by grosse erdmann. I'm looking for a recent encyclopaedic article/survey which gives me a big picture of the area. It seems erdmann and ...
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74 views

Stationarity of Brownian motion with drift

Suppose the following SDE for $X_t$ is well-posed: $$dX_t = \sqrt{2}\, dB_t - \nabla\Phi(X_t)\,dt.$$ For what $\Phi\in C^1(R^d)$ will $X$ have stationary distribution $u_{\infty}$? For what $\Phi$ ...
3
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1answer
72 views

conjugacy between geodesic flows on 2-tori

Let $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ be two flat tori of dimension 2 such that their geodesic flows are $C^0$-conjugated, is there an isometry between $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ ? I emphasize the fact ...
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140 views

What is the state of the art of visualizing bifurcations for “difficult” dynamical systems?

This question is related to my other recent question on MO (although I am not confident that the dynamical system described in that other question is actually "difficult," in the sense that I will ...
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2answers
190 views

The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...
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1answer
165 views

Analytic diffeomorphisms of the circle from complex domains

Let $\gamma \subset \mathbb C$ be a simple closed analytic curve and let $\Delta$ be the closure of the disk it bounds. The Riemann mapping theorem gives two biholomorphisms: $$\phi : (D^2,S^1) \to ...
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271 views

A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...
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97 views

Unit eigenvalue of the linearized Poincare return map

Consider a surface $S$ and a vector field on the surface which has a closed orbit. The vector field on both sides of the closed orbit spirals towards it, which gives us that the linearized Poincare ...
5
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150 views

Is Akcoglu's theorem for power bounded positive operators still an open problem?

I am reading Ulrich Krengel's book, Ergodic Theorems; the theorem of Akcoglu's he mentions of is on page 189, theorem 2.5. " If $T$ is a positive contraction in a space $L_p$ with $1<p<\infty$, ...
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1answer
134 views

Is there literature available on iterated function systems of the form $f^n = (g f^{n - 1}, g f^{n - 2}, \ldots)$?

This question is motivated by another question on math.stackexchange. From a function $g:X^k\to X$ it is possible to define an iterated function system on $X^k$ with the function $f:X^k\to X^k$ ...
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1answer
155 views

Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...
5
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127 views

Derivative of Wronskian

In the proof of Theorem 2 in this paper here on arxiv on page 10 for $k=2$ it is claimed that if the Wronskian of two solutions $y_1,y_2$ to the differential equation $$-y''_i(x) + q(x) y_i(x) = ...
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0answers
79 views

Asymptotic pseudo orbit of an action

Let $G$ be finitely generated group (i.e $G= <S>$ $S=\{ s_1, ..., s_n\}$) and $\varphi:G\times M\longrightarrow M$ is an action then $f:G\longrightarrow M$ is called $\delta$- pseudo orbit if ...
4
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2answers
237 views

Is there any elementary proof of No wandering domain for polynomials

It seems that it is almost impossible to give a elementary proof of Sullivan's no wandering domain for rational map or even more general class of maps. I think it is interesting to ask whether we ...
13
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1answer
252 views

Nonperiodic points of homeomorphisms of a ball

Suppose $B$ is a $d$-dimensional ball (for some $d \geq 1$) and $T$ is a homeomorphism from $B$ to itself. Suppose also that $T$ is not of finite order (that is, for no $n \geq 1$ is it the case that ...
3
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1answer
160 views

invariant measures of the expanding maps on the circle

I would be very happy to know about original references for the following results; For the expanding map $x \mapsto mx$ on the circle, (with $m$ some integer greater than 1) (1) There exist ...
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1answer
175 views

Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Groups arising as direct limits of a stationary system of primitive matrices over the integers

I am interested in the kinds of groups of the form $\displaystyle\lim_{\longrightarrow}(\mathbf{Z}^k,M)$ where $M$ is a primitive (some power of $M$ has strictly positive components) $k\times k$ ...
5
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1answer
147 views

Non-closed geodesics on a convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $P$ be the surface of a closed convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Q. Does every non-closed geodesic $\gamma$ fill $P$ densely? Of course $\gamma$ cannot pass through a vertex of $P$, but ...
10
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1answer
299 views

Nonperiodic points of piecewise-linear homeomorphisms

Suppose $K$ is a compact polytope and $T$ is a piecewise-linear homeomorphism from $K$ to itself. Suppose also that $T$ is not of finite order (that is, for no $n \geq 1$ is it the case that ...
1
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1answer
169 views

Sectional curvature as a Hamiltonian on the Grassmanization of the tangent bundle

Edit: According to the comments to the previous version of this question, I remove my essential errors in the question. I thank the commenters very much. Let $M$ be a n dimensional manifold. ...
3
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60 views

Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...
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54 views

Rational dynamical system with nonnegative paramaters

let $A$ be a rational system of the form :$\begin{cases} x_{n+1}=\frac{\alpha_{1}}{y_{n}} \\ y_{n+1}=\frac{\alpha_{2}}{z_{n}} \\ ...
9
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1answer
191 views

Perron-Frobenius theory for reducible matrices

Can someone suggest some sources/references dealing with the Perron-Frobenius theory for nonnegative matrices that are reducible? Specifically, if $A\ge 0$ is a $d\times d$ matrix with no assumptions ...
4
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1answer
165 views

Resolvent of a triangular matrix

Suppose $A$ is a triangular matrix. What is the most efficient known algorithm to compute the polynomial (in $x$) matrix $(xI-A)^{-1}$? Of course, $(xI-A)^{-1}= N(x)/p_A(x)$, where $p_A$ is the ...
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2answers
178 views

Is there an (almost) dense set of quadratic polynomials which is not in the interior of the Mandelbrot set?

For the parameter plane of complex quadratic polynomials, $(z\mapsto z^2+c)_{c\in\mathbb{C}}$ : Is it possible to find a part of the parameter plane, scanned with a given limited precision ...
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43 views

Lifting $SHFC$ to non singular foliations

In this question we would like to complexify the idea in the following post. We would like to lift a "singular holomorphic foliation by curves", briefly "SHFC", of $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$ to a ...
3
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2answers
134 views

The upper and lower bound of the projection of a subshift of finite type

I am thinking a problem: given a subshift of finte type of $\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ and $2>q>1$, where $q$ is a real number. Then how can we find the largest and smallest numbers of the projection ...
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275 views

Closure of the orbits of the $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$-action on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I'm coming with a very basic question for which I can't find an answer. Please forgive me if I didn't search efficiently enough. What can the closure of an orbit of an element $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Divergence invariant lifting of a vector field via a submersion

What is an example of a smooth submersion $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ for which the following statment is Not true: For every vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field ...