**29**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$.
Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

943 views

### Bertini theorems for base-point-free linear systems in positive characteristics

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth algebraic variety over an algebraically closed (uncountable if it helps) field of characteristic $p > 0$. Suppose that $L$ is a line bundle, probably ample or at least ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Elementary short exact sequence of sheaves

This question arised when I was trying to use this answer to understand Reid's "Young Person's guide to Canonical Singularities". In particular page 352 when computing the blow-up $Y\rightarrow ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Seeking Noetherian normal domain with vanishing Picard group but not a UFD

Once again, the question says it all.
My motivation is the article on factorization I am writing. I want to explain (as well as to understand!) why for normal Noetherian domains of dimension greater ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### blowing up, -1 curves, effective and ample divisors

Lets say we're on a smooth surface, and we blow up at a point.
Is there a simple explicit computation that shows to me the fact that the exceptional divisor E has self intersection -1 ? I don't ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

564 views

### Relative canonical divisors

Suppose that $X$ is a Gorenstein variety and that $\pi : Y \to X$ is a birational map of varieties with normal $Y$.
In this case the relative canonical divisor is defined to be $K_Y - \pi^*K_X$ (if ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

193 views

### Effectiveness of the distinguished theta characteristic in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 2. Let $C$ be a (smooth projective connected) curve over $k$. Can there exist a rational function on $C$ whose differential is holomorphic ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### does a line bundle always have a degree

For curves there is a very simple notion of degree of a line bundle or equivalently of a Weil or Cartier divisor. Even in any projective space $\mathbb P(V)$ divisors are cut out by hypersurfaces ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

548 views

### Base locus of divisors on blowings up of the projective space

Let $X$ be the blowing-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in $r$ points in general position.
Let $\{H,E_1,...,E_r\}$ be the standard basis of $Pic(X)$. Further let $D=dH-\sum m_j E_j$, be an effective divisor, with ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

755 views

### Ample divisors on projective surfaces

Question: If $X$ is a projective surface and $U$ is an open affine subset of $X$, then is it true that $X \setminus U$ is the support of an (effective) ample divisor on $X$?
Background: I was reading ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Contracting divisors to a point

This is quite possibly a stupid question, but it is pretty far from what I normally do, so I wouldn't even know where to look it up.
If $X$ is a projective variety over an algebraically closed field ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

423 views

### Irreducible divisors containing an arbitrary closed set

Let $X$ be a normal complex projective variety, let $V$ be a closed subset of $X$ (possibly reducible), and let $I_V$ be its ideal sheaf (consider the reduced scheme structure for example).
If $A$ is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

387 views

### Cones, monoids, and the space of (very) ample divisors

An interesting and useful tool to study a projective variety is its ample cone. Understanding the structure of this cone reveals information about the variety, and it is an isomorphism-invariant so ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Does combining Abhyankar's Lemma and embedded resolution give horizontal normal crossings

Let $\pi:Y\longrightarrow \mathbf{P}^1_{\mathbf{Z}}$ be a finite surjective flat morphism of schemes, where $Y$ is a normal integral flat projective 2-dimensional $\mathbf{Z}$-scheme, with branch ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

613 views

### Why is (line bundle, appropriate rational section) not a standard kind of divisor?

In algebraic geometry, there are two standard "kinds" of divisors: Weil divisors and Cartier divisors. Weil divisors provide better geometric intuition, while Cartier divisors are more general (if ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

769 views

### Anticanonical divisor of the blow up of P^2 in 9 points

Let $S$ the blow up of $P^2$ in nine points. Why is the anticanonical divisor $-K_S$ not semiample?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### The canonical line bundle of a normal variety

I have heard that the canonical divisor can be defined on a normal variety X since the smooth locus has codimension 2. Then, I have heard as well that for ANY algebraic variety such that the canonical ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

589 views

### Are there (-2)-curves on an Enriques surface?

Let $X$ be an Enriques surface. A $(-2)$-curve is an irriducible rational curve on X such that $C^2 = -2$. By Proposition [VIII,16.1] from Barth-Peters-Van de Ven, we have that if $D^2 = -2$, then it ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

381 views

### Weil divisors on non Noetherian schemes

Let X be an integral scheme that is separated (say over an affine scheme). Define a Weil divisor as a finite integral combination of height 1 points of X, where the height of a point of X is the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

473 views

### Stable base loci cannot contain isolated points

Let $X$ be a normal projective complex variety.
A theorem of Fujita-Zariski says that if $L$ is a Cartier divisor on $X$ such that
the base locus $Bs(|L|)$ is a finite set then $L$ is semiample.
It ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Does $h^1(D)=0$ imply numerical connectedness on K3 surfaces?

Let $X$ be a complex K3 surface and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$.
We shall say: $D$ is connected if its support is connected. $D$ is numerically connected if for any non-trivial effective ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

645 views

### Cone of movable curves

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety of dimension $n$.
Under the duality between $N_1(X)$ and $N^1(X)$ we know that closure of cone of effective curves $\overline{NE}(X)$ is dual to closure ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Is there a canonical notion of principal divisor on a discrete dynamical system?

I hope this question is well-posed.
Let (X, f) be a discrete dynamical system such that every x in X has finite period, i.e. there is some n such that f^n(x) = x. Let Div(X) be the free abelian ...

**4**

votes

**7**answers

866 views

### Nef divisors with few global sections

Are there nef divisors D on a complex projective manifold X such that $h^0(X,D)$ is less than or equal to $\dim X$?
Edit: In fact I'm interested in nef line bundles D, not just divisors.

**4**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Special divisors on hyperelliptic curves

I was reading a proof that used the following result
Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic of genus $\ge 3$ and $\tau \colon C \to C$ the hyperelliptic involution. If $D$ is an effective divisor of degree ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

429 views

### Vague question on $Pic^0$

For a smooth variety $X$ when $Pic^0(X)$ is trivial, we get an isomorphism between $N^1(X)$ and Picard group and life become easier.
My question is whether in general there are theorems, criteria ... ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Divisorial contraction: when is the image an algebraic space or a stack?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface (in the category of varieties, or schemes), and let $C\subset X$ be a curve (a priori not irreducible, but the irreducible case in itself is already ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Varieties with big anti-canonical divisor

I recently heard about the following problem:
Let $X$ be a projective variety with klt singularities and such that $-K_X$ is big. Is $X$ a Mori Dream Space ?
Now, $-K_X$ big if and only if $-K_X ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Extension of linear system

Let $X$ be a normal irreducible closed subvariety of $\mathbb{P}^n$ and let $\Lambda$ be a linear system on $X$, without fixed component. Then, there exists a linear system $\Lambda'$ on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

522 views

### A working generalization of Weil divisors

Hartshorne defines Weil divisors under the hypotheses "Noetherian integral separated scheme regular in codimension 1", which, for example, ensures that the divisor of a rational function is a finite ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

371 views

### Numerically equivalent effective divisors and semiampleness

Recall that a divisor $M$ on a variety $X$ is said to be semiample if $kM$ is base point free for a certain $k > 0$.
Being semiample is not a numerical property (take for example torsion and a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

332 views

### References about pseudoeffective cone

I'm looking for references of explicit computation of the pseudoeffective cone $\overline{\text{Eff}}(X)$ of a projective variety $X$.

**3**

votes

**2**answers

713 views

### Bertini's Theorem small print

Suppose $S\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ is a smooth del Pezzo surface and $C$ is an irreducible smooth curve (you can make it rational if it simplifies the setting) such that $\mathcal{L}=\vert -K_S-C\vert $ ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

278 views

### Nefness of $h-e$ in the blowup of $\mathbb{P}^n$

Let $S$ be the blow up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in a point $P$. Let $h$ be the class of the pullback of an hyperplane of $\mathbb{P}^n$ and $e$ the class of the exceptional divisor. Why is the divisor ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

649 views

### Ample divisors on blown-up projective space

Let $\mathbb{P}=\mathrm{Proj}(\mathbb{C}[x_0,\ldots,x_n])$ be complex projective $n$-space. Assume I have linear subvarieties $L_1,\ldots,L_k\in\mathbb{P}$ of codimension $r_i\ge 2$, respectively. Let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Boundedness of $C.K$ on a surface with $-K$ pseudoeffective

Let $S$ be a projective surface with pseudoeffective anticanonical divisor $-K_S$. Is it true that if $C$ is an integral curve with $C^2<0$ and $C \cdot K_S >0$, then $\max_C (C \cdot K_S)$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Roots of line bundles

Let $k$ be a fixed algebraically closed field and $X/k$ an irreducible scheme smooth and proper over $k$. Can there exist a line bundles $\mathcal{L}, \mathcal{M}$ and an integer $m > 0$ so that
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### When is the Wendt binomial circulant determinant divisible by 3?

The Wendt binomial circulant determinant $W_n$ can be defined quite simply as a resultant:
$$ W_n = \operatorname{res}(x^n-1, (x+1)^n-1). $$
Truer to its name, one may also define it as the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### Moving a canonical divisor on a normal surface away from the singular locus

In a previous question Moving a Weil divisor on a normal surface away from a finite set of closed points I probably asked for too much. As J.C. Ottem pointed out, it is not always possible to move a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

578 views

### Birational pullbacks of divisors on singular varieties

Actually I have two related questions.
Here is the first...
Suppose $X$ is a, possibly singular, complex projective variety.
Let $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor on $X$ and $x\in X$ a closed ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

393 views

### Is every Weil divisor on an arithmetic surface Q-Cartier

This question is about a technical issue I ran into.
Let $S$ be a connected 1-dimensional Dedekind scheme, and let $X\to S$ be a flat projective integral normal 2-dimensional scheme. (For simplicity, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

665 views

### (Anti)Canonical divisor of a blow up

This question may be utterly trivial, or not, but as someone with hardly any knowledge of algebraic geometry I thought there could be a chance I get lucky.
Let X be a rational surface obtained by n ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### A question about kawamata's proof of vanishing for big and nef $\mathbb{Q}$ divisors

Theorem 2 [1, p.46] Let $X$ be a non-singular projective algebraic variety of dimension $n$, and $D$ a numerically effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that $(D^n)>0$. We assume that the support of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Non-vanishing of $H^0$ on rational surface

Let $X$ be a smooth rational surface that admits a proper birational morphism to $\mathbb{P}^2$ and $D$ a simple normal crossing divisor on $X$ such that $K_X+D$ is big, is it true that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Hypersurfaces with Gorenstein singular loci

Recall that a hypersurface $D$ in a complex manifold $X$ is called a free divisor if the Lie algebroid $\mathcal{T}_X(-\log D)$ of vector fields tangent to $D$ is locally free. This condition is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

253 views

### On generators of the Picard group of a projective smooth surface over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over a finite field $k=\mathbb{F}_q$. Let us first review the proof of the finite generation of $Pic(X)$ (notice that the proof is valid for any smooth ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

899 views

### Generalisations of Riemann-Roch for surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic surface (over $\mathbb{C}$ ). For all $L\in \mathrm{Pic}(X)$, we have
$$\chi(L)=\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)+\frac{1}{2}(L^2-L\cdot \omega_X).$$
This is the famous ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

718 views

### Examples of divisors on an analytical manifold

I am trying to understand divisors reading through Griffith and Harris but it is difficult to come up with any particular interesting example. I have browsed through Hartshone's book but everything is ...