**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Trying to prove a congruence for Stirling numbers of the second kind

This a repost of a question I asked at Stack Exchange, but I got no answer so far, so I am trying here, even though it may not suit the "research level" requirement.
Proposition: When $n$ and $m$ are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

129 views

### Cardinality of the prime divisor set of a k-power sum

Let $a_{1},\dots,a_{n}$ be positive natural numbers ($n>2$) such that $a_{i}\neq a_{j}$ if $i\neq j$. I want to prove that
$$ \left\lvert \left\{ p \text{ prime} \; : \; p \mid \sum_{i=1}^n ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

414 views

### Numbers with all N-digit prefixes divisible by N

In base 10, the number 3816547290 contains every digit exactly once. When I take the first N digits, that substring is divisible by N. For example, 381 is divisible by 3, 38165 is divisible by 5, etc. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Is there a formula that can predict the primes in the sequence of ratios of consecutive superior highly composite numbers? : $2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7,…$

This is the sequence of prime numbers which are the elementary building blocks for the superior highly composite numbers:
$2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7, 2, 11, 13, 2, 3, 5, 17, 19, 2, 23, ...$
The $n^{th}$ ...

**31**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does iterating a certain function related to the sums of divisors eventually always result in a prime value?

Let define the following function for integers (from 2): $f(x)=\sigma(x)-1$, where $\sigma$ is the sum of the divisors of $x$.
For example $f(6)=6+3+2=11$, $f(5)=5$.
Note that $x$ is a fixed point for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Arbitrarily large $n$ divides $F_n$

Is it true that there exists $n \in \mathbb{N}$ with arbitrarily many prime factors such that $n$ divides $F_n$, where $F_n$ represents the n-th Fibonacci number?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Laurent polynomials associated to partitions and a $Q$-deformation of $\sigma(d)$

Let $\alpha \vdash d$ be a partition of $d$, i.e. $\alpha = (\alpha_1 \geq \alpha_2 \geq …\geq \alpha_l)$, where $\sum_k \alpha_k = d$. Define a Laurent polynomial in $Q$ as follows:
$$
P_\alpha(Q) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

276 views

### A question concerning the strange arithmetic derivation

This question is related to Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation. The original question whether an unbounded sequence of iterates exists is still unanswered.
$$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

537 views

### runs of consecutive non squarefree integers

This question gained no attention at Math SE.
Call a sequence of $k$ consecutive naturals squary if each one of them is divided by a square > 1. The Chinese Remainder theorem trivially guarantees us ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Who is attributed with the conjecture that every multiply-perfect number greater than $1$ is even?

I know that Descartes is considered to be the first to ask whether or not odd perfect numbers exist ($n$ such that $\sigma(n)=2n$, where $\sigma(n)$ is the sum of divisors of $n$), and he also ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

297 views

### Do the coefficients of these irreducible polynomials always become periodic?

Fix $n\in\mathbb N$ and a starting polynomial (or seed) $p_n=a_0+a_1x+\dots+a_nx^n$ with $a_k\in\mathbb Z\ \forall k$ and $a_0a_n\ne0$.
Define $p_{n+1},p_{n+2},\dots$ recursively by $p_r = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Large gaps between consecutive irreducible polynomials with small heights

For a prime gap of length at least $n$, a trivial upper bound for its first occurrence is $N=n!$ or $N=lcm(2,\dots,n)$. A bit better is $N=p_1\cdots p_n$ where $p_k$ is the $k$th prime, as then ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

455 views

### Sum of divisor function over arithmetic progression

I am trying to find an estimate for the following sum:
$$
\sum_{\substack{n \leq x \\ n \equiv k (m)}} d(n),
$$
where $d(n)$ is number of divisors of $n$. I found estimates for the case when $k$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Determine whether if $n$ is a primitive pseudoperfect (semiperfect) number, then $\sigma(n)<2^{\sigma_0(n)}$

Determine whether if $n$ is a primitive pseudoperfect (semiperfect) number, then $\sigma(n)<2^{\sigma_0(n)}$.
$\sigma_k(n)$ is the division function and $\sigma(n)=\sigma_1(n)$. A number is ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Are all known $k$-multiperfect numbers (for $k > 2$) not squarefree?

I asked the following question in MSE four ($4$) days ago, but so far nobody has posted an answer.
The gist of the question is as follows:
Are all known $k$-multiperfect numbers (for $k > ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### What are the divisors of $2n^2 - \sigma_{1}(n^2)$ for composite $n$?

What are the divisors of $2n^2 - \sigma_{1}(n^2)$ for composite $n$?
Here, $\sigma_{1}$ is the classical sum-of-divisors function. For example, $\sigma_{1}(3^2) = 1 + 3 + {3^2} = 13$.
(The function ...

**48**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation

Let us consider the following operation on positive integers: $$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} \qquad f(n):= \prod_{i=1}^{k}\alpha_ip_i^{\alpha_i-1}$$ (Is it true that if we apply this operation to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Divisibility properties of a stream of numbers

Let $S$ be a set of $k$ distinct natural numbers, each
from the interval $[2,n]$, with least common multiple $\mathop{lcm}$.
What fraction $\rho$ of the numbers $2,3,4,\ldots,\mathop{lcm}$
are ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Maximal order of Hooley's Delta function?

There is a large literature on Hooley's
$$
\Delta(n)=\max_u\sum_{d|n,\ e^u\le d< e^{u+1}}1
$$
giving its normal and average order. What is known of its maximal order?
Clearly $\Delta(n)\le d(n)$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

839 views

### Finding primes using Euler's sum of divisors recurrence relation

Euler came up with following recurrence relation for the sum of divisors (refer to http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0411587)
$$\sigma(n) = \sigma(n−1) + \sigma(n−2) − \sigma(n−5) − \sigma(n−7) \dots$$
Since ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Why do primes dislike dividing the sum of all the preceding primes?

I was investigating primes with the property that the sum of the first $n$ primes is divisible by $p_n$. It turns out that these primes are extremely extremely rare. For primes less than $10^9$, I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Ratio of consecutive divisors and average

Let $2\leq d_1 < d_2,...,d_l < n$ be all the proper nontrivial divisors of $n$. I like to understand how much these divisors deviates from each other. Here are two questions in this regard:
(1) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### Is it necessary that gcd > 1 of an infinite set? [closed]

Consider an infinite set $S$, of positive integers.
If all the finite subsets of $S$ have GCD $>$ $1$, is it necessary that the GCD of $S$ is greater than $1$ as well?

**5**

votes

**6**answers

478 views

### Getting a bound on the coefficients of the factor polynomial

Suppose $f(x):=a_0+a_1x+\cdots+a_nx^n$ is a polynomial in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ and $|a_i|\leq M$ for each $i=0,\ldots ,n.$ Now suppose $g(x)$ is a factor of $f(x)$ in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$, then is it possible ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

979 views

### On Robin's criterion for RH [closed]

\begin{equation}
\sigma(n) < e^\gamma n \log \log n
\end{equation}
In 1984 Guy Robin proved that the inequality is true for all n ≥ 5,041 if and only if the Riemann hypothesis is true (Robin ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### What literature is known about MacMahon's generalized sum-of-divisors function?

MacMahon in the paper Divisors of Numbers and their Continuations in the Theory of Partitions defines several generalized notions of the sum-of-divisors function; for example, if we write $a_{n,k}$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

909 views

### Smallest integer not divisible by integers in a finite set

Hello all, if $a_1,a_2, \ldots a_t$ are $t$ integers $\geq 2$, the set
$G(a_1,a_2, \ldots a_t)=\lbrace N \geq 1 |$ In any sequence of $N$ consecutive
integers there is at least one not divisible by ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are there pairs of consecutive integers with the same sum of factors?

Background/Motivation
I was planning to explain Ruth-Aaron pairs to my son, but it took me a few moments to remember the definition. Along the way, I thought of the mis-definition, a pair of ...