Finite or discrete collections of geometric objects. Packings, tilings, polyhedra, polytopes, intersection, arrangements, rigidity.

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35
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557 views

Extending a line-arrangement so that the bounded components of its complement are triangles

Given a finite collection of lines $L_1,\dots,L_m$ in ${\bf{R}}^2$, let $R_1,\dots,R_n$ be the connected components of ${\bf{R}}^2 \setminus (L_1 \cup \dots \cup L_m)$, and say that {$L_1,\dots,L_m$} ...
28
votes
0answers
685 views

3-colorings of the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$

Let $\Gamma$ be the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$: points $(x,y)$ form an edge if $|x,y|=1$. Let $(A,B,C,D)$ be a unit side rhombus in the plane, with a transcendental diagonal, e.g. $A = ...
20
votes
0answers
312 views

Minimal number of intersections in a convex $n$-gon?

For a convex polygon $P$, draw all the diagonals of $P$ and consider the intersection points made by those diagonals. Let $f(n)$ be the minimal number of such intersections where $P$ ranges over all ...
17
votes
0answers
328 views

Large almost equilateral sets in finite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a function $C:~(0,1)\to (0,\infty)$ such that for each $\varepsilon\in(0,1)$ every Banach space $X$ of dimension $\ge C(\varepsilon)\log n$ contains an $n$-point set ...
17
votes
0answers
826 views

Hrushovski's Construction

Zilber expressed a conjecture for $\aleph_{1}$- categorical theories (In the 80s). Zilber's Conjecture: The geometry of any $\aleph_{1}$- categorical structure is one of the following: (a) Trivial ...
15
votes
0answers
477 views

Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?

A dyadic square is a subset of $R^2$ of the form $x + 2^{-n} [0,1]^2$ with $x \in 2^{-m} Z^2$, for integers $m,n \geq 0$. We say that a set $A$ crosses a square $S$ if there exists a connected subset ...
15
votes
0answers
1k views

Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...
14
votes
0answers
338 views

Knight's tours in higher dimensions

I wonder if Knight's Tours have been explored in higher dimensions, using the following definition of a knight move. In dimension $d=2$, the knight moves left/right and forward/back one step and two ...
13
votes
0answers
303 views

Grothendieck on polyhedra over finite fields

In Grothendieck's Sketch of a Programme he spends a few pages discussing polyhedra over arbitrary rings and concludes with some intriguing remarks on specializing polyhedra over their "most singular ...
13
votes
0answers
2k views

Minimum tiling of a rectangle by squares

Given the $n\times m$ rectangle, I want to compute the minimum number of integer-sided squares needed to tile it (possibly of different sizes). Is there an efficient way to calculate this?
12
votes
0answers
226 views

Tiling a square with rectangles

Is it possible to completely tile a square with different rectangles of integer sides but all with the same area? The original problem, not requiring integer sides for rectangles, was proposed by Joe ...
12
votes
0answers
402 views

Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices? In other words, given any ...
10
votes
0answers
186 views

Self-avoiding random walks that always turn

I am wondering if the statistics of self-avoiding random lattice-walks on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ that turn left or right at each step (i.e., they cannot continue the direction of the preceding step) have been ...
10
votes
0answers
319 views

A combinatorial approximation functor sSet->qCat

Let $sSet_J$ denote the category of simplicial sets equipped with the Joyal model structure. Simply by the fact that $sSet_J$ is locally presentable and its class of anodynes ($\neq \mathbf{Cof} \cap ...
9
votes
0answers
253 views

Neighborly family of coins

Here is a puzzle: Find 5 identical coins. Can you arrange them so that every coin is touching every other coin? The solution is here. The hint is: use the third dimension. My questions are ...
9
votes
0answers
134 views

Diameter of simplicial complex mirrored in property of Stanley-Reisner ring?

Consider a pure finite abstract simplicial complex $\Delta$. Define its diameter as the maximal distance between any two facets, i.e., between any two faces of maximal dimension $d-1$. The distance ...
9
votes
0answers
325 views

How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

Title question description: Select two lattices $\Lambda_1$ and $\Lambda_2$ (here a lattice=additive free abelian group without accumulation points) of maximal rank two in the real plane. We normalize ...
8
votes
0answers
175 views

Randomly placing nonoverlapping unit cuboids

Suppose one places unit cuboids of dimension $d$ with min-corners uniformly distributed to lie in $[0,n]^d$, but with cuboid (strict) overlap forbidden. At some point, the region is "saturated," ...
8
votes
0answers
604 views

An Ex functor for the contravariant homotopy structure

I'm going to slack on the background and get to the point: Is there a good notion of an $Sd/Ex$ adjunction for $sSet/S$ equipped with the contravariant model structure (cofibrations are monomorphisms ...
7
votes
0answers
147 views

Which -icial sets produce the “standard” representations of symmetric groups?

Suppose you have a system of cell complexes (say, even convex polyhedra) $(P_n)_{n\geqslant0}$ which occur as faces of each other and are used to define the corresponding notion of "$P_*$-set". So ...
7
votes
0answers
93 views

Points on $k$ Circles

Let $k$ be a fixed positive integer. We want to find the minimum number $f(k)$, such that for a set of finite points in the plane, if any $f(k)$ of them are on $k$ circles, then all of them are on $k$ ...
7
votes
0answers
150 views

How big can a family of pairwise intesecting affine spaces be?

I apologize if this question might seem to be a bit too elementary. Let $\mathbb{P}^n$ be the projective space over $k$ - an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Let $1\leq l\leq n-1$, and ...
7
votes
0answers
91 views

Is the equidissection spectrum closed under addition?

If a polygon can be cut into $m$ as well as into $n$ triangular pieces of equal area, can it also be cut into $m+n$ triangles of equal area? (I'm editing after realizing that my conjecture that a ...
7
votes
0answers
355 views

Rectangology and squareology

I thought that rectangles were simple, and squares even simpler. Until my research has led me to several questions about rectangles and squares, which I can't solve. I started by posting this ...
7
votes
0answers
283 views

A question about a blue fan and a red fan and their common refinement

Is the following conjecture true? Conjecture: Let $M_1$ be a red map and let $M_2$ be a blue map drawn in general position on $S^n$, and let $M$ be their common refinement. There is a vertex $w$ of ...
7
votes
0answers
269 views

Coloring toroidal polyhedra with convex faces?

Consider a toroidal polyhedron, which is a topological torus, in which all faces are planar, two faces meet in at most an edge, and adjacent faces are not coplanar. The Szilassi polyhedron has 7 ...
7
votes
0answers
280 views

3-dimensional Cayley graph

I would like to see Cayley graphs drawn in 3-dimensional Euclidean space such that the vertices are represented by points and various shadows display the actions of the generators. For example, ...
6
votes
0answers
307 views

Smoothing a piecewise smooth manifold

Let $M \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a piecewise smooth $2$-manifold. Let $C$ be a polyhedral complex that covers $\mathbb{R}^d$ and contains faces of dimension $[0,d]$. Since $M$ is a $2$-manifold, we can ...
6
votes
0answers
135 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Constructing a polyhedron of maximal possible volume from given bounds on areas of its faces

Consider $n$ variables $a_1,...,a_n$ ranging over $\mathbb{R}^+$. Suppose we are given $n$ pairs of positive rational numbers $(p_1,q_1),...,(p_n,q_n)$ where each pair imposes bounds on the ...
6
votes
0answers
965 views

Interpolating points with minimum curvature constraint

I have $n$ points $p_i$ strictly interior to a rectangle $R$, and I would like to connect them with a curve $C$ whose curvature is as low as possible. Let $\kappa_\max(C)$ be the sharpest (largest ...
6
votes
0answers
229 views

balls in arrangements of hyperplanes

The following theorem is from Aronov, Naiman, Pach and Sharir's An invariant property of balls in arrangements of hyperplanes. I would like to state them and then ask if any related problem/theorem ...
6
votes
0answers
468 views

Historical and terminological questions about Dan Kan's Ex functor and its relation to the classical case of simplicial complexes

Recall that we may define a functor $\xi:\Delta\to \operatorname{Poset}$ sending a simplex $[n]$ to the set of monotone injections $[k]\hookrightarrow [n]$ for $k\geq 0$ (effectively, $k\leq n$ as ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

convex hull of all-ones principal submatrices

For a subset $S$ of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$, let $\mathbf{1}_S\in\{0,1\}^n$ denote the indicator vector of $S$, with a $1$ on the $i$th coordinate iff $i\in S$. Let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the convex-hull of ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

What is the maximal convex hull in $\mathbb R^3$ of a tree with fixed total length?

Denote by $\mathcal T_n$ the set of all trees on $n$ nodes. For a tree $T\in\mathcal T_n$, we assign to each edge a non-negative length such that the sum of all lengths is 1. Denote by $v(T)$ the ...
5
votes
0answers
128 views

Is there a decomposition strengthening of the Sauer-Shelah Lemma?

Let $S \subset \{-1,1\}^n$. For a subset $A \subset [n]$ let $P_A$ denote the coordinate projection operator on S; in other words let $P_A(S)$ be the coordinate projection of $S$ onto the coordinates ...
5
votes
0answers
69 views

Algorithm to express a point from a H-polyhedron as convex combination of extreme points

Let $P\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a convex polyhedron described as an intersection of hyperspaces, that is, $$P:=\{\boldsymbol{x}: A\boldsymbol{x} \leq \boldsymbol{b}\}$$ Let $\boldsymbol{x} \in P$. We ...
5
votes
0answers
117 views

Visibility in a prime orchard

This suggests a variant on Polya's orchard problem. That problem asks1 for which radius $\epsilon$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the ...
5
votes
0answers
533 views

N-balls covering n-balls

This question is a follow-on question from: Covering a unit ball with balls half the radius The questions are these: Given an arbitrary dimension d, and a unit n-ball in d-dimensional Euclidean ...
5
votes
0answers
522 views

Optimal Gear Trains

Suppose you need to slow down a turning motor so that a gear turns at an angular velocity $\frac{a}{b}$ of that of the motor shaft, where $a$ and $b$ are natural numbers. For example, this set of ...
5
votes
0answers
332 views

$n$ lines in a general position and the number of empty triangles

Question. Consider $n \geq 5$ lines in a general position (i.e. no two lines are parallel and no triple intersections are allowed) in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let $T(n)$ denote the maximal number of empty ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

Reference for the notion of polyhedra “degenerations”

Let $P$ be a convex polyhedron and let $P(t)$ be a continuous deformation thereof, such that: a) $P(0)=P$; b) for all $t\in[0;1)$ the polyhedron $P(t)$ is strongly combinatorially equivalent to $P$ ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Exotic line arrangements

I would like to discuss about the following problem. Hopefully, you will suggest me some ideas and bibliography. At first I provide some basic definitions to set up the notation. Let us consider a ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Finding closest set of K disjoint hyperspheres to a point in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with uniform radius

I am interested in the following problem: in $\mathbb{R}^n$, we have $N$ overlapping hyperspheres all with the same radius. Given a point $p$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, the objective is to find the $K$ non ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

How does one go from convexity to submodularity?

If I have a function which is convex in the hypercube, $[-1,1]^n$ then when would it imply that its restriction to $\{-1,1\}^n$ is submodular? It would be helpful is someone can share some specific ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Can we replace 2-fold cover by n rectangles with 1-fold cover by n rectangles?

Suppose that $n$ rectangles cover every point of their union exactly twice (except for points on their boundaries). Can we partition this union into at most $n$ rectangles? I think it's pretty ...
4
votes
0answers
287 views

Unique Domino Tiling

Question: how does one enumerate all star-convex $2n$-vertex sublattices of the plane that have the unique domino-tiling property? Definitions: A subset S of the xy-plane is star-convex if there is ...
4
votes
0answers
134 views

Graph drawing maximizing the volume of the convex hull

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a length function $\ell:E\to\mathbb{R}_+$. An embedding of the graph into the $d$-dimensional Euclidean space is a map $f:V\to\mathbb{R}^d$ such that ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Mean number of $n$-simplices per $(n-2)$-simplex in a triangulated $n$-manifold

Work by Tamura (extending results by Luo and Stong) shows the following. Theorem: For any closed 3-manifold $M$ and any rational number $4.5 < r < 6$ there is a triangulation $T$ of $M$ for ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

Slices of Simplices that are Simplices, Reference?

I am trying to find a reference for the following fact. It is elementary and not hard to prove, but I haven't been able to find the question treated anywhere. Let $A$ be an $l\times n$ matrix with ...