Finite or discrete collections of geometric objects. Packings, tilings, polyhedra, polytopes, intersection, arrangements, rigidity.

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2
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42 views

lower bound for sum of (squared) distances under a minimum distance restriction

I am trying to solve a packing problem in discrete geometry and it would be useful to know the answer to the following problem. Let $A_1$, $A_2$,..., $A_n$ be $n$ points in the Euclidean plane ...
15
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1answer
565 views

On convergence of convex bodies

Let $K\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact convex set of full dimension. Assume that $0\in \partial K$. Question 1. Is it true that there exists $\varepsilon_0>0$ such that for any ...
30
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3answers
2k views

Can one recover the smooth Gauss Bonnet theorem from the combinatorial Gauss Bonnet theorem as an appropriate limit?

First let me state two known theorems. Theorem 1 (for smooth manifolds): Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact two dimensional Riemannian manifold. Then $$ \int \frac{K}{2 \pi} dA = \chi (M) $$ where $K$ ...
7
votes
1answer
247 views

Set of balls which the number of the ball intersects lines on the plane is bounded

Does there exist the set of balls(may be not disjoint) $X=\{B_i\subset\mathbb{R^2};i\in I\}$, satisfing following properties?(Note that the ball has a positive real radius) Let the set of all lines ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Experimental Investigations on the Statistics of Infinite, Discrete, Evenly Distributed Pointsets in the Euclidean Plane

I am trying to estimate the distribution of certain planar polygons in the Euclidean plane; to accomplish that, I generate finite set of points, that are evenly distributed in w.l.o.g. the ...
12
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2answers
509 views

Lattice n-gons with ordered side lengths 1,2,3,…,n

Consider the octagon in the Cartesian plane with vertices at (0,0), (1,0), (1,2), (4,2), (4,6), (7,2), (7,8), and (0,8). Are there other (infinitely many) polygons, such as this, lying entirely in ...
3
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2answers
102 views

Unit-Distance Polyhedra

What polyhedra are known to have two vertices adjacent if and only if they are of distance $d$ apart, for fixed $d$? For example, regular Platonic solids satisfy this condition, so I am looking for ...
20
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible to dissect a disk into congruent pieces, so that a neighborhood of the origin is contained within a single piece?

Problem: is it possible to dissect the interior of a circle into a finite number of congruent pieces (mirror images are fine) such that some neighbourhood of the origin is contained in just one of ...
14
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1answer
340 views

Banach-Mazur distance between the cube and the octahedron

The Banach-Mazur distance $d(X, Y)$ between two normed spaces $X, Y$ of the same dimension is defined as $d(X, Y) = \log\inf \|T\| \cdot \|T^{-1}\|$, where the $T:X \to Y$ is a linear and invertible ...
3
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0answers
50 views

Efficient CW structures on squarefree semi-algebraic set

General Setup Given a collection of $k$ polynomials (with real coefficients) in $n$ real variables, say $f_i(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$, let $V \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ correspond to those $x$-values for which ...
5
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1answer
119 views

Decidability of convex rearrangements of polygons

Triggered by the MO question, "How many convex shapes can be made with the pieces of the Stomachion?," I would like to pose this question: Q. Given $n$ polygons in a set $S$, say each with integer ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Classification of symmetries of tilings in surfaces?

Is there a general study of the symmetries of tilings on surfaces? Conway, Goodman-Strauss & Burgiel classified them on $\mathbb S^2, \mathbb R^2$ and $\mathbb H^2$, with their 'Magic Theorem'. ...
7
votes
1answer
66 views

minimum number of bases of a matroid, that comes from a convex polytope

Given a d-dimensional polytope P with n points, then what is the minimum number of simplices that are spanned by vertices of P? This question led my research to matroids and so my question is: what is ...
3
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0answers
106 views

Zeros of Hilbert series of affine toric varieties

Consider a convex rational polyhedral cone $C\subset\mathbb R^m$ with vertex at the origin. Let $X$ be the corresponding affine toric variety, i.e. $\mathbb C[X]=\mathbb C[\mathbb Z^m\cap C^\circ]$. ...
4
votes
2answers
221 views

(non-)existence of the aperiodic monotile

The aperiodic monotile problem asks whether there exists a single tile that every tiling of the plane made with it results non-periodic. What is known about this problem? If this tile exists, how can ...
2
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0answers
53 views

What do you call the collection of all sets shattered by $F$?

The proof of Pajor's lemma uses the collection of all sets $S\subseteq X$ shattered by some $F\subseteq 2^X$. Is there a standard term for the former object? I've been privately referring to it as the ...
7
votes
1answer
150 views

Penrose tiling substitution is bijective

Let $\mathcal{P}$ a Penrose tiling built by a substitution $\omega$ with two triangles. It is claimed, for instance, in the article of Anderson and Putnam "Topological invariants for substitution ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Minimal subset of an $n$-dimensional grid intersecting every ($n$-dim) arithmetic progression of length $k$

Let $$A=\{1,2,...,l\}^n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$$ for some positive integers $l$ and $n$, and $B \subset A$ be a set such that $|B| \ll l^n$. I am interested in determining how small must $B$ be in ...
14
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0answers
151 views

Precise estimate for probability an $n$-point set has diameter smaller than $1$

This question was inspired by an earlier question that I answered but would like a more precise bound for. Consider random points $x_1, \dots, x_n$ in the unit ball in $\mathbb R^d$, uniformly and ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Balanced partitions of vector sets

We are interested in the following Lemma. Let $V\subset [0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a set of $n$-dimensional vectors. Then for each $r\le |V|$ there exists a partition $$V=V_1\cup V_2\cup\dots \cup ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Testing whether two vertices are neighbours

I face the following problem: I am given a high-dimensional, convex, bounded polyhedron in both vertex description: $X = \mathrm{conv} \, \{ v_1, \ldots, v_K \}$ and halfspace description: $X = \{ x ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Minimum length of a convex lattice polygon containing k lattice points?

Let $f(k)$ denote the minimum length of a convex lattice polygon containing exactly $k$ lattice points (including lattice points on the boundary). It is not too hard to show that $k = \frac{1}{4\pi} ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Constant hole density on the area of a circle

I need to create about 100 (small) holes in a distributor plate (hole diam = 0.5 mm; plate diameter = 100 mm). The sm. holes should be distributed in such a way that the density (hole/area) is nearly ...
8
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0answers
454 views

Maximal set on hypersphere that does not contain pairs of orthogonal vectors

Let R be a region on a hypersphere. Each point A of the hypersphere is associated with a vector pointing to A and with origin at the centre of the hypersphere. So let me identify each point with a ...
3
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0answers
272 views

Generalization of the “double cap conjecture” to a vector space with complex field

The conjecture that I proposed in Maximal set on hypersphere that does not contain pairs of orthogonal vectors is in fact known as the "double cap conjecture", as noted by Guillaume Aubrun. See for ...
3
votes
1answer
300 views

Radial tilings with variable area ratios

I was looking at this neat page on logarithmic spiral tilings when a question popped up: http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/symmetry/log-spir.htm It seems that in all of the tilings shown, the area of each ...
3
votes
0answers
164 views

An isoperimetric inequality for “order” polytopes

I am looking for an isoperimetric inequality for order-like polytopes. An order polytope $K\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is defined by a set of linear inequaities: $$ \forall i \; 0\leq x_i \leq 1 $$ and $ ...
12
votes
0answers
102 views

Rational inscribed realization of the regular dodecahedron

While it is clear that the regular dodecahedron $D$ cannot be realized with all integer coordinates, it is easy to find a polytope, which is combinatorially equivalent (face lattice isomorphic) to $D$ ...
9
votes
0answers
150 views

Determining convexity of a polygon from its Fourier coefficients

Consider an $n$-sided polygonal curve in the plane, represented by an ordered set of points $(x_0, x_1, \ldots, x_{n-1})$; line segments connect consecutive points and also $x_{n-1}$ to $x_0$. It is ...
11
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1answer
357 views

Tiling by regular simplices

The plane can be tiled without gaps by congruent two-dimensional regular simplices (i.e., equilateral triangles). The three-dimensional Euclidean space cannot be tiled by congruent three-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Constructing a polygon of $n$ facets from a set of positive values representing the length of the facets [closed]

The input of my problem is a set of positive values $a=\{a_1,...,a_n\}$ where $n\geq 3$. I want to construct an $n$-gon where the lengths of the $n$ facets are the values $a_i$ for $i=1,...,n$. My ...
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vote
0answers
235 views

Reduction to some physical interpretation of this formula

Problem Given N 3-dimensional points which are {$p_1,p_2,..,p_n$} where $p_i = (x_i,y_i,z_i) $ . I have to find the value of the formula $$ \sum \limits_{i=0}^n \sum \limits_{j=i+1}^n \frac{ \mid ...
8
votes
1answer
237 views

Integer sets with forbidden differences

Given a finite set $S$ of positive integers, and a positive integer $n$, let $F(n,S)$ be the largest possible cardinality of a subset of {$1,2,\dots,n$} no two of whose elements differ by a number in ...
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0answers
24 views

Homology of the subcomplexes of the “diamond shaped” sphere under 1-norm in $R^n$ as a simplicial complex

The 1-norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is defined by $\|v\| = |v_1| + |v_2| + \cdots + |v_n|$ for a vector $v = (v_1, \ldots, v_n) \in \mathbb R^n$. The unit sphere $S^{n-1}_1$ under the 1-norm is a simplicial ...
11
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0answers
250 views

Self-avoiding random walks that always turn

I am wondering if the statistics of self-avoiding random lattice-walks on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ that turn left or right at each step (i.e., they cannot continue the direction of the preceding step) have been ...
13
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1answer
285 views

Exotic line arrangements

I would like to discuss the following problem. Hopefully, you will suggest to me some ideas and bibliography. At first I will provide some basic definitions to set up the notation. Let us consider ...
38
votes
2answers
1k views

Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days. Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...
43
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5answers
1k views

Tetris-like falling sticky disks

Suppose unit-radius disks fall vertically from $y=+\infty$, one by one, and create a random jumble of disks above the $x$-axis. When a falling disk hits another, it stops and sticks there. Otherwise, ...
25
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0answers
522 views

Tiling a square with rectangles

Is it possible to completely tile a square with different rectangles of integer sides but all with the same area? The original problem, not requiring integer sides for rectangles, was proposed by Joe ...
12
votes
1answer
240 views

Covering the unit sphere by open hemispheres

Suppose $H_1,\ldots,H_{2n}$ are open hemispheres which cover $S^{n-1}$ with the property that removing any one of them leaves $S^{n-1}$ uncovered. Is it necessarily the case that the hemispheres can ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Choosing the weights of a Voronoi diagram — is this function always the gradient of another function?

This question is related to the earlier question Weighted area of a Voronoi cell . As in that question, let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = ...
2
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0answers
247 views

Existence of partitions of $S^{n-1}$ with hypercubes

For which value of the integer $n$ does there exist a partition of $S^{n-1}$, the unit sphere of $\mathbb{R}^n$ for the euclidean norm, by a family of images of the standard hypercube $C=\{ (e_1, ..., ...
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0answers
51 views

Covering the annulus of symmetric convex body

Consider a symmetric convex body $A$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Now, we draw another object, $A'$, concentric and translated with respect to $A$ and having radius slightly greater than twice to the radius of ...
13
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0answers
334 views

Expanding disks lead to what packing of the plane?

Suppose one sprinkles points uniformly at random on the infinite Euclidean plane, with some density $\rho$ per unit area. View the points as disks of radius zero. Now the radii $r$ of all disks grows ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

How to show it is contained in a convex hull?

There are $(d+1)f$ points (denote the set of all points as $S$) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, that can be divide into $d+1$ disjoint sets $F_1,...,F_{d+1}$, each set of size $f$. If we have $$ ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Can the unsolvability of quintics be seen in the geometry of the icosahedron?

Q1. Is it possible to somehow "see" the unsolvability of quintic polynomials in the $A_5$ symmetries of the icosahedron (or dodecahedron)? Perhaps this is too vague a question. Q2. Are there ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Question on abstract polytopes

Let $(P,\le)$ be an abstract $n$-polytope, with $n\ge 2$. Let $H,H',K$ be $m$-faces, with $0\le m \le n-2$. Is it true that there is a sequence $\{H_0=H,H_1,\ldots,H_{r-1},H_r=H' \} \subseteq P$ so ...
9
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4answers
623 views

Is this an instance of any existing convex pentagonal tilings?

Inspired by Wikipedia's article on pentagonal tiling, I made my own attempt. I believe this belongs to the 4-tile lattice category, because it's composed of pentagons pointing towards 4 different ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

How many points are in such set with the same norm-2

Let $L=[a,b]\cap\mathbb{N}$ with $a,b\in\mathbb{N}$, let $D\in\mathbb{N}$, and let $C=L^D$. Then I would like to know how many points are there in $C$ with the same given norm-2 $d$. I.e., I'm looking ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Number of ways of tiling a $2 \times n$ rectangle using rectangles with integer sides

How many ways are there of tiling a $2 \times n$ rectangles using rectangular tiles with positive integer side lengths? I've done some work on this and have found a way of calculating this that's ...