**2**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Measuring the Randomness and Statistics of Convex Polygons

How can I tell, how likely it is, that a given convex polygon with a sufficiently high number of edges is random and, if so, what kind of randomness it is (e.g. white noise)?
What is known about ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### What is a discrete shape [on hold]

I saw this term in a paper on tiling using shapes.
Can you give the definition for discrete shape?
I googled on the web, and could not find any explanation for this concept...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

150 views

### Generalization of Bracketing (or one of its many equivalences)

I asked the following question on MathStackExchange, but I have not received any answers after almost 3 days. Although it may not be a research level question, I thought I could ask it here.
*"Is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Colorful version of Fisher's inequality for block designs

Is there such a thing? I am thinking of Karatheodory and Tverberg analogues here.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### What is Known About the Complexity of Calculating Minimal Surface Polyhedra?

I am currently ruminating about ways of generalizing Minimum Spanning Trees to Minimum Spanning "Hypertrees", where the cost is associated with simplex volumes and, where certain topological ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Minimal “basis” in $n$ dimensional unit cube

Let's
$$
B^n=\{\bar\alpha=(\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n)|\alpha_i\in \{0,1\}\};~~~~n=1,2,\ldots
$$
and let's
$$
C\subseteq B^n,
$$
$$
S(C)=\{\bar\alpha\oplus\bar\beta\ | \bar\alpha,\bar\beta\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Can any Delone set be approximated by a model set?

Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a Delone set (uniformly discrete and relatively dense). I would like to know whether $\Lambda$ can be approximated by a model set in the Hausdorff distance.
...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Nonconvex manhole covers

One common reason given for the circularity of manhole covers is that they can't fall through the manhole. For convex manhole covers, this property is equivalent to having constant width — if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

125 views

### Find m most distant points from a set of n points [closed]

I would like to find the $m$ (where $n$ $\geq$ $m$ > 1) maximally distant subset of points from a collection of $n$ $d$-dimensional points. Maximally distant means the sum of the pairwise distances ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Large almost equilateral sets in finite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a function $C:~(0,1)\to
(0,\infty)$ such that for each $\varepsilon\in(0,1)$ every Banach space
$X$ of dimension $\ge C(\varepsilon)\log n$ contains an $n$-point
set ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### How big can a family of pairwise intesecting affine spaces be?

I apologize if this question might seem to be a bit too elementary.
Let $\mathbb{P}^n$ be the projective space over $k$ - an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Let $1\leq l\leq n-1$, and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Best fit for multiple shapes inside an area

Is there a forumla to come up with the best fit for multiple shapes inside a rectangular area, so that none of the shapes are overlapping?

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Minimum distance in unit cube

Given the unit cube $I^n=[0,1]^n$, let $x_1,\cdots,x_n\neq (0,0,\cdots,0)$ be $n$ linearly independent vertices (corners) of $I^n$, and $p(x_1, \cdots, x_n)$ be the projection of $(0,0,\cdots,0)$ onto ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### Question about tetrahedron decomposition

Are there tetrahedra which can be subdivided into three non-overlapping parts similar to the original? I believe this would require splitting one face into three parts. I know some types of tetrahedra ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Covering the annulus of d-cube

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c+x \mid c\in C \}$, for some $x\in R^d$, is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

194 views

### How to compute the number of regular spheres needed to fill a rectangular space

Computing the volume of a sphere is straightforward 4/3*pi*R^3
As is the volume of a rectangular space length*width*height (e.g. 10*10*6)
How might I go about determining how many spheres would fit ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

4k views

### Compute the Centroid of a 3D Planar Polygon

Given a list of 3D coordinates that define the surface( Point3D1, Point3D2, Point3D3, and so ...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Shortest grid-graph paths with random diagonal shortcuts

Suppose you have a network of edges connecting
each integer lattice point
in the 2D square grid $[0,n]^2$
to each of its (at most) four neighbors, {N,S,E,W}.
Within each of the $n^2$ unit cells of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Tetris in 3D with 5 units [closed]

Background: There are 7 "bricks" used in the game of Tetris. These are the 7 unique combinations of 4 unit squares in which every square shares at least one edge with another square. ("unique" in this ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### The Universality Theorem by Mnev for uniform oriented matroids of rank 4 and higher

According to the Universality Theorem by Mnev (see below theorem 8.6.6 from [1]), for any open semialgebraic variety V there is a uniform oriented matroid of rank 3 whose realization space is stably ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Panning for gold nuggets: a type of isoperimetric problem

Let $C$ be a unit-radius circle in the plane.
Suppose you have a total length $L$ of string available, and
your task is to connect chords of $C$ using no more
than $L$ of string to minimize the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

270 views

### Vertex-transitive polytopes in any dimension with any number of vertices?

Given positive integers $d$ and $v$ with $v \geq d+1$, does there always exist a (convex) vertex-transitive $d$-polytope with $v$ vertices? It seems that the answer should be "obviously" true, but I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Three-dimensional Apollonian spirals

Given mutually (externally) tangent spheres $S_1$, $S_2$, $S_3$, $S_4$, let $S_n$ be the unique sphere externally tangent to $S_{n-1}$, $S_{n-2}$, $S_{n-3}$, and $S_{n-4}$ for $n \geq 5$.
Let ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Randomly placing nonoverlapping unit cuboids

Suppose one places unit cuboids of dimension $d$ with min-corners
uniformly distributed to lie in $[0,n]^d$, but with cuboid (strict) overlap forbidden.
At some point, the region is "saturated," ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

176 views

### Inside-out polygonal dissections

A dissection of a polygon $P$
is a partition of $P$ into a finite number of pieces, which can then be rearranged
(via planar translations and rotations) and joined (without overlap) to form a new ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Counting valid coordinates

We are given a matrix $D = (d(i,j))_{1 \leq i,j \leq n}$ such that $d(x,z) \leq d(x,y) + d(y,z)$ for each $1 \leq x,y,z \leq n$. It is also known that $d(x,y) \in \mathbb{N}$ (In this question $0 \in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Visibility interpretation of Riemann zeta zeros on the critical line?

This is a long shot, but ...
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ lattice points
visible from the origin
$1/\zeta(2)=6/\pi^2 \approx 61$%.
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^3$ lattice points visible
from the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

550 views

### Consecutive Integer Squared Square

Is it possible to construct a squared square out of consecutive integer squares?
Be it 1,2,3,...n or k,k+1,k+2,...n.

**6**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### Are angles between points enough to decide the realizability?

Let n points in the plane be given whose coordinates we don't know.
Assume, however, that for any triple of the points we know the angle.
Question: Can we decide whether the n points are realizable ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

205 views

### A problem on chains of squares — can one find an easy combinatorial proof?

Consider the unit square $ S = [0,1] \times [0,1] $. For each $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, we can tessellate $ S $ by the collection
$$
A
= \left\{
\left[ \frac{i}{n},\frac{i + 1}{n} \right] \times
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Visibility kernels of embedded graphs

Let $G$ be a connected graph embedded in the plane with all edges straight segments.
For $\alpha \in (0,\pi)$, define an $\alpha$-path as a path in $G$ with
all turns at vertices within ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Thinnest 2-fold coverings of the plane by congruent convex shapes

It is an unsolved problem to determine the "thinnest" $2$-fold covering of
the plane by disks.
The $2$-fold coverage problem by disks is to find the minimum number of congruent
(unit-radius) disks ...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Pach's “Animals”: What if the genus is positive?

Janos Pach asked a deep question 23 years ago (1988) that remains unsolved today:
Can every animal—a topological ball in $\mathbb{R^3}$ composed of unit cubes glued face-to-face—be ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

601 views

### Is {6,3,7} an 'ultrahyperbolic' Coxeter group?

These pictures, drawn by Roice Nelson, are attempts to visualize a geometry having as symmetries the {6,3,7} Coxeter group, by which I mean the one coming from the Coxeter diagram
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

9k views

### Dividing a square into 5 equal squares

Can you divide one square paper into five equal squares?
You have a scissor and glue. You can measure and cut and then attach as well. Only condition is You can't waste any paper.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Points with pairwise integer distances in the plane

Consider $n>3$ points with pairwise integer distances in the plane! What is the relationship between these $n(n-1)/2$ integers? Do we have a theorem or result about these points? Does there exist a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

293 views

### How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

Title question description: Select two lattices $\Lambda_1$ and $\Lambda_2$ (here a lattice=additive free abelian group without accumulation points) of maximal rank two in the real plane. We normalize ...

**40**

votes

**12**answers

2k views

### Can a discrete set of the plane of uniform density intersect all large triangles?

Let S be a discrete subset of the Euclidean plane such that the number of points in a large disc is approximately equal to the area of the disc. Does the complement of S necessarily contain triangles ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Convex n-polytope general position vectors to general position vectors of tetrahedron

I asked this question in a comment to this question, but got no response. I thought that perhaps it needed more exposure, so I made it a question in itself.
Define a set of general position vectors ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

899 views

### Four Dimensional Origami Axioms

What are the axioms of four dimensional Origami.
If standard Origami is considered three dimensional, it has points, lines, surfaces and folds to create a three dimensional form from the folded ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Average vertex degree in finite Delaunay triangulations in high dimensions

In $\mathbb{R}^2$ it's known that with a "random" point configuration, the average degree of a vertex in its Delaunay triangulation is 6.
Does anyone know of a similar result in higher dimension? I ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

109 views

### (non-)existence of the aperiodic monotile

The aperiodic monotile problem asks whether there exists a single tile that every tiling made with it results non-periodic. What is known about this problem? If this tile exists, how can it be/not be? ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Coloring of the plane

I would like to know the minimum number k such that the plane R^2 can be coloured with k colors such that no colour contain all the possible distances. In other words, a colouring such that each color ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### A taut string of equilateral triangles

Let $T$ be a unit edge-length equilateral triangle composed of three cylinders each
of (small) radius $r>0$. (By "small" I mean approximately $< 0.1$.)
Think of $T$ as a physical, rigid ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Dissection of a polygon into convex polygons

Problem: for a fixed integer $m\geqslant 3$ find all $n$ such that no $n$-gon can be dissected into convex $m$-gons.
I would be very grateful for any information on this problem.
Remark 1. There ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

416 views

### What is the right way to think about / represent general tilings?

For periodic/symmetric tilings, it seems somewhat "obvious" to me that it just comes down to working out the right group of symmetries for each of the relevant shapes/tiles, but its not clear to me if ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes.
What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph?
A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### How many maximal triangulations of a rectangle?

I posted the following question on MathStackExchange, but I didn't any answer. So please let me post it on MathOverflow.
Let $L_{m,n}\subset\mathbb R^2$ be a rectangle given by $[0,m]×[0,n]$ with ...

**28**

votes

**2**answers

562 views

### what-if.xkcd.com: stabbing (simply connected) regions on the 2-sphere with few geodesics

In the latest what-if Randall Munroe ask for the smallest number of geodesics that intersect all regions of a map. The following shows that five paths of satellites suffice to cover the 50 states of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Groups and pregeometries

Definition.
For an infinite structure $\mathcal{A}$ and $cl : P(dom(\mathcal{A})) \longrightarrow P(dom(\mathcal{A}))$ , we say
that $(\mathcal{A}, cl)$ is a structure carrying an $\omega$-homogeneous ...