**4**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Can we replace 2-fold cover by n rectangles with 1-fold cover by n rectangles?

Suppose that $n$ rectangles cover every point of their union exactly twice (except for points on their boundaries).
Can we partition this union into at most $n$ rectangles?
I think it's pretty ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Braid wiring diagrams and matroids

recently I started reading some articles about the presentation of the fundamental group of lines arrangements in $\mathbb{C}^{2}$ via Wiring diagrams.
I also found some relation with matroid theory. ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Soft question: mathematics about truchet tiles

It seems that this is the first question on Truchet tiles on MO.
Shown above is a picture of a random tile, which you can see the resulting configuration is much like many membranes of cells.
I ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

286 views

### How to flip one triangulation on a surface into another

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface and $p_1,\dots, p_n\in S$ be distinct points. We consider all triangulations on $S$ with vertices $p_1,\dots, p_n$.
Is there an algorithm which takes two ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

672 views

### Which (semi)regular polyhedra are combinations of two others?

The convex combination of convex polytopes is a convex polytope.
An example in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is that a regular octagon
can be obtained as $\frac{1}{2} S + \frac{1}{2} S'$,
where $S$ is a square and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

63 views

### Average vertex degree in finite Delaunay triangulations in high dimensions

In $\mathbb{R}^2$ it's known that with a "random" point configuration, the average degree of a vertex in its Delaunay triangulation is 6.
Does anyone know of a similar result in higher dimension? I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Number of faces of polytope projecting to lower dimensional polyhedron

Denote $K=\mathrm{conv}(v_1, \ldots, v_n)\subsetneq\Bbb R^m$ to be convex set spanned by vectors $v_i\in\Bbb R^m$ with $m\leq n$ then what technique could be useful to upper bound minimum number of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

440 views

### Longest of random worm-like paths in $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Imagine at each lattice point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ within $[1,3n]^2$,
with coordinates
$\equiv 2 \bmod 3$,
we place, with equal probability, one of these six patterns:
The result ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice.
Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Covering number of the range of a function

I have come across the need to know a bound on a certain curious quantity: the covering number of the range of a continuous function $f: D \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, where $D \subseteq \mathbb{R}^m$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### mean length of the non-crossing graphs on n points

My original question is rather vague so I'll start with a precise example and then indicate possible generalisations.
Given a n-tuple $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ in, say, a square with side-length $1$ in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

135 views

### covering high dimensional hypercube by balls

suppose we are given the $d$-dimensional hypercube $H^d$ defined as
$$
H^d:=\left\{\sum_{i=1}^d\epsilon_ie_i:\ \epsilon_i\in \{0,1\}\mbox{ for }i=1,\dots , d\right\}
$$
and $(e_i)_{i=1}^d$ the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Tilting the $d$-cube to vertically separate its vertices

Let $C_d$ be a unit edge-length cube in $d$ dimensions.
I would like to orient it ("tilt" it) so that the vertical (last) coordinates
of its $2^d$ vertices are maximally separated, in the sense
that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Given a set of 2D vertices, how to create a minimum-area polygon which contains all the given vertices?

Not sure whether this question belongs here or math.stackexchange.
You can assume that all the vertices are unique. The given vertices can be the vertices of the polygon, thus they do NOT have to be ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

**11**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### Are all well behaved “mean” functions on $\mathbb{R}^+$ equivalent?

Given a set $S$, a function $M: S\times S \rightarrow S$ is a mean if it satisfies the properties:
$M(a,a)=a\qquad$ (identity)
$M(a,b)=M(b,a)\qquad$ (commutativity).
and possibly
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### convex polyhedron in the unit cube

Let $P$ be a given finite set of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube. A finite set $Q$ of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube covers $P$ if $\operatorname{conv}(Q) \supseteq P$ where ...

**36**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is the “Napkin conjecture” open? (origami)

The falsity of the following conjecture would be a nice counter-intuitive fact.
Given a square sheet of perimeter $P$, when folding it along origami moves, you end up with some polygonal flat figure ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

961 views

### Are the Platonic solids shadows of 4-polytopes?

Say that a 3D shadow of a 4-polytope is a parallel projection to 3-space, not necessarily orthogonal to that 3-space (that would make it an orthogonal projection).
I am wondering if each of the five ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Measuring the Randomness and Statistics of Convex Polygons

How can I tell, how likely it is, that a given convex polygon with a sufficiently high number of edges is random and, if so, what kind of randomness it is (e.g. white noise)?
What is known about ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

158 views

### Generalization of Bracketing (or one of its many equivalences)

I asked the following question on MathStackExchange, but I have not received any answers after almost 3 days. Although it may not be a research level question, I thought I could ask it here.
*"Is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Colorful version of Fisher's inequality for block designs

Is there such a thing? I am thinking of Karatheodory and Tverberg analogues here.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### What is Known About the Complexity of Calculating Minimal Surface Polyhedra?

I am currently ruminating about ways of generalizing Minimum Spanning Trees to Minimum Spanning "Hypertrees", where the cost is associated with simplex volumes and, where certain topological ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Minimal “basis” in $n$ dimensional unit cube

Let's
$$
B^n=\{\bar\alpha=(\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n)|\alpha_i\in \{0,1\}\};~~~~n=1,2,\ldots
$$
and let's
$$
C\subseteq B^n,
$$
$$
S(C)=\{\bar\alpha\oplus\bar\beta\ | \bar\alpha,\bar\beta\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Can any Delone set be approximated by a model set?

Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a Delone set (uniformly discrete and relatively dense). I would like to know whether $\Lambda$ can be approximated by a model set in the Hausdorff distance.
...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Nonconvex manhole covers

One common reason given for the circularity of manhole covers is that they can't fall through the manhole. For convex manhole covers, this property is equivalent to having constant width — if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

135 views

### Find m most distant points from a set of n points [closed]

I would like to find the $m$ (where $n$ $\geq$ $m$ > 1) maximally distant subset of points from a collection of $n$ $d$-dimensional points. Maximally distant means the sum of the pairwise distances ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

252 views

### Large almost equilateral sets in finite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a function $C:~(0,1)\to
(0,\infty)$ such that for each $\varepsilon\in(0,1)$ every Banach space
$X$ of dimension $\ge C(\varepsilon)\log n$ contains an $n$-point
set ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### How big can a family of pairwise intesecting affine spaces be?

I apologize if this question might seem to be a bit too elementary.
Let $\mathbb{P}^n$ be the projective space over $k$ - an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Let $1\leq l\leq n-1$, and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Best fit for multiple shapes inside an area

Is there a forumla to come up with the best fit for multiple shapes inside a rectangular area, so that none of the shapes are overlapping?

**9**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### Question about tetrahedron decomposition

Are there tetrahedra which can be subdivided into three non-overlapping parts similar to the original? I believe this would require splitting one face into three parts. I know some types of tetrahedra ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Covering the annulus of d-cube

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c+x \mid c\in C \}$, for some $x\in R^d$, is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

194 views

### How to compute the number of regular spheres needed to fill a rectangular space

Computing the volume of a sphere is straightforward 4/3*pi*R^3
As is the volume of a rectangular space length*width*height (e.g. 10*10*6)
How might I go about determining how many spheres would fit ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

4k views

### Compute the Centroid of a 3D Planar Polygon

Given a list of 3D coordinates that define the surface( Point3D1, Point3D2, Point3D3, and so ...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Shortest grid-graph paths with random diagonal shortcuts

Suppose you have a network of edges connecting
each integer lattice point
in the 2D square grid $[0,n]^2$
to each of its (at most) four neighbors, {N,S,E,W}.
Within each of the $n^2$ unit cells of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Tetris in 3D with 5 units [closed]

Background: There are 7 "bricks" used in the game of Tetris. These are the 7 unique combinations of 4 unit squares in which every square shares at least one edge with another square. ("unique" in this ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### The Universality Theorem by Mnev for uniform oriented matroids of rank 4 and higher

According to the Universality Theorem by Mnev (see below theorem 8.6.6 from [1]), for any open semialgebraic variety V there is a uniform oriented matroid of rank 3 whose realization space is stably ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Panning for gold nuggets: a type of isoperimetric problem

Let $C$ be a unit-radius circle in the plane.
Suppose you have a total length $L$ of string available, and
your task is to connect chords of $C$ using no more
than $L$ of string to minimize the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

278 views

### Vertex-transitive polytopes in any dimension with any number of vertices?

Given positive integers $d$ and $v$ with $v \geq d+1$, does there always exist a (convex) vertex-transitive $d$-polytope with $v$ vertices? It seems that the answer should be "obviously" true, but I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Three-dimensional Apollonian spirals

Given mutually (externally) tangent spheres $S_1$, $S_2$, $S_3$, $S_4$, let $S_n$ be the unique sphere externally tangent to $S_{n-1}$, $S_{n-2}$, $S_{n-3}$, and $S_{n-4}$ for $n \geq 5$.
Let ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Randomly placing nonoverlapping unit cuboids

Suppose one places unit cuboids of dimension $d$ with min-corners
uniformly distributed to lie in $[0,n]^d$, but with cuboid (strict) overlap forbidden.
At some point, the region is "saturated," ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

187 views

### Inside-out polygonal dissections

A dissection of a polygon $P$
is a partition of $P$ into a finite number of pieces, which can then be rearranged
(via planar translations and rotations) and joined (without overlap) to form a new ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### Counting valid coordinates

We are given a matrix $D = (d(i,j))_{1 \leq i,j \leq n}$ such that $d(x,z) \leq d(x,y) + d(y,z)$ for each $1 \leq x,y,z \leq n$. It is also known that $d(x,y) \in \mathbb{N}$ (In this question $0 \in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

381 views

### Visibility interpretation of Riemann zeta zeros on the critical line?

This is a long shot, but ...
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ lattice points
visible from the origin
$1/\zeta(2)=6/\pi^2 \approx 61$%.
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^3$ lattice points visible
from the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

559 views

### Consecutive Integer Squared Square

Is it possible to construct a squared square out of consecutive integer squares?
Be it 1,2,3,...n or k,k+1,k+2,...n.

**6**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### Are angles between points enough to decide the realizability?

Let n points in the plane be given whose coordinates we don't know.
Assume, however, that for any triple of the points we know the angle.
Question: Can we decide whether the n points are realizable ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### A problem on chains of squares — can one find an easy combinatorial proof?

Consider the unit square $ S = [0,1] \times [0,1] $. For each $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, we can tessellate $ S $ by the collection
$$
A
= \left\{
\left[ \frac{i}{n},\frac{i + 1}{n} \right] \times
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Visibility kernels of embedded graphs

Let $G$ be a connected graph embedded in the plane with all edges straight segments.
For $\alpha \in (0,\pi)$, define an $\alpha$-path as a path in $G$ with
all turns at vertices within ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Thinnest 2-fold coverings of the plane by congruent convex shapes

It is an unsolved problem to determine the "thinnest" $2$-fold covering of
the plane by disks.
The $2$-fold coverage problem by disks is to find the minimum number of congruent
(unit-radius) disks ...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Pach's “Animals”: What if the genus is positive?

Janos Pach asked a deep question 23 years ago (1988) that remains unsolved today:
Can every animal—a topological ball in $\mathbb{R^3}$ composed of unit cubes glued face-to-face—be ...