**4**

votes

**3**answers

378 views

### Consecutive Integer Squared Square

Is it possible to construct a squared square out of consecutive integer squares?
Be it 1,2,3,...n or k,k+1,k+2,...n.

**33**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Pach's “Animals”: What if the genus is positive?

Janos Pach asked a deep question 23 years ago (1988) that remains unsolved today:
Can every animal—a topological ball in $\mathbb{R^3}$ composed of unit cubes glued face-to-face—be ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

9k views

### Dividing a square into 5 equal squares

Can you divide one square paper into five equal squares?
You have a scissor and glue. You can measure and cut and then attach as well. Only condition is You can't waste any paper.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Thinnest 2-fold coverings of the plane by congruent convex shapes

It is an unsolved problem to determine the "thinnest" $2$-fold covering of
the plane by disks.
The $2$-fold coverage problem by disks is to find the minimum number of congruent
(unit-radius) disks ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

Title question description: Select two lattices $\Lambda_1$ and $\Lambda_2$ (here a lattice=additive free abelian group without accumulation points) of maximal rank two in the real plane. We normalize ...

**40**

votes

**12**answers

2k views

### Can a discrete set of the plane of uniform density intersect all large triangles?

Let S be a discrete subset of the Euclidean plane such that the number of points in a large disc is approximately equal to the area of the disc. Does the complement of S necessarily contain triangles ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Convex n-polytope general position vectors to general position vectors of tetrahedron

I asked this question in a comment to this question, but got no response. I thought that perhaps it needed more exposure, so I made it a question in itself.
Define a set of general position vectors ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

886 views

### Four Dimensional Origami Axioms

What are the axioms of four dimensional Origami.
If standard Origami is considered three dimensional, it has points, lines, surfaces and folds to create a three dimensional form from the folded ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### Average vertex degree in finite Delaunay triangulations in high dimensions

In $\mathbb{R}^2$ it's known that with a "random" point configuration, the average degree of a vertex in its Delaunay triangulation is 6.
Does anyone know of a similar result in higher dimension? I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Coloring of the plane

I would like to know the minimum number k such that the plane R^2 can be coloured with k colors such that no colour contain all the possible distances. In other words, a colouring such that each color ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### A taut string of equilateral triangles

Let $T$ be a unit edge-length equilateral triangle composed of three cylinders each
of (small) radius $r>0$. (By "small" I mean approximately $< 0.1$.)
Think of $T$ as a physical, rigid ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Dissection of a polygon into convex polygons

Problem: for a fixed integer $m\geqslant 3$ find all $n$ such that no $n$-gon can be dissected into convex $m$-gons.
I would be very grateful for any information on this problem.
Remark 1. There ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

411 views

### What is the right way to think about / represent general tilings?

For periodic/symmetric tilings, it seems somewhat "obvious" to me that it just comes down to working out the right group of symmetries for each of the relevant shapes/tiles, but its not clear to me if ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

110 views

### Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes.
What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph?
A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

106 views

### Discrete gradient on point clouds

I am interested to know some ways to approximate discrete gradient if you have a function on point clouds in 2D or 3D.
If you have a function defined on a grid, it well known that you can use a ...

**68**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Is there a dense subset of the real plane with all pairwise distances rational?

I heard the following two questions recently from Carl Mummert, who encouraged me to spread them around. Part of his motivation for the questions was to give the subject of computable model theory ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Minimizing deep holes in sphere packings

What's the current state of knowledge regarding packings of spheres in $n$-space that minimize the supremum of the sizes of the holes? This notion of tightness is more rigid than asymptotic density. I ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

845 views

### Optimal pebble-packing shape

Suppose you throw many ($n$) congruent convex bodies (in $\mathbb{R}^3$) of unit volume (or of unit area in $\mathbb{R}^2$) into a large container, and shake it until little else changes.
Q. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Ham sandwich theorem for discrete measures - reference request

A discrete version of the ham sandwich theorem states as follows (see for instance "Common Hyperplane Medians for Random Vectors" - Hill):
For every $\mu_1,...,\mu_n$ discrete (i.e., purely atomic) ...

**47**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### What is the status of the Gauss Circle Problem?

For $r > 0$, let $L(r) = \# \{ (x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 \ | \ x^2 + y^2 \leq r^2\}$ be the number of lattice points lying on or inside the standard circle of radius $r$. It is easy to see that $L(r) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Covering points with a shortest lattice spiral

Let $S$ be a finite set of lattice points in $\mathbb{Z}^2$.
My question is, roughly:
Q. How can a shortest lattice spiral that passes through
every point of $S$ be found?
A lattice spiral (my ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### What arrangement of unit cubes minimizes surface area?

For each of these two questions, one can assume that the arrangements are polycubes (for which a definition can be found in the excerpt-image below).
Question A. How does one arrange $n$ unit cubes ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows:
"How thick must the
trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are
to block completely the view from the center?"
See, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Wander distance of self-avoiding walk that backs out of culs-de-sac

Suppose a self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$, with random steps each one unit long,
backs out of culs-de-sac, but retaining the lattice points on which it stepped
marked as unavailable for future ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

235 views

### Approaching convex and discrete geometry from other disciplines

I would like to learn some convex and discrete geometry (number 52 in MSC2010). I thought that it would be interesting to approach it from some other parts of mathematics - either by learning ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### “Open Points” in the 1983 proof of Szemerédi-Trotter theorem

I was reading through the 1983 paper "Extremal Problems in Discrete Geometry" and I was confused about the definition of "open point" appearing in this paper. By this point in the paper, the authors ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Practical use of estimates for the Gauss Circle Problem

This question is related to this and this ones. The Gauss Circle problem asks for the number $N(r)$ of integer points within a sphere of radius $r$ centered at the origin. It is well known that $N(r) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Triangle (constrained number, rather than shape) packing?

Are there any interesting results on optimal packings in the plane using a fixed number of triangles (without a fixed size or shape constraint)?
For instance, what's the maximum area packing of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Dropping altitudes to achieve nonobtuse planar triangulations: finite or infinite?

Given a planar triangulation of (say) a convex region,
imagine the following process to convert it to a triangulation with
no obtuse angles:
Pick an arbitrary obtuse angle at vertex $a$ of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice.
Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

988 views

### Building a genus-$n$ torus from cubes

I wonder if this has been studied:
What is the fewest number of unit cubes
from which one can build an $n$-toroid?
The cubes must be glued face-to-face,
and the boundary of the resulting ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Characterization of the medial axis of a surface

I would like to know if the following "characterization" of the medial axis of a surface is correct, and if so, how to prove it.
Let $S$ be a continuous, piecewise smooth, compact surface embedded in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Small remarkable matroids

Working on phased matroids (a generalization of oriented matroid to the complex case) I've found an interesting formula for computing the inner Tutte group (and, hence, all the Tutte groups) ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Can a unit square be cut into rectangles that tile a rectangle with irrational sides?

For arbitrary positive integers $m$ and $n$, if we dissect a unit square into an $m\times n$ rectangular grid of $1/m\times 1/n$ rectangles, we can reassemble these $mn$ rectangles into an $n/m\times ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Weighted area of a Voronoi cell

Let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = [0,1]\times[0,1]$, and let $w = \{w_1,\dots,w_n\}$ denote a set of weights corresponding to the $n$ points in $X$. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Looking for N-dimensional spheres in the configuration space of the colorful Tverberg problem

Here we use standard notation for Tverberg's theorem: Dimension $d$, number of partition blocks $r$, and $N=(r-1)(d+1)$.
The configuration space of Tverberg's theorem is the simplicial complex ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Regarding the set up of a geometry of numbers lemma

I have a question related to geometry of numbers, which although seems quite basic, I was rather confused by it so I decided to ask here. Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Let $R_1, ..., ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Moment lemma for circular arc polygons

A "moment lemma" originally due to Fejes Tóth (I guess) states that if $P$ is any polygon (in $\mathbb{R}^2$) with $k$ sides, then for any $\mathbf{y}$, we have ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

640 views

### On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1.
For example, it's easy to prove that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### The number of facets of a polyhedron under linear transformation

Consider a (not necessarily bounded) convex polyhedron $P\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ which has $k$ facets.
Let $L:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^m$ be a linear transformation.
Question1: Is there a fixed ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Linear transformation of a polyhedron

Is there a simple proof that shows:
Linear transformation of a $\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron (i.e. the intersection of
finitely many closed half-spaces) is a $\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron.
Minkowski sum of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### A question on discrete numerical simulation on fluids mechanics

I read the paper "Stable, circulation-preseving simplicial fuids" by Elcott, et al: http://www.cs.jhu.edu/~misha/Fall09/Elcott07.pdf. It gives a structure preseving discretization of fluids. I have ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere.
My teacher ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Longest of random worm-like paths in $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Imagine at each lattice point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ within $[1,3n]^2$,
with coordinates
$\equiv 2 \mod 3$,
we place, with equal probability, one of these six patterns:
The result ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Paths on Cartesian products of graphs satisfying linear constraints

Assume integers $d > r > 0$ and a connected graph $G$ with $d$ vertices. Every point on the $r$-fold Cartesian product of $G$ with itself, $G^{\square r}$, is equivalent to a dimension-$d$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Positroids and Totally Nonnegative Complex Grassmanian

Recently I begin working on matroids, in particular to a generalization of oriented matroids to the complex case.
I found on arxiv the following interesting articles:
1)Alexander Postnikov: Total ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

550 views

### The Stock Market Polytope: Explanation?

Ovidiu Racorean.
"Crossing Stocks and the Positive Grassmannian I: The Geometry behind Stock
Market."
(arXiv Abstract link)
Anyone care to offer a summary of what's going on here?
(The ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Hiding $k$ disks inside a larger disk

Suppose one has $k$ unit-radius disks, and the goal is to hide them inside
a disk of radius $R \gg k$.
The detection probes are rays along a line.
(Think of the disks as tumor cells, and the rays as ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

903 views

### Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare
Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days.
Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Billiard dynamics with angle of reflection a fraction of angle of incidence

Suppose that a billiard ball bouncing in a unit square (or a lightray reflecting
in a mirrored square) has the property that the angle of reflection is a fraction
of the angle of incidence, rather ...