**4**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### Combinatorial geodesics

[There has been a flaw in my definition - as Sergei and Andreas pointed out. I hope I could fix it.]
I want to understand how the concepts of directions, straight (or shortest) lines, and geodesics ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Polyhedra that combinatorially shadow a sequence

Let $P$ be a polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Say that $P$ combinatorially shadows a sequence of natural numbers $S$ if
there is a continuous rotation of $P$ such that its orthogonal-projection
shadows ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Is this bounded?

May be better to ask for help here. Let $v_{1}$, $v_{2}$, $\ldots$, $v_{m}$ be the vertices of a
convex polygon in the plane and $v_{m+1}$ be a vertex in the interior
of the convex polygon. Connect ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### On well separated point sets in the plane

Let us say that a finite set $A$ in the plane is $1$-separated if:
1) it has an even number of points;
2) no open ball of diameter $1$ contains more than $|A|/2$ points.
For a $1$-separated set $A$ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

405 views

### The optimal constant in Vitali covering lemma

Let me restate Vitali covering lemma.
Let $\{B_i\}_{i\in F}$ be a finite collection of balls in the $\mathbb{R}^n$. Then there is $S\subset F$ such that the balls $\{B_i\}_{i\in S}$ are disjoint and
...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

692 views

### Particles chasing one another around a circle

Two particles start out at random positions on a unit-circumference circle.
Each has a random speed (distance per unit time) moving counterclockwise uniformly distributed
within $[0,1]$. How long ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

157 views

### Lattice-point enumeration question involving linear combinations of matrices

I would like to know some references to learn more about an answer to this question, if there are any references:
Let $A_1, \dots , A_m$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ symmetric matrices. Let $$S = \{(x_1, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Rational viewing points in a polygon

We refer to the question posed in Seeing the vertices of a polygon with rational angles, but now ask for constructions or for the existence of rational viewing points. We'll call a point $p$ inside ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Seeing the vertices of a polygon with rational angles

Given any convex polygon in the plane, is it always possible to find a point $p$ in its interior such that when we draw the line segments from $p$ to each of its vertices, the angles formed at $p$ are ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### The sparsest planar net that captures every unit segment

Let $\cal C = \lbrace C_i \rbrace$ be a collection
of rectifiable curves in the plane with the property that
every unit-length segment meets at least one curve
in at least one point.
Call such a ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

371 views

### Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices?
In other words, given any ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

568 views

### The geometry of crinkled aluminum foil

I wonder if the geometry of crinkled aluminum foil has been studied?
The above is a photo of foil I flattened to reuse.
It might be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Best upper bound on rate for q-ary codes

Among the many upper bounds for families of codes in $\mathbb F _2 ^n$, the best known bound is the one by McEliece, Rodemich, Rumsey and Welch which states that the rate $R(\delta)$ corresponding to ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Disks Packing Variant

Usually disk packing problems require that no two disks of the packing intersect.
Does anybody know if the problem has been studied when disks may intersect but they are not allowed to contain the ...

**37**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### A sudden smiley? :-)

This is a vague question, and I will no doubt be (properly!) chastised for posing it.
I would like to generate a set $S$ of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$—$|S|$ finite or infinite—which
has the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

186 views

### Is there a simple test to determine whether a polytope is integral?

It is known that any rational convex polytope expressed as $\{ x\in\mathbb{R}^d : Ax \ge b \}$, where $A\in\mathbb{Z}^{k\times d}$ and $b\in\mathbb{Z}^k$, can be written as the convex hull of finitely ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

534 views

### Discrete Morse function from smooth one

Suppose I have a smooth manifold $M$ and a smooth Morse function $f$ on $M$. Is there a standard way to replace $M$ with a cell complex and $f$ with a discrete Morse function such the resulting ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

275 views

### The symmetry group of $\mathbb Z^d$

Let $d \ge 1$, and consider the integer lattice $\mathbb Z^d$. This is a homogeneous space, in the manner of the Erlangan Programm.
I would like to write $\mathbb Z^d = G / H$, where $G$ is the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

434 views

### Optimal Gear Trains

Suppose you need to slow down a turning motor so that a gear turns at
an angular velocity $\frac{a}{b}$ of that of the motor shaft, where $a$ and
$b$ are natural numbers. For example, this set of ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

341 views

### Herringbone partitions of regions and surfaces

Let $R \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be a region of the plane bounded
by a Jordan curve. The boundary $\partial R$ could be a polygon,
or a smooth curve—there are variations depending upon boundary ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Empty convex polytopes for random point sets

I know of the famous results on the Erdős-Szekeres empty convex polygon problem in the plane
(the Happy-Ending Problem), and I know that there are higher-dimensional extensions.
A great source ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Realization spaces for regular convex polytopes

Q1.
Are there convex polytopes combinatorially equivalent to each of the regular polytopes
that are realized with integer vertex coordinates?
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere
$S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$,
with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon.
In other words, I want to ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle.
I thought about ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

196 views

### Triangular grid with 4 edges per vertex

I am trying to create a triangular grid/mesh for a rectangular domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with the property that each vertex is shared by (at most) four edges. Is this possible to accomplish?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### $n$ lines in a general position and the number of empty triangles

Question. Consider $n \geq 5$ lines in a general position (i.e. no two lines are parallel and no triple intersections are allowed) in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let $T(n)$ denote the maximal number of empty ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

351 views

### What collections of convex sets result in non-trivial uses of Helly's theorem?

Consider Helly Theorem, taken from notes by Igor Pak:
Let $X_1, \dots, X_n \in {\mathbb{R}}^2$ be convex regions in the plane such that any triple interesects $X_i \cap X_j \cap X_k \neq 0$. Then ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### Minimizing the excursion of a sum of unit vectors

I have $n$ unit-length vectors $v_i$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, whose
sum is zero:
$$ v_1 + v_2 + \cdots + v_n = 0 \; .$$
Now I form the closed polygon $P$ in space by placing them head to tail.
So the ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

531 views

### Knot diagrams, sets of moves and equivalence relations

Short version: Does anyone study equivalence classes generated by a given set of "moves" (in the sense of, but not limited to, Reidemeister moves) on the set of knot diagrams?
Yes, I understand that ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

500 views

### Minimal blocking objects with shadows like a cube

This is a more geometric version of the previous question,
"Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets". I will first specialize to $\mathbb{R}^3$, $d=3$.
View an $n \times n \times n$ cube $C_3(n)$ as ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets

Let $C_d(n)$ be the lattice cube consisting of the $n^d$ points with
each of its $d$ coorindates in $\lbrace 1,2,\ldots,n \rbrace$.
Define a blocking set for a lattice cube to be a set of points
in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Mean number of $n$-simplices per $(n-2)$-simplex in a triangulated $n$-manifold

Work by Tamura (extending results by Luo and Stong) shows the following.
Theorem: For any closed 3-manifold $M$ and any rational number $4.5 < r < 6$ there is a triangulation $T$ of $M$ for ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

635 views

### Monomer-Dimer tatami tilings need better relationships with other math. Summary of results.

A monomer-dimer tiling of a rectangular grid with $r$ rows and $c$ columns satisfies the \emph{tatami} condition if no four tiles meet at any point. (or you can think of it as the removal of a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### When do there exist locally regular embeddings of regular graphs?

I don't know how one can tackle the following kind of question, so any hint is welcome. I formulate a precise question in order to fix ideas, but it is to be considered as an example out of a more ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

850 views

### Optimal pebble-packing shape

Suppose you throw many ($n$) congruent convex bodies (in $\mathbb{R}^3$) of unit volume (or of unit area in $\mathbb{R}^2$) into a large container, and shake it until little else changes.
Q. ...

**35**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Tetris-like falling sticky disks

Suppose unit-radius disks fall vertically from $y=+\infty$,
one by one, and create a random jumble of disks above the $x$-axis.
When a falling disk hits another, it stops and sticks there.
Otherwise, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

500 views

### Midpoint lattice polygons

Midpoint polygons (a.k.a Kasner polygons) have been studied, and their behavior is well understood.
I am considering a variant, which I call midpoint lattice polygons.
Start with a sequence of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Graph implemened into the plane with segments as edges and we search for matching with no edges intersecting

There are some points in the plane and some of them are connected with segments between them. We look at this structure as a graph implemented into the plane where the points are the vertices and the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Generators of a 2D lattice

Dear MO_World,
I'm hoping someone can point me towards a reference for something. I have an invertible $2\times 2$ matrix, $A$, with real entries such that for both of the rows, the entries are ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

636 views

### Combinatorial analogues of curvature

There appear to be many "combinatorial" definitions of curvature as applied to finite simplicial (or regular CW) complexes. For instance, we have the ideas of Cheeger, Muller and Schrader, of Forman ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Building a genus-$n$ torus from cubes

I wonder if this has been studied:
What is the fewest number of unit cubes
from which one can build an $n$-toroid?
The cubes must be glued face-to-face,
and the boundary of the resulting ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

494 views

### Partitioning the vertices of an n-cube with random hyperplane cuts

An evolutionary biologist asked me a question which boils down, at least in part, to what seems to me an interesting question of combinatorial/probabilistic geometry.
It is an old chestnut of a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

295 views

### How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

Title question description: Select two lattices $\Lambda_1$ and $\Lambda_2$ (here a lattice=additive free abelian group without accumulation points) of maximal rank two in the real plane. We normalize ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Grading a non-graded poset as squeezed as possible

Here is a curiosity question (motivated by the recent revamp of ranked-poset routines in Sage).
Let $P$ be a finite poset. We look for a family $\left(a_p\right)_{p\in P}$ of real numbers summing up ...

**21**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Covering a unit ball with balls half the radius

This is a direct (and obvious) generalization of the recent MO question, "Covering disks with smaller disks":
How many balls of radius $\frac{1}{2}$ are needed to cover completely a ball of radius ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

325 views

### Touching-tetrahedra graphs

Have the graphs representable by touching tetrahedra been explored?
Let $\cal T$ be a collection of tetrahedra in $\mathbb{R}^3$
with pairwise disjoint interiors.
Define a graph $G_{\cal T}$ to have ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### A relation on triplets of points in the plane

This question is a follow up of my previous one (Planar sets closed under intersection of circles, Planar sets closed under intersection of circles) and is motivated by G. Zaimi's answer ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Min Bend Orthogonal Knots

I am seeking literature on 3D orthogonal drawings of knots,
especially minimum bend drawings.
An orthogonal drawing employs segments parallel to the axes of
a Cartesian coordinate system.
A bend is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Generalizing the internal angle of a graph in $\mathbb{E}^2$ to $\mathbb{S}^2$

I am currently working on research involving packing problems and am finding myself needing the tools from Combinatorial Geometry (in particular, I've been reading Pach and Agarwal's book on the ...