**29**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### what-if.xkcd.com: stabbing (simply connected) regions on the 2-sphere with few geodesics

In the latest what-if Randall Munroe ask for the smallest number of geodesics that intersect all regions of a map. The following shows that five paths of satellites suffice to cover the 50 states of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

119 views

### Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes.
What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph?
A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

590 views

### Random points on the unit sphere

Suppose you have $n$ points picked uniformly at random on the surface of $\mathbb{S}^d,$ and let the volume of the convex hull of these points be $V_{n, d}.$ Clearly, $V_{n, d}$ converges to the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### Pictures of the von Neumann polytope

Are there any graphic portrayals of von Neumann polytopes in low dimensions?

**7**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Groups and pregeometries

Definition.
For an infinite structure $\mathcal{A}$ and $cl : P(dom(\mathcal{A})) \longrightarrow P(dom(\mathcal{A}))$ , we say
that $(\mathcal{A}, cl)$ is a structure carrying an $\omega$-homogeneous ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Distance from constant width bodies

EDIT As @David has observed, my conjecture was clearly wrong for $\ n:=2.\ $ Let me still give it a chance for $\ n\ge 3$.
I'll call a family $\ F\ $ of bound closed convex subsets of $\ \mathbb ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Minimizing deep holes in sphere packings

What's the current state of knowledge regarding packings of spheres in $n$-space that minimize the supremum of the sizes of the holes? This notion of tightness is more rigid than asymptotic density. I ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Ham sandwich theorem for discrete measures - reference request

A discrete version of the ham sandwich theorem states as follows (see for instance "Common Hyperplane Medians for Random Vectors" - Hill):
For every $\mu_1,...,\mu_n$ discrete (i.e., purely atomic) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Covering points with a shortest lattice spiral

Let $S$ be a finite set of lattice points in $\mathbb{Z}^2$.
My question is, roughly:
Q. How can a shortest lattice spiral that passes through
every point of $S$ be found?
A lattice spiral (my ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows:
"How thick must the
trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are
to block completely the view from the center?"
See, ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### What arrangement of unit cubes minimizes surface area?

For each of these two questions, one can assume that the arrangements are polycubes (for which a definition can be found in the excerpt-image below).
Question A. How does one arrange $n$ unit cubes ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

267 views

### Approaching convex and discrete geometry from other disciplines

I would like to learn some convex and discrete geometry (number 52 in MSC2010). I thought that it would be interesting to approach it from some other parts of mathematics - either by learning ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### “Open Points” in the 1983 proof of Szemerédi-Trotter theorem

I was reading through the 1983 paper "Extremal Problems in Discrete Geometry" and I was confused about the definition of "open point" appearing in this paper. By this point in the paper, the authors ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### Practical use of estimates for the Gauss Circle Problem

This question is related to this and this ones. The Gauss Circle problem asks for the number $N(r)$ of integer points within a sphere of radius $r$ centered at the origin. It is well known that $N(r) ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Dropping altitudes to achieve nonobtuse planar triangulations: finite or infinite?

Given a planar triangulation of (say) a convex region,
imagine the following process to convert it to a triangulation with
no obtuse angles:
Pick an arbitrary obtuse angle at vertex $a$ of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### Is there a “Bipartite” Szemeredi-Trotter theorem?

One version of the Szemeredi-Trotter theorem states the following:
Given a set of $L$ lines in the plane, the number of points incident to at least $k$ lines is bounded above by a constant times $L/k ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

112 views

### Maximum possible number of similar three-colored triangles

I want to maximize the number of similar triangles with vertices from three fixed sets, one vertex from each set. For example, if you fix two points $X$, $Y$ (i.e. two sets with only one member), then ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Characterization of the medial axis of a surface

I would like to know if the following "characterization" of the medial axis of a surface is correct, and if so, how to prove it.
Let $S$ be a continuous, piecewise smooth, compact surface embedded in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Put P inside Q! polygons/polyhedra

We have two Polygons/Polyhedra P and Q.
Does there exist a polynomial time algorithm to decide if we can put P (using translation and rotation) inside Q or not?
First think about the case of which P ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

501 views

### Cut and Fold Polyhedron!

I have two convex polyhedra such that their sums of side areas are equal. It is true that I can cut one of them and flatten it on the plane, then fold the flattened polygon to reach the other ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Small remarkable matroids

Working on phased matroids (a generalization of oriented matroid to the complex case) I've found an interesting formula for computing the inner Tutte group (and, hence, all the Tutte groups) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Looking for N-dimensional spheres in the configuration space of the colorful Tverberg problem

Here we use standard notation for Tverberg's theorem: Dimension $d$, number of partition blocks $r$, and $N=(r-1)(d+1)$.
The configuration space of Tverberg's theorem is the simplicial complex ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Regarding the set up of a geometry of numbers lemma

I have a question related to geometry of numbers, which although seems quite basic, I was rather confused by it so I decided to ask here. Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Let $R_1, ..., ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Moment lemma for circular arc polygons

A "moment lemma" originally due to Fejes Tóth (I guess) states that if $P$ is any polygon (in $\mathbb{R}^2$) with $k$ sides, then for any $\mathbf{y}$, we have ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### Generalizing Concepts of Planar Euclidean Geometry to Symmetric TSP-Instances

To me it seems possible, to successfully look at symmetric TSP instances from a geometry-point of view.
Examples are:
the diagonals of the convex hull of a set of points in the euclidean plane; ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### intersection of the unit cube and a hyperplane containing the main diagonal

Let $A$ be a linear $m$-dimensional subspace of $\mathbf{R}^n$ $m < n$, containing the point $(1,1,\ldots,1) \in \mathbf{R}^n$,
and consider the intersection of $A$ and the unit cube $\Delta_n$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### The number of facets of a polyhedron under linear transformation

Consider a (not necessarily bounded) convex polyhedron $P\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ which has $k$ facets.
Let $L:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^m$ be a linear transformation.
Question1: Is there a fixed ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

428 views

### Linear transformation of a polyhedron

Is there a simple proof that shows:
Linear transformation of a $\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron (i.e. the intersection of
finitely many closed half-spaces) is a $\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron.
Minkowski sum of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Toric morphism fiber and kernel dimensions

Given a morphism between two smooth toric varieties $f: X \rightarrow Y$, is the dimension of the kernel of $\mathrm{d}f$ at any point $p \in X$ equal to the dimension of the fiber at $f(p) \in Y$?
...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

311 views

### When does a set of collinearity conditions imply collinearity of all of the points?

Suppose we have a set of $n$ points $\{X_1,X_2,\dots,X_n\}$ in the real plane and $\mathcal{A}$ a family of subsets of $\{1,\dots,n\}$.
By a "set of collinearity conditions for $\mathcal{A}$" we mean ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere.
My teacher ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Longest of random worm-like paths in $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Imagine at each lattice point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ within $[1,3n]^2$,
with coordinates
$\equiv 2 \bmod 3$,
we place, with equal probability, one of these six patterns:
The result ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Paths on Cartesian products of graphs satisfying linear constraints

Assume integers $d > r > 0$ and a connected graph $G$ with $d$ vertices. Every point on the $r$-fold Cartesian product of $G$ with itself, $G^{\square r}$, is equivalent to a dimension-$d$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Discrete gradient on point clouds

I am interested to know some ways to approximate discrete gradient if you have a function on point clouds in 2D or 3D.
If you have a function defined on a grid, it well known that you can use a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

181 views

### Positroids and Totally Nonnegative Complex Grassmanian

Recently I begin working on matroids, in particular to a generalization of oriented matroids to the complex case.
I found on arxiv the following interesting articles:
1)Alexander Postnikov: Total ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Hiding $k$ disks inside a larger disk

Suppose one has $k$ unit-radius disks, and the goal is to hide them inside
a disk of radius $R \gg k$.
The detection probes are rays along a line.
(Think of the disks as tumor cells, and the rays as ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Light inside a polyhedron

I have two questions the same as Mostafa's Question:
Visibility of vertices in polyhedra
Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

826 views

### Visibility of vertices in polyhedra

Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ is an interior point of $P$. Is it true that $X$ can see at least one vertex of $P$? More ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Billiard dynamics with angle of reflection a fraction of angle of incidence

Suppose that a billiard ball bouncing in a unit square (or a lightray reflecting
in a mirrored square) has the property that the angle of reflection is a fraction
of the angle of incidence, rather ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Are there irregular tilings by L-polyominoes?

I wonder if one can tile the plane with an order-$n$ L-polyomino
in a fundamentally irregular manner.
I seek help in defining what should constitute "irregular."
An L-polyomino of order $n \ge 2$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### mean length of the non-crossing graphs on n points

My original question is rather vague so I'll start with a precise example and then indicate possible generalisations.
Given a n-tuple $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ in, say, a square with side-length $1$ in the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Polygonal Venn diagrams

Suppose that the interiors of $n$ $m$-sided planar simple closed polygons generate a $\sigma$-algebra $A$.
How many atoms can $A$ possess, at the most?
Failing an exact answer, how about good ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Approximating Unit covering of d-dimensional points

Given a $d$-dimensional disk of radius $2$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$, how many disks of radius $1$ suffice to cover it. Of course, it's fine if the smaller disks overlap. What matters is to specify a finite ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Uniqueness of an equilateral triangle decomposition into three similar polygons, exactly two congruent

A favorite fun problem I give to students and (even non-mathematical) friends is the following:
Find a decomposition of an equilateral triangle into three similar polygons, exactly two of which are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Unit covering of $d$-dimensional points

Given a set of points in $X$ axis, we want to cover them with minimum number of unit intervals.
For this problem we can assume that each interval in the optimal solution is starting or ending in one ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Bound on maximum distance between points on a unit N-Sphere

I want to select M points on the N-sphere such that $min_{i\neq j,i,j\in \{1..M\}} ||x_i - x_j||$ is maximized.
Are there good upper bounds for this max-min distance?

**7**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### Wait time to grid network disconnection with failing edges

Let $G_n$ be an $n \times n$ planar toroidal grid graph, with each node
connected to its four neighbors, with the top row connected to the bottom,
and the right column connected to the left.
Suppose ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### The Mahler conjecture and non-zonoidal 3-polytopes (4-polytopes)

I have been working on the Mahler conjecture for over a year now and have made some progress for certain classes of convex polytopes and I'm now attempting to write up my results specified to ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### A result from Peter McMullen's thesis

The classical definition of regular polytopes is recursive. It says that a polytope is regular if its facets and vertex figures (both smaller-dimensional polytopes) are regular.
The modern definition ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

293 views

### Knight's tours in higher dimensions

I wonder if Knight's Tours have been explored in higher dimensions,
using the following definition of a knight move.
In dimension $d=2$, the knight moves left/right and forward/back
one step and two ...