**22**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Shortest grid-graph paths with random diagonal shortcuts

Suppose you have a network of edges connecting
each integer lattice point
in the 2D square grid $[0,n]^2$
to each of its (at most) four neighbors, {N,S,E,W}.
Within each of the $n^2$ unit cells of ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are the Platonic solids shadows of 4-polytopes?

Say that a 3D shadow of a 4-polytope is a parallel projection to 3-space, not necessarily orthogonal to that 3-space (that would make it an orthogonal projection).
I am wondering if each of the five ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Finding the Boundary Faces of the Zonohedron

A zonotope is a linear combination of m vectors with coefficients in [0,1]: $Z = \{ \sum \lambda_i v_i : 0 \leq \lambda _i \leq 1 \}$. The fancy way is to say it's the Minkowski sum of line segments ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Minimum tiling of a rectangle by squares

Given the $n\times m$ rectangle, I want to compute the minimum number of integer-sided squares needed to tile it (possibly of different sizes).
Is there an efficient way to calculate this?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

514 views

### Gluing Polygons

Consider all polygons whose vertices are lattice points and edges are parallel to the axes such that no more than two edges meet at a vertex. For two polygons A and B, define A+B be to the set of ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

491 views

### “incidental” intersections of a complete graph in the plane

Given a complete graph of n vertices (no three of which are no collinear) in the plane and straight edges, what is the maximal possible number of "incidental intersections" of edges, i.e., number of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

514 views

### Using mirrors to make a non-convex polygon visible from a fixed interior point

Take a point $A$ inside a non-convex polygon $P$. Is it always possible to place a finite set of mirrors given by straight segments (not necessarily along the boundary of $P$, any position inside $P$ ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Representation of vectors in $\mathbb{R}^2$ via differences of small vectors.

Is the following fact true?
Let $v_1,\ldots, v_k \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\|v_i\|\leq 1$, be vectors that add up to zero. Does there exist a permutation $\sigma\in S_k$ and vectors $w_1,\ldots, w_k \...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

736 views

### Presentation of the cohomology of generalized flag varieties as graded ranks of rings of symmetric polynomials

Hello!
Let $n,m\geq 0$ be integers. If I understand it correctly, there is the following description of the cohomology of the complex Grassmannian $\text{Gr}(m+n;m)$: denote by $\text{Sym}(n,m)$ the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Constructing affine hypersurfaces with one singularity

This is a followup to my previous poorly-worded question.
Consider a finite collection of points $S \subset \mathbb N^n$ lying in a hyperplane $H$. These points define exponents of a collection of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Secondary fans and Stanley Reisner ideals

Consider a collection of points $S \subset \mathbb R^d$. I would like to understand all possible fans $\Sigma$ whose support is the cone over $S$: $|\Sigma| = cone(S)$.
I have heard that the ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Is a rhombus rigid on a sphere or torus? And generalizations.

If a rectangle is formed from rigid bars for edges and joints
at vertices, then it is flexible in the plane: it can flex
to a parallelogram.
On any smooth surface with a metric, one can define a ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### A random walk on random lines

I am wondering if this random walk remains finite with positive probability.
Start with three lines $A,B,C$ that are extensions of an equilateral triangle.
Let $p_0$ be one corner. Generate a line $...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Maximum number of points in two disks

Given two closed disks of unit radius, such that center of one lies on the circumference of the other, let M denote their union. We want to place the maximum number of points in M such that their ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### What upper bounds are known for the diameter of the minimum spanning tree of $n$ uniformly random points in $[0,1]^2$?

Let $P$ be a pointset consisting of $n$ uniformly random elements of $[0,1]^2$. It is known that the diameter (greatest number of edges in any shortest path between two points) of the Delaunay ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

237 views

### Any 2-coloring of the scope of equilateral triangle must create a monochromatic rectangular triangle ?

Hello All,
I'm trying to prove something that we know that is correct but can't find how to do it or any example to show how to solve it.
Any 2-coloring of the scope of equilateral triangle must ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

362 views

### Path connected coloured sets on the squared paper

Colour small squares on the standard squared paper in two colors A, B. Name two small squares with common side as "neighbor".
Let every colored set be "path connected": for any two small squares of ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

729 views

### covers of $Z^\infty$

Is it possible to cover $Z^\infty$ (the infinite direct sum of $Z$'s with the $l_1$-metric) by a finite set of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^n$ such that each collection $U^i$ consists of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

774 views

### Which (semi)regular polyhedra are combinations of two others?

The convex combination of convex polytopes is a convex polytope.
An example in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is that a regular octagon
can be obtained as $\frac{1}{2} S + \frac{1}{2} S'$,
where $S$ is a square and $...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Up to projectivities, which configurations of four lines in $\mathbb{P}^3$ can one distinguish?

Background
I am interested in the projective classification of reduced curves of degree four in $\mathbb{P}^3(\mathbb{R})$ (and more generally of degree $n+1$ in $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{R})$). More ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Dimension of convex arrangements for hypergraphs

Suppose you have a hypergraph H on n vertices. Let d be the smallest integer such that we can find an arrangement A of convex subsets in Rd so that H represent the intersections of sets in A.
Has ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Discrete Hairy Ball Theorem

This question is inspired by
Math puzzles for dinner
The arrow compatibility conditions in that problem can be considered an attempt to discretize the notion of a continuous vector field.
The ...

**54**

votes

**4**answers

6k views

### Can we cover the unit square by these rectangles?

The following question was a research exercise (i.e. an open problem) in R. Graham, D.E. Knuth, and O. Patashnik, "Concrete Mathematics", 1988, chapter 1.
It is easy to show that
$$\sum_{1 \leq k } (...

**4**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### How to generate a net on a 8-dimensional sphere

Using Matlab, how to generate a net of 3^10 points that are evenly located (or distributed) on the 8-dimensional unit sphere?
Thanks for any helpful answers!

**27**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Nonconvex manhole covers

One common reason given for the circularity of manhole covers is that they can't fall through the manhole. For convex manhole covers, this property is equivalent to having constant width — if ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### Largest pair of homometric Golomb rulers?

A Golomb ruler is a set of $n$ integers that determines $\binom{n}{2}$ distinct differences.
Two sets are homometric if they determine the same (multiset) of differences.
For example,
$$\{0,1,4,10,12,...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Can any vertex remain when removing halfspaces from a projectively transformed polytope?

Let P be a simple polytope defined as an intersection of n halfspaces.
A facet F of P, supported by halfspace H, is removable if the intersection of the remaining (n-1) halfspaces is bounded. F is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### When can a folded polygon be isometrically (locally) embedded into R^3 ?

I am interested in 3-D representations of various things that naturally live in a non-simply-connected compact surface. There is the usual way of producing a compact surface of any orientable or non-...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Random walk is to diffusion as self-avoiding random walk is to …?

One can view a random walk as a discrete process whose continuous
analog is diffusion.
For example, discretizing the heat diffusion equation
(in both time and space) leads to random walks.
Is there a ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

887 views

### covering a square with unit squares

Can some square of side length greater than $n$ be covered by $n^2+1$ unit squares? (The unit squares may be rotated. The large square and its interior must be covered.)

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Covering a circle with red and blue arcs

We have a circle and two families of $n$ red arcs and $n$ blue arcs, positioned on the circle so that every two arcs of different colors intersect. Can one show that there is a point in the perimeter ...

**34**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ into unit circles?

Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ into unit circles?

**4**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Tetrahedron splitting/subdivision

Given a regular Tetrahedron A (i.e. each edge of A has same length), is it possible to split A into several smaller regular tetrahedra of equal size? I.e. smaller tetrahedra should completely fill ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

473 views

### A question about tilings of the plane

Let C be a compact subset of the Euclidean plane E whose boundary is a Jordan curve J. If C tiles the
plane, can J be such that it has a unique tangent line at each point and none of its sub-arcs is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

418 views

### Random geometric graphs and spanners

I would grateful to learn of work mixing
random geometric graphs with random graphs under
the
Erdős-Renyi model, and in particular concerning spanners.
Select $n$ points uniformly at random from the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

610 views

### Lattice Stick Number vs. Stick Number of Knot

Can the lattice stick number of a knot be bounded
by the stick number of the knot?
The stick number
$S(K)$ of a knot $K$ is the fewest number of segments
needed to realize it by a simple 3D polygon....

**20**

votes

**5**answers

847 views

### Iterated Circumcircle

Take three noncollinear points (a,b,c), compute the center of their circumcircle x, and replace a random one of a,b,c with x. Repeat. It seems this process may converge to a point, assuming no ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

483 views

### Generalization of Hamiltonian cycles to “Hamiltonian spheres”

One possible generalization of a Hamiltonian cycle in a triangulated plane graph is what could be
called a Hamiltonian sphere: a collection of triangles within a simplicial complex in $\mathbb{R}^3$
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

421 views

### Making 'circles' on a lattice/ Making distinct fractions from partitions of a number

First formulation: discrete geometry
Pick your favourite 2D square lattice (I'm sure we all have one...) and try to place n points 'in a circle' (that is: in general position [no 3 should be colinear]...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

563 views

### Upper bound for the number of subsets of N points which exhaust their convex hull

Hello.
Looking at a set S of N points in the plane, I call a subset B of S "legal" if the set of points contained in the convex hull of B is exactly B itself. In other words, a subset B of S in legal ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When are Ehrhart functions of compact convex sets polynomials?

Given a lattice $L$ and a subset $P\subset \mathbb R^d$, we define for each positive integer $t$ $$f_P(L,t)=|(tP\cap L)|$$ the number of lattice points in $tP$. Let's say $P$ is nice if $f_P(L,t)$ is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

945 views

### What is the definition of ideal boundary?

In many papers about dynamical system, I found the word " ideal boundary". T don't know what is the definition of ideal boundary.

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Which finite groups are generated by n involutions?

One of the interesting problems in abstract polytope theory is to determine, for a given finite group, when that group is the automorphism group of a regular abstract polytope. This is equivalent to ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Gauss-Bonnet Theorem for Graphs?

One can define the Euler characteristic χ for a graph as the number of vertices minus the number of edges. Thus an n-cycle has χ = 0 and K4 has χ = –2.
Is there an analog for the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

680 views

### Random Walks in $Z^2$/$Z^2$-intrinsic characterization of Euclidean distance Part II

For some context see Random Walks in $Z^2$/$Z^2$-intrinsic characterization of Euclidean distance
As per Noah's answer and JBL's comment this was false as stated. However, I think the following ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Random Walks in $Z^2$/$Z^2$-intrinsic characterization of Euclidean distance

Problem: Consider a random walk on the lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$ where on each iteration a particle either stays at its current location or moves to a neighboring vertex with probability 1/5. We start ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Centralizing four red vectors in six green sectors

Four red vectors are given, one per quadrant, $[0,90^\circ)$,
$[90^\circ,180^\circ)$, etc.
A rigid star of six green vectors separated by $60^\circ$
can be positioned at
$(\theta,
\theta+60^\circ,
\...