The discrepancy-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Criterion for irrational numbers of constant type 2

From Kuiper's and Niederreiter's book Uniform distribution of sequences, Ch.2, § 3, I learn that an irrational number $\alpha\in \mathbf{R}\smallsetminus \mathbf{Q}$ is of constant type $\eta$ if ...

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### What do you call the collection of all sets shattered by $F$?

The proof of Pajor's lemma uses the collection of all sets $S\subseteq X$ shattered by some $F\subseteq 2^X$. Is there a standard term for the former object? I've been privately referring to it as the ...

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### Balanced partitions of vector sets

We are interested in the following
Lemma. Let $V\subset [0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a set of $n$-dimensional vectors. Then for each $r\le |V|$ there exists a partition $$V=V_1\cup V_2\cup\dots \cup ...

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### An extremal combinatorics problem involving column summation

Given $n\in\Bbb N$, $\alpha>0$, $\beta\in\big[\frac12,1\big]$ denote $\mathcal R_{n,\alpha,\beta}$ as collection of all $2^n\times 2^{n^\alpha}$ $0/1$ matrices with every row summing to strictly ...

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### How are the infinity norm of Fourier transforms of sign vectors distributed?

This is a follow up to an earlier resolved question. Define the $n$-dimensional discrete Fourier transform via the matrix
$$
D_{s,t} := \omega^{st},
$$
where $\omega=\exp(-2\pi i/n)$. Notice that $D$ ...

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### error estimate of linear interpolation in high dimension

Consider convex functions $f,g$ on $[0,1]^d$. Let $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ be $n\geq d+1$ fixed point in $[0,1]^d$ that is equally 'distributed' in the sense that
$$c_1\leq \frac{n\mathrm{vol}(K)}{\mathrm{...

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### $L^2$ discrepancy bound for sequences in $[0,1)$

Given a sequence $x_1,x_2,\dots$, let $D_n$ be the $L^2$-norm of the function $f_n$ whose value at $t \in [0,1)$ is $nt$ minus the number of $1 \leq i \leq n$ with $x_i \leq t$. What can be said ...

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### How to compute hereditary discrepancy

I want to compute exactly the hereditary discrepancy of a small (on up to 20 points) set system - is there an efficient way to do it? Brute force search over the discrepancies of all subsystems seems ...

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### Beck-Fiala for other discrepancies

Is there an analogue of the Beck-Fiala theorem for linear or hereditary discrepancies of hypergraphs?

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### Maximal disarrangement of $n \times n$ numbers

This question is inspired by
Martin Erickson's
question,
"Labeling a Square Array."
I'll start by quoting Martin:
the $n^2$ cells of an $n \times n$ array are labeled with the integers
$1, \dots,...

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### Do Shift-chain have Property B?

For $A\subset [n]$ denote by $a_i$ the $i^{th}$ smallest element of $A$.
For two $k$-element sets, $A,B\subset [n]$, we say that $A\le B$ if $a_i\le b_i$ for every $i$.
A $k$-uniform hypergraph ${\...

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### Distribution of fractional parts of n^{3/2}

What can be said about the limiting distribution of the sequence of fractional parts of $\{n^{a},n>0\}$ for $a\in(1,2)$. I ran a computer experiment for $n\sqrt{n}$ and it looks like uniformly ...

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### If every point is contained in at most 3 sets and all sets are big, then is the discrepancy zero?

Suppose we have a finite, 100-uniform system of sets such that any point is contained in at most 3 sets. Is it true that we can color the points such that every set contains 50 red and 50 blue points?
...

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### 1 rectangle <= 4 squares

Almost 25 years ago a professor at Indiana U showed me the following problem:
given a map $\mathbb{Z}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that the sum inside every square (parallel to the axes) is $\leq1$ ...