The diophantine-equations tag has no wiki summary.

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### Parametric solutions of Pell's equation

Given a positive integer $n$ which is not a perfect square, it is well-known that
Pell's equation $a^2 - nb^2 = 1$ is always solvable in non-zero integers $a$ and $b$.
Question: Let $n$ be a ...

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### Decidability of diophantine equation in a theory

Given a theory $T \subseteq \operatorname{Th}(\mathbb{N})$, define the decision problem $D_T$ as follows:
Given a polynomial $p$ with integer coefficients and variables $\bar{x}$, decide whether
...

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### Does the following Diophantine equation have nontrivial rational solutions?

Are there any solutions to the equation $s^{2}(1+t^{2})^{2}+t^{2}(1+s^{2})^{2}=u^2$ where $s,t,u\in \mathbb{Q}$ and $0 < s,t<1$? If so, is there a simple way to parametrize them all?
If I am ...

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### perfect numbers and their properties [on hold]

Yesterday I asked a question about perfect numbers. After thinking about the answer and comments I received, I now conjecture that the cube of any perfect number can be written in the form of the sum ...

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### Proof of a cubic equation problem [on hold]

Well I was doing some questions and i found something. This equation
$x^3+y^3+z^3=w^3$
has only one solution which is
$x=3,y=4,z=5,w=6$.
And what I have have proposed is that there is not other ...

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### Fermat's last theorem over larger fields

Fermat's last theorem implies that the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is finite.
Is the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ finite?
Here ...

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### Integer polynomials taking square values

Is there a way to determine a formula giving all integer values of $x$ for which the value of a polynomial $P(x)$ with integer coefficients is a square?
That is, is there a closed formula for:
$X = ...

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### Is $ a^2b^2-ab-ap$ a perfect square for suitable $a,b\in \mathbb{Z}^+$?

Consider the expression
$$
a^2b^2-ab-ap\qquad (a,b\in \mathbb{Z}^+),
$$
where $p\equiv1\pmod{4}$.
Question. For every prime $p\equiv1\pmod{4}$ do there exist $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}^+$ such that ...

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### The elliptic curve for $x_1^9+x_2^9+\dots+x_6^9 = y_1^9+y_2^9+\dots+y_6^9$

I. If there are $a,b,c,d,e,f$ such that,
$$a+b+c = d+e+f\tag1$$
$$a^2+b^2+c^2 = d^2+e^2+f^2\tag2$$
$$3u^3-3uv+w=-def\tag3$$
where $u=a+b+c,\; v = ab+ac+bc,\;w = abc$, then,
$$(a + u)^k + (b + ...

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### State of knowledge of $a^n+b^n=c^n+d^n$ vs. $a^n+b^n+c^n=d^n+e^n+f^n$

As far as I understand, both of the Diophantine equations
$$a^5 + b^5 = c^5 + d^5$$
and
$$a^6 + b^6 = c^6 + d^6$$
have no known nontrivial solutions, but
$$24^5 + 28^5 + 67^5 = 3^5+64^5+62^5$$
and
...

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### $x^4+y^4$ powerful for relatively prime $x,y$

I asked this question on the NMBRTHRY mailing list on
17 February 2014, but it remains unsolved as far as I know.
Recall that a "powerful
number" is a positive integer whose prime factorizations
$m = ...

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### Diophantine equation with factorials

Find all natural solutions $m!=a^2n!$ .
It's clear that $m>=n$.
When $m=n$ we have solutions $(1,m,m)$.
When $m=n+1$ we have solutions $(a,a^2,a^2-1)$.
I think that when $m>n+1$ we have no ...

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### Why do Pell equations appear in Ramanujan's pi formulas?

While answering this MSE question about the Pell equation $x^2-29y^2=1$, I noticed that certain fundamental solutions appeared in Ramanujan's famous pi formula.
I. Given the fundamental unit,
...

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### Does the Diophantine equation $(x^2+ay^2)(u^2+bv^2) = p^2+cq^2$ admit a complete solution?

In this MSE question/thread, I have been discussing the equation
$$
(x^2+ay^2)(u^2+bv^2) = p^2+cq^2, \tag{$\star$}
$$
where $x,a,y,u,b,v,p,c,q$ are integers. I posed a conjecture which turned out to ...

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### basis of the lattice generated by the integer points inside a subspace of R^L

Consider $K$ linearly independent vectors $\mathbf{a}_1, \mathbf{a}_2, ..., \mathbf{a}_K \in \mathbb{Z}^L$, where $1 \leq K<L $. Hence, the span of $\lbrace\mathbf{a}_1, \mathbf{a}_2, ..., ...

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### Integer solutions of $ z^3 y^2 = x(x-1)(x+1)$

According to a conjecture there are no three
consecutive powerful numbers.
Necessary condition for this is integer solution of
$$ z^3 y^2 = x(x-1)(x+1) \qquad (1) $$
What are integer solutions ...

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### On 7th and 8th powers for $x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k+x_4^k = y_1^k+y_2^k+y_3^k+y_4^k$

The Diophantine equation,
$$x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k = y_1^k+y_2^k+y_3^k\tag1$$
for either $k=5$ or $6$ is quite well explored, and it has long been known that it has an infinite number of primitive ...

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### Density of multi-grade solutions to $x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k = y_1^k+y_2^k+y_3^k$ for $k = 5$ or $6$?

Given the Diophantine equation,
$$x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k = y_1^k+y_2^k+y_3^k\tag1$$
there is the rather curious observation that the smallest positive solutions for $k=5$ or $6$ is multi-grade.
...

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### Maximum size of powers with a given difference

Pillai's conjecture -- that the gap between (nontrivial) powers is unbounded below -- is still open (it would be a consequence of the $abc$ conjecture, were that proven). But I wonder what the right ...

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### Algorithm Involving Quadratic Diophantine Equation

Let $a,b,c,d\in\Bbb Z$.
$abcd\neq 0$ and $a>0$.
What is the best standard low complexity procedure to find the set of solutions for $x,y,t\in\Bbb Z$ such that:
$$-axy+bx+cy+d=t^2$$
where ...

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### polynomials in many variables and Hasse principle

I was wondering whether there exists any result of the form
"if $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., x_k]$ is a polynomial (not form! I don't require homogeneity) of total degree $n$, with $k \geq \delta ...

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### On the elliptic curve $x(x+a^2)(x+b^2) = y^2$

Ajai Choudhry showed that special cases of the elliptic curve,
$$x(x+a^2)(x+b^2)=y^2\tag1$$
can be used to prove that,
$$u_1^7+u_2^7+\dots + u_9^7 = 0\tag2$$
has an infinite number of primitive ...

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### More elliptic curves for $a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4$?

(Note: See also the $a^4+b^4+c^4 = 1$ version in this old MSE post.)
The equation discussed in a paper by Jacobi and Madden,
$$a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4 = z^4\tag1$$
or equivalently,
$$(p-2q + ...

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### Sets of squares representing all squares up to $n^2$

Let $S_n=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$ be natural numbers up to $n$.
Say that a subset $S \subseteq S_n$
square-represents $S_n^2$ if every
square $1^2,2^2,\ldots,n^2$ can be represented by adding or subtracting
...

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### Ramanujan's pi formulas with a twist

Given the binomial function $\binom{n}{k}$.
1. Define the following sequences,
$$\begin{aligned}
u_1(k) &= \tbinom{2k}{k}\tbinom{3k}{k}\tbinom{6k}{3k} = 1, 120, 83160, 81681600,\dots \\
u_2(k) ...

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### rational points of a hyperelliptic curve

I have the following hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$:
$$
y^2 = 561 x^6 - 41904 x^5 + 627264 x^4 + 11860992 x^3 - 197074944 x^2 + 124416^2
$$
I need to find all the rational points on this curve. ...

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### Pairs of quadratic polynomials taking values pairs of consecutive squares

Let $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be quadratic and neither square.
For $x,y,z \in \mathbb{Z}$ what is the maximal number
of solutions to $f(x)=z^2,g(y)=(z+1)^2$?
Solutions are integral points on the genus ...

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### How many Pythagorean triples are there in which every member is triangular?

How many Pythagorean triples $(a,b,c)$ are there such that $a, b$ and $c$ are triangular?
Any two solutions with only $a$ and $b$ interchanged are considered equivalent.
The question of existence ...

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### The number of solutions of a Diophantine equation [closed]

Is $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} |\{(x,y) \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)^2 : y^3 = x^3 + x + 1\}| < \infty ?$ where $\zeta_n$ is a primitive $n$-th root of unity.
That is, I am asking whether the number ...

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### Diophantine equations over cyclotomic fields

Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ be the compositum of all finite abelian extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Explicitly, $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ is the field obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adjoining all roots of ...

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### The Diophantine equation $x^2 + bxy + cy^2 = p^z_1 \cdots p^{z_k}$

Let $b,c \in \mathbb{Z}$ and let $p_1,\ldots,p_k$ be given primes. Is there an effective algorithm to find all the solutions of the Diophantine equation $$x^2 + bxy + cy^2 = p_1^{z_1} \cdots ...

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### Consecutive Integer Squared Square

Is it possible to construct a squared square out of consecutive integer squares?
Be it 1,2,3,...n or k,k+1,k+2,...n.

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### Monte Carlo variant of Hilbert's Tenth Problem

Let $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Given an algorithm $\mathcal{A}$ which takes
as argument a polynomial $P \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1,\dots,x_k]$ and either
returns true or false, we say that $\mathcal{A}$ works for ...

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### solutions to special diophantine equations [closed]

Let $0\le x,y,z,u,v,w\le n$ be integer numbers obeying
\begin{align*}
x^2+y^2+z^2=&u^2+v^2+w^2\\
x+y+v=&u+w+z\\
x\neq& w
\end{align*}
(Please note that the second equality is ...

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### Schoenberg's Rational Polygon Problem

"A polygon is said to be rational if all its sides and diagonals are rational, and I. J. Schoenberg has posed the difficult question, ‘Can any given polygon be approximated as closely as we like by ...

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### Are nontrivial integer solutions known for $x^3+y^3+z^3=3$?

The Diophantine equation
$$x^3+y^3+z^3=3$$
has four easy integer solutions: $(1,1,1)$ and the three permutations of $(4,4,-5)$. Elsenhans and Jahnel wrote in 2007 that these were all the solutions ...

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### A congruence conjecture regarding $(r-s)^4-1 \equiv 0\!\pmod{4r^2s}$

Is the following conjecture true?
Conjecture. If $r > s \ge 1$ are relatively prime integers such that
\begin{equation}
(r-s)^4-1 \equiv 0\!\pmod{4r^2s}, \tag{1}
\end{equation}
then $r-s = 1$ ...

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### hard diophantine equation: $x^3 + y^5 = z^7$

Does the equation $x^3+y^5=z^7$ have a solution $(x,y,z)$ with $x,y,z$ positive integers and $(x,y)=1$? In his book H. Cohen (Number theory,2007) said "[...] seems presently out of reach".
I couldn't ...

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### Failing of heuristics from circle method

The heuristic from circle method for integral points on diagonal cubic surfaces $x^3+y^3+z^3=a$ ($a$ is a cubic-free integer) seems to fit well with numerical computations by ANDREAS-STEPHAN ELSENHANS ...

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### The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial.
In particular, it's the case ...

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### Finding integer points on elliptic curves via divisibility conditions like $(a+b)^2 \mid (2b^3+6ab^2-1)$

Is the following conjecture correct?
Conjecture. The divisibility condition $(\alpha+\beta)^2 \mid (2\beta^3+6\alpha\beta^2-1)$ has no solutions in positive integers $1 \le \beta < \alpha < ...

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### Superelliptic Curves [duplicate]

I'm trying to find information on superelliptic curves and how to solve them over the integers. The equation is $$y^k = f(x)$$ where $k=3$ and $f$ has degree $d=3$. Does anyone know any ...

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### The Diophantine equation $x^p - 4y^p = z^2$

If $p \geq 5$ is a prime, are there any integers $x, y, z > p$ such that
$(x, y) = 1$
and
$$x^{p} - 4y^{p} = z^{2}$$

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### When is a cubic polynomial a cube? [closed]

I've been researching cubes and I'm trying to solve this Diophantine equation over the integers.
$$ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d = y^3$$where a, b, c, d are parameters for a given $n$. For example, for $n = ...

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### Is surface $x^2+z^2=2\cdot y^2$ something of a Möbius strip?

This question is naive. My association with Möbius strip comes from not being able to smoothly extract positive solutions of the diophantine equation
$$x^2+z^2=2\cdot y^2$$
I got a parametrization ...

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### How many integer points does my favorite ellipse go through?

The equation of the ellipse interpolating the six lattice points $(0,0)$, $(1,0)$, $(0,1)$, $(d-1,d)$, $(d,d)$, $(d,d-1)$ in the plane for a fixed $d$ (at least 3) is
$$
x^2+y^2 - ...

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### If $~(c - b) ^ 2 + 3cb = a^3~$ has nonzero integer solutions, then $~(a,c) \gt 1~$ or $~(b,c) \gt 1$? [closed]

If $~(c - b) ^ 2 + 3cb = a^3~$ has nonzero integer solutions, then $~(a,c) \gt 1~$ or $~(b,c) \gt 1$?
I think this is true, how to prove this?

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### The lonely molecule

Suppose $n$ air molecules (infinitesimal points) are bouncing around in
a unit $d$-dimensional cube, with perfectly elastic wall collisions.
Let $k=n^{\frac{1}{d}}$.
For example, in 3D, $d=3$, with ...

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### Not-lonely runners

The lonely runner conjecture
has several formulations.
They all involve a number $n$ runners running on a circular track,
each with a different speeds, and the conjecture is that each runner is ...

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### Integer points on $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^4$

Does the Diophantine equation $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^4$ have solutions other than
$x=1,y=1$? Interestingly, the Diophantine equation $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^5$ has such solutions: $x=3,y=15$, $x=5,y=55$, ...