The diophantine-equations tag has no wiki summary.

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### how many consecutive integers $x$ can make $ax^2+bx+c$ square ?

The following problem was raised in a Mathlinks thread:
If $a,b,c\in\mathbb Z$ such that $a\ne0$ and $b^2-4ac\ne 0$, for how many consecutive integers $x$ can $ax^2+bx+c$ ba a perfect square ?
The ...

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2k views

### Special arithmetic progressions involving perfect squares

Some time ago the following rather easy problem appeared in an online publication called "Problems in Elementary NT" by Hojoo Lee:
Prove that there are infinitely many positive integers $a$, $b$, $c$ ...

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vote

**1**answer

287 views

### A good introduction to S unit equations

I was looking up some stuff when I stumbled across S unit equations. It seems to me that they are quite helpful in number theory, as given in this paper.
...

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**1**answer

1k views

### On a remark of Tait on FLT for the exponent 3

This is one of those recreational questions that aren't really about research. I found a curious remark in an old volume of American Mathematical Monthly (1922) which I'll quote below:
In the ...

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**5**answers

976 views

### Impossible Heronian Triangles (Ratio of 2 Sides)

There is no Heronian triangle (or simply consider triangles on an integer lattice
which also have integer side lengths) for which one side is half the length of
another side. What other "side-side ...

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**0**answers

193 views

### is exponential diophantine over Qp

Thanks to Matiyasevic, we all know that exponential is diophantine over the integers. Also, thanks to transcendental number theory, we know that exponential is not diophantine over the rationals. So ...

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### Permission to use Online Notes

Hello,
I am a new professor in Mathematics and I am running an independent study on Diophantine equations with a student of mine. Online I have found a wealth of very helpful expository notes ...

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### Can the difference of two distinct Fibonacci numbers be a square infinitely often?

Can the difference of two distinct Fibonacci numbers be a square infinitely often?
There are few solutions with indices $<10^{4}$ the largest two being $F_{14}-F_{13}=12^2$ and ...

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**1**answer

365 views

### Explicit solutions of C(n,2)=x^2 ? [closed]

"On a Diophantine Equation" paper of Erdös, at some point it is said that it is well known that $C(n,2)=x^2$ has infinitely many integer solutions. I am just wondering the formula generating all ...

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**1**answer

351 views

### Determining the exceptional set in the theorem of Ax & Kochen

Ax & Kochen [1] proved that for every $d\in\mathbb{N}$ there exists a finite set $A(d)$ such that for every prime $p\not\in A(d),$ every homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ in ...

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**1**answer

685 views

### The “universal” diophantine equation

There is a diophantine equation in some number (I think the minimum is now 9) of variables, that can be used to represent
All other diophantine equations (could be wrong on this)
Any particular set ...

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**2**answers

921 views

### non negative integer solutions : Diophantine Equations [closed]

I want to know the exact number of non-negative integer solutions of a1x1+a2x2+...akxk = n ...
I know that it is the co-efficient of x^n in (1-x^a1)^-1 * (1-x^a2)^-1 * ... (1-x^ak)^-1 ...
but whats ...

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**1**answer

305 views

### Do the solutions to the unit equation lie dense in the complex numbers

Let $S\subset \overline{\mathbf{Q}}\subset \mathbf{C}$ be the set of solutions to the unit equation, i.e., $S$ consists of algebraic integers $a$ such that $a$ and $1-a$ are units in the ring of ...

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### Which Diophantine equations can be solved using continued fractions?

Pell equations can be solved using continued fractions. I have heard that some elliptic curves can be "solved" using continued fractions. Is this true?
Which Diophantine equations other than Pell ...

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**1**answer

198 views

### Existence of a non-trivial zero (in the rational cyclotomic field) of a form

It is well known that if a field K is quasi-algebraically closed (i.e. all forms with coefficients in K of degree d in n > d variables have a non-trivial zero in K) then it has no central divison ...

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493 views

### For any $n$, does there exist a number field with at least $n$ solutions to the unit equation

Let $n$ be a positive integer.
Does there exist a number field $K$ such that the number of solutions of the unit equation $$a+b =1, \quad a,b\in O_{K}^\ast$$ is at least $n$? Can we write down such a ...

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**1**answer

502 views

### Linear diophantine equation in n variables

Let n>3. Is there any way to generate all integer solutions of linear diophantine equation in n variables, or at least to determine number of such solutions?
Thanks in advance.

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454 views

### Diophantine $x^p+y^q=(x+y)^r$

Is the equation:
$$x^p+y^q=(x+y)^r$$
in integers $x,y,z,p,q,r$ with $p \geq 2,q \geq 2, r \geq 2$ complete solved?
For $(p,q,r)=(n,n,n+1)$ a parametrization is $t=1-s$ and $ ...

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**1**answer

629 views

### Is there a section disjoint from 0, 1 and infinity on the projective line

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. Is there a section of $\mathbf{P}^1_{O_K}$ over $O_K$ whose image is disjoint from $0$, $1$ and $\infty$? If $K=\mathbf{Q}$ this is not possible ...

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### Is there a two-variable prime-representing polynomial (in the sense of Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens)?

In the math.se question Proof of no prime-representing polynomial in 2 variables, Alon Amit asks if Ribenboim's claim that a prime-representing polynomial (a Diophantine polynomial in which the ...

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396 views

### Torsion points of abelian varieties in the perfect closure of a function field

The following is a problem, which was recently brought to my attention by H. Esnault and A. Langer.
Let $K$ be the function field of a smooth curve over the algebraic closure $k$ of the finite field ...

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### Reduction from factoring to solving Pell equation

The paper Polynomial-Time Quantum Algorithms for Pell's Equation and the Principal Ideal Problem claims
There are reductions from factoring to solving Pell’s equation, and from solving Pell’s
...

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335 views

### Bilinear system of Diophantine Equations

$\forall i,j \in$ $\{$$1, \cdots,n$$\},$ let $x_{i},y_{i}$ be unknowns and $n_{ij} \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $i \le j$ be the knowns.
Consider the following $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ with $n > 2$ ...

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374 views

### System of Diophantine equations

$p + p' = m$
$q - q' = n$
$pp' = qq'$
$(m^{2} + n^{2})\equiv1\pmod 4$ and $n^{2}\equiv0\pmod 4$.
Only $m,n$ are known in the above. Are there any known techniques to guess the values of $p$ and ...

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610 views

### algorithm for solving systems of linear Diophantine inequalities

So, I posted on stack overflow looking for a reasonably fast algorithm to solve systems of linear Diophantine inequalities and was pointed to this article by Cheng-Zhi Gao and Yu-Lin Dong. The problem ...

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**1**answer

282 views

### Coprime integer solutions to $ \frac{x^n \pm y^n}{x \pm y}=z^m $ with $n>5 , m>1$

Are there coprime integer solutions to:
$$ \frac{x^n \pm y^n}{x \pm y}=z^m $$
with $n>5 , m>1$ and excluding $z=0$?
I suppose the abc conjecture implies finitely many solutions.

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### Are there any solutions to $\frac{3^n - 2^n}{2^k-3^n} = N$

Are there any solutions to $\frac{3^n - 2^n}{2^k-3^n} = N$ for $n$, $k$, $N$ $\in\mathbb{N}$, greater than 2.
This is related to a previous answered question: Are there any solutions to $2^n-3^m=1$
...

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303 views

### Integral roots to degree $d$-forms in four variables inside a box

Hi,
After the response to the following question, Rational roots to quadratic forms in 4 variables, I am now considering the following question.
Let $d \geq 2$ be a positive integer, and suppose ...

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645 views

### Rational roots to quadratic forms in 4 variables

Hi,
I am interested in the following question. Let $F(x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4)$ be a quadratic form in four variables with integer coefficients. Let $B > 0$ be a parameter. Define $N_1(F,B)$ to be the ...

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298 views

### Quartic case of a theorem of Bombieri and Pila

I am interested in the ternary case of a theorem of Bombieri and Pila, in E. Bombieri and J. Pila, "The number of integral points on arcs and ovals", Duke Mathematical Journal., 59 (1989), 337-357. ...

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926 views

### A heuristic for the density of solutions to Diophantine equations

Let $f\in\mathbb{Z}[X_1,\ldots,X_n]$ be a Diophantine equation which, for the purposes of this question, I will assume is homogeneous and nonsingular on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ (so that $\nabla ...

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263 views

### Exponential Diophantine $\prod x_i^{e_{x_i}} + \prod y_i^{e_{y_i}} = \prod z_i^{e_{z_i}}$ ,$e_{x_i}>3,e_{y_i}>3,e_{z_i}>3$

Does the exponential diophantine equation
$$ \prod x_i^{e_{x_i}} + \prod y_i^{e_{y_i}} = \prod z_i^{e_{z_i}}$$
with $x_i, y_i,z_i$ coprime and $e_{x_i}>3,e_{y_i}>3,e_{z_i}>3$ have ...

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### A question on M. Mignotte's Paper: “Petho's Cubics”

I have been reading the paper "Petho's Cubics" by M. Mignotte (appeared in Publ. Math. Debrecen, 56/3-4 (2000)) unfortunately I don't understand section 4 of the paper. I am hoping someone could help ...

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895 views

### Why can Diophantine equations represent exponential growth?

The wikipedia page on Matiyasevich's theorem challenges:
Unfortunately there seems to be as yet no short intuitive explanation as to why Diophantine equations can represent exponential growth only ...

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2k views

### General integer solution for $x^2+y^2-z^2=\pm 1$

How to find general solution (in terms of parameters) for diophantine equations
$x^2+y^2-z^2=1$ and $x^2+y^2-z^2=-1$?
It's easy to find such solutions for $x^2+y^2-z^2=0$ or $x^2+y^2-z^2-w^2=0$ or ...

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253 views

### Prove a parametrization function is surjective

As a starting note, I would like to say that I haven't (yet) taken courses in Set Theory, so some higher-level notation may be lost on me (and I may not write everything conventionally), but I'll do ...

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### Does the following Diophantine equation have nontrivial rational solutions?

Are there any solutions to the equation $s^{2}(1+t^{2})^{2}+t^{2}(1+s^{2})^{2}=u^2$ where $s,t,u\in \mathbb{Q}$ and $0 < s,t<1$? If so, is there a simple way to parametrize them all?
If I am ...

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### Lower bounds on the easier Waring problem

The easier Waring problem asks for the least number $v=v(k)$ such that every every integer is a sum of $v$ $k$'th powers with signs, i.e. every $n\in \mathbb{N}$ is of the form $$n=x_1^k\pm ...

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### Pythagorean 5-tuples

What is the solution of the equation $x^2+y^2+z^2+t^2=w^2$ in polynomials over C ("Pythagorean 5-tuples")?
There are simple formulas describing Pythagorean n-tuples for n=3,4,6:
n=3. The formula ...

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### The diophantine eq. $x^4 +y^4 +1=z^2$

This question is an exact duplicate of the question
Does the equation $x^4+y^4+1=z^2$ have a non-trivial solution?
posted by Tito Piezas III on math.stackexchange.com.
The background of ...

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611 views

### Counting and summing over solutions of a Diophantine equation

Say I have a Diophantine equation of the form $a_1 x_1 + a_2 x_2 + ... + a_m x_m = n$ such that the $a_is$ are all co-prime to each other. And I also have a function say $f$ which depends only on the ...

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### A remark of Mordell alluding to a local/global principle for cubic Diophantine equations

In Mordell Diophantine Equations he says:
In recent years it has been shown that there seems to be a close connection between the number of solutions of f(x,y) = 0 (mod $p^r$) and the existence of ...

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### Integer solutions of $n^k+(n+1)^k+\cdots+(n+m)^k=(n+m+1)^k$

So we all know already that next identities follow:
$3^2+4^2=5^2$
$3^3+4^3+5^3=6^3$
So it raises my question:
For $(*)n^k+(n+1)^k+...+(n+m)^k=(n+m+1)^k$ are there infinite triples (n,m,k) s.t ...

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### Advances and difficulties in effective version of Thue-Roth-Siegel Theorem

A fundamental result in Diophantine approximation, which was largely responsible for Klaus Roth being awarded the Fields Medal in 1958, is the following simple-to-state result:
If $\alpha$ is a real ...

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4k views

### Are nontrivial integer solutions known for $x^3+y^3+z^3=3$?

The Diophantine equation
$$x^3+y^3+z^3=3$$
has four easy integer solutions: $(1,1,1)$ and the three permutations of $(4,4,-5)$. Elsenhans and Jahnel wrote in 2007 that these were all the solutions ...

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1k views

### Is (n,m)=(18,7) the only positive solution to n^2 + n + 1 = m^3 ?

It's hard to do a Google search on this problem.
If I was using Maple correctly, there are no other positive solutions with n at most 10000.
I know some of these Diophantine questions succumb to ...

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2k views

### Fermat's Last Theorem in the cyclotomic integers.

Kummer proved that there are no non-trivial solutions to the Fermat equation FLT(n): $x^n + y^n = z^n$ with $n > 2$ natural and $x,y,z$ elements of a regular cyclotomic ring of integers $K$.
I am ...

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445 views

### Diophantine problem

I have reduced a knotty research problem to the following reasonable looking form:
Given any two integers $a$ and $b$, show that there are natural numbers $x_1,x_2,x_3$ and a (probaby negative) ...

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630 views

### Number Theory Representation of Primes

For a primes $p$ sufficiently large, does there always exists
positive integers $k,a,b\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $p=(k+1)(ab)+k(a+b)$ or equivalently
$p\equiv (ab)\bmod ((a+b)+ab)$?
Please note that ...

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**1**answer

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### Which types of Diophantine equations are solvable?

Is there a list somewhere of which types of Diophantine equations are solvable, which types are not solvable, and which types are not known to be solvable or not? (When I say solvable, I mean that we ...