# Tagged Questions

**1**

vote

**1**answer

134 views

### Link between integral points on varieties and solutions to Diophantine equations

Let $k$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of places of $k$ including the infinite ones and $F(X_1,\dots,X_n)$ a polynomial in $k[X_1,\dots,X_n]$.
I am looking for notes, books or surveys detailing ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### n-ary quadratic forms with $S$-integer values

Let $Q(x_1,\ldots,x_n):=x_1^2+\cdots+x_n^2$ be an $n$-ary quadratic form.
Given a finite set of (rational) primes $S$ is there an algorithm or theorem that describes all solutions to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

236 views

### Computational complexity of solution of Pell equation and more

What is computational complexity for computing integral solution of Pell equation .It seems to be in P ,and could any one give an algorithm and reference for proof of it's complexity?
And more,could ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Are there generating functions of rational or integral solutions of Diophantine equation that

As we know,there are generating functions for c.e.languages which are some retricted rational or algebraic or transcendental functions dependent on the class of languages like regular ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

268 views

### Number of solutions of linear homogenous Diophantine equation inside a box

Let $a_1, ..., a_d$ be positive reals and consider the linear Diophantine equation
$$
\sum_i a_in_i = 0.
$$
I am interested in estimating the number of integer solutions of this equation inside a ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

293 views

### (Non-)Existence of curves of low degree on affine and projective varieties

I am interested in papers that investigates the existence or non-existence of curves of low degree (relative to the degree of the ambient variety). The starting example is that of surfaces and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Reference request: on sums of the form $ax^m + by^n = h$

I know that equations of the form
$$\displaystyle ax^d + by^d = h$$
with $a,b,h \in \mathbb{Z}$ have been thoroughly investigated as a special (and interesting) case of the Thue-Mahler equation, for ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### The Theory of Transfinite Diophantine Equations [closed]

The theory of Diophantine equations is one of the main stream research areas in number theory. There are many known results and unknown conjectures about the existence of non-trivial solutions for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Relative size of Egyptian fraction denominators

Suppose we have a finite Egyptian fraction decomposition of a rational:
$$\frac{n}{m} = \sum_{i=1}^k \frac{1}{x_i}$$
such that
(i) $x_i>0$,
(ii) $x_i \neq x_j$ for $i \neq j$, and
(iii) $\gcd(m, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Erdős-Straus with 4 terms

The Erdős-Straus conjecture states that any fraction of the form $\frac{4}{n}$ can be decomposed as an Egyptian fraction with just 3 terms. In related research, I've recently come across conditions on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Hurwitz integers and $F_4$

The Hurwitz integers are
$$
\mathcal H=
\{a+bi+cj+dk:a,b,c,d\in\mathbb Z\;\text{ or } \;a,b,c,d\in \tfrac12+\mathbb Z\}.
$$
I want to know if there is a formula, for $m\in\mathbb Z$, for the number ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

283 views

### A good introduction to S unit equations

I was looking up some stuff when I stumbled across S unit equations. It seems to me that they are quite helpful in number theory, as given in this paper.
...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Are nontrivial integer solutions known for $x^3+y^3+z^3=3$?

The Diophantine equation
$$x^3+y^3+z^3=3$$
has four easy integer solutions: $(1,1,1)$ and the three permutations of $(4,4,-5)$. Elsenhans and Jahnel wrote in 2007 that these were all the solutions ...

**14**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Diophantine equation with no integer solutions, but with solutions modulo every integer

It's probably common knowledge that there are Diophantine equations which do not admit any solutions in the integers, but which admit solutions modulo $n$ for every $n$. This fact is stated, for ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

688 views

### English translation of Voronoi's dissertation

I am looking for an English translation of Voronoi's doctoral dissertation, "On a generalization of the Algorithm of Continued Fractions." I can only find it in the original Russian.