Hausdorff dimension, box dimension, packing dimension and similar concepts.

**30**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### What the heck is the Continuum Hypothesis doing in Weibel's Homological Algebra?

On page 98 of Weibel's An Introduction to Homological Algebra he mentions that the ring $R = \prod_{i=1}^\infty \mathbb{C}$ has global dimension $\geq 2$ with equality iff the continuum hypothesis ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Analogues of Luzin's theorem

If $X$ is a compact metric space and $\mu$ is a Borel probability measure on $X$, then the space $C(X)$ of continuous real-valued functions on $X$ is a closed nowhere dense subset of ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Krull dimension <= transcendence degree?

Let $k$ be a field, and $A$ a $k$-domain, so that the fraction field of $A$ has transcendence degree $n$ over $k$.
If $A$ is finitely-generated over $k$, then $A$ has Krull dimension $n$ (Theorem A ...

**17**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Pathological Examples of Dimension

I am trying to wrap my head around all the different notions of dimension (and their equivalences). To get a sense of this, it would be nice to know the subtle difficulties that arise. I thus think it ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Nonseparable example in dimension theory?

Could you give me an example of a complete metric space with covering dimension $> n$ all of which closed separable subsets have covering dimension $\le n$?
The question closely related to ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

504 views

### A “dimension” for Tychonoff spaces

It's well-known that any Tychonoff space $X$ can be embedded in $[0,1]^k$ for some cardinal $k$. It's natural to ask what the smallest such $k$ is (let's call it $k(X)$). However, this probably ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Area of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set ?

My second question about Shishikura's result :
Shishikura (1991) proved that the Hausdorff Dimension of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set equals 2, in this paper 1. In a sense, could we consider it ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

660 views

### infinite dimensional CAT(0) groups

Usually a CAT(0) group is defined to be a group acting properly isometrically and cocompactly on a CAT(0) space, but I would like to consider only those groups that act properly, isometrically and ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Dimension of subalgebras of a matrix algebra

If n is given and A is a subalgebra of M_n(C), the algebra of n-by-n matrices with entries in the field of complex numbers, then what are the possible values of dimension of A as a vector space over ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

354 views

### Dimensions of self-affine sets

Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix which we assume to be contracting, i.e., the exists $\alpha\in(0,1)$ such that
$$
\|A {\mathbf x}\|_2\le \alpha\|{\mathbf x}\|_2,\quad \forall {\mathbf x}\in\mathbb ...

**11**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Different definitions of the dimension of an algebra

I know of three ways to define the dimension of a finitely-generated commutative algebra A over a field F:
The Gelfand-Kirillov (GK) dimension, based on the growth of the Hilbert function.
The Krull ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

664 views

### Why do modules with small support have high Exts?

Let $M$ be a module over a ring $R$. In nice situations (though I don't know what exactly nice means...) the following two numbers are equal:
1.) The codimension of the support of $M$
2.) The ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

893 views

### Is there an axiomatic approach of the notion of dimension ?

There are many notions of dimension : algebraic, topological, Hausdorff, Minkowski... (and others).
While the topological one generalize the algebraic one, the last three need not coincide for every ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### Rank of a module

What's wrong with defining the rank of a finitely generated module over any (commutative) ring to be just the smallest number of generators? All books I know define rank only locally this way. But why ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Why do convex polytope options constrict with dimension, rather than expand?

There are an infinite number of regular polygons in the plane,
five regular polyhedra,
six regular polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^4$,
and then three regular polytopes in every dimension $d > 4$.
There ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Can dividing out a group action can increase the Lebesgue dimension ?

Given any space $X$ of Lebesgue dimension at most $n$. Suppose a group $G$ acts on $X$ continuously. Can the dimension of the quotient $G\backslash X$ exceed the dimension of $X$?
I know examples, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

496 views

### Non-Hölder continuous devil's staircases

Let $f:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ be a devil's staircase in the usual sense. (That is, $f$ is continuous, non-decreasing, $f'=0$ on a set of full Lebesgue measure.) We also require the complement to the set where ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

536 views

### Tessellating $\mathbb{R}^n$ by bricks.

Let us call the $\ell_1$-product of intervals $[0,k_1]\times...\times [0,k_n]$ a brick of size $k_1+...+k_n$. Consider a tessellation $T$ of $\mathbb{R^n}$ by (shifted) bricks so that every point ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

571 views

### When does the homological dimension of a tensor product equal the sum of dimensions?

The notion of dimension I prefer most is right global dimension, but the question can also be asked for other notions (e.g. weak dimension, injective dimension, Krull dimension). Letting $d$ be ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

400 views

### On some finiteness properties for schemes

Consider the following properties of scheme $X$:
A: $X$ is of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$
B: $X$ is Noetherian
C: $X$ is of finite Krull dimension
What implications are there between these ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

854 views

### Can we say anything about the Krull dimension of a localization?

I'm looking for a theorem of the form
If $R$ is a nice ring and $v$ is a reasonable element in $R$ then Kr.Dim$(R[\frac{1}{v}])$ must be either Kr.Dim$(R)$ or Kr.Dim$(R)-1$.
My attempts to do ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### More upper/lower semi-continuous functions in (algebraic) geometry?

The notion of upper/lower semi-continuity is sometimes encountered in algebraic geometry.
Here by upper semi-continuity one means a function on a topological space $f:X\rightarrow S$ with value in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### Arithmetic products of Cantor sets.

Let $A,B\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be two Cantor sets. What is known about the arithmetic product
$AB=\lbrace ab|a\in A, b\in B\rbrace$? In particular, what is known in the case that the sets are ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### Geometric measures different from Hausdorff

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}\newcommand{\calF}{\mathcal{F}}\newcommand{\diam}{\mathrm{diam}}$
In geometric measure theory there are various notions of $m$-dimensional measure for sets $A\subset ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

416 views

### Quantitative measurement of infinite dimensionality

I recently encountered the metric mean dimension, which is a numerical metric invariant of (discrete time, compact space) dynamical systems that refines topological entropy for infinite-entropy ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

535 views

### Converse of Principal Ideal Theorem

$(A, \mathfrak{m})$ a Noetherian local ring, $a\in\mathfrak{m}$ a zero divisor. Then is it true that $\mbox{dim}\ A/(a) = \mbox{dim}\ A$ ?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### How indepenedent of a chosen metric is the box-counting dimension? Is there a non-integral dimension which is defined for topological spaces?

Question 1. Given a topological space $X$ and two metrics $a$ and $b$ on it, compatible with the topology, what conditions should I impose on them so that box-counting (or other, for example ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

692 views

### Example in dimension theory

Could you give me an example of a complete metric space wiht covering dimension $> n$ all of which compact subsets have covering dimension $\le n$?

**4**

votes

**4**answers

606 views

### Determining a lower bound on the Hausdorff dimension of a set

Does anyone know of a good method for finding a lower bound of the Hausdorff dimension of a set $G$?
The only method I could find is to find an $\alpha$-Hölder function $f \colon G \to H$ then ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

643 views

### dimension of a real affine variety

Let $V$ be a real affine variety in $\mathbb R^n$, i.e. the zero set of a real polynomial $p(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. Consider the following three definitions of the dimension of $V$, $dim(V)$.
Definition ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

508 views

### Do constructible sets have Krull dimension?

Let $(I,\leq)$ be a poset. Recall that the Krull dimension of $I$ is defined as follows:
-- $K.dim(I)=-1$ if and only if $I=\{0\}$;
-- if $\alpha$ is an ordinal and we already defined what it means ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

682 views

### Topological dimension, is it local?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and $X$ be a complete metric space.
Assume that there is $\epsilon>0$ such that
$$\dim B_\epsilon(x)\le n$$
for any $x\in X$.
Is it true that $\dim X\le n$?
Here ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### Hutchinson's formula for asymptotically homogeneous Cantor sets

As everyone knows, the standard middle-thirds Cantor set is constructed by dividing the interval into three equal parts, removing the middle one, then applying the same procedure to the remaining two ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Lebesgue dimension of closures satisfying the Z-set condition

Given any subspace $A\subset X$ of a topological space with Lebesgue dimension $\le N$.
Let $\bar{A}$ denote the closure of $A$. Assume, that the pair $(\bar{A},A)$ satisfies the Z-set condition, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Is there a survey of recent work relating to the Hausdorff dimension of sets defined through some restriction of digits?

I am familiar with the work of Helmut Cajar, but his book is thirty years old and it's clear that there has been substantial progress since then. I have been spending a lot of time looking through ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Dimension of module

Does dimension of a module (say, dimension of its support) have anything to do with the supremum length of chains of prime submodules like rings?
Let's restrict to finitely generated modules over ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Multifractal Analysis and Dimension Spectrum of Unions

Consider the classical Multifractal Analysis, and the decomposition of the state space $X$ into level sets
$$X=\bigcup_{\alpha}\left\{x\mid d_\mu(x)=\alpha\right\}\cup\left\{x\mid d_\mu(x) ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

385 views

### minimum space dimension to place n-points knowing pairwise distances

Hi everyone,
Let P be a set of n points.
Assuming I know the pairwise distances for each pair of points.
What would be the minimum dimension of the space in which I could place those n points with ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

615 views

### How big can the Hausdorff dimension of a function graph get?

This question is inspired by How kinky can a Jordan curve get?
What is the least upper bound for the Hausdorff dimension of the graph of a real-valued, continuous function on an interval? Is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

651 views

### Hausdorff dimension of graphs .

Is there an easy way to calculate the Hausdorff dimension of the graph of a real "elementary" function, like $f(x)=\sin(1/x)$ ?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Hausdorff dimension of inverse images.

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Let $t \in (\inf(f), \sup(f))$ and define $C = f^{-1} (t)$. Is it true that the Hausdorff dimension of C is $\geq d -1$? If no how does ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Existence of small projective dimensioned modules

Suppose $A$ is a (if necessary unital) associative ring and $I$ is a left ideal in $A$. Let $\operatorname{pd}(M)$ denote the projective dimension of a left $A$-module $M$.
Then do either of the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

289 views

### Gaps in Dimension Polynomials

There are several notions of rank/dimension defined on differential fields. However, we do not have a reasonable way to estimate these typically ordinal valued invariants. Especially, we do now know a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Possible Hausdorff dimension of intersection of Besicovitch-Eggleston like sets

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and suppose that $v=(p_0,\cdots,p_{b-1})$ be a probability vector. Let $S_{b,v}$ be the set of real numbers whose $b$-ary expansion has the digit $k$ with relative ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

602 views

### Simple definition of the Hausdorff measure using squared paper

I am giving a "non-technical" seminar in which I would like to give an elementary introduction to the Hausdorff dimension and measure.
For simplicity, I was hoping to give a more intuitive ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Can the isoperimetric dimension of a d-generated group attain any value?

Background
The isoperimetric dimension of a finitely generated group $G$, which we denote by $\dim(G)$, is the largest number $d$ such that any Cayley graph $\Gamma$ of $G$ (constructed with respect ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Hausdorff dimension of subsets of the Mandelbot set.

Shishikura (1991) proved that the Hausdorff Dimension of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set equals 2, in this paper, but I can't figure out one thing : can we say all open subsets of this boundary has ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### A notion of a 'coarse', parametrized dimension of an object, where the parameter determines how finely we can distinguish (say) a very thin rod from a line

I apologize for the clumsy wording of the title-- what I'm looking for is a notion of an integer-valued dimension $d_{\epsilon}$, which we parametrize by a real positive number $\epsilon$, of, say, a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Is there a better function (linear or even a projection)?

Let $A$ be a finite $n$-element set. Let $\mathbb R^A$ be an $n$-dimensional Euclidean space (with the ordinary Euclidean distance). Let $X$ be an arbitrary topological space. Consider a continuous ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### dimension of induced comodule

Let $\pi : G \to H$ be epimorphism of Hopf superalgebras, where $G$ be an quantum super group of function on $GL(m|n)$, $H$ be an quantum group of function on $GL(m) \otimes GL(n)$; $W$ an finite ...