The study of differentiable manifolds and differentiable maps. One fundamental problem is that of classifying manifolds up to diffeomorphism. Differential topology is what Poincaré understood as topology or “analysis situs”.

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27 views

Determining the inside and outside of planar graphs by means of ray shooting [closed]

Consider an embedding of a circle in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$ splitting the plane into an outside and inside region (Jordan-Brouwer). Consider next a point $p$ in the plane. A standard procedure for ...
0
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0answers
113 views

Morse theory in zero dimensions? [closed]

Are there any known results for Morse theory of a compact 0-dimenionsal manifold (i.e. set of points)? In particular, can one define the analogue of a gradient flow for a finite set of points and ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...
0
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1answer
131 views

Marcel Berger's “Sur les groupes d'holonomie homogènes de variétés à connexion affine et des variétés riemanniennes.”

I would appreciate any reference that contains either a translation or proof of the main theorem in this paper. Thank you in advanced.
1
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0answers
33 views

Parametric Sard-Smale theorem - when is the generic set open?

I am learning Morse/Floer Theory and in my work on my master's thesis I want to apply the parametric Sard-Smale theorem. I.e. I consider a Banach bundle $\mathcal{L} \to \mathcal{M}\times \mathcal{G}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Reference request: Intrinsic definition of the strong Whitney topology on $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}(M,\mathbb{R})$ without using charts or jets

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds. There is a description of the strong Whitney topology on $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}(M,N)$ in terms of partial derivative in charts (using locally finite sets of charts ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

existence of totally geodesic hypersurfaces

Assume we are on a smooth, complete Riemannian manifold $(M,g), dim(M) \geq 3$. What are the specific geometric/topological constraints for such a manifold to admit complete, totally geodesic ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

Exponential rule for Whitney-$\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$-topology

Let $M,N,X$ be smooth manifolds. Equip the space of smooth functions between two manifolds with the (strong) Whitney- $\mathcal{C}^\infty$-topology. The evaluation map $$ev\colon ...
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0answers
89 views

Incorrect statement in a proof of the transversality theorem? [migrated]

I'm reading through Morris Hirsch's book on differential topology, and he makes the following offhand statement. Suppose k is a compact subset of a manifold U, and V is a vector subspace of R^n. If a ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Gradient vector fields defined with respect to two different metrics and Morse theory

Given a differentiable manifold $M$, we can equip $M$ with a Riemannian metric $g$ or $g'$ to generate a pair of Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(M,g')$, respectively. The gradient vector fields ...
0
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2answers
146 views

Special connection of vector bundle over real manifold

Let $E \rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$ and let $g$ be a bundle metric. Does there exists a conection (maybe unique) $\nabla$ which is compatible with $g$. By this I mean: ...
3
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0answers
72 views

The Free Loop Space of a Manifold $M$ when $M$ is not compact

In Klingenberg's Lectures on Closed Geodesics, before constructing the differentiable structure of the free loop space of a compact manifold $M$, he states that: A large part of the construction ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Perturbation of a Fredholm sections which preserves compactness of 0-set

I am learning Morse-Bott-Floer theory and found the following cool paper http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1310.5080 by P. Albers and D Hein. In order to prove a cup-length estimate on the number of critical ...
25
votes
1answer
958 views

When is there a submersion from a sphere into a sphere?

(First posted on math.SE, with no answers.) That is: For which positive integers $n, k \ge 1$ does there exist a submersion $S^{n+k} \to S^k$? The discussion at this math.SE question has ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Is there any topological information encoded by the zero locus of a complex Hessian?

On a Kahler manifold one can always find a function $K$ so that (up to some constant) the Kahler form $\omega$ can be written as $\omega = \partial \bar{\partial}K$ (sometimes, under conditions that I ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Non-orientable $6$-manifold with $H_4(M)=\mathbb{Z}/2$?

Does there exist a smooth, closed, non-orientable $6$-manifold $M$ such that $H_4(M;\mathbb{Z})=\mathbb{Z}/2$?
0
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0answers
40 views

Preimage of singular points of smooth map between vector space and $SU(n)$

(Moved from Math SE as no answer was forthcomming: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1294521/161684) Given a smooth ($C^{\infty}$) map $\phi: V \rightarrow SU(n)$ (which is taken to be surjective) ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Is the space of smooth maps $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ with the Whitney $C^{\infty}$ topology locally compact, if $M$ is compact

The title says it all: Let $M$ be a compact manifold and $N$ a (possible non compact) manifold. Equip the space of smooth functions $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ with the Whitney $C^{\infty}$ topology. (The ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
17
votes
1answer
458 views

Differential Topology over $\mathbb{Q}$

I have a specific question in mind, but it requires some explanation and context before it can be formally stated. To summarize it in a sentence, this is it: Are every two rational manifolds of the ...
15
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3answers
557 views

When can a class in $H^1(M;\mathbb{Z})$ be represented by a fiber bundle over $S^1$

For a topological space M, It is known from homotopy theory that the elements of the first cohomology $H^1(M;\mathbb{Z})$ are in 1-1 correspondence with homotopy classes of maps $[M,S^1]$ In my case ...
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votes
1answer
177 views

Loop space of manifold [closed]

Question A: The free loop space of a manifold is also a manifold? Question B: The free loop space of an algebraic variety is also a algebraic variety ? Are these questions asked or answered anywhere ...
0
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0answers
128 views

Gromov's defenition of Content of Ball

Let $B(p, R)$ denote the metric ball of radius $R$ centered at $p$ in a manifold. Then Gromov defined the content of the ball by $$Cont(B(p,R))=rank(H_*(B(p, R/5))\to H_*(B(p,R))) $$ and he remark ...
8
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1answer
236 views

is there a diffeomorphism with only finite orbits but of infinite order?

I asked this in stackexchange, but got no answer, so I am trying here. Is it possible for a diffeomorphism $\phi$ (of a smooth manifold $M$) to have the following properties: All its orbits are ...
6
votes
3answers
366 views

When a homeomorphism is a diffeomorphism w.r.t to a suitable smooth structure?

Assume we have a homeomoprhism $\phi:M\rightarrow M$, where $M$ is a topological manifold which admits at least one smooth structure. Is it always possible to construct a smooth structure on $M$ ...
3
votes
0answers
177 views

Do J-holomorphic curves “very nearly” fail to be an immersion near the bubbling points?

Let $u_{t}: \mathbb{P}^1 \longrightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$ be a family of degree $2$ maps defined (for $t$ small and non zero) by $$u_t([X,Y]) := [X^2, t Y^2, XY].$$ Note that as $t$ goes to zero, ...
6
votes
2answers
289 views

Charts needed for an atlas

I just read this question link and asked myself, if there is any easy way to decide how many charts you actually need to cover a given compact manifold in $\mathbb{R}^3$, maybe at least in this ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

manifold branched covering space for orbifolds

An orbifold structure on some topological space $X$ is a covering of $X$ with local quotient charts $V/G$, where $V$ is some connected manifold and $G$ effectively acts on $V$ via a finite group of ...
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votes
4answers
441 views

Studying topology: which first, algebraic or differential? [closed]

I have recently studying the basics of topology (ideas in point set, connectedness compactness) and I want to continue my studies but i'm interested in both differential and algebraic topology. which ...
1
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0answers
160 views

How does a level set look like when the minimum point of a function degenerate?

I apologize in advance if this question is well-known. I would like to know an explicit example of a compact, connected manifold $M$ and a smooth function $f: M \to\mathbb{R}$ which satisfy the ...
0
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0answers
52 views

Product structure on manifolds via lifting classifying maps

Let's say you want to study $d$-dimensional manifolds $M$ which decompose functorially into $M\cong N\times P$ for a fixed $P$. Can this structure be expressed by a lift of the stable normal bundle? ...
10
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1answer
289 views

Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere

What is the Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere? What about the stable Morse number?
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Closed geodesics in free smooth loop space?

I know very little about these subjects, so I apologise if this is a naive line of inquiry: Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I understand that it is possible to construct an ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Cohomology operators inducing local basis of $1-$forms

Suppose that $\partial$ is a non-trivial ($\partial \neq 0$) cohomology operator on an $m-$dimensional manifold $M$ (that is: $\partial:\Omega(M)\to\Omega(M)$ is a degree $1$ derivation such that ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

Shrinking $\mathcal{C}_c^{\infty}(M)$ to obtain a first countable space

This is a follow-up to this question. Let $M$ be manifold (Hausdorff, countable base, finite dimensional, if it simplifies anything embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$). I'm interested in the topological ...
4
votes
2answers
385 views

How many metrics of constant curvature exist on a Riemannian surface?

I have been trying to determine the number of metrics of constant curvature on a surface of genus $n$, say $\Sigma$. For low values, the answer is clear, the moduli space is a point for the sphere, ...
7
votes
3answers
329 views

Classification of natural invariants of Riemannian structures

Before I formulate my question, let me remind P. B. Gilkey's characterization of Pontryagin forms,following the paper "On the heat equation and the index theorem" by Atiyah, Bott, Patodi. By ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Smoothing operator raising the smoothness exactly by one

Is there a continuous map $S: C^k(M)\to C^{k+1}(M)$ with the following properties? (1) if $S(f)$ is $C^{k+2}$, then $f$ is $C^{k+1}$, (2) if $f$ is $C^\infty$, then so is $S(f)$, (3) $f$ and $S(f)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Ehresmann fibration theorem for manifolds with boundary

All manifolds in consideration may have nonempty boundary and may be disconnected. Let me fix a definition first. A map between smooth manifolds $M\rightarrow N$ is a fiber bundle, iff it's locally ...
6
votes
2answers
369 views

Relating different topologies on $C^{\infty}_c(M)$

This is somehow connected to this question. I can think of at least four topologies to put on $C_c(M)$: Topologize $C^{\infty}_c(M)\subseteq C^{\infty}(M)$ as a subspace with the weak Whitney ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

When does the Borel construction have the homotopy type of a CW-complex?

Suppose that $G$ is a Lie group acting smoothly on a manifold $M,$ does the Borel $M \times_G EG$ construction have the homotopy type of a CW-complex? If not, under what conditions would this be true? ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Are normal deformations of an embedding open in the $C^{\infty}$-space of embeddings of a compact smooth manifold`

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold (closed, for simplicity), $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and equip the space of embeddings $Emb(M,\mathbb{R^n})$ wih the Whitney-$C^{\infty}$-topology. (The weak and the strong ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Analogue of the Euler class of a circle bundle and the global angular form

This is a general question that asks whether there is geometric significance to differential forms that restrict to G-invariant volume elements on the fibers of a principal G-bundle. For an SO(2) ...
7
votes
2answers
656 views

Stokes theorem with corners

I've found the following version of Stokes' theorem in G. Stolzenberg's lecture notes 19: Notation: for $1 \le n \le m$ $\Lambda(m, n) = \{ \lambda: \{1,...,n\} \rightarrow \{1,...,m\} \ | \ ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

References on the Free Loop Space

I intend to approach the paper of Wolfgang Ziller: "The Free Loop Space of Globally Symmetric Spaces", but I need the proper background on the foundations of the study of Free Loop Spaces. I obtained ...
8
votes
2answers
232 views

A kind of uniqueness for the double of a manifold

Given two smooth, connected manifolds, M, N, with the same boundary. If their doubles, D(M) and D(N) are diffeomorphic, does it follow that M and N are diffeomorphic ? The condition on the boundary is ...
5
votes
0answers
147 views

proving the injectivity half of de Rham's theorem by construction in degrees other than $1$ and $n$

(This is a revision of a question I asked on MSE.) Let $M$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $n$, and let $\omega$ be a differential form of degree $p$ on $M$. Then we have (I'm pretty sure) the ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Why does the Gluck twist on a spun knot give the standard $S^4$?

Given a knotted arc $A \subset D^3$ (whose endpoints are, say, at $(\pm 1,0,0)$), the spun knot on this arc is $$\partial\left((D^3, A) \times D^2\right), = (\partial(D^3,A) \times D^2) \cup ((D^3,A) ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Estimates of eigenvalues of elliptic operators on compact manifolds

The classical Weyl law says that if $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator on functions on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$, $n>2$, then its $k$th eigenvalue satisfies the asymptotic formula ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Classification of $SU(n)$-principal bundles over a four-dimensional base

It is well-known that a principal $SU(2)$-bundle $P$ over a four-dimensional manifold $M$ is topologically classified by its second Chern-class $c_{2}(P)\in H^{4}(M,\mathbb{Z})$, as explained for ...