The study of differentiable manifolds and differentiable maps. One fundamental problem is that of classifying manifolds up to diffeomorphism. Differential topology is what Poincaré understood as topology or “analysis situs”.

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Homogeneous regular manifolds

In order to solve the well-known Plateau-Problem on a general (non-compact) Riemannian 3-manifold, Morrey first introduced the condition of homogeneous regularity and defined it in the following way: ...
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73 views

Degree of map into Lie group representation

Suppose $M$ is a smooth manifold with unit volume and that $G$ is a compact Lie group of the same dimension. Given a smooth map $\phi: M\rightarrow G$, we can compute the degree of $\phi$ as: ...
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1answer
54 views

Set of density matrices

A density matrix is a matrix $\rho \in \mathscr{D}:=\{A \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}; A^*=A; \operatorname{tr}(A)=1; A \ge 0\}.$ In Quantum Mechanics it is natural to look at a group action $\Phi: ...
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150 views

Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms. Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case? How does the ...
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2answers
301 views

Riemannian metrics preserved by diffeomorphisms

Let $f \neq Id$ be a diffeomorphism (of a smooth manifold $M$) which admits some Riemannain metric on $M$ making it an isometry. How many different metrics are preserved by $f$? Note that ...
6
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1answer
213 views

Differential geometry without the Hausdorff condition or the second axiom of countability

I would like to know how the standard differential geometry of manifolds would change if we didn't assume the Hausdorff condition and/or the second axiom of countability. There are some simple things ...
6
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1answer
182 views

How does one identify flow lines on a vector bundle with those on the base in Morse theory?

In Chapter 4.2 of Schwarz's book on Morse homology there is a brief discussion of Morse theory on the total space of a smooth vector bundle $E \to M$. In particular, one can take the Morse function ...
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73 views

Integral curves on non compact manifolds [closed]

Define a vector field on $\mathbb{R}^d$ by $X = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_{d}}$. That is a vector field that always points upward along the $x_{d}$-axis. Consider starting at any point $p \in ...
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1answer
193 views

Generalising the parametric transversality theorem to a foliation

The parametric transversality theorem states that, given a parameterised family of smooth maps of $C^{\infty}$ manifolds $\phi_s:M \rightarrow N$ and a submanifold $R < N$ then for almost all ...
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1answer
146 views

Orientability of Surfaces and the Fundamental Group [closed]

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact riemannian 3-manifold and $\Sigma \subset M$ an embedded compact surface homeomorphic to the projective plane. Consider the application $i_\#:\pi_1(\Sigma)\to \pi_1(M)$ given ...
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68 views

diagonal stratum in symmetric product

Fix a Riemann surface $(\Sigma, j )$ and a partition $\pi: r=\Sigma a_in_i$ for integer $a_i \ge 1, n_i \ge 1$, there is a diagonal stratum $\chi_{\pi}$ indexed by $\pi$ comprising the image of the ...
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34 views

A questions related to the Markus conjecture for special affine manifolds

An affine manifold $M$ is called special if there is a parallel volume form $\omega$ on $M$, and a nowhere vanishing vector field $\mathcal{V}.$ Here we need to point out that any affine manifold of ...
3
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2answers
165 views

Conditions on a Lorentzian manifold to ensure existence of global proper-time foliation?

I am wondering what conditions a Lorentzian manifold $(M,g)$ must satisfy to ensure the existence of a global proper-time foliation (i.e. a decomposition of $M$ into spacelike Cauchy hypersurfaces and ...
6
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1answer
226 views

Four-dimensional vector bundles over $S^4$, intuition?

I know that $\pi_3(SO(4)) = \mathbb{Z} \oplus \mathbb{Z}$. We can choose an explicit identification as follows: given $(i, j) \in \mathbb{Z}$, we have a map $\phi: S^3 \to SO(4)$ which sends a unit ...
6
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0answers
149 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
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1answer
80 views

Submersion theorem for smooth tame Frechet manifolds

If $M$ and $N$ are Banach manifolds, $f:M\rightarrow N$ is a smooth map, and $q\in N$ is a regular value, so $f$ is a submersion on $f^{-1}(q)$, it is well known that the level set $f^{-1}(q)$ is a ...
3
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71 views

What is an intuitive explanation of the Hopf fibration and the twisted Hopf fibration? [migrated]

As the question suggests, what is an intuitive explanation of the Hopf fibration and the twisted Hopf fibration? I not a topologist by trade and I find the concept kind of hard to understand... Thanks ...
2
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87 views

cross-sections of a sphere bundle

Let $M$ be a $m$-manifold and $M_0$ a submanifold of $M$. Let $X$ be a pointed topological space. In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, ...
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0answers
82 views

How close (Homology-wise) can we approximate a topological manifold with a PL or smooth one?

Sorry if this question is to naive or badly phrased. I am curious about the following problem, given a manifold $M$, how "close" can we find a smooth or PL manifold, $N$, with a map $f:N\to M$. The ...
2
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1answer
193 views

Construction of appropriate Morse functions

I am interested in the properties of connectedness of level sets of Morse functions. Let $M$ a compact smooth $n$-manifold, and $1\leq k<n$. Is it possible to construct $k$ Morse functions ...
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1answer
110 views

Exotic C^k manifolds

How much is known about exotic $C^k$-manifolds? For example, Is it known whether there are $C^k$-differentiable manifolds that are homeomorphic, but not $C^k$ diffeomorphic? More generally, is it ...
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1answer
114 views

Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...
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1answer
101 views

Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...
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1answer
138 views

Marcel Berger's “Sur les groupes d'holonomie homogènes de variétés à connexion affine et des variétés riemanniennes.”

I would appreciate any reference that contains either a translation or proof of the main theorem in this paper. Thank you in advanced.
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44 views

Parametric Sard-Smale theorem - when is the generic set open?

I am learning Morse/Floer Theory and in my work on my master's thesis I want to apply the parametric Sard-Smale theorem. I.e. I consider a Banach bundle $\mathcal{L} \to \mathcal{M}\times \mathcal{G}$ ...
3
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1answer
157 views

Reference request: Intrinsic definition of the strong Whitney topology on $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}(M,\mathbb{R})$ without using charts or jets

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds. There is a description of the strong Whitney topology on $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}(M,N)$ in terms of partial derivative in charts (using locally finite sets of charts ...
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1answer
196 views

existence of totally geodesic hypersurfaces

Assume we are on a smooth, complete Riemannian manifold $(M,g), dim(M) \geq 3$. What are the specific geometric/topological constraints for such a manifold to admit complete, totally geodesic ...
4
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2answers
186 views

Exponential rule for Whitney-$\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$-topology

Let $M,N,X$ be smooth manifolds. Equip the space of smooth functions between two manifolds with the (strong) Whitney- $\mathcal{C}^\infty$-topology. The evaluation map $$ev\colon ...
2
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0answers
74 views

Gradient vector fields defined with respect to two different metrics and Morse theory

Given a differentiable manifold $M$, we can equip $M$ with a Riemannian metric $g$ or $g'$ to generate a pair of Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(M,g')$, respectively. The gradient vector fields ...
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2answers
150 views

Special connection of vector bundle over real manifold

Let $E \rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$ and let $g$ be a bundle metric. Does there exists a conection (maybe unique) $\nabla$ which is compatible with $g$. By this I mean: ...
3
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75 views

The Free Loop Space of a Manifold $M$ when $M$ is not compact

In Klingenberg's Lectures on Closed Geodesics, before constructing the differentiable structure of the free loop space of a compact manifold $M$, he states that: A large part of the construction ...
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45 views

Perturbation of a Fredholm sections which preserves compactness of 0-set

I am learning Morse-Bott-Floer theory and found the following cool paper http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1310.5080 by P. Albers and D Hein. In order to prove a cup-length estimate on the number of critical ...
25
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1answer
997 views

When is there a submersion from a sphere into a sphere?

(First posted on math.SE, with no answers.) That is: For which positive integers $n, k \ge 1$ does there exist a submersion $S^{n+k} \to S^k$? The discussion at this math.SE question has ...
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70 views

Is there any topological information encoded by the zero locus of a complex Hessian?

On a Kahler manifold one can always find a function $K$ so that (up to some constant) the Kahler form $\omega$ can be written as $\omega = \partial \bar{\partial}K$ (sometimes, under conditions that I ...
7
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1answer
223 views

Non-orientable $6$-manifold with $H_4(M)=\mathbb{Z}/2$?

Does there exist a smooth, closed, non-orientable $6$-manifold $M$ such that $H_4(M;\mathbb{Z})=\mathbb{Z}/2$?
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46 views

Preimage of singular points of smooth map between vector space and $SU(n)$

(Moved from Math SE as no answer was forthcomming: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1294521/161684) Given a smooth ($C^{\infty}$) map $\phi: V \rightarrow SU(n)$ (which is taken to be surjective) ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Is the space of smooth maps $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ with the Whitney $C^{\infty}$ topology locally compact, if $M$ is compact

The title says it all: Let $M$ be a compact manifold and $N$ a (possible non compact) manifold. Equip the space of smooth functions $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ with the Whitney $C^{\infty}$ topology. (The ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
17
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1answer
488 views

Differential Topology over $\mathbb{Q}$

I have a specific question in mind, but it requires some explanation and context before it can be formally stated. To summarize it in a sentence, this is it: Are every two rational manifolds of the ...
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3answers
572 views

When can a class in $H^1(M;\mathbb{Z})$ be represented by a fiber bundle over $S^1$

For a topological space M, It is known from homotopy theory that the elements of the first cohomology $H^1(M;\mathbb{Z})$ are in 1-1 correspondence with homotopy classes of maps $[M,S^1]$ In my case ...
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1answer
183 views

Loop space of manifold [closed]

Question A: The free loop space of a manifold is also a manifold? Question B: The free loop space of an algebraic variety is also a algebraic variety ? Are these questions asked or answered anywhere ...
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135 views

Gromov's defenition of Content of Ball

Let $B(p, R)$ denote the metric ball of radius $R$ centered at $p$ in a manifold. Then Gromov defined the content of the ball by $$Cont(B(p,R))=rank(H_*(B(p, R/5))\to H_*(B(p,R))) $$ and he remark ...
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1answer
244 views

is there a diffeomorphism with only finite orbits but of infinite order?

I asked this in stackexchange, but got no answer, so I am trying here. Is it possible for a diffeomorphism $\phi$ (of a smooth manifold $M$) to have the following properties: All its orbits are ...
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3answers
394 views

When a homeomorphism is a diffeomorphism w.r.t to a suitable smooth structure?

Assume we have a homeomoprhism $\phi:M\rightarrow M$, where $M$ is a topological manifold which admits at least one smooth structure. Is it always possible to construct a smooth structure on $M$ ...
3
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0answers
182 views

Do J-holomorphic curves “very nearly” fail to be an immersion near the bubbling points?

Let $u_{t}: \mathbb{P}^1 \longrightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$ be a family of degree $2$ maps defined (for $t$ small and non zero) by $$u_t([X,Y]) := [X^2, t Y^2, XY].$$ Note that as $t$ goes to zero, ...
6
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2answers
297 views

Charts needed for an atlas

I just read this question link and asked myself, if there is any easy way to decide how many charts you actually need to cover a given compact manifold in $\mathbb{R}^3$, maybe at least in this ...
4
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0answers
172 views

manifold branched covering space for orbifolds

An orbifold structure on some topological space $X$ is a covering of $X$ with local quotient charts $V/G$, where $V$ is some connected manifold and $G$ effectively acts on $V$ via a finite group of ...
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4answers
526 views

Studying topology: which first, algebraic or differential? [closed]

I have recently studying the basics of topology (ideas in point set, connectedness compactness) and I want to continue my studies but i'm interested in both differential and algebraic topology. which ...
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170 views

How does a level set look like when the minimum point of a function degenerate?

I apologize in advance if this question is well-known. I would like to know an explicit example of a compact, connected manifold $M$ and a smooth function $f: M \to\mathbb{R}$ which satisfy the ...