The study of differentiable manifolds and differentiable maps. One fundamental problem is that of classifying manifolds up to diffeomorphism. Differential topology is what Poincaré understood as topology or “analysis situs”.

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6
votes
1answer
190 views

Immersion of $S^1$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that can be extended to $\mathbb{D}$

I was wondering about $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ immersions $S^1 \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ which are the restriction to $\partial \mathbb{D}$ of an immersion $\overline{\mathbb{D}} \longrightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Decomposition of Lefschetz fibrations into surface bundles and Lefschetz fibrations over spheres

Assume that $M$ is a Lefschetz fibration with fiber genus $g$ over a base of genus $h>0$ (with at least one singular fiber). What obstructions exist to decomposing $M$ into a surface bundle $S$ of ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Simply-connected 4-manifolds can be blown up and down to complex projective planes. How about non-simply-connected ones?

There is a nice theorem that for every simply connected, closed, smooth, oriented manifold $M$, we have for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$: $$M \# \left(\mathop{\#}^m \left(\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2 \# ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Branch point and alexandrov embeddedness

This is a question I have asked on mathstackexchange with a bounty but without any answer; it is probably more adapted to mathoverflow: Let us assume that $\Sigma_n$ is a sequence of topological ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Self-diffeomorphisms of $\mathbb{R}^2$

I guess my question is very vague. Let $\phi: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be an orientation-preserving diffeomorphism that fixes the origin. Does $\phi$ take any sort of "normal form" if we allow ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Differential topology, maximal isotropy of a manifold

I am interested in the degree of isotropy of a connected (by arc) manifold in general. Is it true that every connected manifold M (of dimension n) is maximally isotropic in the sense that you can ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Brouwer fixed points via flow

Let $B$ be a closed ball in $n$-dimensional space, let $f$ be a "sufficiently smooth" map from $B$ to $B$, and let $p$ be a point on the boundary of $B$. It seems to me that something like the ...
5
votes
2answers
225 views

What are TQFTs that are multiplicative under connected sums? Do bordisms with connected sum as monoidal product exist?

In general, one extracts a manifold invariant from a TQFT by interpreting the closed manifold as a bordism from the empty set to the empty set. The TQFT sends this bordism to a homomorphism of the ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

How to prove that all smooth vector bundles on a given vector bundle are the pull back of a vector bundle on the base [migrated]

Recently, during a conversation, I heard about the result (previously mentioned also here on MO), whose statement is reported below. Not having the specific background necessary to reconstruct a proof ...
3
votes
0answers
199 views

A lifting problem

Let $E\overset{\pi'}{\longrightarrow} B'$ and $E\overset{\pi}{\longrightarrow} B$ be vector bundles. For $i=0,1$, let $f_i$ be a fiber-preserving open embeddings of $\pi'$ into $\pi$, with $g_i$ the ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Geometric Proof of the Hirzebruch Signature Theorem (i.e. using Connections)

Is there a geometric proof of the Hirzebruch Signature Theorem, that is to say: Is the a proof that does not use the topological definition of the Chern/Pontrijagin classes, but only the Chern--Weil ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Thom-Pontryagin construction for pairs

Is there a generalization of the Thom-Pontryagin construction in the following sense? Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $\partial M=A\cup B$ where $A$ and $B$ are $m-1$-manifolds with a common boundary ...
12
votes
0answers
154 views

What do tangles teach us about braids?

A braid is a smooth level-preserving embedding $f\colon\, \{1,2,\ldots,n\}\times[0,1]\hookrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 \times [0,1]$ such that $f(k,0)=(k,0)$ and $f(k,1) \in \{1,2,\ldots,n\} \times ...
12
votes
2answers
520 views

Does every compact manifold exhibit an almost global chart

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold. Is there a chart $\Psi:U \to \mathbb{R}^n$ such that the closure of $U$ is $M$? This is true for $S^n, T^n, K$, all compact surfaces, etc. If it is not true in ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Connected representant of a framed cobordism class (reference needed)

Let $N^n\subseteq M^m$ be a submanifold with a framing of the normal bundle, $2n<m$. Then $N^n$ is framed cobordant (in $M^m$) to something connected. I believe it could be proved by directly ...
5
votes
0answers
202 views

Are inclusions from spaces of $C^\infty$ sections into spaces of $C^k$ sections homotopy equivalences?

[EDIT: The answer to my original question was obviously no, as user56365 pointed out. Here is what I should have asked.] For finite-dimensional smooth manifolds $E,M$, let $E\to M$ be a smooth fibre ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Connection between framed cobordisms and zero sets

Let $W\subseteq M\times[0,1]$ be a framed submanifold (a framed cobordism in $M$) and $2w<m-1$ where $w,m=\dim W,M$. Assume that $M$ is compact and that $W\cap M\times \{0\}$ is the zero set of a ...
11
votes
0answers
320 views

Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...
6
votes
2answers
137 views

Topological relationships between family of transversal intersections of manifolds

Let $M$ and $N$ be submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $a(t)$ be a smooth path in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $M+a(t)$ intersects $N$ transversally for all $t \in [0,1]$. Is there a nice relationship ...
-1
votes
1answer
76 views

Generalized Leibniz rule [closed]

Suppose on a manifold $M$ we have a differential operator $D$ of order 1 from the smooth sections $C^\infty(M, E)$ to smooth sections $C^\infty(M, F)$, where $E$ and $F$ are vector bundles of rank $n$ ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Extending diffeomorphisms of some faces of the standard $n$- simplex to a diffeomorphism of the $n$-simplex

I would be grateful if you could help me with the following question: Let $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and $k\in \{1, \ldots, n+1\}$. For every $i=1, ..., k$ let $f_i : \partial_i \Delta^n \rightarrow ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Analytic maps in homotopy classes

Let $\mathcal M$ be a compact connected real-analytic manifold. It is well known that every continuous map $f\colon\mathcal M\to\mathbb S^1$ is homotopic to a smooth map. My question is the following. ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

General information on sets of pairwise transverse submanifolds

I am looking for general information on the following definition: Given a manifold $M$, let $T_k(M)$ be the set containing all sets of pairwise transversal submanifolds on $M$ of dimension $k$. So ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Continuousness Property of the Map Space $\mathcal{M}(W,M)$

If $W$ and $M$ are manifolds we write $\mathcal{M}(W,M)$ for the set of differential maps of $W$ into $M$.The set is equipped with the $C^{r}-$ topology for some fixed $r$ with $1\leqslant ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

A reference for an equivariant Morse Lemma

Does anybody knows a reference for the following statement? Let $S^1$ acts on $\mathbb{C}^n$ in the usual (diagonal) way and $f:\mathbb{C}^n\to\mathbb{R}$ a smooth $S^1$-invariant function defined in ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Frechet Derivative in General Topological Vector Space

If I have a two Hausdorff topological vector spaces, $E$ and $F$ and a mapping $f:E\to F$, is it possible to have a meaningful notion of the derivative of $f$ if the space cannot be endowed with a ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Boundary of an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$

Let $U$ be an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$. Since $\partial U$ is a rectifiable set it follows that up to a set of $H^{n-1}$-measure zero $\partial U$ is contained in a countable ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

restriction to the boundary in Morse theory

Given a compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$. There is a natural pullback map $$ H^*(M) \to H^*(\partial M) $$ I'm wondering if there is a reference that: 1) constructs this map in ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

local approximation of a vector field on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $V$ be a $C^{\infty}$ vector field on $M$. Is it possible to locally approximate $V$ by gradient vector fields $\nabla f_i$, such that the ...
4
votes
2answers
182 views

Question about lower homology class of cobordism

Assume there are three differential oriented manifold $M_0$, $M_1$, $W$ with $\partial W= M_0 \coprod -M_1$. Denote dim $M_0$=dim $M_1$=n, and dim W=n+1. We know that for the highest homology class, ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

cell decomposition of real homogeneous hypersurfaces

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a homogeneous polynomial and consider the real hypersurface $H=\{(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}^n:f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)=1\}$. Assume to simplify ...
0
votes
1answer
238 views

determinant of integrals of forms

Let $A$ be a complex abelian variety of dimension $d$. Let $\omega_1, \ldots, \omega_j \in H^0(A, \Omega^1_A)$ be linearly independent (so $j \leq d$) and consider $\gamma_1, \ldots, \gamma_j \in ...
11
votes
3answers
744 views

Which submanifolds are zero sets of $\mathbb{R}^n$-valued maps?

If $M$ is a smooth, compact, orientable manifold, then any framed submanifold $N$ is the preimage $f^{-1}(y) $ for a smooth sphere-valued map $f$ transversal to $y$, with the framing of the normal ...
4
votes
1answer
489 views

The space of diffeomorphisms on a manifold

It is well known that given a compact connected smooth manifold without boundary $M$, the set of diffeomorphisms $Diff^{r}(M)$ of $M$ for $r≥1$, is open in $C^{r}(M)$, the set of continuous functions ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Topology of fibers of operators under C^{\infty} convergence

A smooth family of maps $f_t : L^2 (\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is given, with $t \in (0,1]$. Suppose that when $t \rightarrow 0$ the family restricted to balls of given radius converges ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Circle Bundles of surfaces

Let S be a surface with a metric of constant curvature and finite area. Is there a classification of the circle bundles over S?
2
votes
2answers
204 views

manifolds with unusual rational cohomology rings

I'm looking for examples of 3-manifolds with unusual rational cohomology rings. I'm curious about what the cup product structure can actually look like, and I'd like some examples to play with. Does ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

What is the space of pairwise distances associated with $n$-tuples of points on a circle?

Let $\mathbb{T}^n$ be the $n$-dimensional torus with coordinates $\mathbf{z}=(z_1,\dots,z_n)$ (so that each $z_i\in[-\pi,\pi)$ is a coordinate on a one-dimensional circle). For each ...
14
votes
3answers
296 views

Existence of sections of the evaluation map for the diffeomorphism group

Let $M$ be a closed connected oriented smooth manifold and $\mathrm{Diff}_{+}(M)$ the group of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of $M$ endowed with the compact-open topology. Pick a base point ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Question about embeddings of connected sum of manifolds [duplicate]

If $M_j,j=1,2$are smooth manifolds and we have two embeddings $i_j:M_j\to\mathbf{R}^k(j=1,2)$(with $k$ fixed). How can we construct a embedding of the connected sum $M_1\sharp M_2$ into ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Invariant of isotopy of curves in a surface.

Suppose $S_g$ is a sorface of genus $g>1$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ be two simple closed curves containing points $p_1, p_2$. Suppose $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are isotopic. Now there can be ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

The Jordan-Brouwer Separation Theorem for Manifold

I have read the paper The Jordan-Brouwer Seperation Theorem written by Wolfgang Schmaltz. The main result in paper is below Any compact, connected hypersurface $X$ in $\mathbb R^n$ will divide ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

$C^1$ stability conjecture on non-compact manifolds

In the study of dynamical systems, the link between structural stability and Smale's Axiom A has been explored by many authors. One of the important outcomes of this endeavor was the proof of $C^1$ ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Total differential of Lipschitz submanifolds embedding

My interest is analysis on Lipschitz manifolds. I want to define traces of differential forms on a Lipschitz submanifold $N$ of a Lipschitz manifold $M$. In other words, I want to push-forward ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Genericity of maps which are transverse when restricted to a submanifold

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds, and $A\subset M$, $B\subset N$ be smooth embedded submanifolds. I am looking for a reference for a theorem on the following lines: The set of smooth maps $h\in ...
9
votes
1answer
285 views

How to flow submanifolds?

Motivation We want a consistent way of perturbing a submanifold away from itself. For $0$-dimensional submanifolds, this is the same data as a nowhere-vanishing vector field: we may flow the points ...
15
votes
1answer
355 views

Idempotents split in category of smooth manifolds?

In his paper "Qualitative Distinctions Between Some Toposes of Generalized Graphs" (reproduced here), page 267, Lawvere says that the idempotent-splitting completion of the category of open sets of ...
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Does there exist any subspace of R^n, homeomorhic to a manifold but not a C^0 submanifold of R^n?

At first I thought that if a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is homeomorphic to a manifold, then it is a $C^0$ submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$. But I found an asterisked exercise in the book Differential ...
4
votes
0answers
232 views

Hirzebruch's ICM talk

Is there an English translation of Hirzebruch's 1958 ICM lecture note: KOMPLEXE MANNIGFALTIGKEITEN Thank you very much!