# Tagged Questions

**10**

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**0**answers

617 views

### How hard is it to make a differential operator Hermitian?

Let $M$ be a closed finite-dimensional smooth manifold (over $\mathbb R$). Let $C^\infty(M) = C^\infty(M,\mathbb C)$ be the algebra of smooth complex-valued functions on $M$, with the natural complex ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action.
I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...

**7**

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**0**answers

325 views

### Why should the Laplacian in $\mathbb{C}^n$ act on a specific line bundle over the quadric $x^2=0$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n-1}$?

I recently encountered the following nice fact, and I'm wondering if it's part of a more general story.
Let $x\in \mathbb{C}^n$ satisfy
$$x^2:=\sum_i x_i^2 = 0,$$
and consider functions $f(x)$ ...

**7**

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**0**answers

279 views

### Between Being a Connection and Being an Elliptic Operator

Let $E$ be a smooth complex vector bundle over a smooth compact manifold $M$ and let $H$ be the $Z_{2}$-graded (with the $Z_{2}$-grading given by even/odd forms) Hilbert space of $L_{2}$ (with respect ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Noncommutative geometry and line length

I would like to understand, in some formal sense, the relation between the Dirac operator and the line length introduced by Connes in noncommutative geometry. If $D$ is the Dirac operator, he sets $ds ...

**5**

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**0**answers

294 views

### Kernel of Bianchi operator: Is a (smooth tame) Frechet manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, $\mathcal{S}=\Gamma(\odot^2T^*M)$ the smooth tame Frechet space of smooth symmetric $2$-covariant tensors, and $\mathcal{M}=\Gamma(\odot^2_+T^*M)$ the smooth tame ...

**5**

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131 views

### Does the normal ordered product on differential operators lift to $U\left(\mathfrak{gl}_n\right)$ ?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Let $\Omega$ denote the $k$-algebra of polynomial differential operators on $n$ variables $x_1$, $x_2$, ..., $x_n$ over $k$. (The multiplication in ...

**5**

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**0**answers

171 views

### Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...

**4**

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**0**answers

351 views

### Monodromy of differential equations

Let $D$ an ordinary differential equation (let's assume $D$ only has regular singularities). Suppose $D$ = $D_0$$\partial$, where $\partial$ is $q\frac{d}{dq}$ My question is: Does there exist any ...

**4**

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303 views

### Why should we consider D-module on flag variety of Lie algebra?

Why don't we stay at D-module on base affine space but go to study flag variety of Lie algebra?
I remembered there are nice papers of Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand and Gelfand-Kirillov discussing the ...

**3**

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**0**answers

62 views

### Chain rule for weakly differentiable functions

Given are $f\in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, $f>0$, such that $\log f\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb R^n)$ and $\nabla \log f = g$ in the sense of distributions, with $g\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb R^n)\cap ...

**3**

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**0**answers

54 views

### Boundedness Spectral Triple Axioms for de Rham Complex

In Connes' axioms for a spectral triple $(A,H,D)$, they have a representation of an algebra $A$ in bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$, and (unbounded) operator $D$, such that $[D,a]$ is bounded. ...

**3**

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278 views

### Radon-Nikodym derivatives as limits of ratios

Let $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ be measures with $\mu_1 \ll \mu_2$. Suppose we can characterize (a version of) their Radon-Nikodym derivative this way:
$$\frac{d\mu_1}{d\mu_2}(x) = \lim_{n \to \infty} ...

**3**

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**0**answers

261 views

### Decomposition of linear partial differential operators

I was wondering about the following:
Let $M$ be a smooth, second-countable (possibly noncompact) manifold and let $E$ and $F$ be smooth vector bundles over $M$.
Can every smooth linear partial ...

**3**

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**0**answers

376 views

### PDES - from Vector fields whose inner product with their vector Laplacian equals norm of the vector field

Let $g(x_{1},........,x_{n}) = \sum_{i=1}^{n}g_{i}(x_{1},\cdots,x_{n})e_{i}$ be a function in $\mathbb{C}^n$ ($e_{i}$ are the standard bases).
Let $\nabla^{2}$ be the vector Laplacian. Let ...

**2**

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**0**answers

286 views

### Differential and pre-differential of Jacobi identity

Let M be a manifold.
To what extent all Lie algebra structures with tensorial property on $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ are studied?
That is a Lie algebra structure for which $[X,fY]=f[X,Y]$.
(For ...

**2**

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**0**answers

63 views

### [This might be a easy question]: A possible trace (inequality) defined under negative Sobolev scale

I have a stupid question:
Why is that not possible (if it is not) to define the trace of a function in a very weak regularity space $H^{-s}(\partial \Omega)$? We usually encounter trace theorem as
...

**2**

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**0**answers

36 views

### what and where is Dubrovin's tri-differential operator?

IFF memory serves, Dubrovin made good use of a tridiffereential operator
long before H & R fluxes. What did he use it for and where?

**2**

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**0**answers

108 views

### Intuition behind Stokes operator?

I know that the definition of the Stokes operator (which appears in the functional form of the Navier-Stokes equations) is
$$A = -P_L Δ$$
where $Δ$ is the Laplacian, and $P_L$ is the Leray ...

**2**

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**0**answers

113 views

### Estimates of eigenvalues of elliptic operators on compact manifolds

The classical Weyl law says that if $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator on functions on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$, $n>2$, then its $k$th eigenvalue satisfies the asymptotic formula
...

**2**

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99 views

### Discrete p-Laplacian

One of the definitions of the discrete (weighted) $p$-Laplacian is the following:
$$\Delta_{p,w}u(x):=\sum_y |u(y)-u(x)|^{p-2}(u(y)-u(x))w(x,y).$$
Consider the one dimensional case. Then the free ...

**2**

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**0**answers

101 views

### “simulteneous eigenvectors” under the full set of weighted Laplacians on a $g$-fold product of the Poincare half plane

This question is closely related to the following MO question Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series
Let $\mathfrak{h}=\{z=x+iy\in\mathbf{C}\}$ be the Poincare upper half plane endowed ...

**2**

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**0**answers

81 views

### Uniform upper bound for dim of kernel and codimension of range of certain familly of PDE

A polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on $S^{2}$ is the Poincare compactification of a $n$ degree polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$.It is a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which ...

**2**

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**0**answers

120 views

### Is Laplacian a surjective operator?

For a closed manifold the laplacian is almost surjective operator since the index of $\Delta$ is zero and there is no a non constant harmonic function. So the codimension of the image ...

**2**

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180 views

### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

**2**

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275 views

### Cyclic vector theorem

Could be proved the cyclic vector theorem for a differential module (over a differential field of characteristic zero) by using the fact that the ring of differential operators (over the same ...

**2**

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172 views

### root system generalizations of Sekiguchi-Debiard (aka Laplace-Beltrami) operators

For the root system $A_n$, taking the limit $q = t^\alpha$ and $t \to 1$, and letting $Y = (t-1) X -1$ one obtains from the Macdonald operator the so-called Sekiguchi-Debiard operator:
$$D_\alpha(X) ...

**2**

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**0**answers

481 views

### What essential property justifies the name “derivative”?

Most, if not all, of the notions of derivative that I have so far seen have the property that they are locally defined -- meaning that the derivative of a map-type object at a point depends on the map ...

**2**

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**0**answers

104 views

### Invariant linear manifolds for multiplication by the independent variable in L^2 (R)

In general I am trying to determine when the self-adjoint operator $M$ of multiplication by the independent variable in $L^2 (\mathbb{R})$ has a symmetric restriction to a dense linear manifold ...

**1**

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23 views

### Equivalence of fractional power of second-order positive differential operator as pseudodifferential operator and a fractional definition

Let $A$ be a second-order differential operator on a closed manifold $M$ satisfying
$$(Au,u) \geq 0$$
with $A=-\Delta$ the Laplace-Beltrami the model case. One can define for $s \in (0,1)$ the ...

**1**

vote

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83 views

### derivative of the adiabatic limit of the eta invariant

To ask my question I have to write down the setup. Basically the setup is the adiabatic limit of the reduced eta invariant of Dirac operator associated to the submersion metric and connection. So if ...

**1**

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**0**answers

27 views

### Recursive formula for symbol of resolvent on noncompact manifold

On a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ without boundary it was shown (by R. Seeley) how to define the complex power of an elliptic classical pseudodifferential operator $A$ of positive order $m$: ...

**1**

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145 views

### Existence of solution?

I am sorry if this question is not at the MO level. But I have not found a reference so I would like ask it here.
Follow this paper :http://www.math.ku.dk/~hugger/articles/CTAC2003.pdf
Let ...

**1**

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**0**answers

132 views

### The “Rolle theorem” for sections of a vector bundle

1)Assume that $E\to M$ is a smooth real vector bundle and $\nabla$ is a connection. (We do not assume any metric compatibility since we do not fix a metric on $E$). Assume that ...

**1**

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**0**answers

23 views

### Differential operator with codimension 2 singularity in the domain

The soft version of the question is as follows: suppose I have a linear operator, and I know it is a 'nice' differential operator on its domain minus a singular set of codimension two. Does the ...

**1**

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**0**answers

60 views

### Parabolic partial differential equation, initial conditions

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open bounded, $T>0$.
Given the parabolic PDE $$\partial_tf+a\partial_xf+b\partial_{xx}f = g \qquad (1)$$ I'm interested in the initial and boundary conditions that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### Action of Landweber-Novikov algebra on infinite polynomial ring

Denote $\text{Aut}(\hat{{\mathbb A}}^1)$ be the affine group over ${\mathbb Z}$ that sends some ring $R$ to the strict automorphisms of $R[[t]]$, i.e. those of the form $X\mapsto X + r_1 X^2 + r_2 X^3 ...

**1**

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228 views

### Formula for the curvature of an induced connection

Let $\pi_P:P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle on a manifold $M$ endowed with a connection $A$ and $\pi_Q:Q\to M$ be a principal $H$-bundle on a manifold $M$. Let $f:P\to Q$ be a morphism of bundles ...

**1**

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**0**answers

187 views

### Non-linear Perturbation Operator Examples

Consider a non-linear operator $\cal H$ which maps a function to a function (e.g., a map from a starting wave function $f(x,y,z)$ to a later wave function according to some non-linear PDE) and an ...

**1**

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**0**answers

317 views

### Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator
$$
\mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x}))
$$
where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

167 views

### Spektrum of special Laplace type operator

How can I find Eigenvalues of the differential operator $-\frac{d^2}{dt^2} + \mathrm{sin} =\Delta + \mathrm{sin}$, defined on $M=S^1$, the 1-Sphere?
It seems that the underlying ODE is pretty much ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

307 views

### Some help with differential operators

Hello
I am trying to follow the derivation of the Generalized Cornish Fisher Expansion from this paper.
I dont see how the author goes from equation (21) to (22).
For one to be able to do this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

119 views

### Relation between different spatial derivatives of a random field (related to complex integral and/or bessel function)

2 random fields $b$ and $c$ are derived from random field $a$ by
$b=\nabla^2a\equiv(\partial_{xx}+\partial_{yy})a $
and
$c \equiv c_1+i c_2 = (\partial_{xx}-\partial_{yy}+2i \partial_{xy}) a$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

271 views

### Differential operator with image of its Frechet derivative in the nullspace of operator adjoint?

Is there an example of a differential operator $A(z)$ with parameter $z \in \mathbb{R}^d$ and Frechet derivative $A_z(z)$ such that $\mathrm{im}(A_z(z)) \subseteq \mathrm{ker}(A^T(z))$. Can this still ...

**0**

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**0**answers

37 views

### comparison principle for viscosity solution to linear nonlocal equation with drift

I met a problem about comparison principle for nonlocal equation when I study SDEs driven by Levy noise. Since, I have no background about PDEs, it may be a stupid question:
$$Iu=\lambda ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Uniqueness of a Integro-parabolic differential equation?

Let $r, q,\lambda,\sigma,\kappa,\mu$ are positive real numbers and let $c(t)$ is a differential function of $t$. $\Gamma(\eta)$ is a probability density function.
When I consider price of American ...

**0**

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**0**answers

94 views

### Elliptic PDE-Fredholm PDE(Is there a contradictory situation)

Let $E$ be a smooth vector bundle on a closed manifold $M$. Assume that $D:\Gamma^{\infty}(E)\to \Gamma^{\infty}(E)$ is a diff. operator which is a fredhoolm operator, in the algebraic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Existence of the Dirichlet heat kernel for arbitrary open subsets?

consider first of all an open and bounded subset $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, s.t. the boundary $\partial \Omega$ is a manifold of class $C^2$. Then I know that there exists a Dirichlet heat kernel, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

301 views

### A Generalized De Rham cohomology

Edit According to the comment of Alex Degtyarev, I deleted the last part of the previous version.
Let $E$ be a real vector space. The complex valued $k$- tensors on $E$ is denoted by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Equivariant integration (localization formula)

We consider the action of $S^{1}$ on $S^{2}$ by rotation respect the vertical axes. We want to integrate the $2-$ equivariant form
$$\alpha(X)= -X\cos(\phi) +\sin(\phi)\,d\phi\,d\theta.$$
We have ...