# Tagged Questions

**11**

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### Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are:
Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...

**11**

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650 views

### How hard is it to make a differential operator Hermitian?

Let $M$ be a closed finite-dimensional smooth manifold (over $\mathbb R$). Let $C^\infty(M) = C^\infty(M,\mathbb C)$ be the algebra of smooth complex-valued functions on $M$, with the natural complex ...

**9**

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293 views

### Between Being a Connection and Being an Elliptic Operator

Let $E$ be a smooth complex vector bundle over a smooth compact manifold $M$ and let $H$ be the $Z_{2}$-graded (with the $Z_{2}$-grading given by even/odd forms) Hilbert space of $L_{2}$ (with respect ...

**8**

votes

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70 views

### Holomorphic natural bundles and operators

I am wondering up to what extent the classical theory of (smooth) natural bundles and natural operations extends to the holomorphic setting.
After a quick thought, I've gone through the standard ...

**8**

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91 views

### Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action.
I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...

**7**

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259 views

### Noncommutative geometry and line length

I would like to understand, in some formal sense, the relation between the Dirac operator and the line length introduced by Connes in noncommutative geometry. If $D$ is the Dirac operator, he sets $ds ...

**7**

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333 views

### Why should the Laplacian in $\mathbb{C}^n$ act on a specific line bundle over the quadric $x^2=0$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n-1}$?

I recently encountered the following nice fact, and I'm wondering if it's part of a more general story.
Let $x\in \mathbb{C}^n$ satisfy
$$x^2:=\sum_i x_i^2 = 0,$$
and consider functions $f(x)$ ...

**5**

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49 views

### How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**5**

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222 views

### The Spectrum of certain differential operators

We fix a Hilbert space isomorphism $\phi:H^{1}\to H^{2}$. Here by $H^{s},\;s=1,2,\;$ we mean the sobolev space on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ or $S^{2}$.
We consider the following polynomial vector field on ...

**5**

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84 views

### Ring of SO(n)-invariant differential operators on M_n,m

I'm reading through Stephen Gelbart's paper "A Theory of Stiefel Harmonics." (http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/1974-192-00/S0002-9947-1974-0425519-8/).
There comes a point in the paper (Lemma 2.8) ...

**5**

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100 views

### $\eta$ invariants of Pin+ manifolds $\mathbb{RP}^{8k}$

In general, I am curious about the 'quantization' of $\eta$-invariants on Pin+ manifold, i.e., what is the 'minimal unit' of $\eta$-invariants on a manifold with certain choice of Pin+ structure.
...

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179 views

### Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...

**4**

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106 views

### Differential operators acting on the Schwartz space

I asked a similar question on math stack exchange but didn't get an answer so I will try to ask it here. Any help/suggestion is most than welcome!
Let $D$ be a linear differential operator with ...

**4**

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376 views

### Monodromy of differential equations

Let $D$ an ordinary differential equation (let's assume $D$ only has regular singularities). Suppose $D$ = $D_0$$\partial$, where $\partial$ is $q\frac{d}{dq}$ My question is: Does there exist any ...

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313 views

### Why should we consider D-module on flag variety of Lie algebra?

Why don't we stay at D-module on base affine space but go to study flag variety of Lie algebra?
I remembered there are nice papers of Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand and Gelfand-Kirillov discussing the ...

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75 views

### Differentially closed fields

Let F be a field. Recall that an additive map $d: F\rightarrow F$ is said to be a derivation if $d(ab)=ad(b)+d(a)b$.
Now let $F$ be a ring and let $d$ be a derivation of $F$. Examples I have in mind ...

**3**

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85 views

### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a domain of finite volume in the hyperbolic space $H^n$

What is known about the ($L^2$) spectrum of the minus Laplace-Beltrami operator ($- \Delta$) with zero boundary conditions on $B =H^n/\Gamma$, where $H^n$ is $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space ...

**3**

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141 views

### Intuition behind Stokes operator?

I know that the definition of the Stokes operator (which appears in the functional form of the Navier-Stokes equations) is
$$A = -P_L Δ$$
where $Δ$ is the Laplacian, and $P_L$ is the Leray ...

**3**

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351 views

### Radon-Nikodym derivatives as limits of ratios

Let $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ be measures with $\mu_1 \ll \mu_2$. Suppose we can characterize (a version of) their Radon-Nikodym derivative this way:
$$\frac{d\mu_1}{d\mu_2}(x) = \lim_{n \to \infty} ...

**3**

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264 views

### Decomposition of linear partial differential operators

I was wondering about the following:
Let $M$ be a smooth, second-countable (possibly noncompact) manifold and let $E$ and $F$ be smooth vector bundles over $M$.
Can every smooth linear partial ...

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388 views

### PDES - from Vector fields whose inner product with their vector Laplacian equals norm of the vector field

Let $g(x_{1},........,x_{n}) = \sum_{i=1}^{n}g_{i}(x_{1},\cdots,x_{n})e_{i}$ be a function in $\mathbb{C}^n$ ($e_{i}$ are the standard bases).
Let $\nabla^{2}$ be the vector Laplacian. Let ...

**2**

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80 views

### Rellich Embedding Theorem for the $2$-Sphere

I'm trying to understand the Rellich-Embedding Theorem in the non-flat case by looking at the $2$-sphere. To be precise, for $S$ the spinor bundle of $S^2$; $L^2(S^2)$ the space of square integrable ...

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85 views

### $\eta$-invariants of Riemann Surface

I am curious about a concrete computation of $\eta$-invariants for Riemann surface, e.g. Torus.
Is there any nice review or notes talking about the computation? Or is it possible to express it as ...

**2**

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374 views

### Differential and pre-differential of Jacobi identity

Let M be a manifold.
To what extent all Lie algebra structures with tensorial property on $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ are studied?
That is a Lie algebra structure for which $[X,fY]=f[X,Y]$.
(For ...

**2**

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42 views

### what and where is Dubrovin's tri-differential operator?

IFF memory serves, Dubrovin made good use of a tridiffereential operator
long before H & R fluxes. What did he use it for and where?

**2**

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163 views

### Estimates of eigenvalues of elliptic operators on compact manifolds

The classical Weyl law says that if $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator on functions on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$, $n>2$, then its $k$th eigenvalue satisfies the asymptotic formula
...

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141 views

### Discrete p-Laplacian

One of the definitions of the discrete (weighted) $p$-Laplacian is the following:
$$\Delta_{p,w}u(x):=\sum_y |u(y)-u(x)|^{p-2}(u(y)-u(x))w(x,y).$$
Consider the one dimensional case. Then the free ...

**2**

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104 views

### “simulteneous eigenvectors” under the full set of weighted Laplacians on a $g$-fold product of the Poincare half plane

This question is closely related to the following MO question Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series
Let $\mathfrak{h}=\{z=x+iy\in\mathbf{C}\}$ be the Poincare upper half plane endowed ...

**2**

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87 views

### Uniform upper bound for dim of kernel and codimension of range of certain familly of PDE

A polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on $S^{2}$ is the Poincare compactification of a $n$ degree polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$.It is a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which ...

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136 views

### Is Laplacian a surjective operator?

For a closed manifold the laplacian is almost surjective operator since the index of $\Delta$ is zero and there is no a non constant harmonic function. So the codimension of the image ...

**2**

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183 views

### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

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317 views

### Cyclic vector theorem

Could be proved the cyclic vector theorem for a differential module (over a differential field of characteristic zero) by using the fact that the ring of differential operators (over the same ...

**2**

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179 views

### root system generalizations of Sekiguchi-Debiard (aka Laplace-Beltrami) operators

For the root system $A_n$, taking the limit $q = t^\alpha$ and $t \to 1$, and letting $Y = (t-1) X -1$ one obtains from the Macdonald operator the so-called Sekiguchi-Debiard operator:
$$D_\alpha(X) ...

**2**

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487 views

### What essential property justifies the name “derivative”?

Most, if not all, of the notions of derivative that I have so far seen have the property that they are locally defined -- meaning that the derivative of a map-type object at a point depends on the map ...

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109 views

### Invariant linear manifolds for multiplication by the independent variable in L^2 (R)

In general I am trying to determine when the self-adjoint operator $M$ of multiplication by the independent variable in $L^2 (\mathbb{R})$ has a symmetric restriction to a dense linear manifold ...

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79 views

### Mean value operator on Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ a Riemannian manifold. Further $M$ should be a harmonic space, that is $M$ is a symmetric and simply connected space of rank 1. (Example: Spheres $S^n$)
Consider the mean value operator, ...

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44 views

### Equivalence of fractional power of second-order positive differential operator as pseudodifferential operator and a fractional definition

Let $A$ be a second-order differential operator on a closed manifold $M$ satisfying
$$(Au,u) \geq 0$$
with $A=-\Delta$ the Laplace-Beltrami the model case. One can define for $s \in (0,1)$ the ...

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39 views

### Recursive formula for symbol of resolvent on noncompact manifold

On a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ without boundary it was shown (by R. Seeley) how to define the complex power of an elliptic classical pseudodifferential operator $A$ of positive order $m$: ...

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150 views

### Existence of solution?

I am sorry if this question is not at the MO level. But I have not found a reference so I would like ask it here.
Follow this paper :http://www.math.ku.dk/~hugger/articles/CTAC2003.pdf
Let ...

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144 views

### The “Rolle theorem” for sections of a vector bundle

1)Assume that $E\to M$ is a smooth real vector bundle and $\nabla$ is a connection. (We do not assume any metric compatibility since we do not fix a metric on $E$). Assume that ...

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28 views

### Differential operator with codimension 2 singularity in the domain

The soft version of the question is as follows: suppose I have a linear operator, and I know it is a 'nice' differential operator on its domain minus a singular set of codimension two. Does the ...

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68 views

### Parabolic partial differential equation, initial conditions

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open bounded, $T>0$.
Given the parabolic PDE $$\partial_tf+a\partial_xf+b\partial_{xx}f = g \qquad (1)$$ I'm interested in the initial and boundary conditions that ...

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101 views

### Action of Landweber-Novikov algebra on infinite polynomial ring

Denote $\text{Aut}(\hat{{\mathbb A}}^1)$ be the affine group over ${\mathbb Z}$ that sends some ring $R$ to the strict automorphisms of $R[[t]]$, i.e. those of the form $X\mapsto X + r_1 X^2 + r_2 X^3 ...

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246 views

### Formula for the curvature of an induced connection

Let $\pi_P:P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle on a manifold $M$ endowed with a connection $A$ and $\pi_Q:Q\to M$ be a principal $H$-bundle on a manifold $M$. Let $f:P\to Q$ be a morphism of bundles ...

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191 views

### Non-linear Perturbation Operator Examples

Consider a non-linear operator $\cal H$ which maps a function to a function (e.g., a map from a starting wave function $f(x,y,z)$ to a later wave function according to some non-linear PDE) and an ...

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329 views

### Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator
$$
\mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x}))
$$
where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...

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174 views

### Spektrum of special Laplace type operator

How can I find Eigenvalues of the differential operator $-\frac{d^2}{dt^2} + \mathrm{sin} =\Delta + \mathrm{sin}$, defined on $M=S^1$, the 1-Sphere?
It seems that the underlying ODE is pretty much ...

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311 views

### Some help with differential operators

Hello
I am trying to follow the derivation of the Generalized Cornish Fisher Expansion from this paper.
I dont see how the author goes from equation (21) to (22).
For one to be able to do this ...

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121 views

### Relation between different spatial derivatives of a random field (related to complex integral and/or bessel function)

2 random fields $b$ and $c$ are derived from random field $a$ by
$b=\nabla^2a\equiv(\partial_{xx}+\partial_{yy})a $
and
$c \equiv c_1+i c_2 = (\partial_{xx}-\partial_{yy}+2i \partial_{xy}) a$.
...

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284 views

### Differential operator with image of its Frechet derivative in the nullspace of operator adjoint?

Is there an example of a differential operator $A(z)$ with parameter $z \in \mathbb{R}^d$ and Frechet derivative $A_z(z)$ such that $\mathrm{im}(A_z(z)) \subseteq \mathrm{ker}(A^T(z))$. Can this still ...