**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Existence of the Dirichlet heat kernel for arbitrary open subsets?

consider first of all an open and bounded subset $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, s.t. the boundary $\partial \Omega$ is a manifold of class $C^2$. Then I know that there exists a Dirichlet heat kernel, ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Yang-Mills equations are not elliptic [closed]

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic?
Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations?
Can ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Vector Laplace Beltrami operator of the Gauss map

Consider an abstract surface $(M,g)$ embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$ via $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^3$. Denote by $N:M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ the Gauss map (normal field) of the surface. Write the Laplace Beltrami ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Derivatives of infinite order [closed]

Is there any sense of taking an infinite number of derivatives? Is it discussed in the literature?
For example, can one make sense of
$$\frac{\partial^{\infty}f(x_1,x_2,\cdots)}{\partial x_1 ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Differential Operator Simplification

Does anyone know the explicit formulation for the $q_k$'s in, $$(x+D)^n=\sum_{k=0}^n q_k(x)D^k\ \ \ \ ?$$
I know that $e^{-x^2/2+x}$ is a fixed point of $(x+D)$. I also, know that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### projecting Laplacian onto tangent and normal bundles of submanifold

If I have a simple linear differential equation involving covariant derivatives such as $\nabla^2 g_{\mu\nu}+ 2g_{\mu\nu}=0$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

106 views

### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) derivation on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Laplacian on space of measures

Let $X$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mathcal{M}(X)$ be the space of regular finite Borel measures with the total variation as norm.
The Laplace-Belrami-Operator $\Delta$ on $X$ with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Eigenvalue problem of an operator involving the exterior derivative of differential forms

Consider two functions $\alpha,\beta: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$, where $\alpha$ is given and we look for solutions $\beta$ such that
$$*(d\alpha \wedge d\beta) = \lambda \beta$$
for some $\lambda ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### de Rahm Laplace operator on forms bounded

Let $M$ be a closed differentiable manifold. Let $E^{p}(M)$ be the vector space of $p$-forms on $M$ equipped with the $L^{2}$-inner product $(\alpha, \beta) = \int_{M}\alpha \wedge \star \beta$. The ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### A Generalized De Rham cohomology

Edit According to the comment of Alex Degtyarev, I deleted the last part of the previous version.
Let $E$ be a real vector space. The complex valued $k$- tensors on $E$ is denoted by ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Radon-Nikodym derivatives as limits of ratios

Let $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ be measures with $\mu_1 \ll \mu_2$. Suppose we can characterize (a version of) their Radon-Nikodym derivative this way:
$$\frac{d\mu_1}{d\mu_2}(x) = \lim_{n \to \infty} ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action.
I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

217 views

### On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Parabolic partial differential equation, initial conditions

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open bounded, $T>0$.
Given the parabolic PDE $$\partial_tf+a\partial_xf+b\partial_{xx}f = g \qquad (1)$$ I'm interested in the initial and boundary conditions that ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Derivation on real analytic manifolds

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. By $C^{\omega}(M)$ we mean the algebra of all analytic functions from $M$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that $D$ is a derivation on $C^{\omega}(M)$ .
Is there a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

315 views

### Why should the Laplacian in $\mathbb{C}^n$ act on a specific line bundle over the quadric $x^2=0$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n-1}$?

I recently encountered the following nice fact, and I'm wondering if it's part of a more general story.
Let $x\in \mathbb{C}^n$ satisfy
$$x^2:=\sum_i x_i^2 = 0,$$
and consider functions $f(x)$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

58 views

### Estimate the analytical wavefront set $WF_A(u)$ given $WF_A(A_K u)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two real-analytic manifolds and $Z \subset X \times Y$ be a real-analytic embedded closed submanifold. Suppose now that $K \in \mathscr D'(X \times Y)$ is a distribution conormal to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Practical way to check whether a distribution is conormal

Let $X$ be a $C^\infty$-manifold, $Y$ be its $C^\infty$-submanifold. Hörmander defines the set $I^m(X,Y)$ of conormal distributions as the set of all $u \in \mathscr D'(X)$ such that
$$
L_1 ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Action of Landweber-Novikov algebra on infinite polynomial ring

Denote $\text{Aut}(\hat{{\mathbb A}}^1)$ be the affine group over ${\mathbb Z}$ that sends some ring $R$ to the strict automorphisms of $R[[t]]$, i.e. those of the form $X\mapsto X + r_1 X^2 + r_2 X^3 ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Question about a (relatively simple looking) differential operator and its eigenvalues

A colleague and I are interested in a specific differential operator on the reals. The differential operator L is of the form
$L=-(1+x^{2})\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+c_{1}x\frac{d}{dx}+c_{2}x^{2}$
for ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

731 views

### What is the smallest $C^*$-algebra containing the “standard” pseudodifferential operators?

Is $\Psi^0(\mathbb{R})$ (pseudodifferential operators with symbols obeying
$
|\partial^\alpha_x \partial^\beta_\xi a(x,\xi)| \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} (1+|\xi|)^{-|\beta|}
$
) a $C^*$-algebra?
In other ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Is the ideal membership problem solvable for differential ideals? Is there a good notion of a Gröbner basis?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $\Omega = K[x_1, \dots, x_n, dx_1, \dots, dx_n]$ be the differential ring of algebraic differential forms over $K[X_1, \dots, X_n]$.
Is there an ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Schrodinger's equation via Spectral Theorem

How do you prove basic facts on the Schrodinger equation using the spectral theorem? More precisely, here is what I have in mind.
The version of the Spectral Theorem I am familiar with is the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Atiyah-Singer for pseudodifferential operators via heat kernel?

The Atiyah-Singer theorem for Dirac-type operators can be proved using the heat kernel and this proof has an advantage over the proof via K-theory, because the first is local but the latter is not. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Space of differential operators

Let $A$, $B$ be two smooth vector bundles of finite rank over a smooth manifold $M$. Let $Diff(A,B)$ be the space of differential operators from $A$ to $B$. Can I talk about "the space of smooth maps ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

394 views

### Precise versions of “differential operators are unbounded but closed linear operators”

I am trying to understand to what extent the following result of Hille is an extension of the usual theorems on differentiation under the integral sign.
Theorem (Hille). Let $(\Omega,\Sigma,\mu)$ ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Stone Cech compactification for exponential map

Recently I met with a problem related to Stone-Cech Compactification theorem
in Furstenberg's famous paper "non-commuting product."
I try my best to understand Stone-Cech compactification theorem by ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

282 views

### Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Poisson structure on the cotangent bundle

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathscr{A}$ a sheaf of twisted differential operators on $X$. The latter comes equipped with a natural filtration and the associated graded algebra ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

973 views

### Book Recommendation - PDE's for geometricians / topologists

I am looking for recommendations for a book on partial differential equations, which is not written for applied mathematicians but rather focused on geometry and applications in topology, as well as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Mellin transform between heat kernel and zeta-function

For some notion of a "positive operator" $D$ of "Laplacian type" one seems to be able to define a notion of a zeta-function as $\xi(s,f,D) = Tr_{L^2}(f D^{-s})$ where $f \in L^2$ (the space of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

215 views

### Formula for the curvature of an induced connection

Let $\pi_P:P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle on a manifold $M$ endowed with a connection $A$ and $\pi_Q:Q\to M$ be a principal $H$-bundle on a manifold $M$. Let $f:P\to Q$ be a morphism of bundles ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

579 views

### Self-adjoint extension of locally defined differential operators

The following is well known. Given a symmetric differential operator, like $\partial_x^2$, defined on smooth functions of compact support on $\mathbb{R}$, $C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, one can count the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

495 views

### Relating eigenvectors of two self-adjoints operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint operator $\mathbf{L}$ which I seperate in two parts which
are themselves self-adjoint. I write this in terms of their eigenvalues/eigenvectors:
$\mathbf{v} \Lambda ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

243 views

### Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Algorithm to find exponential map of differential operators acting on function

I am trying to write a computer program which computes the action of the exponential of a differential operator on a function, for any given differential operator.
Examples:
$\exp(\varepsilon ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### is $\nabla \cdot ( c^2 \nabla)$ a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

Someone mentioned, in passing, to me that $u \mapsto \nabla \cdot ( c^2 \nabla u)$ is a Laplace-Beltrami operator. Does anyone have some insight into this? From my understanding, the Laplace-operator ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### What's an example of a commutative algebra over $\mathbb Q$ that fails to satisfy this version of the “PBW theorem”

In a recent question, I recalled the notion of differential operator, polyderivation, and principal symbol for a commutative algebra $A$ over some fixed commutative ring $k$. (I will not repeat those ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Equivariant integration (localization formula)

We consider the action of $S^{1}$ on $S^{2}$ by rotation respect the vertical axes. We want to integrate the $2-$ equivariant form
$$\alpha(X)= -X\cos(\phi) +\sin(\phi)\,d\phi\,d\theta.$$
We have ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

281 views

### Combinatorics: Product Rules.

I couldn't find a way to figure this out, though it is a somewhat basic question that came up when studying the stationary phase expansion of an integral. The abstract version is the following:
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

164 views

### Symmetric Operators Robin Boundary Conditions

How can you show that an operator is symmetric with robin boundary conditions?
I know I need to show that < Tf,g > = < f,Tg >; however, the robin boundary conditions are throwing me off.
This ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Index of a differential operator between trivial bundles.

Let $M$ be a closed parallelizable manifold and $D: \Gamma(E) \to \Gamma(F)$ an elliptic differential operator between trivial vector bundles $E,F \to M$. The Atiyah Singer index theorem implies that ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

467 views

### Is there any general index theorem for manifold with boundary?

My understanding is Atiyah-Patodi-Singer solved the index theorem for manifold with boundary only for certain types of Dirac operators, correct?
There is still no (or no hope to get) uniform theorem ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### Surface Laplace-Beltrami without coordinates, exterior calculus?

Let $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be an immersion of a surface $M$. For pedagogical purposes (i.e., I'm teaching a class!) I am looking for an expression for the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Fourier transform and spectrum of PDOs in $L^p$

Let $K$ be a compact subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $m(K)=0$, Suppose $supp\hat{u}\subset K$ for some $u\in L^p$,where $2\leq p\leq \frac{2n}{n-1}$,can we get $u\equiv 0$ ?
Motivation: If $K$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Localizability of differential operators a la Grothendieck

Hello,
Maybe this question is trivial, so sorry
Let $A$ be a (comm. with 1) $k$-algebra, where $k$ is a ring (comm. with 1).
Then we can define the module of differential operators $D^{\leq n} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...