Elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic operators. Laplace, Laplace-Beltrami, Schrödinger, Dirac. Exterior derivative and Lie derivative operators.

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A Generalized De Rham cohomology

Edit According to the comment of Alex Degtyarev, I deleted the last part of the previous version. Let $E$ be a real vector space. The complex valued $k$- tensors on $E$ is denoted by ...
6
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3answers
232 views

On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...
13
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2answers
530 views

Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...
7
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85 views

Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action. I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...
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0answers
60 views

Parabolic partial differential equation, initial conditions

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open bounded, $T>0$. Given the parabolic PDE $$\partial_tf+a\partial_xf+b\partial_{xx}f = g \qquad (1)$$ I'm interested in the initial and boundary conditions that ...
14
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1answer
512 views

Derivation on real analytic manifolds

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. By $C^{\omega}(M)$ we mean the algebra of all analytic functions from $M$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that $D$ is a derivation on $C^{\omega}(M)$ . Is there a ...
7
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320 views

Why should the Laplacian in $\mathbb{C}^n$ act on a specific line bundle over the quadric $x^2=0$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n-1}$?

I recently encountered the following nice fact, and I'm wondering if it's part of a more general story. Let $x\in \mathbb{C}^n$ satisfy $$x^2:=\sum_i x_i^2 = 0,$$ and consider functions $f(x)$ ...
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1answer
72 views

Estimate the analytical wavefront set $WF_A(u)$ given $WF_A(A_K u)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two real-analytic manifolds and $Z \subset X \times Y$ be a real-analytic embedded closed submanifold. Suppose now that $K \in \mathscr D'(X \times Y)$ is a distribution conormal to ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Practical way to check whether a distribution is conormal

Let $X$ be a $C^\infty$-manifold, $Y$ be its $C^\infty$-submanifold. Hörmander defines the set $I^m(X,Y)$ of conormal distributions as the set of all $u \in \mathscr D'(X)$ such that $$ L_1 ...
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95 views

Action of Landweber-Novikov algebra on infinite polynomial ring

Denote $\text{Aut}(\hat{{\mathbb A}}^1)$ be the affine group over ${\mathbb Z}$ that sends some ring $R$ to the strict automorphisms of $R[[t]]$, i.e. those of the form $X\mapsto X + r_1 X^2 + r_2 X^3 ...
3
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270 views

Radon-Nikodym derivatives as limits of ratios

Let $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ be measures with $\mu_1 \ll \mu_2$. Suppose we can characterize (a version of) their Radon-Nikodym derivative this way: $$\frac{d\mu_1}{d\mu_2}(x) = \lim_{n \to \infty} ...
4
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1answer
224 views

Question about a (relatively simple looking) differential operator and its eigenvalues

A colleague and I are interested in a specific differential operator on the reals. The differential operator L is of the form $L=-(1+x^{2})\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+c_{1}x\frac{d}{dx}+c_{2}x^{2}$ for ...
2
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2answers
268 views

Schrodinger's equation via Spectral Theorem

How do you prove basic facts on the Schrodinger equation using the spectral theorem? More precisely, here is what I have in mind. The version of the Spectral Theorem I am familiar with is the ...
3
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1answer
155 views

Is the ideal membership problem solvable for differential ideals? Is there a good notion of a Gröbner basis?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $\Omega = K[x_1, \dots, x_n, dx_1, \dots, dx_n]$ be the differential ring of algebraic differential forms over $K[X_1, \dots, X_n]$. Is there an ...
10
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1answer
411 views

Atiyah-Singer for pseudodifferential operators via heat kernel?

The Atiyah-Singer theorem for Dirac-type operators can be proved using the heat kernel and this proof has an advantage over the proof via K-theory, because the first is local but the latter is not. ...
3
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2answers
147 views

Space of differential operators

Let $A$, $B$ be two smooth vector bundles of finite rank over a smooth manifold $M$. Let $Diff(A,B)$ be the space of differential operators from $A$ to $B$. Can I talk about "the space of smooth maps ...
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1answer
673 views

Precise versions of “differential operators are unbounded but closed linear operators”

I am trying to understand to what extent the following result of Hille is an extension of the usual theorems on differentiation under the integral sign. Theorem (Hille). Let $(\Omega,\Sigma,\mu)$ ...
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1answer
147 views

Stone Cech compactification for exponential map

Recently I met with a problem related to Stone-Cech Compactification theorem in Furstenberg's famous paper "non-commuting product." I try my best to understand Stone-Cech compactification theorem by ...
4
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1answer
313 views

Poisson structure on the cotangent bundle

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathscr{A}$ a sheaf of twisted differential operators on $X$. The latter comes equipped with a natural filtration and the associated graded algebra ...
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5answers
1k views

Book Recommendation - PDE's for geometricians / topologists

I am looking for recommendations for a book on partial differential equations, which is not written for applied mathematicians but rather focused on geometry and applications in topology, as well as ...
2
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1answer
380 views

Mellin transform between heat kernel and zeta-function

For some notion of a "positive operator" $D$ of "Laplacian type" one seems to be able to define a notion of a zeta-function as $\xi(s,f,D) = Tr_{L^2}(f D^{-s})$ where $f \in L^2$ (the space of ...
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0answers
224 views

Formula for the curvature of an induced connection

Let $\pi_P:P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle on a manifold $M$ endowed with a connection $A$ and $\pi_Q:Q\to M$ be a principal $H$-bundle on a manifold $M$. Let $f:P\to Q$ be a morphism of bundles ...
7
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2answers
326 views

Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...
4
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1answer
202 views

Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...
4
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1answer
623 views

Algorithm to find exponential map of differential operators acting on function

I am trying to write a computer program which computes the action of the exponential of a differential operator on a function, for any given differential operator. Examples: $\exp(\varepsilon ...
0
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162 views

Equivariant integration (localization formula)

We consider the action of $S^{1}$ on $S^{2}$ by rotation respect the vertical axes. We want to integrate the $2-$ equivariant form $$\alpha(X)= -X\cos(\phi) +\sin(\phi)\,d\phi\,d\theta.$$ We have ...
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1answer
290 views

Combinatorics: Product Rules.

I couldn't find a way to figure this out, though it is a somewhat basic question that came up when studying the stationary phase expansion of an integral. The abstract version is the following: I ...
1
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1answer
199 views

Symmetric Operators Robin Boundary Conditions

How can you show that an operator is symmetric with robin boundary conditions? I know I need to show that < Tf,g > = < f,Tg >; however, the robin boundary conditions are throwing me off. This ...
6
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1answer
338 views

Index of a differential operator between trivial bundles.

Let $M$ be a closed parallelizable manifold and $D: \Gamma(E) \to \Gamma(F)$ an elliptic differential operator between trivial vector bundles $E,F \to M$. The Atiyah Singer index theorem implies that ...
7
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3answers
533 views

Is there any general index theorem for manifold with boundary?

My understanding is Atiyah-Patodi-Singer solved the index theorem for manifold with boundary only for certain types of Dirac operators, correct? There is still no (or no hope to get) uniform theorem ...
4
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2answers
408 views

Surface Laplace-Beltrami without coordinates, exterior calculus?

Let $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be an immersion of a surface $M$. For pedagogical purposes (i.e., I'm teaching a class!) I am looking for an expression for the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator ...
2
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1answer
211 views

Fourier transform and spectrum of PDOs in $L^p$

Let $K$ be a compact subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $m(K)=0$, Suppose $supp\hat{u}\subset K$ for some $u\in L^p$,where $2\leq p\leq \frac{2n}{n-1}$,can we get $u\equiv 0$ ? Motivation: If $K$ is a ...
3
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1answer
550 views

Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it. Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form $$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1} ...
2
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1answer
381 views

Does the operator $\mathrm{id}-t\Delta$ or its Green's function have a name?

Consider a Riemannian manifold and let $\mathrm{id}$ be the identity operator, let $\Delta$ be the scalar, negative-semidefinite Laplace-Beltrami operator, and let $t > 0$ be a parameter. Does ...
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0answers
187 views

Non-linear Perturbation Operator Examples

Consider a non-linear operator $\cal H$ which maps a function to a function (e.g., a map from a starting wave function $f(x,y,z)$ to a later wave function according to some non-linear PDE) and an ...
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127 views

Does the normal ordered product on differential operators lift to $U\left(\mathfrak{gl}_n\right)$ ?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Let $\Omega$ denote the $k$-algebra of polynomial differential operators on $n$ variables $x_1$, $x_2$, ..., $x_n$ over $k$. (The multiplication in ...
5
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0answers
170 views

Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...
2
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1answer
300 views

Leibniz rule for Pseudo-differential operators of negative order

Does anyone know of some good references for a fractional Leibniz rule for pseudo-differential operators of negative order? As a specific example, I would like to compute $\partial_{x}^{-1}(uv)$, ...
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1answer
714 views

Can we construct a Hilbert space where the operator following differencial operator is symmetric?

I'd like to know if one can define a pertinent Hilbert space where the operator $$A_p v := -\frac{1}{2} v" + (vF + v\int_\mathbb{R} Sp + p\int_\mathbb{R} Sv )'$$ is symmetric. Here, $p$ satisfies ...
7
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3answers
306 views

Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...
0
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1answer
244 views

A Version of Nullstellensatz for Rings of Dİfferential Operators

Here is one of the classical versions of the nullstellensatz: Let $K$ be a field and let $\mathfrak{m}$ be a maximal ideal of the polynomial ring $K[T_1,\ldots,T_n]$. Then ...
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3answers
877 views

book on PDE on manifolds

let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\alpha$ be any some unknown form on $M$. I am interested in solutions or some references of the equation of type $(d + \delta) \alpha = 0$ where $\delta$ is the ...
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1answer
84 views

Choosing boundary conditions for $(\frac{-d^2}{dx^2})^m$ on $H^m((0,1))$?

Consider the differential operator $D:$ $$ Du:=\frac{-d^2}{dx^2}u $$ on the function space $$C=\{ u\in C^2([0,1]):u(0)=u(1)=0\}.$$ It's not hard to find the eigenvalues and ...
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2answers
722 views

Relationship between double tangent bundle, exterior derivative and connection

I am totally new to the subject differential geometry, and that probably reflects itself in the naive question that I'm trying to formulate. I hope this question does not get closed because of this. ...
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1answer
611 views

Lie bracket of algebraic vector fields

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (over any field). The definition of the Lie bracket of two vector fields on $X$ (i.e. sections of the tangent sheaf) which I know characterizes vector fields as ...
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272 views

Cyclic vector theorem

Could be proved the cyclic vector theorem for a differential module (over a differential field of characteristic zero) by using the fact that the ring of differential operators (over the same ...
11
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1answer
427 views

Can a PDE constrain the degree of a $C^\infty$ map germ?

Let $\pi:E\to M$ be a smooth vector bundle over a smooth manifold, with $\text{rank}(E)=\text{dim}(M)$. For a section $\sigma$ of $E$ with a zero at $p\in M$, define the degree of the zero at $p$ to ...
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1answer
415 views

Hochschild (co)homology of differential operators

I googled the title on the internet, and arrived at the following result $$HH_k(D)\cong H_{DR}^{2n-k}(M).$$ Here $M$ is a smooth manifold of dimension $n$, and $D$ is the ring of differential ...
8
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1answer
491 views

Is there a really big ring of differential operators in characteristic p?

$k$ is a field of characteristic $p$. $k[t]$ has canonical first-order differential operator $\partial$ As an endomorphism of $k[t]$, $\partial^p=0$. First way to fix it: Use the divided power ...
2
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171 views

root system generalizations of Sekiguchi-Debiard (aka Laplace-Beltrami) operators

For the root system $A_n$, taking the limit $q = t^\alpha$ and $t \to 1$, and letting $Y = (t-1) X -1$ one obtains from the Macdonald operator the so-called Sekiguchi-Debiard operator: $$D_\alpha(X) ...