**88**

votes

**0**answers

6k views

### Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian
$1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest,
and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

378 views

### Infinitely many planets on a line, with Newtonian gravity

(I previously asked essentially this on physics.stackexchange, but was actually
hoping for answers with something closer to a proof than what I got there.)
Suppose we have a unit mass planet at each ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

792 views

### Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are:
Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### The radius of convergence of the p-adic exponential function.

As every number theorist learns, the radius of convergence of $exp(x)$, defined by the usual power series in a neighborhood of zero, is
$$\rho = p^{-1/(p-1)}.$$
This is typically proven by computing ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Mass Transportation Through Wonderful Roller

There is a wonderful roller that transports mass from A to B and there is a pile of sand with weight $W$ in point A and we want to transport it to B.
Wonderfulness of roller comes from this property ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures:
Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are:
$$\frac{d}{dt}a_k=2(b_k^2-b_{k-1}^2),$$...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

835 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

305 views

### Rigorous results on the method of multiple scales

The method of multiple scales (Scholarpedia) is a technique used to obtain approximate solutions to differential equations, most commonly when some of the more standard approaches to perturbation ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### What subspaces of n-tuples of rational functions can be the solution space to a system of differential equations?

Let $K=\mathbb{C}(x)$ denote the field of rational functions (in 1 variable), and let $K^n$ denote an $n$-dimensional $k$-vector space (with basis). For some integer $m$, let
$$\delta_{11}, \delta_{...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### Nonzero solutions to the functional ODE $f'(x)=f(f(x))$

Does $\frac{df}{dx}=f(f(x))$ have nonzero solutions? And if so, what analytic/numerical methods can be used to characterize them?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### The geometric shape of domains of flows

Consider a smooth (non-compact) manifold $M$ with a vector field $X$. Then we know that there is a open neighbourhood $U \subseteq M \times \mathbb{R}$ of $M \times \{0\}$ such that on $U$ the flow $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

371 views

### When is a vector field on a surface a Lie bracket

On a Riemannian 2 manifold, when is a vector field (possibly defined only on the manifold minus a finite number of points) the Lie bracket of two mutually orthogonal vector fields?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

468 views

### Differential Equations Satisfied by Modular Forms

In Verrill's paper preprint here, she has the following theorem which is from a paper of Stiller. It states that
Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete subgroup of $SL_{2}(\mathbb{R})$ commensurable with $SL_{...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

484 views

### When is the monodromy group of a linear differential equation dense in the Galois group?

Given a system $Y'=A(t)Y$ with only regular singular points, then a theorem of Schlesinger says that the Zariski closure of the monodromy group is equal to the Galois group of the corresponding Picard-...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### A finiteness question for integrable polynomial distributions on $\mathbb{R}^3$

This question is motivated by the finitness of limit cycles for polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^2$
Assume that $X,Y$ are two independent polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

497 views

### Grothendieck problem

Could you suggest me a book or a link where I can find some information about the Grothendieck problem about differential equations?
The Grothendieck problem that I am reffering to is the following: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Is there a Lie II theorem for monoids?

Lie's second theorem says that if $G$ is a connected simply connected Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, then the functor of "differentiation" from the category $\mathrm{Rep}^f(G)$ of finite-...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Is the space of $C^r$ vector fields inducing locally uniformly bounded trajectories Baire?

Let $\mathcal{V}$ be the space $C^r$ vector fields on a non-compact (smooth) manifold $M$. Being a subspace of $C^r(M, T M)$, it inherits the natural $C^r$ topology (i.e. the strong topology) of that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

707 views

### A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system:
\begin{equation}\cases{
x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\
y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) }
\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Lagrangean uniqueness versus Eulerian uniqueness

(1) Lagrangean description. Let us consider a $N\times N$ system of autonomous ODE:
$$
\dot x=a(x),\quad \mathbb R\ni t\mapsto x(t)\in \mathbb R^N,\quad a:\mathbb R^N\rightarrow \mathbb R^N.
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Linear ODEs in a locally convex vector space

Let $X$ be a complete, locally convex, Hausdorff topological vector space over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $J \subset \mathbb{R}$ be an open interval. Consider the space $M = C^\infty(J,X)$ of smooth ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

542 views

### A generalization of Liouville formula for the determinant of a system of ODE?

Let $\Phi(t)$ be an $n\times n$ complex matrix whose columns are (independent) solutions of the system of ordinary differential equations (ODE):
$\frac{d}{dt}y= A(t) y$, where $A(t)$ is a $t$-...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Constructing solutions to matrix equations

Let $k,n$ be integers, $u_1,\dots,u_n \in U(k)$, $d_1,\dots,d_n \in \mathbb Z$ with $\sum_{i=1}^{n} d_i =: d \neq 0$.
Consider the map $w:= U(k) \to U(k)$ with
$$w(v):= u_1 v^{d_1} \cdots u_n v^{d_n} ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Periodicity of KdV equation in relation to zero-curvature equation

In most of the resources that I have read, integrable systems described by a PDE posses a zero-curvature equation
$$
\partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V] = 0
$$
which gives rise to the monodromy matrix
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Connection between cardiac equations and untangling knots?

I was surprised to learn that there is (conjecturally) a connection between a cardiac muscle model known as the FitzHugh-Nagumo equations, and untangling knots:
Maucher, Fabian, and Paul Sutcliffe....

**4**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Models used for the Zika virus?

I am currently teaching an ordinary differential equations course, and am thinking about doing a module on infectious disease models, e.g. SIR/SIRS. I thought, if possible, it would be nice to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

256 views

### Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions
of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property.
Given the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}{rl}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Green's Function for a Kernel with Symmetric Fourier Transform $\nabla^2-x^2$

I am trying to find the inverse of the following kernel in 3 dimensions
$$
\nabla^2-x^2,
$$
where,
$$
x^2=\vec{x}.\vec{x}
$$
It seems quit simple and one would think there should already be solutions ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Weak form of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on closed manifolds

Suppose we are dealing with diffusion over a boundaryless manifold $M$ (for simplicity let's say it's a surface). In that case, we have
\begin{align}
\int_M W \Delta U \mathrm{d} x & = -\int_M \...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Equations of the form $((\Delta)^{2}+\lambda\Delta+\gamma)(f)=0$

Here is the problem: I am trying to figure out if there is a non-zero solution for the system of equations:
$(\Delta^{k-1}+a)(d^{\ast}\eta)=2d^{\ast}d\xi$
$(\Delta^{k}+b)(d\xi)=2dd^{\ast}\eta$
for $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Does there exist duality/symmetry between Fuchsian differential equations, like in the case of confluent hypergeometric?

My question is about whether certain dualities or symmetries hold between pairs of Fuchsian differential equations, but I need to give a bit of background to explain what I want to ask. Thank you for ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$:
$$
\begin{align}x G''(x)=&\mathscr{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Brouwer fixed points via flow

Let $B$ be a closed ball in $n$-dimensional space, let $f$ be a "sufficiently smooth" map from $B$ to $B$, and let $p$ be a point on the boundary of $B$.
It seems to me that something like the Picard–...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Is there any weighted sobolev embedding with non-decaying weight

Is there any weighted sobolev embedding like
$$(\int_{R^d}(1+|x|)^s |u|^pdx)^{1/p}\leq C||\nabla^a u||_{L^q}$$?
Here $s>0$, and for some appropriate $p, q$.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\
\dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta,
\end{array}
\right.
$$
where $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Approximating solutions of non-linear differential equations

I have met a system of non-linear equations as follows,
$$\frac{\mathbb{d}y_k}{\mathbb{d}t}=-(1-\alpha)y_k\sum_s{s^az_s}-\alpha y_kz_k,$$
$$\frac{\mathbb{d}z_k}{\mathbb{d}t}=(1-\alpha)y_k\sum_s{s^az_s}...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

253 views

### May a globally bounded G-function have a logarithmic branching? (On a conjecture of Ruzsa)

By a "globally bounded $G$-function," following G. Christol, I will mean a solution to a (minimal) linear differential equation on $\mathbb{P}^1$ (then necessarily of the Fuchsian type and with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### Differential Equations vs Difference Equations

My question is:
Is there a duality between a solution of an ODE,PDE,SDE or integral equations with their analog counterpart in the discrete domain?
I mean if I know a solution to the difference ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Classical parabolic theory (PDEs)

I am reading an articule(http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00028-010-0085-8.pdf) so I almost done but I dont understand the next argument is in the page 8 "It is known from the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Periodic orbits of Hamiltonian systems

Consider a second order Hamiltonian system of the type
$$
\ddot{x}+V'(x)=0, \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^N.
$$
Under very `natural assumptions' it is possible to prove the existence of a non constant $T$-...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

398 views

### PDES - from Vector fields whose inner product with their vector Laplacian equals norm of the vector field

Let $g(x_{1},........,x_{n}) = \sum_{i=1}^{n}g_{i}(x_{1},\cdots,x_{n})e_{i}$ be a function in $\mathbb{C}^n$ ($e_{i}$ are the standard bases).
Let $\nabla^{2}$ be the vector Laplacian. Let $<\cdot,...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### closure properties of q-differential equations

I am interested in q-differential equations of the form
$p(f(z), f(qz),\dots,f(q^kz))=0$
where $p$ is a polynomial and $k$ an nonnegative integer. I wonder about the closure properties of the class ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

980 views

### (Approximate) analytic solutions to the Mathieu equation

I'm trying to solve the driven Mathieu equation
$x''+\beta x'+(a-2q\cos{\Omega t})\frac{\Omega^2}{4}x=f(t)$
for both zero and non-zero $\beta$.
I can write down an analytic solution using the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

348 views

### Infinite System of Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations Coupled by Infinite Graphs

$\ \ \ $ In Time Evolution of Infinite Anharmonic Systems,
Lanford,Lebowitz and Lieb, roughly speaking, proved that for some families of functions $F_v$ $(v\in\mathbb Z^d)$
and a large set of initial ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### How do spectrums interact with bi-Lipschitz maps?

If it makes things simple, we can just stick to bi-Lipschitz maps from $S^k \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d$ (w.r.t geodesic distance on the sphere with the standard round metric and the $2-$norm on the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### 1D inhomogeneous linear Schrodinger equation

I have the following problem:
$iu_t - u_{xx} = f$ on the interval $[0,L]$ with $u(0,t)=u(L,t)=0$ and $u(x,0)=0$. I can show that $\|u\|_{L^2(x,t)}$ (space-time) is controlled by the norm $\|f\|_{L^2(...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### A question about Carleman linearization

Carleman linearization is a technique used to embed a finite dimensional system of analytic ordinary differential equations into an infinite system of linear differential equations:¹⁻²
Let $f$ be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### How can I prove that this D-module is free?

I have the following setup, I expect that it is studied in the theory of $D$-modules, and I apologize in advance if I am wrong.
First, I have an algebra $A$ of differential operators on $n$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Generalized Isotropic almost complex structures

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, $TM$ it's tangent bundle, $\mathcal{H}TM$ be the horizontal sub-space of $TTM$ with respect to $g$, $\mathcal{V}TM$ be the vertical sub-space of $TTM$ and $K$ be ...