**0**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

417 views

### Solution of linear ODE

Let $A=A(t)$ be a smooth one parameter family of $n\times n$-matrices, $n\ge 2$.
It seems that the solution of linear ODE
$$\dot x= Ax$$
can not be written in a closed form using $\int$, $A$, $x(0)$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Existence/Uniqueness of solutions to quasi-Lipschitz ODEs

Would the Picard–Lindelöf theorem still be true if the requirement that f be Lipschitz continuous in y was replaced with the requirement that f be almost Lipschitz in y?
If not, are there any moduli ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

965 views

### I would like to have a counter example that Peano's theorem does not apply to spaces with infinite dimension

Does Peano's theorem apply to spaces with infinite dimension? Or is there a counterexample?
Here, Peano's theorem is:
Let $E$ be a space with finite dimension. Consider a point $(t_0,x_0) \in \Re ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Non-uniqueness of solutions of the heat equation

For the heat equation $(\partial_t-\partial_x^2)f(t,x)=0$ defined on $[0,T)\times(-\infty,\infty)$, to obtain uniqueness of the initial value problem, usually it is required to limit the growth of the ...

**67**

votes

**11**answers

14k views

### What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...

**59**

votes

**11**answers

14k views

### why study Lie algebras?

I don't mean to be rude asking this question, I know that the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras is a very deep one, very aesthetic and that has broad applications in various areas of mathematics ...

**25**

votes

**13**answers

26k views

### Good differential equations text for undergraduates who want to become pure mathematicians

Alright, so I have been taking a while to soak in as much advanced mathematics as an undergraduate as possible, taking courses in algebra, topology, complex analysis (a less rigorous undergraduate ...

**24**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Does every ODE comes from something in physics?

Not sure if this is appropriate to Math Overflow, but I think there's some way to make this precise, even if I'm not sure how to do it myself.
Say I have a nasty ODE, nonlinear, maybe extremely ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Book Recommendation - PDE's for geometricians / topologists

I am looking for recommendations for a book on partial differential equations, which is not written for applied mathematicians but rather focused on geometry and applications in topology, as well as ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

491 views

### What happens to Newtonian systems as the mass vanishes?

This question is closely related to another one I asked recently, and may be thought of as a warm-up to that one.
Consider $\mathbb R^n$ with its usual metric, and pick a one-form $b$ and a function ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

720 views

### What is symmetry group of non-linear equation?

I am not very sure if this is a proper question, but I'm trying to investigate what the area of math can offer in researching the differential equation in polar coordinates:
$r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

842 views

### Frobenius Theorem for subbundle of low regularity?

Frobenius Theorem says that a subbundle $E$ of the tangent bundle $TM$ of a manifold $M$ is tangent to a foliation if and only if for any two vector fields $X, Y \subset E$ the bracket $[X,Y]\subset ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

524 views

### Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$:
$\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### A particularly hard nonlinear first order ordinary differential equation

I hope this is an appropriate place to post this question, however, I am stuck on solving an apparently simple ODE.
I have checked numerous texts, references, software packages and colleagues before ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

426 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

580 views

### Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$.
When $f$ is a function, it looks like the only solution is $f(x)=0$. But what if we allow distributions, such as the Dirac delta?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### A Differential Equation with Nested Functions

This was posted to Math Stackexchange, but got no useful answers, and the more I think about it, the harder it seems.
I would like to know whether there exists a differentiable function from the ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### The multiplicity of the max eigenvalue in matrix multiplication

Suppose that eigenvalues of two real square matrix $A$ and $B$ are $1 = \lambda^A_1 > \lambda^A_2 \geq \ldots \geq \lambda^A_n > 0 $ and $1 = \lambda^B_1 > \lambda^B_2 \geq \ldots \geq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

241 views

### A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation:
$$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$
where $A$ is a bounded operator.
I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### A derivational approach to the Poincare Bendixson Theorem

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a smooth vector field on the plane. Assume that $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ is a compact subset (not necessarily invariant under ...