Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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-2
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0answers
25 views

simplifying an equation that has infinitesimals [on hold]

I'm trying to understand an equation with infinitesimal changes: 8*X*dX = d(4*X^2) I think this can be written $8X\Delta X = \Delta (4(X^{2}))$ I'm guessing going from 8 outside the differential ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Can an integral equation always be rewritten as a differential equation?

Given an integral equation is there always a differential equation which has the same (say smooth) solutions? It seems like not but can one prove this in some example? Edit: Naively I'm hoping for ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

How to find an ODE with prescribed terminal values?

Let us consider an ODE $$\frac{dx_t^y}{dt}=g(x_t^y),$$ where y is the initial condition i.e. $x_0^y=y$. Now, given a function $f$ (increasing and smooth) is it possible to find $g$ (i.e. an ODE) ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is the endpoint map smooth

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and (with $U_0 = I$ taken) the following ODE: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (a + w(t)b)U_t$ consider the "fixed time" endpoint map $V_T: L^2([0,T]) \rightarrow SU(n)$ for ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Nonlinear matrix differential equation

I want to solve the equilibrium of the following differential equation: $\dot{x_i} = \sum_j A_{ij} x_j + x_i \sum_j B_{ij}x_j$ which is essentiall in matrix notation: $\dot{\mathbf{x}} = ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Quadratic stability of linear time varying system

(This question was originally asked at Math.SE, where it didn't receive any answers.) Consider the linear time-varying system $$ \dot{x} = A(t) x, $$ where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $A: [0,+\infty) ...
8
votes
1answer
333 views

Two surfaces with zero gaussian curvature

There is classical result of Hartman and Nirenberg: Theorem. Every point of a $C^2$ surface of Gauss curvature zero has a neighborhood which admits a parameterization of the form $x=a(u)v+b(u)$ where ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Time to stable phase for the classic Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible epidemic model [migrated]

The classic Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible epidemic model is the following: Each node is in one of the two states: Susceptible or Infected: Susceptible->Infected->Recovered. Let s and i ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

Which operators other than self-adjoint operators have no purely imaginary eigenvalues? [closed]

Given an operator mapping between suitable spaces, what is the condition that guarantees all eigenvalues have nonzero real part? Obviously self-adjointness implies all eigenvalues are real, but how ...
0
votes
2answers
236 views

General description of surface with zero gaussian curvature

Let suppose function $g(s,t)$ satisfies partial differential equations: $g_{ss} g_{tt} - g_{st}^2=0$. It may be treated as the surface has zero gaussian curvature. I am searching for general solution ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude). Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

Is there a Lie II theorem for monoids?

Lie's second theorem says that if $G$ is a connected simply connected Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, then the functor of "differentiation" from the category $\mathrm{Rep}^f(G)$ of ...
7
votes
1answer
356 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Solution of an Ordinary Differential Equation

I'd like to know if there is an analytical solution of the following Ordinary Differential Equation : $\displaystyle{\dfrac{d}{dt}x_i(t) = D_i + \sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}x_j(t) + ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

How to Separate Charpit Equations

I've been attempting to solve this non-linear PDE $$4\Omega x^2 y^2 \frac{\partial z}{\partial y} -x^2 y (\frac{\partial z}{\partial x})^2 + 2x^2 y^2 E-N^2=0$$ using Charpit's method. The ...
1
vote
0answers
370 views

Partial feedback linearization (Control theory)

I'm trying to understand a theorem about partial feedback linearization from the paper "On the largest feedback linearizable subsystem" by R. Marino (published in: Systems & Control Letters, ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Motivation for the existence of periodic solutions [closed]

I have been reading the book Critical Point Theory and Hamiltonian System by Mawhin and Willem, as well as several other papers on the existence of periodic solutions for equations of the form ...
8
votes
3answers
506 views

Rigorous justification that overdetermined systems do not have a solution

There is the following well known and very useful heuristic principle: Assume one has a natural map from the space of $k$-tuples of functions in $n$ variables into the space of $K$-tuples of functions ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

smoothness of green's function in wave equation

I have a linear acoustic wave propagation originated from a monopole source, written as \begin{align} \mathcal{L}p(\mathbf{x},t) = S_m(\mathbf{x},t), \quad \mbox{in } \Omega \end{align} where the ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

acoustic dipole volume integral w/ dirac delta?

I have an acoustic research problem that leads to the following integral formulation: \begin{align} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}p(\mathbf{y},\tau)\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

About the space of function used in the harmonic extensions for elliptic problems involving the fractional laplacian

recently i am studying the following paper: A concave–convex elliptic problem involving the fractional Laplacian - C. Brandle, E. Colorado, A. de Pablo and U. Sánchez. At the Pgs 41, 42, the ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

regularity of non-local linear elliptic equation

$\alpha\in (0,1)$, $u$ satisfies: \begin{equation*} b\cdot \nabla u(x)+\sum_{i=1}^d \int_{R} \left[u(x+se_i)-u(x)-s\mathbb{I}_{\{|s|\leq ...
6
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0answers
231 views

Mass Transportation Through Wonderful Roller

There is a wonderful roller that transports mass from A to B and there is a pile of sand with weight $W$ in point A and we want to transport it to B. Wonderfulness of roller comes from this property ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

A differential inequality and a special value

Let $G \colon [0,1] \to [0,1]$ be a monotonically decreasing function with $G(0) = 1$ and $G(1) = 0$. Suppose that $G$ is differentiable infinitely many times, and that: $$G(x)G''(X) \leq ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Are all rational exactly solvable differential equations known?

Are there known necessary and sufficient conditions that specify in terms of an algorithm in a real arithmetic model (where real operations, elementary functions, and comparisons are elementary steps) ...
3
votes
1answer
542 views

Short time existence on Hyperbolic Ricci flow in non-compact case

We know Laplace equation (elliptic equations) $ Δ u = 0$ Heat equation (parabolic equations) $u_t − Δu = 0$ Wave equation (hyperbolic equations) $u_{tt} − Δu = 0$ we have - Hyperbolic geometric ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

solution to Helmholtz equation with non circular boundary

I have 2D homogeneous domain $D$ with non circular boundary $\partial D$ and I am trying to solve the Helmhotz equation $\nabla^2 u(r, \varphi) + k^2 u(r, \varphi) = - f(r, \varphi)$ in which $k$ ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Is the trivial solution the unique solution to the following initial value problem?

This question is a duplicate one asked by myself elsewhere. But there are no answers or comments so far. The initial value problem that I am considering is: $$ y'' (3y+2x)^2=3(3y'-1)(9yy' + 4xy' -y), ...
29
votes
1answer
2k views

D-modules, deRham spaces and microlocalization

Given a variety (or scheme, or stack, or presheaf on the category of rings), some geometers, myself included, like to study D-modules. The usual definition of a D-module is as sheaves of modules over ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Heat kernel for non bounded domains

consider a domain $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ which is not bounded and denote its boundary by $\partial U$. (The boundary I'm confronted with is actually not very irregular. Think of a smooth manifold ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Solution of non-linear Fredholm (Hammerstein) equation with non-degenerate kernel and reciprocal non-linearity

I have asked this question at MSE but got no response. I have rephrased it so that anyone who knows operator theory and integral equations could help me out... I faced a problem in physics which is a ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Uniqueness of analytic center manifold

In a book, i have read a remark which says that the center manifold of an equilibrium point of a differential equation is not unique in general but is unique in the class of analytic manifold. The ...
11
votes
1answer
397 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Fundamental solution to the heat equation with zero boundary values

let $\Omega\subset M$ be an open and unbounded set in a smooth manifold $M$ with boundary $\partial \Omega$. Now let $p_t(x,y)$ be a non-negative fundamental solution to the heat equation on $\Omega$ ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Hammerstein integral equation with inverse of the solution

In signal processing theory I found this integral equation that I recognized to be of Hammerstein type: $$u(t)-\int_{0}^{1}d\phi cos(\omega t+\phi)\frac{1}{u(\phi)}=0$$ Unfortunately the solution ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Causal (Volterra type) differential equation with local Lipschitz condition

Consider the equation $$ u'(t) = (Fu)(t) $$ where $F \colon L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n) \to L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n)$ is a causal (Volterra type) nonlinear operator. It means that the value of $(Fu)(t_0)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

What are some good references on the Galois theory, factorization, or minimality of differential equations?

Let $\lambda$ be a nonzero complex number and let $u(x)$ be some smooth function $\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$, not identically zero. I want to prove that if $u$ satisfies $$u'' + \lambda u'+ \lambda^2 u ...
12
votes
3answers
844 views

Are there any nonlinear solutions to $f(x+1) - f(x) = f'(x)$?

Are there any nonlinear solutions to $f(x+1) - f(x) = f'(x)$? (Asked by bcross at math.iuiui.edu on the Q&A board at JMM.)
1
vote
1answer
47 views

SIRS Stability Analysis

I have set up the following ODE's for a SIRS model: $$\frac{dS}{dt} =-\alpha SI + \zeta R$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt} = \alpha SI - \beta I - \rho I$$ $$\frac{dR}{dt} = \beta I - \zeta R$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Does there exist duality/symmetry between Fuchsian differential equations, like in the case of confluent hypergeometric?

My question is about whether certain dualities or symmetries hold between pairs of Fuchsian differential equations, but I need to give a bit of background to explain what I want to ask. Thank you for ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Uniqueness of a Integro-parabolic differential equation?

Let $r, q,\lambda,\sigma,\kappa,\mu$ are positive real numbers and let $c(t)$ is a differential function of $t$. $\Gamma(\eta)$ is a probability density function. When I consider price of American ...
43
votes
2answers
2k views

What are reasons to believe that e is not a period?

I hope this rather soft question is suitable for MO, otherwise please migrate it to MSE. In their paper defining periods [1], Kontsevich and Zagier without further comment state that $e$ is ...
59
votes
11answers
14k views

why study Lie algebras?

I don't mean to be rude asking this question, I know that the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras is a very deep one, very aesthetic and that has broad applications in various areas of mathematics ...
-2
votes
1answer
218 views

BDF2 and TR-BDF2: what is better? [closed]

What method of numerical solving ODEs is better? BDF2 or TR-BDF2? Namely, what advantages has TR-BDF2 over BDF2? Is TR-BDF2 more accurate? Does it damp "ringing" better? The BDF2 method requires the ...
8
votes
2answers
222 views

ODE properties true in finite dimension but not in Banach spaces of infinite dimension

Some properties of Ordinary Differential Equations - ODE are true in finite dimension spaces but not in Banach spaces of infinite dimension. The first one I know is the Peano existence theorem. I ...
74
votes
0answers
6k views

Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Implicit function theorem for elliptic partial differential equations

Consider the elliptic equation $-\Delta u=\alpha f(u)$ in $R^n$ and assume that for some $\alpha^* \in R$ it has a bounded smooth solution $u^*$ in $R^n$ ($f$ is a nice smooth function). Under what ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Examples of potentials for which Schrödinger equation lacks discrete points in continuous spectrum

In Landau, Lifshitz, "Quantum Mechanics, non-relativistic theory" in $\S18$ "The fundamental properties of Schrödinger's equation" the following is said about potential $U(x,y,z)$ in a footnote: ...
3
votes
1answer
410 views

Do upper-semicontinuous polyhedral multifunctions have Lipschitz continuous selections?

We are interested in the following question (definitions and references are given below): Main Question: Given an upper-semicontinuous polyhedral multifunction $F:R^n \rightarrow R^m$, is there ...