Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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6
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6answers
2k views

Why have mathematicians used differential equations to model nature instead of difference equations

Ever since Newton invented Calculus, mathematicians have been using differential equations to model natural phenomena. And they have been very successful in doing such. Yet, they could have been just ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

A derivational approach to the Poincare Bendixson Theorem

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a smooth vector field on the plane. Assume that $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ is a compact subset (not necessarily invariant under ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views
+50

Are there any explicit probability conserving solvers for Pauli equation?

I know that there exist probability conserving explicit solvers for time-dependent Schrödinger's equation, for example, Visscher's one. But when I tried to add spin into account in this scheme, it ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation

How solve this equation (numeral or analytical)? $u(t,x)=\int_{t-x}^{t}{a \cdot e^{b \cdot s} \cdot \int_{0}^{s-(t-x)}{u(s,z)dz}ds}+\int_{t-x}^{t}{c \cdot e^{d \cdot s} \cdot ...
11
votes
2answers
666 views

What justification can you give for the fact that “most ODEs do not have an explicit solution”?

What justification can you give for the fact that "most ODEs do not have an explicit solution"?
1
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0answers
39 views

Convergence to Eigenvalue gap of Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble

Let $M_n$ come from the Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble of size $n\times n$. Let $E_1(0; I)$ be the probability that $M_n$ has no eigenvalues in an interval $I$. The bulk scaling limit of this is defined ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

How to find the general solution of Mathieu differential equation?

Two solutions of the equation are the Mathieu sine and cosine and they form an orthogonal basis. The equation has arisen from the wave equation for an infinite string with a sinusoidal cross-section. ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Existence of bounded $n-$th derivative of the solution of differential equation

This question is the copy from mat.stackexchange.com here. I requestioned here due to the very limited responses there. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Explicit solution for a first order non-linear ODE [closed]

Is there any explicit solution to the following ODE? $G'(z) =aG(z)+bG(z)^α-c$ $G(0) = d_0 $ my range of $\alpha$ is something like $(0.2,9)$
1
vote
1answer
116 views

What transformations preserve the von Mises distribution?

The von Mises distribution is entirely defined on the circle with a density given by $$f(x) = (2\,\pi\, I_0(\kappa))^{-1} \exp(\kappa \cos(x-\mu))\ ,$$ where $x$ is in an arbitrary real interval of ...
5
votes
1answer
805 views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

curvature flow for loops in S^2

Consider the unit 2-sphere and a smooth simple closed curve c embedded in it. I would guess that under the well studied parabolic equation which evolves the curve according to its curvature vector, ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

reducing an n-order differential equation to a first order system of equations using either sagemath or sympy [closed]

I want to reduce a n-order ordinary differential equation into a first order system of equations. This is in preparation for numerical analysis. I use both Sympy and Sagemath for Computer Algebra, but ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How to find a Lax Pair for the modified KdV equation

Question I am having trouble trying to find a matrix $T$ so that with $X$, they form a Lax pair for the modified KdV equation $u_t - 6 u^2 u_x + u_{xxx} = 0$. Where $X$ is defined as: $ X = ...
3
votes
1answer
340 views

Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is \begin{align} \nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\ \nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\ \nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\ \nabla ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude). Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...
40
votes
2answers
1k views

What are reasons to believe that e is not a period?

I hope this rather soft question is suitable for MO, otherwise please migrate it to MSE. In their paper defining periods [1], Kontsevich and Zagier without further comment state that $e$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Boundary regularity of Dirichlet Eigenfunction on bounded domains

Consider a bounded, connected and open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and the Dirichlet Laplacian $-\Delta$ acting in $L^2(\Omega)$. Then we know that the eigenvalues of $-\Delta$ form an ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions $X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N)$, we have ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How much can one say about this differential equation?

Consider the ODE $y^{\prime \prime}(x) = \cos(x) y(x)$ with boundary value conditions $y(0)=1$, $y(1)=2$. Solving it results in a linear combination of Mathieu functions, but what I find more ...
3
votes
1answer
507 views

Are (Frobenius) integrability conditions covariant?

Starting with a system of partial differential equations for functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$, Frobenius' theorem gives a bunch of integrability conditions (on e.g. functions which are 'data' for the ...
6
votes
0answers
134 views

Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures: Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are: ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Appropriately choosing the parameter so that one function maximizes while other minimizes

Suppose we have two functions $f$ and $g$ of some variables $x,y,z\in R$. Our goal is to appropriately choose the values of $x,y,z$ such that $f$ is maximized while $g$ is minimized. Here, I am not ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

Estimates on derivatives of Bessel function

In Duke, Friedlander and Iwaniec's Erratum on "Bounds for automorphic L–functions. II" They have the following estimates for derivatives of Bessel functions: For $k \geq 2$ \begin{align} & ...
63
votes
11answers
12k views

What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...
8
votes
1answer
351 views

Examples of continuous differential equations with no solution

Several theorems regarding differential equations are true not only in finite dimension but also in infinite dimension Banach spaces. This is in particular the case for the Cauchy–Lipschitz theorem. ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system $$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1) $$ where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Simple monotone differential operators

Where one may find any reference to lemmas the following kind: If x(t) is C1 in [0,T], x(0)>0, dx/dt + c(t)x(t) >0 in [0,T] then x(t) > 0 in [0,T]. There is a version with weak inequalities. This ...
-1
votes
2answers
102 views

Blow up solution for a Riccati's equation

I apologize for the problem too simple, but I'm not able at solving it. Consider the Cauchy problem $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot x=x(t)^2+t\\ x(0)=0 \end{array} \right. $$ Show that its solution ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Brouwer fixed points via flow

Let $B$ be a closed ball in $n$-dimensional space, let $f$ be a "sufficiently smooth" map from $B$ to $B$, and let $p$ be a point on the boundary of $B$. It seems to me that something like the ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

equation for geodesics of a right invairant Finsler metric on $SU(n)$ which are parallel to a linear affine distribution

I am looking for an equation analogous to the Euler-Poincare equations for a right invariant Finlser metric except I want the geodesics which are parallel to a linear affine distribution on $SU(n)$. ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Solution to simple first-order partial differential equations [closed]

Is there a general solution for first-order partial differential equations of the form $$m(x) \partial_x f(x,y) = n(y) \partial_y f(x,y)$$ for given $m(x),n(y)$ and reasonable boundary conditions ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations: $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} \text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Converting Dirichlet boundary conditions for E-L equations on a Lie group into an equivilent condition for EP equaiton

I need to find a specific geodesic of a right invariant Finsler geodesic on a Lie group ($SU(n)$) that connects $I$ to some desired $O$. These are Dirichlet boundary conditions for the E-L equations ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Branching Brownian Motion and the KPP equation

I have troubles understanding the proof of the connection between BBM and KPP equation. I mean the proof of the next lemma from the lecture notes of Anton Bovier about BBM, link. This is almost whole ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Proof the solution of von Neumann equation will fluctuate forever if Hamiltonian and initial density matrix does not commute

Given von Neumann equation $$\frac{d}{dt} \rho(t) = -i [H, \rho(t)] = -i e^{-iHt}[H, \rho(0)]e^{iHt}.$$ If we know that $[H, \rho(0)] \neq 0$, how do we prove that the solution will fluctuate ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

A differential equation on toric Kahler manifolds

Let $M$ be a toric Kahler manifold with $\text{dim}_{\mathbb{R}} = 4$. Let $V$ be a Killing vector field associated to the action of the two-torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ on $M$. We also assume the existence ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Solution of ODE related to normal density

This question below is from mathse. I reqeustioned here because very limited respond there. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

What are the most important papers to read about Ricci flow? [duplicate]

I would like to know, which papers are important to read, if one wants to work about Ricci flow. What papers have to be known by every person conducting research in this field? Can you provide me with ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Smooth normal forms of vector fields (the path method)

I start by considering a polynomial vector field $$F=\varepsilon\frac{\partial}{\partial x}-(z^2+x)\frac{\partial}{\partial z}+0\frac{\partial}{\partial \varepsilon}.$$ Next I define a perturbation of ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$ It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Existence of the Dirichlet heat kernel for arbitrary open subsets?

consider first of all an open and bounded subset $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, s.t. the boundary $\partial \Omega$ is a manifold of class $C^2$. Then I know that there exists a Dirichlet heat kernel, ...
7
votes
3answers
368 views

Diagonalization via the Toda flow

inAccording to some almost indecipherable notes of a graduate Linear Algebra class, a symmetric matrix $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ can be diagonalized via the Toda flow. More specifically, if ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Involution on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Is there a Lie algebraic involution $\theta$ on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ which restriction to linear vector fields is the involution $\theta(A)=-A^{tr}$ for $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$? ...