Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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“simulteneous eigenvectors” under the full set of weighted Laplacians on a $g$-fold product of the Poincare half plane

This question is closely related to the following MO question Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series Let $\mathfrak{h}=\{z=x+iy\in\mathbf{C}\}$ be the Poincare upper half plane endowed ...
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0answers
33 views

What is the difference between disturbance and noise for dynamic systems? [on hold]

In most references from dynamic system theory, the following linear continuous dynamic system is considered. $$\frac{\text{d}x(t)}{\text{d}t}=Ax(t)+Bu(t)+Dd_{1}(t)\quad (1)$$ $$y(t)=Cx(t)+Ed_{2}(t) ...
3
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0answers
97 views
+50

System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$: $$ \begin{align}x ...
5
votes
0answers
560 views

A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } ...
4
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5answers
187 views

Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...
2
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1answer
139 views

How to find the general solution of Mathieu differential equation?

Two solutions of the equation are the Mathieu sine and cosine and they form an orthogonal basis. The equation has arisen from the wave equation for an infinite string with a sinusoidal cross-section. ...
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0answers
34 views

Diffusion Equation [on hold]

Kindly give me suggestions on my following assignment of Simulations in Fluid Flow: Solve the following differential equation for transport of f(x,y,z,t) by MS Excel ∂f/∂t+Ux ∂f/∂x+Uy ∂f/∂z+Uz ...
7
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0answers
249 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...
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1answer
248 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
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0answers
25 views

How to switch from the spectral density of the differential equation

I am modeling random process. It is described with the function of the spectral density, where $\alpha_x$ and $\beta_x$ are damping coefficient and the average frequency of the correlation function of ...
5
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1answer
861 views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
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0answers
59 views

A new method of solutions for partial linear differential equations [closed]

Recently,I read a book on partial differential equations,which says that the solution of second order linear equation of two differentiating variables and analytic coefficients can always be expressed ...
12
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3answers
769 views

What theorem of Liouville's is Gian-Carlo Rota referring to here?

I am very curious about this remark in Lesson Four of Rota's talk, Ten Lessons I Wish I Had Learned Before I Started Teaching Differential Equations: "For second order linear differential ...
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0answers
28 views

Second order differential equation (cylindrical coord) [closed]

I can't figure out this diff equation (in cylindrical coordinate). How can I solve it ? Any comments appreciated $$ \frac{1}{r}\frac{d}{dr}(r\frac{dE}{dr})+\frac{d^2E}{dz^2}+(\epsilon_0 ...
3
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2answers
294 views

delay differential equation

I'm looking for exact solutions, if such exist, for the following non-linear delay differential equation (DDE): $ y_x(x) = A y(x-1)^a $ where $ 0 < a < 1 $ and $ A > 0 $ are given ...
0
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0answers
174 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
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0answers
87 views

Is there a unique solution? [closed]

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...
0
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0answers
142 views

Hammerstein integral equation with inverse of the solution

In signal processing theory I found this integral equation that I recognized to be of Hammerstein type: $$u(t)-\int_{0}^{1}d\phi cos(\omega t+\phi)\frac{1}{u(\phi)}=0$$ Unfortunately the solution ...
2
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0answers
93 views

A (different) foliation arising from Hopf fibration

In this question, first we fix an isomorphism between $TS^{3}$ and $S^{3}\times \mathbb{R}^{3}$.(To be more precise we consider the global trivialization of $TS^{3}$ with help of $3$ global ...
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1answer
178 views

Killing vector fields on sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on $\mathbb S^2$, and assume that for every killing vector field $V$ on $\mathbb S^2$. $$\int_{\mathbb S^2} V(u) x_j dS=0\text{,}\forall j=1,2,3$$ Is $u$ necessarily ...
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1answer
71 views

Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values. K is a sparse banded matrix ...
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0answers
37 views

Solve Monod system of equation [on hold]

From a paper and a thesis I could find the couple system of differential equations defined by Monod as: $$X'(t) = u*\frac{S(t)}{k+S(t)}*X(t)$$ $$S'(t) = -\frac{1}{Y}*u*\frac{S(t)}{k+S(t)}*X(t)$$ I ...
3
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0answers
128 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude). Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

closed integral formula for a non-zero solution of a homogeneous linear ODE of order 2

Let $$ (\star) \;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; y''+p(x)y'+q(x)y=0, $$ be a homogeneous linear ODE of order $2$ with $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ complex valued analytic functions in a small neighbourhood of $0$. Q: ...
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0answers
62 views

How to solve a couple of ODEs

Let $\phi_+ (\phi_-)$ be a strictly increasing (decreasing) function defined on $R_+$ such that $\phi_+(\phi_-)\in\mathcal{C}^0(R_+)\cap\mathcal{C}^1(R_+^{\ast})$ and $\phi_+(0)=0(\phi_-(0)=0)$. ...
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0answers
79 views

Difference Quotients Evans

There is a theorem in Evans partial differential equation book as follows: if $u \in W^{1,p}(U)$ then for each compact $V$ in $U$ we have that: $ |D^hu|_{L^p(V)} \leq C |Du|_{L^p(U)} $ for all $ ...
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0answers
69 views

Differential equation related to the Schwarzschild metric

How can one find solutions of the following second-order differential equation $$\frac{d^2W}{dr^2}-\frac{1}{r}\frac{dW}{dr}=\frac{C}{W^2}\frac{dW}{dr}$$ with the boundary condition $W(r)\to r^2$ at ...
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2answers
172 views

Two questions related to $TS^{2}$ as a holomorphic manifold

We consider $TS^{2}$ as a 2 dimensional holomorphic manifold and fix an explicit holomorphic structure on $TS^{2}$ as it is indicated in the answer of Mike Usher to the following question. ...
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0answers
186 views

A derivational approach to the Poincare Bendixson Theorem

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a smooth vector field on the plane. Assume that $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ is a compact subset (not necessarily invariant under ...
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1answer
157 views

Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...
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1answer
92 views

hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case: In $$ {}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) = A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1), \qquad x \to 1^- $$ what can we say about the ...
0
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1answer
48 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation (wave-like) with variable-dependent coefficient and possibly singular in one variable

First, I beg your pardon since the title of the question is a bit confusing I guess. I'm working on a physical equation of the wave-like form. Explicitly, it reads ...
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0answers
65 views

Geodesics on a perturbed submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^m$ [closed]

Let us consider $M$, a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$, isometrically embedded in $R^m$. Let us consider a geodesic $\gamma$ on $M$. Now, let us "perturb" (in other words, change slightly the ...
2
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0answers
117 views

A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Monge-Ampere type PDE

NB: I have edited this question to clarify what the OP is asking – Robert Bryant Problem: Find a holomorphic function $f$ where where $f(x+iy) = u(x,y) + i\,v(x,y)$, such that the graph $\Gamma_u = ...
0
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1answer
141 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( ...
7
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2answers
397 views

Does there exist a potential which realizes this strange quantum mechanical system?

I have done some courses on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics in the past. Since I also do math, I wonder about converge issues which are usually not such a problem in physics. One of those ...
11
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2answers
808 views

What justification can you give for the fact that “most ODEs do not have an explicit solution”?

What justification can you give for the fact that "most ODEs do not have an explicit solution"?
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1answer
33 views

Can we implicitly fit a system of linear ODEs by reduced information?

Assume we are given several initial vectors $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(r)} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the dimension $n$ is in the range of 50 to 100, and the number of initial vectors $r$ is in the range of ...
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1answer
151 views

The logarith map as a contraction [closed]

Two Questions: (1) Under what conditions(if any) can the logarithm map from a point on a Riemannian manifold, $q_1\in Q$, to the Tangent Space $T_{q_0}Q$, locally, be a contraction mapping? Or more ...
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0answers
31 views

singularity of the solution to an integral equation

I consider a function $x\mapsto f(x)$ which is the positive solution to the integral equation $$\int_{f(x)}^\infty \frac{du}{u^\gamma-x}=1, \quad x\ge 0,$$ where $\gamma\in (1, 2]$ is some ...
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8answers
6k views

Why have mathematicians used differential equations to model nature instead of difference equations

Ever since Newton invented Calculus, mathematicians have been using differential equations to model natural phenomena. And they have been very successful in doing such. Yet, they could have been just ...
6
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1answer
154 views

Are there any explicit probability conserving solvers for Pauli equation?

I know that there exist probability conserving explicit solvers for time-dependent Schrödinger's equation, for example, Visscher's one. But when I tried to add spin into account in this scheme, it ...
0
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0answers
35 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation

How solve this equation (numeral or analytical)? $u(t,x)=\int_{t-x}^{t}{a \cdot e^{b \cdot s} \cdot \int_{0}^{s-(t-x)}{u(s,z)dz}ds}+\int_{t-x}^{t}{c \cdot e^{d \cdot s} \cdot ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Existence of bounded $n-$th derivative of the solution of differential equation

This question is the copy from mat.stackexchange.com here. I requestioned here due to the very limited responses there. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...
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1answer
124 views

What transformations preserve the von Mises distribution?

The von Mises distribution is entirely defined on the circle with a density given by $$f(x) = (2\,\pi\, I_0(\kappa))^{-1} \exp(\kappa \cos(x-\mu))\ ,$$ where $x$ is in an arbitrary real interval of ...
6
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2answers
185 views

curvature flow for loops in S^2

Consider the unit 2-sphere and a smooth simple closed curve c embedded in it. I would guess that under the well studied parabolic equation which evolves the curve according to its curvature vector, ...
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0answers
52 views

Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...