Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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2
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2answers
4k views

Looking for the solution of first order non-linear differential equation ($y ′+y^{2}=f(x)$) without knowing a particular solution.

I have been working on Riccati Equation. I have tried many different methods to find a closed form for the solution of first order non-linear differential equation ($y'+y^{2}=f(x)$) without knowing a ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

How do spectrums interact with bi-Lipschitz maps?

If it makes things simple, we can just stick to bi-Lipschitz maps from $S^k \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d$ (w.r.t geodesic distance on the sphere with the standard round metric and the $2-$norm on the ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

When is a limit cycle generated by a Hamiltonian oval stable?

Consider a real polynomial $H$ of degree $n+1$ in the plane. A closed, connected component of a level curve $H=t$ is denoted by $\gamma(t)$ and called an oval of $H$. Let $\omega$ be a real 1-form ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

is it possible to solve this nonlinear differential equation analytically? [closed]

I have a hard time trying to solve a first order nonlinear equation, I posted it in math.stackexchange but I did not get any answer. I have the following first order differential equation: $$y^2\...
90
votes
12answers
18k views

What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

An answer to this system of PDE's

Planning of the question: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $TM$ be its tangent bundle The isotropic almost complex structures $J_{\delta , \sigma}$ were introduced by Aguilar on the ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Measure of sub level of a torsion energy

Given a domain $\Omega$ (not necessarily open, but bounded. We can take quasi open domain). And let $u_{\Omega}$ be the minimizer of the torsion energy, $$ \int_{\Omega}|\nabla u |^2\, -\, \int_{\...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Approximate largest eigenvalue of Monodromy matrix

Does anyone know the procedure (or have pseudo code) to approximating the largest eigenvalue of a monodromy matrix? Or even to approximate the monodromy matrix itself? There is no explicit solution ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

The “Peano phenomenon” for differential equations

Consider the following statement: If $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function, for the autonomous equation $$x' = f (x)$$ the "Peano phenomenon" can arise only at those values ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

How to calculate the monodromy matrix of the following ODE system [migrated]

I have the following equation: $$ \frac{dw}{dt} = (-V(t)+\frac{1}{\lambda}F(t)) w, $$ with $t>0$ and parameter $\lambda>0$ The matrices $F(t)$ and $V(t)$ take the form $$ F(t)= \left( \begin{...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
5
votes
3answers
275 views

Nonlinear ODE: $y'=(1+axy)/(1+bxy)$

Consider the first order nonlinear ODE problem: $$ y'(x)=\frac{1+ay(x)x}{1+by(x)x}, \quad x>0 $$ where $a, b>0$ are some constants. I would like to know if these kind of equations were ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Behavior of a Solution of a Nonlinear ODE

In my work, I encountered the following equation: $$ (a'(x)+1)^2+k^2(x) a^2(x)=1,\;\;k(x)=2 {\mbox{sech}}(x). $$ I would like to know as much as possible about the solution. More particularly, I would ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Boundary regularity of Dirichlet Eigenfunction on bounded domains

Consider a bounded, connected and open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and the Dirichlet Laplacian $-\Delta$ acting in $L^2(\Omega)$. Then we know that the eigenvalues of $-\Delta$ form an ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

existence of an initial-boundary value problem with nonhomogeneous boundary conditions

Let $n\geq 2$ be an integer and $\Omega\in R^n$ be a bounded domain with boundary $\partial\Omega$ . Consider the following IBVP: $u_t=\Delta u$, for $x\in \Omega$, $t>0$; $u(x, 0)=f(x), x\in\...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Reference to the Existence and Uniqueness of the PDE system

I've the following Problem on systems of Partial Differential Equations. I have "$ N $" Physical variables. and Finally I form the equation on a bounded domain having regular boundary in $R^d$ ($d=2$...
6
votes
1answer
347 views

Techniques to solve a non linear differential equation related to curvature

Many years ago, I considered the following non linear differential equation: $y=y''.(1+y'^{2})^{-3/2}$ This equation expresses the equality between the value of a given function $y\in C^{2}(R)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Smooth dependence on the initial condition of the integral of an ODE

I am considering an ODE $\dot{x}=f(x)$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $d<\infty$. $f$ is a $C^k$ function and I denote by $\Phi_t x$ be the value of the solution at time $t$. I assume that my ODE ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Differential inequalities for a strictly diagonal dominant system of linear ODEs

Let $A$ be a real $d\times d$ matrix. The diagonal elements are strictly negative ($a_{ii}<0$) and the off-diagonal elements are non-negative ($a_{ij}\geq 0$ for $i\neq j$). $A$ is strictly column ...
7
votes
0answers
242 views

Partial differential equations outside of academia [closed]

I've seen a number of career/jobs questions on mathoverflow before, so I thought I would ask. Please excuse me if this isn't the best place for this specific question. Lately I've been really ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Algebro-geometric version of {vector fields} $\longleftrightarrow$ {flows} correspondence?

Main Question: What Is the correpondence between flows and vector fields in algebraic geometry? Here is a more precise statement could be an answer If it was true (I have no idea it is): "...
7
votes
0answers
833 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
4
votes
0answers
219 views

Models used for the Zika virus?

I am currently teaching an ordinary differential equations course, and am thinking about doing a module on infectious disease models, e.g. SIR/SIRS. I thought, if possible, it would be nice to ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Green's Function for a Kernel with Symmetric Fourier Transform $\nabla^2-x^2$

I am trying to find the inverse of the following kernel in 3 dimensions $$ \nabla^2-x^2, $$ where, $$ x^2=\vec{x}.\vec{x} $$ It seems quit simple and one would think there should already be solutions ...
0
votes
0answers
201 views

Isothermal coordinates

Is there an application or interest in studying the isothermal surfaces where the metric is $ds^2=E∗(du^2+dv^2)$ and where $E>0$ is an harmonic function? I know that this metric is a special kind ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

Periodicity of KdV equation in relation to zero-curvature equation

In most of the resources that I have read, integrable systems described by a PDE posses a zero-curvature equation $$ \partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V] = 0 $$ which gives rise to the monodromy matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Reparametrisation of a PDE with arclength

Suppose I have the following PDE: $\frac{\partial y}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left[(1-y)^3y^3\left(\sin \theta + \frac{\partial y}{\partial x}\cos \theta\right) \right]$ I notice ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Are affine maps (wrt to a connection), which preserve a tensor field, given by a PDE?

Let $(M, \nabla)$ be a manifold together with a connection on $TM$ and let $T$ be a tensor field on $M$. Suppose the pseudogroup $\Gamma$ of locally defined smooth maps, that simultanously preserve ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Is this non-linear system of differential equations tractable by other means than numeric approximation and dynamic analysis?

Is there any way to solve the following system of non-linear differential equations exactly? $x'(t) = x\times(y - \frac{1}{3(t + C)})$ $y'(t) = -\frac{1}{3}x^2 - \frac{y}{t + C}$ Here $x$ and $y$ ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Linearization of specific plane vector field

I have a vector field $v = (f(x,y), \alpha y)$, such that $f(0, 0) = 0$ and $df (0, 0) = (1, 0)$. When is smooth linearization possible and when is it not? I only see obstacles in the form like this:...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Are singular critical points isolated for control systems on compact semisimple Lie groups

Given a control system on $\mathrm{SU}(n)$ (or any other compact, semi-simple Lie group I suspect) of the form: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B)U_t$ where $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ generate the ...
-4
votes
1answer
115 views

Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a system of first order PDEs [closed]

Which results can be applied and which conditions are needed, to ensure the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the first order of PDEs: A$\dfrac{\partial}{\partial t}\pmb{v}(t,x)=B(t,x,\pmb{...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Equivalent ways to study a semilinear parabolic equation as a perturbed abstract Cauchy problem

I am considering the following abstract Cauchy problem on Banach space $X$: \begin{cases} u'(t)=Au(t)+\big(f(t)+Bu(t)\big),&t\in[0,T],\\ u(0)=x_0, \end{cases} Suppose $A$ generates an analyitc ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Is there an entire solution for the Van der pol equation?

Is there a non constant entire function $\gamma(t)=(x(t),y(t)): \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}^{2}$ which satisfy the following Vander pol dififferential equation? $$\begin{cases}\dot{x}=y-x^{3}\\\dot y=-...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Dynamics of pairwise distances in the $n$-body problem

Disclaimer: I have asked this question on Physics SE a week ago, but got no answers. I know that some MO users are interested in the $n$-body problem, so I decided to cross post here as well. ...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Injectivity/Surjectivity of $F_A :=\frac{d}{dt} +A(t) $ for a hyperbolic path of matrices $A(t)$ on $H^1 $

I am looking for a reference to the following problem: Given a hyperbolic (no purely imaginary eigenvalues), continuous path of matrices $A(t)$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with hyperolic limits at $\pm \infty $. ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

Connection between cardiac equations and untangling knots?

I was surprised to learn that there is (conjecturally) a connection between a cardiac muscle model known as the FitzHugh-Nagumo equations, and untangling knots: Maucher, Fabian, and Paul Sutcliffe....
3
votes
1answer
211 views

How to learn concepts of Functional Analysis which are common in PDE

I am a master student and working in PDE area. I am trying to gain deep understanding of some of the concepts in functional analysis which are common tools in PDE research, such as weak*-topology, ...
1
vote
2answers
921 views

Solution of Heat equation with Neumann BC in an arbitrary domain

Consider the heat equation $u_t=\Delta u$ with Neumann boundary condition and initial condition $u(x,0)=u^0(x)$ in a bounded domain $\Omega$ with smooth boundary. Is this true: Any solution $u(x,t)\...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Analytic conjugacy of vanishing holonomy groups implies analytic conjugacy of foliations

i am reading and trying to do some exercises and problems of the book Lectures on Analytic Differential Equations- Y. Ilyashenko, S. Yakovenko. I can not solve the problem 11.6 that says Consider ...
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

PDE with harmonic function [closed]

I'm looking for the solution of the following equation $$2cE^3=E_u^2+ E_v^2$$ where $c$ is a constant and $E$ is an harmonic function w.r. to the variables $u$ and $v$.
0
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the relationship between solutions for the parameterised second order differential equations

Let us consider the following parameterised complex-valued second order differential equations, and $u(x,\lambda)$ be the solution for $$ u''+u'-i\lambda V(x)u=0, \, x\in [0,1], $$ What is the ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Uniqueness and Properties of Nonlinear 2nd Order ODE with Asymptotically Constant Coefficients

I have the following differential equation: $$ V(z) = e^z [1-\varphi(\gamma)]+(\gamma-g)V'(z)+\frac{1}{2}\kappa^2 V''(z)$$ with $$ e^z \varphi'(\gamma) = V'(z)$$ where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
256 views

Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property. Given the problem \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Differential equations → predicate logic mapping

I was watching Tom LaGatta's talk on category theory recently, and one of the audience brought up a statement that caught my attention (around the 56:15 mark): I was gonna say, there was a book I ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

1D inhomogeneous linear Schrodinger equation

I have the following problem: $iu_t - u_{xx} = f$ on the interval $[0,L]$ with $u(0,t)=u(L,t)=0$ and $u(x,0)=0$. I can show that $\|u\|_{L^2(x,t)}$ (space-time) is controlled by the norm $\|f\|_{L^2(...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

A question about Carleman linearization

Carleman linearization is a technique used to embed a finite dimensional system of analytic ordinary differential equations into an infinite system of linear differential equations:¹⁻² Let $f$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Monotonocity of non-trivial solution of ODE [closed]

Consider the differential equation $$y^{''}+q(x)y=0,q(x)<0$$ where $q(x)$ is a continuous function. Let $y$ be a non-trivial solution of ODE. How to prove that $y,y^{'}$ are strictly monotone ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

A particularly hard nonlinear first order ordinary differential equation

I hope this is an appropriate place to post this question, however, I am stuck on solving an apparently simple ODE. I have checked numerous texts, references, software packages and colleagues before ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

A specific type of first-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

I am trying to divide $\mathbb{R}^+\times \mathbb{R}^+$ into some curves so that the integration of the function $ h(x)h(y) $(where $h(x)$ is a $C^1$ function from $\mathbb{R}^+\to \mathbb{R}^+$ that ...