Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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1answer
70 views

Solving Schroedinger Equation for the electronic energies of the Molecular Ion Hydrogen H2+ in the Elliptic coordinate system [on hold]

Electronic Energies of Molecular Ion Hydrogen $H_2^{+}$ $r_1$ is the distance between the proton $1$ and the electron. $r_2$ is the distance between the proton $2$ and the electron. $R$ is the ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Simultaneous integral equation on $SU(n)$

Consider a smooth curve $U_s:[0,T] \rightarrow SU(4)$ which solves: $\frac{d U_s}{ds} = (a + w(s)b)U_s$ for some given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ (which generate $\mathfrak{su}(n)$) and a smooth ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Homogeneous regular manifolds

In order to solve the well-known Plateau-Problem on a general (non-compact) Riemannian 3-manifold, Morrey first introduced the condition of homogeneous regularity and defined it in the following way: ...
10
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1answer
90 views

Commuting ODE's implies existence of nonzero vanishing two variable polynomial?

Write $\partial := d/dt$, fix $m, n > 0$, and let$$F = \partial^n + f_1(t)\partial^{n-1} + \dots + f_{n-1}\partial + f_0,\text{ }G:= \partial^m + g_1(t)\partial^{m-1} + \dots + g_{m-1}\partial + ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Second order estimates of Monge-Ampere equations

In order to prove existence of solutions of real and complex Monge-Ampere equations in various modifications (e.g. as in the Calabi problem) one often uses the method of a priori estimates. One of the ...
1
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1answer
112 views

Is the endpoint map smooth

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and (with $U_0 = I$ taken) the following ODE: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (a + w(t)b)U_t$ consider the "fixed time" endpoint map $V_T: L^2([0,T]) \rightarrow SU(n)$ for ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Fit a system of linear ODEs from several experiments

Assume we are given several initial vectors $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(r)} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the dimension $n=6$ (in any event a number below 10) , and the number of initial vectors $r$ is in the ...
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0answers
64 views

Closed form answer to a naive integral [on hold]

Let a and b be positive real numbers. How to find a closed form answer to the integral $$\int_0^t \left(-a t + \big(1+ \dfrac{2bt}{3}\big)^{-3/2}\right)^{5/3} dt$$ If it is not possible to find a ...
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0answers
26 views

Discrete time equivalent to ODE [on hold]

I'm reading a paper in which it is noted that $$\frac{dv(t)}{dt} = f(t) - \varepsilon v(t)$$ has the discrete time equivalent $$v(t+1) = v(t)\exp(-\varepsilon) + \frac{f(t)}{\varepsilon}[1 - ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Bounds for smallest eigenvalue of Schrödinger equation with a superpotential and periodic boundary conditions

A very specific question, but posted on the off-chance that someone may be able to help. If we have a Schrödinger equation with arbitrary "superpotential" \begin{equation} -\frac{d^2 \psi}{dx^2} ...
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0answers
64 views

Comparing Dirichlet energy and area of a Surface-immersion

Let $(F,g)$ be a closed Surface, $(M,h)$ a Riemannian 3-Manifold and $f: F \to M$ a smooth immersion. Denote by $f^*(h)$ the pullback metric on $TF$ induced by $f$ and let $dV_g$ and $dV_{f^*(h)}$ be ...
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0answers
57 views

Singular integral equation

Investigating a control problem for heat equation I stacked on solution of this integral equation which seems to be singular: $$ \int_0^1\mathcal{K}(\tau)u(\tau)d\tau=\mathcal{M}, $$ in which ...
0
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1answer
69 views

How to prove that a non-linear differential equation has a solution

I want to prove that there exists $f:[0,1] \to [0,1]$ such that $f(0)=0$, $$ \frac{d w(y-f(y))}{d y} = g(y) \frac{d v(f(y))}{d y}, \forall y \in [0,1], $$ where $w:[0,1] \to [0,1]$ and $v:[0,1] \to ...
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0answers
66 views

What is the Beltrami differential?

Let $R,S$ be Riemann surfaces and $f: R \to S$ an orientation preserving diffeomorphism. Then $f$ determines what is called a Beltrami differential denoted by $\mu \frac{d\bar{z}}{dz}$. Local ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Nonlinear ODE system: stability

I've got this 4x4 system that should model the wine fermentation process. All the $\mu, K_N, k_d$ etc are positive constants. Of course I have no idea of how to solve it. But at least I would like to ...
4
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3answers
702 views

Jacobi fields on a “bump surface”

Consider a "bump surface" which looks like the following: Such a surface is rotationally symmetric, $C^2$-smooth, has positive curvature in the middle and negative curvature along the ring (the ...
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5answers
2k views

Sheaves and Differential Equations

How do sheaves arise in studying solutions to ordinary differential equations? EDIT: Is it possible to construct non-isomorphic sheaves on a domain $D \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ using solution sets to ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Quadratic stability of linear time varying system

(This question was originally asked at Math.SE, where it didn't receive any answers.) Consider the linear time-varying system $$ \dot{x} = A(t) x, $$ where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $A: [0,+\infty) ...
0
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0answers
16 views

explicit solution for a variational inequality?

Assume $\eta_t \in \mathbb{R}$ is a given continuous function depending on time. It is known that if we look for a continuous solution $\zeta_t \in \mathbb{R}$ depending on time of the following ...
3
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4answers
354 views

Solution of second order differential equation with singularities at 0,1, and ∞

I am trying to solve the following equation; $$ U''+\left( \frac{1}{t}+\frac{3}{t-1}\right)U'+\left(\frac{1}{t}+C\right)\frac{U}{t(t-1)}=0 $$ where U is a function of t and C is constant. The above ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Examples of systems with stable equilibria at the boundary of the phase space

Hopfield networks are gradient dynamical systems, used (among other things) to solve combinatorial optimization problems, because stable equilibria are at vertices of the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. They ...
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0answers
63 views

Point Spectrum of a Second Order System of Differential Equations

Consider the following operator acting on $H^1(\mathbb{R})$ $$ \mathcal{L} \left(\begin{array}{c} \phi \\ \psi \end{array}\right) = -\left(\begin{array}{c} \phi \\ \psi \end{array}\right)'' + V(x) ...
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0answers
658 views

A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } ...
4
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1answer
209 views

Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude). Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...
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0answers
48 views

asymptotic behavior of the solution of an ordinary differential equation

I am a civil engineer with basic mathematics skills and need help for the following - perhaps simple - problem. Consider the following autonomous system of two non-linear ordinary differential ...
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0answers
81 views

An algebraics Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(2)

Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian $H:\mathbb{R}^{4}\to \mathbb{R}$ such that the number of nontrivial periodic orbits of the corresponding Hamiltonian vector field $X_{H}$ is finite but different ...
9
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2answers
421 views

An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(1)

Edit: The previous version of this question contained 2 part. In this new version, I deleted the first part and move it to a new question. Is There a polynomial Hamiltonian ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Coupled differential equations

I'm looking at the following coupled set of differential equations. Because of the symmetry, I'm hoping to be able to write down the solution for $x_n(t)$ and $y_n(t)$ in terms of $f(t)$ and $g(t)$, ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Runge-Kutta convergence [closed]

I am facing a problem solving a ODE with a Runge-Kutta 4th order method: The expression in order to solve is : \begin{equation} Ay^{''}+By^{'}+Cy= Cu \end{equation} \begin{equation} y =OUTPUT ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Distribution of Poles of solutions to the first Painleve equation

In the introduction of this paper the distribution of the poles of solutions to the first Painlevé equation is discussed. In particular it is said that the poles form a deformed lattice that ...
11
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2answers
613 views

Motivation for BMO

At the moment, I don't have access to the early 1960's paper of John and Nirenberg that (from what I understand) introduced the space BMO (bounded mean oscillation). Why were John and Nirenberg ...
2
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1answer
284 views

Hilbert 16th problem, distribution of Limit cycles

Edit: Can one help for translation of the link in Russian(comment by Dimitry Todorov)(Or at least a summary of it)? It seems that the second part of the Hilbert 16th problem is solved or is going to ...
6
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1answer
132 views

Writing the quotient of solutions of linear ODEs as the solution of a nonlinear ODE

Let $A(x)$ and $B(x)$ be solutions to homogeneous linear ODEs with polynomial coefficients, i.e., $A(x)$ satisfies $$p_KA^{(K)} + p_{K-1}A^{(K-1)} + \cdots + p_1A' + p_0A=0$$ and $B(x)$ satisfies ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Partial differential equation from Kirchhoff system

I was seeking for the solution of following partial differential equation for two unknowns $\vec{u}(s,t), \vec{w}(s,t)$ $$\partial_t \vec{u} = \partial_s \vec{w} - [\vec{w} \times \vec{u}].$$ Using ...
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3answers
619 views

Make mathematical sense of the Dirac well Potential Equation

A classical problem in quantum mechanics involving the Dirac Delta function is given by $$ y''+(\delta(x)-\lambda^2)y=0. $$ Then, to find ''bound states'', you solve on the right and find the ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

[This might be a easy question]: A possible trace (inequality) defined under negative Sobolev scale

I have a stupid question: Why is that not possible (if it is not) to define the trace of a function in a very weak regularity space $H^{-s}(\partial \Omega)$? We usually encounter trace theorem as ...
3
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0answers
928 views

(Approximate) analytic solutions to the Mathieu equation

I'm trying to solve the driven Mathieu equation $x''+\beta x'+(a-2q\cos{\Omega t})\frac{\Omega^2}{4}x=f(t)$ for both zero and non-zero $\beta$. I can write down an analytic solution using the ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Class of analytically-integrable divergence-free vector fields?

Is there an "interesting" class of analytically-integrable, divergence-free vector fields over $\mathbb{R}^2$ and/or $\mathbb{R}^3$? That is, I'm looking for a large class of vector fields given by ...
2
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1answer
169 views

The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$ It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...
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1answer
79 views

Method of characteristics [closed]

I have difficulties understanding how to solve a PDE in $\mathbb{R}^{4}$ using the method of characteristics. I have a limited background in solving PDEs. I have seen only 2-dim examples and none for ...
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0answers
76 views

The complex leaves containing real limit cycles of Lienard equation

According to the answer and comments to this question we realize that a useful approach to such type of questions is to consider algebraic vector field which possess algebraic solutions. On the ...
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1answer
217 views

Two limit cycles which lie on the same leaf

Edit 1: For a related discussion see this MSE post I apologize in advance, if this question is obvious: 1)What is an example of a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with at least two ...
15
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1answer
782 views

Kontsevich's flow on the space of Poisson structures

In §5.3 of Kontsevich's Formality Conjecture he writes: This (...) gives a remarkable vector field on the space of bi-vector fields on $\mathbf{R}^d$. The evolution with respect to the time $t$ is ...
3
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2answers
93 views

Given $x$ in a path-connected open set $S$ on the plane, are there non-crossing paths from $x$ to every point in $\partial S$?

A have a (non-simply) bounded path-connected open set $S\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Given $x\in S$, there are paths in $S$ from $x$ to any point in the boundary $\partial S$. However, can all these paths ...
3
votes
1answer
334 views

Monge–Ampère with drift

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be an interval. Let smooth $M(x,y):I\times(0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies PDE: $$ M_{xx}M_{yy}-M_{xy}^{2}+\frac{M_{y}M_{yy}}{y}=0. $$ My question is to ...
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0answers
49 views

Singularity Confinement For Differential-Difference Systems

This is a follow-up question to an old question on this site (link) which has a solution that describes the singularity confinement property for discrete systems. Are there any papers or books that ...
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0answers
38 views

Questions about the definition of ``stabilization entropy" for dynamical systems

Let $\phi (t,x,u)$ be the solution to the differential equation, $\dot{x}(t) = f(x(t),u(t))$ where $x(t) \in \mathbb{R}^d$, $u : [0,\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ and $f: \mathbb{R}^d \times ...
3
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1answer
125 views

A differential equation with continuous coefficient and no solution in a reflexive Banach space?

Is there a reflexive Banach space $B$ and a continuous map $f:B\to B$ such that the differential equation $$ \frac{d x (t)}{dt} = f(x(t)) $$ with some initial condition $x(0)=x_0$ has no solution?