Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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9
votes
4answers
935 views

Is there anyway to rewrite a partial differential equation using language of differential forms, tensors, etc?

My question is: usually, a partial differential equation, for example, those coming from physics, is written in a language of vector calculus in a local coordinate. Is there anyway (or any algorithm) ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Solving systems of integral equations using Volterra series

I came across this problem when trying to solve the following integral equations arising in direct scattering: $$ \begin{align} n_{11}(x,z)=1+\int_{-\infty}^xe^{-izy}u(y)n_{21}(y,z)dy, \quad ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Derivation of Bessel functions

I am writing a summary on a work on Fluid Dynamics that develops irrotational flow states that appear to interact amongst each other according to the equations of Electromagnetism ...
2
votes
4answers
177 views

Heat integro - differential equation

In the heat equation: $$\partial u(x,t)=D\partial_{xx}u(x,t)$$ the diffusion coefficient $D$ is in general a constant or a given function of $u(x,t)$ in the nonlinear equation. Suppose I have a ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

elliptic equation

How to prove that (2) is the fundamental solution (1)??? $\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(P\frac{\partial\varphi}{\partial x}\right)+\frac{\partial}{\partial y}\left(P\frac{\partial\varphi}{\partial ...
4
votes
5answers
684 views

A simple and good reference about solitons

I want to study gradient Ricci solitons. Can anyone help me to find a simple and good reference about solitons and their applications? Thanks
1
vote
3answers
336 views

Linearization of vector fields

Simply, we discuss things on $C^{2n}$ ($or R^{2n}$) but not on manifolds. Given an anayltic (or real analytic) vector field $V$ on $C^{2n}$ ($or R^{2n}$), with a zero at the origin . And $V_{0}$ is ...
19
votes
0answers
284 views

Infinitely many planets on a line, with Newtonian gravity

(I previously asked essentially this on physics.stackexchange, but was actually hoping for answers with something closer to a proof than what I got there.) Suppose we have a unit mass planet at each ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Exact or Numerical solutions of a system of differential equatios

I need to solve the following system of differential equations: \begin{align*} x' + 3a \sqrt{ x+ y}x &= -b \sqrt{xy} \\\\ y' + 3c \sqrt{x+y}y &= b \sqrt{xy} \end{align*} where $a$, $b$, ...
0
votes
1answer
260 views

Calculate the inverse of a matrix

Hi I have a equation $$Ax=b,$$ where matrix $A$ is invertible, $b$ is a constant vector, and $x$ is the unknown vector. To obtain $x$, it is obvious $x=A^{-1}b$. Alternatively, if $A$ is Hurwitz, one ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Prescribing the Lie derivative of the metric?

This is a question that arises from my research problem. Suppose $(M,g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary and $g$ is smooth up to the boundary (if you like, take $M$ to be diffeomorphic ...
0
votes
0answers
297 views

Green's function of coupled ODEs

For functions $a(x)$ and $b(x)$ and "sources" $S_1(f,g)$, $S_2(f,g)$ and $S_3(f,g)$ lets say one has the differential equations for functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, $f' + af + bg = S_1(f,g) + S_2(f,g)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
276 views

How is Kolmogorov forward equation derived from the theory of semigroup of operators?

In Lamperti's Stochastic Processes, given a time-homogeneous Markov process $X(t), t\geq 0$ with Markov transition kernel $p_t(x,E)$ and state space being a measurable space $(S, \mathcal{F})$, a ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Strongly parabolic PDE vs weakly parabolic PDE

In my studies on the Ricci flow, I was faced with a problem. To prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the Ricci flow, it is proved that the Ricci flow is a Parabolic PDE type. Then one ...
3
votes
1answer
350 views

conservation law and generalized Symplectic Monge-Ampere equation arising from 3-variables

If we have a Jacobi PDE system with conservation law $\theta \in \Omega^1(M)$ such that $d \theta$ is non-degenerate 2-form , then we know this fact that it can be written as symplectic 2D ...
15
votes
1answer
462 views

The Chow & Robbins game ≈ 0.79295350640: improvements could come from simple statistics, or from a continuous version of the game

This question seeks help with improving a numerical estimate of the value of the Chow and Robbins game. Much about this game is unknown, such as whether its value is rational, but there are two routes ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Constructing a linear ODE for a product of two holonomic functions without introducing additional singularities

A function $f$ is called holonomic if it satisfies some linear differential equation with polynomial coefficients $$p_n(x) f^{(n)}(x)+\dots+p_1(x)f'(x)+p_0(x)f(x)=0.$$ Now if $f,g$ are holonomic then ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

differential equation with delay

Suppose, i have an differential equation with a fixed $\tau$ delay $\frac{dx}{dt}=f(x(t)+\alpha x(t-\tau))$. Here $\alpha$ is a small parameter. When $\alpha=0$ its a simple Self-oscillatory ...
17
votes
0answers
858 views

When does a modular form satisfy a differential equation with rational coefficients?

Given a modular form $f$ of weight $k$ for a congruence subgroup $\Gamma$, and a modular function $t$ with $t(i\infty)=0$, we can form a function $F$ such that $F(t(z))=f(z)$ (at least locally), and ...
1
vote
0answers
227 views

Whether does the following equation have only one finite zero?

Dear MOs, Here is a calculus problem which bored me for sometime. Let $a>0$ and $b<0$ be fixed.Define the following function (EDIT: Following the comment by Barry Cipra, you may only consider ...
0
votes
2answers
513 views

Solution to the fractional differential equation

What is the solution of the fractional differential equation $$ f^{(\alpha-1)}(t) = tf(t) $$ where $(\alpha)$ denotes the fractional derivative of order $\alpha$ EDIT: Background behind this ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

symmetry of generationg function of PDE

We know that for finding the solutions of PDE equations, one of methods is "reduction of PDE", . For nonlinear equation $v_t=(v^{-4/3}v_x)_x+\lambda v$ how can we compute the generators of Lie ...
8
votes
2answers
828 views

Reference for a nice proof of “undetermined coefficients”

I'm teaching an honors differential equations class and have been using linear algebra heavily. I thought it would be interesting to include a proof of the method of undetermined coefficients along ...
1
vote
0answers
281 views

a question about contact manifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}=< X_{f_1},X_{f_2},...,X_{f_n}> $ be a lie algebra of contact symmetries , $\mathfrak{g}\subset Sym(E_\omega )$ , such that the orbit spact $ B_\mathfrak{g}=E_\mathfrak{g}/ ...
1
vote
1answer
437 views

Good books on stochastic partial differential equations?

I have a system of 2 PDEs, one with a probabilistic right side, and kind of stuck on what to read about those things.. Any good books around? Both analytical (if any) and numerical methods are ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

finding effective 2-form corresponding to an equation

What is the effective 2-form corresponding to the equation $det Hess v=(v-q_1v_{q_1}-q_2v_{q_2})^4$ you can find the definition of effective forms here
1
vote
0answers
158 views

multivalued solution of a equation

Definition: A scalar k-th order differential equation on a smooth manifold $M$ , is $F(x,v,\frac{\partial {^\left | \sigma \right |}v}{\partial x^\sigma })=0 $ for $\left | \sigma \right |\leqslant ...
2
votes
3answers
340 views

Laurent series expansion for ODE.

OK, then I read Frobenius method in mathworld (I learned when I took ODE 2): http://mathworld.wolfram.com/FrobeniusMethod.html My question is: Are there any ODEs where the solution is given by full ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

First Order PDE Solution Method Issues

Greetings, I have a rather pedantic problem that's honestly been holding me back for over a month & is something neither stackoverflow nor some of my professors nor some graduate students have ...
2
votes
1answer
424 views

closed form solution of an ODEs

I posted this on mathstack and it is not a homework problem, I am doing a modeling problem and this ODE comes up. I don't know whether it could be considered to be a research problem yet. Please help ...
4
votes
1answer
688 views

What is symmetry group of non-linear equation?

I am not very sure if this is a proper question, but I'm trying to investigate what the area of math can offer in researching the differential equation in polar coordinates: $r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, ...
-1
votes
3answers
369 views

problem related to Airy functions [closed]

I have solved the Schrödinger equation for a triangular well potential and the solution comes in terms of Airy functions...now i am facing the following problems: What are the normalization ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

When is a solution to an ODE determined by its average value?

Fix a smooth vector field $\vec v$ on $\mathbb R^n$. It is well-known that any trajectory $\vec x : [0,1]\to \mathbb R^n$ solving the ODE $\dot x(t) = \vec v(\vec x(t))$ is determined by its ...
3
votes
2answers
391 views

Elaborating Mercer's theorem (RKHS) on Cameron-Martin space $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$

Hi, I'm trying to employ Mercer's theorem on the kernel $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$. It is known (and easy to verify) that this is a nonnegative-definite kernel over $[0,T]$ for any $T>0$. Fix $T>0$. ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

A 'conjecture' on critical elliptic pde

I conjecture the following. Let $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^3-\overline{B_1(0)}$. Define $$E_{\Omega}(u)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u|^2dx-\frac{1}{6}\int_{\Omega}|u|^6dx.$$ $E_{\mathbb{R}^3}$ is defined ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

A critical elliptic PDE

I am considering the problem $-\Delta u=|u|^4u$, $x\in \Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$, $u|_{\partial \Omega}=0$. Where $\Omega$ is a unbounded domain. Some special case like $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^3-B_1(0)$, ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

Solution of a PDE and its uniqueness

Hallo, consider $f: U \times I \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, where $U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $0 \in I \subset \mathbb{R}$ be two open sets. I am looking for the solution $f$ of the following PDE ...
0
votes
2answers
347 views

Solution to differential equation

a) How to solve, or at least to prove the existence of a solution to differential equation for given initial condition $y(s)=y_0>0$ and $y'(s)=y_1$, $s<0$, $$y''+(2-n)\coth(t) ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

A partial differential equation on $\mathbb{CP}^1$

Let $f$ be any complex function on $\mathbb{CP}^1$. Denote the local coordinates of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ as $z,\bar{z}$. Does the following equation $\frac{\partial}{\partial z} f = ...
5
votes
1answer
579 views

Numerical calculation of Arnold tongue

Hello. I am working on investigation of family of dynamical systems on the torus $$\dot{x}=\cos(x)+b\cos(t)+a$$ $$\dot{t}=1$$ and it's Poincare map $$P:(x,0) \rightarrow (P(x),2\pi=0)$$ I need to find ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Critical case linear autonomous functional differential equation

I am looking for asymptotic ($t\to\infty$) behavior of the general solution $g(t)$ to a following linear functional differential equation $$ \text{(1)} \quad\quad\quad g'(t)-g'(t-T)=-g(t) $$ with ...
3
votes
1answer
536 views

Are (Frobenius) integrability conditions covariant?

Starting with a system of partial differential equations for functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$, Frobenius' theorem gives a bunch of integrability conditions (on e.g. functions which are 'data' for the ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

ODE's without a Lipschitz condition

When teaching ODE's earlier this semester, one of my students asked the following question for which I didn't know the answer (and none of the textbooks I consulted seem to discuss it). It is ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Self-inhibitions are diagonal matrix

In all the discontinuous neural networks models, the self-inhibitions are diagonal matrix, what is the reason for this assumption?
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Finding Kuramoto Model coupling strength with limits?

The following is an equation describing the coupled phases of N oscillators according to the Kuramoto model: $$ 1 = K \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\, {\rm ...
5
votes
1answer
357 views

total variation distance between two solutions of SDE

Suppose we have two stochastic differential equations with the same initial conditions: $$d X_t^1= b_1(t,X_t^1)dt + dW_t$$ $$d X_t^2= b_2(t,X_t^2)dt + dW_t,$$ $X_0^1=X_0^2=x_0$; $W_\cdot$ is a ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

Lagrangean uniqueness versus Eulerian uniqueness

(1) Lagrangean description. Let us consider a $N\times N$ system of autonomous ODE: $$ \dot x=a(x),\quad \mathbb R\ni t\mapsto x(t)\in \mathbb R^N,\quad a:\mathbb R^N\rightarrow \mathbb R^N. $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Dependence of the blow-up time of existence of an ODE with respect to initial condition.

Let $V$ be a smooth vector field on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that the maximal solution to the Cauchy problem $x'=V(x), x(0)=x_0$ exist only for $t\in [0,T)$, where $T$ is finite, denote this time by ...
7
votes
2answers
463 views

What are first eigenfunctions of Laplacian for $CP^n$ with Fubini-Study metric?

I know the round $n$-sphere has $f_i=\cos(dist(e_i, x))$ as the set of first eigenfunctions for $e_i=(0, \cdots, 1, \cdots, 0)\in \mathbb R^{n+1}$. i.e. $\Delta f_i=\lambda_1 f$, where $\lambda_1$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views