Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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3
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1answer
204 views

Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude). Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

What transformations preserve the von Mises distribution?

The von Mises distribution is entirely defined on the circle with a density given by $$f(x) = (2\,\pi\, I_0(\kappa))^{-1} \exp(\kappa \cos(x-\mu))\ ,$$ where $x$ is in an arbitrary real interval of ...
2
votes
0answers
432 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

How to find the general solution of Mathieu differential equation?

Two solutions of the equation are the Mathieu sine and cosine and they form an orthogonal basis. The equation has arisen from the wave equation for an infinite string with a sinusoidal cross-section. ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

A Non-homogeneous, Linear (Matrix) System of ODEs: What's Known About it? [closed]

Consider the following system of ODEs $$ Y^{'}(t) = - \left[ A Y(t) + Y(t) A \right] + B(t) , $$ where $Y(t)$,$A$,$B(t)$ are all matrices, with the properties $A=A^T$, $Y=Y^T$. $Y(t)$ is the matrix ...
1
vote
3answers
169 views

Harmonic Function with special property

I would appreciate any help with the following problem: Let $(M,g)$ be a 3 dimensional Riemann manifold with boundary. Let $ \Gamma $ be a surface of sufficient regularity dividing M into two ...
6
votes
1answer
173 views

Are there any explicit probability conserving solvers for Pauli equation?

I know that there exist probability conserving explicit solvers for time-dependent Schrödinger's equation, for example, Visscher's one. But when I tried to add spin into account in this scheme, it ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

First order ODE and possible periodic solutions

I am wondering if the following ODE belongs to a well-studied class and if anything is known about its solutions: $\partial_t\theta = \sin(\theta)\cos(2\pi t) + \kappa$. This equation roughly ...
0
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1answer
175 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Differential analogue of the newton polygon

While reading page 543-544 of Heun's differential equations, I came across what appears to be the differential analogue of the Newton polygon method. It reads as follows: Let us recall the ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Eigenfunctions to 2nd-order Differential Operators: Relation between Frobenius Series Solution and Eigenfunction Normalised to the Delta Function

Consider the 2nd-order linear ODE $x f^{''}(x) + x (\beta - 2 \alpha x) \kappa / \sigma f^{'}(x) - 1 / \sigma \left[ 2 \alpha \kappa - \lambda^2 (\beta - 2 \alpha x)^2 \right] f(x) = 0$, where ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

first order differential equation

Is there any solution formula for a differential equation like this $$ y'(x)=f(x)y(x)+g(x)y(ax)\qquad \text{where}\qquad a\gt1. $$ I have a differential equation a little more complicated than this. ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

General four-term recurrence relations

I was perusing through this paper and I was wondering if there is any literature on general four term recurrence relations. Specifically, say a recurrence of the form ...
3
votes
2answers
255 views

Existence of an integral equation (Faedo-Galerkin, Banach fixed point, Picard-Lindelof)

Let $m \geq 2$ and let $m'$ be its conjugate. Let $w_j$ for $j=1, ..., k$ be a basis of $H_1 \cap L^{m'}$. The task is to show that there is a $u(t) \in \text{span}(w_1, ..., w_k)=:A$ such that ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Linear dynamical system with discontinuous coefficients

I am solving a linear dynamical system $X'=A(t) X$, where $t$ is the independent variable and $A(t)$ is a square matrix. Some of the coefficients of $A(t)$ have a discontinuity at a certain value of ...
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0answers
51 views

how can i solve this nonlinear problem?

let be the differential equation in dimension $ n > 3 $ or $ n =3 $ $$ -\Delta u =|grau|^{2}u $$ (1) with the constraint that the vector 'u' $ |u|=1 $ then how could i prove that the unitary ...
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0answers
86 views

G-Invariant Complete Intersection generated by G-representation

I have a smooth manifold $M$ with $G$-action and complete intersection of codimension $n$ given by ideal $I$ such that $gI=I$. I'm interested when I can choose a $n$-dimensional vector space of ...
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0answers
62 views

Single parameter bifurcations caused by a simple additive term

Note: I asked this question on Math.SE over two months ago, and it has not received any answers. Motivation: A practical dynamical system is often described by an ODE that has a parameter that ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
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0answers
59 views

Allen Cahn Equation with Dirichlet Data

consider the 'Allen-Cahn Equations' given by $ \epsilon^2\Delta_g u + u - u^3=0 $ It is known that if $\Gamma$ is a non degenerate minimal surface then there exists a sequence of solutions ...
0
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1answer
183 views

Second order ODE

I was wondering whether this ODE has been studied yet or whether there is anything we can say about its solutions? $$(1-t^2)u_{tt}-tu_t+\left[ n \beta (2t^2-1)+ \beta^2 (2t^2-1)^2+C\right]u=0$$ $C$ ...
4
votes
1answer
435 views

Reference request: a differential equation in elementary geometry

15 hours and four up-votes but not a word from anybody. That's the result of this question to stackexchange. My question is where the following differential equation arises naturally and where it ...
2
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0answers
92 views

Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diffusing Particles. The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...
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0answers
48 views

Special case of Forced Harmonic Oscillator

$$ \frac{d^2l}{dt^2} + c \frac{dl}{dt} +k= F_0\sqrt{1-l^2}$$ Either a closed form or something like given initial conditions, the max value of $l$. For small $l$, this boils down to simple step ...
6
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3answers
232 views

On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...
-2
votes
1answer
169 views

This theorem is true or false in infinite dimensions?

Consider a vector space $E$ with finite dimension and linear map $A: E \rightarrow E$. The following statements are equivalent: $x'(t)=A \circ x(t)$ defines an attractor. All eigenvalues of $A$ have ...
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0answers
140 views

Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first order system $$ u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u) $$ for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...
15
votes
3answers
977 views

I would like to have a counter example that Peano's theorem does not apply to spaces with infinite dimension

Does Peano's theorem apply to spaces with infinite dimension? Or is there a counterexample? Here, Peano's theorem is: Let $E$ be a space with finite dimension. Consider a point $(t_0,x_0) \in \Re ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

Non-hyperbolic fixed points in multidimensional systems

Consider first a one-dimensional dynamical system given by $dx/dt = f(x)$. Suppose that the origin is a fixed point, i.e. $f(0)=0$. Suppose that we're interested in whether trajectories that start ...
5
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0answers
118 views

Is the space of $C^r$ vector fields inducing locally uniformly bounded trajectories Baire?

Let $\mathcal{V}$ be the space $C^r$ vector fields on a non-compact (smooth) manifold $M$. Being a subspace of $C^r(M, T M)$, it inherits the natural $C^r$ topology (i.e. the strong topology) of that ...
2
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0answers
226 views

J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...
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0answers
93 views

Boundary gradient estimate

Assume $U$ is the unit disk and $\bar U$ its closure and let $u\in C^2(U)\cap C(\bar U)$ be a real function, with $u(z)=0$ for $z\in \partial U$. If $$|\Delta u|\le A|\nabla u|^2+g(z),$$ for some ...
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0answers
65 views

Weak convergence of 4-th degrees

Good day! We have an equation $y'+Ay=Bu$ where $y=\{\theta,\varphi\}$, $A, B$ are nonlinear operators. $u \in L^\infty(\Gamma)$, $\theta, \varphi \in W = \{y \in L^2(0,T;V) : y'\in L^2(0,T;V')\}$, ...
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0answers
75 views

Implementing boundary conditions to an ODE (involving elliptic integrals)

I am trying to solve the following differential equation: $$ \frac{\mathrm{d} f}{\mathrm{d} x} = \frac{x^2-2 a}{\sqrt{4k^2-(x^2-2 a)^2}}, $$ where $a$ and $k$ are constants ($k$ is known and $a$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Solution to Seiberg-Witten monopole equation

To understand some physics problem, I want to know if there is (non-$L^2$ or $L^2$) solution to the Seiberg-Witten equation on $\mathbb{R}^4$ \begin{equation} {D}_A \psi = 0\\ F_A^+ = ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
4
votes
2answers
239 views

Rank of a jet bundle of a vector bundle. Interpretation of the first jet bundle

I am trying to understand the jet bundles but currently I am stuck on the following questions: Let $\pi: E\rightarrow X$ be a smooth (holomorphic) vector bundle of rank $k$ over a smooth (complex) ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
2
votes
1answer
819 views

how to solve this system of nonlinear differential equations

I want to solve this system \begin{align*}\tag{*} x'(s)=x^2(s)+y(s), y'(s)=x(s)y(s) \end{align*} with initial conditions $$x(0)=t, y(0)=t,$$ where $t\not=0.$ With the help of Maple, the solution is ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying, $f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$, for every ...
0
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1answer
393 views

Teaching profession:Differential Equations and Mean Value Theorems

Usually I teach Algebra,Algebra and Geometyry, Topology, at various University levels. This semester (Spring 2014) I have to teach Differential Equations to University second year students (4th ...
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0answers
185 views

Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property. Given the problem \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} ...
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0answers
51 views

Green function and translational symmetry

I have met this problem in solving the classical field theory of a scalar field with a cubic term. I am able to solve exactly each equation, given in a form of odes, but this question escapes my ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by $T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$, where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$. $T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Solution of an Ordinary Differential Equation

I'd like to know if there is an analytical solution of the following Ordinary Differential Equation : $\displaystyle{\dfrac{d}{dt}x_i(t) = D_i + \sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}x_j(t) + ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

Method to compute fundamental solutions which are distributions

The Malgrange-Ehrenpreis theorem tells us that there is a fundamental solution for any linear differential operator of constants coefficients. The original proof was not constructive (it was based on ...
2
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3answers
1k views

General systems of linear differential equations with variable coefficients

I am wondering what can be said in general about the fundamental matrix of a system of linear differential equations. For simplicity, let $A(t)\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ be a time dependent matrix, ...
1
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1answer
318 views

Simple example of why Differential Equations can be NP Hard [closed]

Just looking for a simple example of why Differential Equations can be NP hard Edit: It appears that the answer below may be what I was looking for, but I am clarifying just in case: Slides ...
5
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0answers
591 views

A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

Exponential mapping versus flow

In Hamilton's article on the Nash-Moser Theorem, he gives the map that maps a vector field $X$ to its flow $e^{tX}$ in $\mathrm{Diff}(M)$ as an example where the implicit function theorem in Frechet ...