**4**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### singularity of the solution to an integral equation

I consider a function $x\mapsto f(x)$ which is the positive solution to the integral equation
$$\int_{f(x)}^\infty \frac{du}{u^\gamma-x}=1, \quad x\ge 0,$$
where $\gamma\in (1, 2]$ is some ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...

**19**

votes

**8**answers

7k views

### Why have mathematicians used differential equations to model nature instead of difference equations

Ever since Newton invented Calculus, mathematicians have been using differential equations to model natural phenomena. And they have been very successful in doing such.
Yet, they could have been just ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### A hyperbolic partial differential equation

How solve this equation (numeral or analytical)?
$u(t,x)=\int_{t-x}^{t}{a \cdot e^{b \cdot s} \cdot \int_{0}^{s-(t-x)}{u(s,z)dz}ds}+\int_{t-x}^{t}{c \cdot e^{d \cdot s} \cdot ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

378 views

### Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

886 views

### What justification can you give for the fact that “most ODEs do not have an explicit solution”?

What justification can you give for the fact that "most ODEs do not have an explicit solution"?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### curvature flow for loops in S^2

Consider the unit 2-sphere and a smooth simple closed curve c embedded in it. I would guess that under the well studied parabolic equation which evolves the curve according to its curvature vector, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### How to find a Lax Pair for the modified KdV equation

Question
I am having trouble trying to find a matrix $T$ so that with $X$, they form a Lax pair for the modified KdV equation $u_t - 6 u^2 u_x + u_{xxx} = 0$. Where $X$ is defined as:
$
X = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Existence of bounded $n-$th derivative of the solution of differential equation

This question is the copy from mat.stackexchange.com here. I requestioned here due to the very limited responses there.
Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Boundary regularity of Dirichlet Eigenfunction on bounded domains

Consider a bounded, connected and open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and the Dirichlet Laplacian $-\Delta$ acting in $L^2(\Omega)$.
Then we know that the eigenvalues of $-\Delta$ form an ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How much can one say about this differential equation?

Consider the ODE $y^{\prime \prime}(x) = \cos(x) y(x)$ with boundary value conditions $y(0)=1$, $y(1)=2$. Solving it results in a linear combination of Mathieu functions, but what I find more ...

**43**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### What are reasons to believe that e is not a period?

I hope this rather soft question is suitable for MO, otherwise please migrate it to MSE.
In their paper defining periods [1], Kontsevich and Zagier without further comment state that $e$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Appropriately choosing the parameter so that one function maximizes while other minimizes

Suppose we have two functions $f$ and $g$ of some variables $x,y,z\in R$. Our goal is to appropriately choose the values of $x,y,z$ such that $f$ is maximized while $g$ is minimized.
Here, I am not ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### reducing an n-order differential equation to a first order system of equations using either sagemath or sympy [closed]

I want to reduce a n-order ordinary differential equation into a first order system of equations. This is in preparation for numerical analysis. I use both Sympy and Sagemath for Computer Algebra, but ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

684 views

### Examples of continuous differential equations with no solution

Several theorems regarding differential equations are true not only in finite dimension but also in infinite dimension Banach spaces. This is in particular the case for the Cauchy–Lipschitz theorem.
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

113 views

### Making a system of second-order ODEs chaotic

Consider a system of N linear 2nd-order OEDs, describing a system of coupled one-dimensional harmonic oscillators, with couplings given by matrix A and positions $X = (x_1, x_2, ..., x_N)$, we have
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system
$$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1)
$$
where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is
\begin{align}
\nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\
\nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\
\nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\
\nabla ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Simple monotone differential operators

Where one may find any reference to lemmas the following kind:
If x(t) is C1 in [0,T], x(0)>0, dx/dt + c(t)x(t) >0 in [0,T] then x(t) > 0 in [0,T].
There is a version with weak inequalities.
This ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Blow up solution for a Riccati's equation

I apologize for the problem too simple, but I'm not able at solving it.
Consider the Cauchy problem
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{l}
\dot x=x(t)^2+t\\
x(0)=0
\end{array}
\right.
$$
Show that its solution ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Brouwer fixed points via flow

Let $B$ be a closed ball in $n$-dimensional space, let $f$ be a "sufficiently smooth" map from $B$ to $B$, and let $p$ be a point on the boundary of $B$.
It seems to me that something like the ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Solution to simple first-order partial differential equations [closed]

Is there a general solution for first-order partial differential equations of the form
$$m(x) \partial_x f(x,y) = n(y) \partial_y f(x,y)$$
for given $m(x),n(y)$ and reasonable boundary conditions ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Estimates on derivatives of Bessel function

In Duke, Friedlander and Iwaniec's Erratum on "Bounds for automorphic L–functions. II"
They have the following estimates for derivatives of Bessel functions: For $k \geq 2$
\begin{align}
& ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### equation for geodesics of a right invairant Finsler metric on $SU(n)$ which are parallel to a linear affine distribution

I am looking for an equation analogous to the Euler-Poincare equations for a right invariant Finlser metric except I want the geodesics which are parallel to a linear affine distribution on $SU(n)$. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures:
Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

54 views

### Converting Dirichlet boundary conditions for E-L equations on a Lie group into an equivilent condition for EP equaiton

I need to find a specific geodesic of a right invariant Finsler geodesic on a Lie group ($SU(n)$) that connects $I$ to some desired $O$. These are Dirichlet boundary conditions for the E-L equations ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

84 views

### Proof the solution of von Neumann equation will fluctuate forever if Hamiltonian and initial density matrix does not commute

Given von Neumann equation
$$\frac{d}{dt} \rho(t) = -i [H, \rho(t)] = -i e^{-iHt}[H, \rho(0)]e^{iHt}.$$
If we know that $[H, \rho(0)] \neq 0$, how do we prove that the solution will fluctuate ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows:
Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$.
Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Solution of ODE related to normal density

This question below is from mathse. I reqeustioned here because very limited respond there.
Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

125 views

### A differential equation on toric Kahler manifolds

Let $M$ be a toric Kahler manifold with $\text{dim}_{\mathbb{R}} = 4$. Let $V$ be a Killing vector field associated to the action of the two-torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ on $M$. We also assume the existence ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

348 views

### How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations:
$$
\left[
\begin{array}{ccccccc}
\text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### What are the most important papers to read about Ricci flow? [duplicate]

I would like to know, which papers are important to read, if one wants to work about Ricci flow. What papers have to be known by every person conducting research in this field?
Can you provide me with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$
It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

80 views

### Smooth normal forms of vector fields (the path method)

I start by considering a polynomial vector field $$F=\varepsilon\frac{\partial}{\partial x}-(z^2+x)\frac{\partial}{\partial z}+0\frac{\partial}{\partial \varepsilon}.$$ Next I define a perturbation of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Existence of the Dirichlet heat kernel for arbitrary open subsets?

consider first of all an open and bounded subset $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, s.t. the boundary $\partial \Omega$ is a manifold of class $C^2$. Then I know that there exists a Dirichlet heat kernel, ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

441 views

### Diagonalization via the Toda flow

inAccording to some almost indecipherable notes of a graduate Linear Algebra class, a symmetric matrix $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ can be diagonalized via the Toda flow. More specifically, if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

207 views

### Interior gradient estimate for uniformly elliptic equations

I am struggling with a problem like this: In dimension $n\geq 3$,
For the following uniformly elliptic equation, do we have interior gradient estimates?
$$a^{ij}(x)u_{ij}(x)+u_{nn}=0.$$, where ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

132 views

### Lack of parabolicity of PDE due to invariancy under diffeomorphisms? [closed]

Let a nonlinear differential equation is invariant under all diffeomorphisms, then we get lack of parabolicity?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

120 views

### Calogero-Moser eigenfunction

The folllowing function
\begin{equation}
J(t_1,t_2,t_3,m,h)=[(1-e^{t_1-t_2})(1-e^{t_2-t_3})(1-e^{t_1-t_3})]^{-m/h} ...

**-6**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Non Linear PDE's [closed]

I want to solve two systems of questions being
$$\frac{C(r,y)''}{C(r,y)} + \frac{C(r,y)'^2}{C(r,y)^2}=0$$
and
$$A(r,y)'' + 2A(r,y)' \frac{C(r,y)'}{C(r,y)}=0$$
where ' is differentiating with respect ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

429 views

### Global version of the Picard-Lindelöf theorem [closed]

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be an arbitrary (not necessarily closed) intervall and $f:I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}^{n}$ a continuous function such that in $I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Backlund transformation related to two NL differential equations

I'm looking for a Backlund transformation linking the following two nonlinear differential equations for real $t$:
$$\dfrac{d^2}{dt^2}f(t)=\cos\left[f(t)\right]$$
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### The geometric shape of domains of flows

Consider a smooth (non-compact) manifold $M$ with a vector field $X$. Then we know that there is a open neighbourhood $U \subseteq M \times \mathbb{R}$ of $M \times \{0\}$ such that on $U$ the flow ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

271 views

### Quadratic PDE Systems

(First time asking question on this forum so please kindly let me know if this is out of scope/inappropriate etc.)
I have a problem that leads me to the following quadratic system of PDEs:-
$
c_1 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Is there any weighted sobolev embedding with non-decaying weight

Is there any weighted sobolev embedding like
$$(\int_{R^d}(1+|x|)^s |u|^pdx)^{1/p}\leq C||\nabla^a u||_{L^q}$$?
Here $s>0$, and for some appropriate $p, q$.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Variant form of the gronwall inequality

I know the following statement for gronwall inequality:
Given $f$ non negative and absolutely continuous on $[0;T]$ and $\phi \in L^1(0;T)$if we have,
$f' \leq \phi f$ and $f(0)=0$ then $f=0$
Now is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

186 views

### Branching Brownian Motion and the KPP equation

I have troubles understanding the proof of the connection between BBM and KPP equation. I mean the proof of the next lemma from the lecture notes of Anton Bovier about BBM, link. This is almost whole ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Find a maximizing solution to an ODE which depends on a paramater function

(For the physical meaning of this problem see http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/122818/how-should-i-throttle-my-rocket-to-reach-highest-altitude).
Given $g \in (0,\infty), k \in C^1( [0, ...