# Tagged Questions

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vote

**1**answer

86 views

### hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case:
In
$$
{}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) =
A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1),
\qquad x \to 1^-
$$
what can we say about the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...

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**0**answers

45 views

### Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an SchrĂ¶dinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...

**0**

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**0**answers

26 views

### Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows:
Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$.
Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...

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votes

**3**answers

372 views

### Diagonalization via the Toda flow

inAccording to some almost indecipherable notes of a graduate Linear Algebra class, a symmetric matrix $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ can be diagonalized via the Toda flow. More specifically, if ...

**1**

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**1**answer

148 views

### Global version of the Picard-Lindelöf theorem [closed]

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be an arbitrary (not necessarily closed) intervall and $f:I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}^{n}$ a continuous function such that in $I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}$ ...

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**0**answers

202 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### projecting Laplacian onto tangent and normal bundles of submanifold

If I have a simple linear differential equation involving covariant derivatives such as $\nabla^2 g_{\mu\nu}+ 2g_{\mu\nu}=0$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

416 views

### Reference request: a differential equation in elementary geometry

15 hours and four up-votes but not a word from anybody. That's the result of this question to stackexchange.
My question is where the following differential equation arises naturally and where it ...

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**0**answers

126 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...

**3**

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**0**answers

110 views

### Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\
\dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta,
\end{array}
\right.
$$
where ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference.
Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics
http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality
the following result is due to Chaplygin ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

172 views

### Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations
$$
\sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n,
$$
has ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Parameter dependent differential equation in a Lie group

It is well-known that a linear differential equation in a finite-dimensional vector space depends continuously on some external parameters (for details see below). I search for an explicit reference ...

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**0**answers

53 views

### On global attraction of a stable node for a four dimensional nonlinear system

Consider the dynamical system on ${\mathbb R}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$ (or ${\mathbb T}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$) described by
$$\left\{
\begin{array}{l}
\dot{\theta}_1 = \omega_1 - ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...

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votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Exact Differential Equations of Order n via Pfaffian Differential Equations?

I'm wondering if somebody could both shed some light on, & offer references for more details about, this interesting quote:
The derivation of the conditions of exact integrability of an ...

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votes

**2**answers

803 views

### Reference for a nice proof of “undetermined coefficients”

I'm teaching an honors differential equations class and have been using linear algebra heavily. I thought it would be interesting to include a proof of the method of undetermined coefficients along ...

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votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Periodic Holomorphic ODE

Suppose I have an annulus $U\subset \mathbb{C}$ and a single-valued holomorphic function $V:U\to \mathbb{C}$.
I would like to know if there are (tractable) conditions on $V$ that ensure that the ...

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vote

**3**answers

855 views

### book on PDE on manifolds

let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\alpha$ be any some unknown form on $M$. I am interested in solutions or some references of the equation of type $(d + \delta) \alpha = 0$ where $\delta$ is the ...

**1**

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**0**answers

275 views

### Archimedesâ€™ and Galileoâ€™s spirals in one equation.

The differential equation in polar coordinates
$r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, $r(t=0)=0$, k- Const, for large $t$ presents Archimedesâ€™ Spiral and Galileo's spiral for $t \to 0$.
I find it surprisingly, however ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

233 views

### Linear differential equations with regular singularities

Consider a differential equation
$$
\delta^n+b_1(z)\delta^{n-1}+\ldots+b_n(z)
$$
with a regular singular point zero. (Here $\delta=z\frac\partial{\partial z}$). Assume that its indicial polynomial ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$:
$\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

489 views

### Regularity for transport equation?

In the book of Evans the transport equation,
$$\frac{d}{dt} u + b\cdot \nabla u = 0, \quad u(t=0)=u_0,$$
is solved by the method of charateristics for $b$ and $u_0$ smooth enogh (in terms of ...

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votes

**2**answers

286 views

### parallel transport along $W^{1,2}$-curves

Let $c$ be a $W^{1,2}$-curve into a (compact Riemannian) manifold $Q,$ defined on some open interval $I$. Let $t_0\in I$ and $\xi_0\in T_{c(t_0)}Q$ be arbitrary. I am looking for a citeable reference ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

470 views

### Analytic hypoellipticity of linear ordinary differential operators

Let $P = a_n(x) D_x^n + a_{n-1}(x) D_x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_0(x)$ be a linear ordinary differential operator with polynomial (or real analytic) coefficients $a_j(x)$. Suppose that $a_n(x)$ doesn't ...

**4**

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**1**answer

697 views

### Christodoulou's paper on naked singularities in inhomogeneous dust collapse

I have been studying of late about formation of naked singularities in certain collapse scenarios in Einstein's theory. It seems to me that the canonical paper to read about how such a formation is ...

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votes

**5**answers

1k views

### 2- and 3-body problems when gravity is not inverse-square

Suppose that gravity did not follow an inverse-square law, but was instead a central force diminishing
as $1/d^p$ for distance separation $d$ and some power $p$.
Two questions:
Presumably the 2-body ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

642 views

### Limit of a discrete time dynamical system

I have the following discrete time dynamical system
$$ y(t+1) = y(t) + \frac{1}{1+\exp(z+ u f y(t))} ,\quad y(0)=0,$$
where $z$ is a real number $f$ and $u$ are non-negative reals. I know I have ...

**24**

votes

**13**answers

22k views

### Good differential equations text for undergraduates who want to become pure mathematicians

Alright, so I have been taking a while to soak in as much advanced mathematics as an undergraduate as possible, taking courses in algebra, topology, complex analysis (a less rigorous undergraduate ...

**3**

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**0**answers

337 views

### Infinite System of Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations Coupled by Infinite Graphs

$\ \ \ $ In Time Evolution of Infinite Anharmonic Systems,
Lanford,Lebowitz and Lieb, roughly speaking, proved that for some families of functions $F_v$ $(v\in\mathbb Z^d)$
and a large set of initial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

645 views

### A formula for the Jacobian of a flow

Let $U : \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be a smooth vector field, and let $F_t : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be the corresponding smooth flow, defined by the differential equation ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

580 views

### Good references for analytic solutions to nonlinear ordinary differential equations?

I am faced with a non-autonomous initial value problem for a function $x:[0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}^2$ of the form
$$ x'(t) = f(t,x(t)) $$
for $f: [0,\infty) \times \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ with ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

563 views

### Analyzing the solution to a second-order, non-linear ODE

Let $\psi : [0,\infty] \to \mathbb R$ be a strictly positive, continuously differentiable function, and consider the non-linear ODE $$\ddot x = - \frac{1}{4} \frac{\psi'(x)}{\psi(x)} \left( \dot x^2 - ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Undergraduate Derivation of Fundamental Solution to Heat Equation

It is well known that the 1-dimensional heat equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t)=a\cdot\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} {u(x,t)}$$ has the fundamental solution $$K(x,t)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi a ...