0
votes
1answer
59 views

Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
7
votes
3answers
368 views

Diagonalization via the Toda flow

inAccording to some almost indecipherable notes of a graduate Linear Algebra class, a symmetric matrix $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ can be diagonalized via the Toda flow. More specifically, if ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Global version of the Picard-Lindelöf theorem [closed]

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be an arbitrary (not necessarily closed) intervall and $f:I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}^{n}$ a continuous function such that in $I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
195 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

projecting Laplacian onto tangent and normal bundles of submanifold

If I have a simple linear differential equation involving covariant derivatives such as $\nabla^2 g_{\mu\nu}+ 2g_{\mu\nu}=0$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) ...
4
votes
1answer
413 views

Reference request: a differential equation in elementary geometry

15 hours and four up-votes but not a word from anybody. That's the result of this question to stackexchange. My question is where the following differential equation arises naturally and where it ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first order system $$ u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u) $$ for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...
2
votes
0answers
183 views

J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
3
votes
2answers
259 views

existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference. Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality the following result is due to Chaplygin ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations $$ \sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n, $$ has ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Parameter dependent differential equation in a Lie group

It is well-known that a linear differential equation in a finite-dimensional vector space depends continuously on some external parameters (for details see below). I search for an explicit reference ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

On global attraction of a stable node for a four dimensional nonlinear system

Consider the dynamical system on ${\mathbb R}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$ (or ${\mathbb T}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$) described by $$\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot{\theta}_1 = \omega_1 - ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Exact Differential Equations of Order n via Pfaffian Differential Equations?

I'm wondering if somebody could both shed some light on, & offer references for more details about, this interesting quote: The derivation of the conditions of exact integrability of an ...
8
votes
2answers
786 views

Reference for a nice proof of “undetermined coefficients”

I'm teaching an honors differential equations class and have been using linear algebra heavily. I thought it would be interesting to include a proof of the method of undetermined coefficients along ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Periodic Holomorphic ODE

Suppose I have an annulus $U\subset \mathbb{C}$ and a single-valued holomorphic function $V:U\to \mathbb{C}$. I would like to know if there are (tractable) conditions on $V$ that ensure that the ...
1
vote
3answers
853 views

book on PDE on manifolds

let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\alpha$ be any some unknown form on $M$. I am interested in solutions or some references of the equation of type $(d + \delta) \alpha = 0$ where $\delta$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
275 views

Archimedes’ and Galileo’s spirals in one equation.

The differential equation in polar coordinates $r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, $r(t=0)=0$, k- Const, for large $t$ presents Archimedes’ Spiral and Galileo's spiral for $t \to 0$. I find it surprisingly, however ...
1
vote
0answers
233 views

Linear differential equations with regular singularities

Consider a differential equation $$ \delta^n+b_1(z)\delta^{n-1}+\ldots+b_n(z) $$ with a regular singular point zero. (Here $\delta=z\frac\partial{\partial z}$). Assume that its indicial polynomial ...
7
votes
1answer
488 views

Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$: $\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...
4
votes
1answer
483 views

Regularity for transport equation?

In the book of Evans the transport equation, $$\frac{d}{dt} u + b\cdot \nabla u = 0, \quad u(t=0)=u_0,$$ is solved by the method of charateristics for $b$ and $u_0$ smooth enogh (in terms of ...
3
votes
2answers
286 views

parallel transport along $W^{1,2}$-curves

Let $c$ be a $W^{1,2}$-curve into a (compact Riemannian) manifold $Q,$ defined on some open interval $I$. Let $t_0\in I$ and $\xi_0\in T_{c(t_0)}Q$ be arbitrary. I am looking for a citeable reference ...
3
votes
5answers
459 views

Analytic hypoellipticity of linear ordinary differential operators

Let $P = a_n(x) D_x^n + a_{n-1}(x) D_x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_0(x)$ be a linear ordinary differential operator with polynomial (or real analytic) coefficients $a_j(x)$. Suppose that $a_n(x)$ doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
693 views

Christodoulou's paper on naked singularities in inhomogeneous dust collapse

I have been studying of late about formation of naked singularities in certain collapse scenarios in Einstein's theory. It seems to me that the canonical paper to read about how such a formation is ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

2- and 3-body problems when gravity is not inverse-square

Suppose that gravity did not follow an inverse-square law, but was instead a central force diminishing as $1/d^p$ for distance separation $d$ and some power $p$. Two questions: Presumably the 2-body ...
3
votes
1answer
642 views

Limit of a discrete time dynamical system

I have the following discrete time dynamical system $$ y(t+1) = y(t) + \frac{1}{1+\exp(z+ u f y(t))} ,\quad y(0)=0,$$ where $z$ is a real number $f$ and $u$ are non-negative reals. I know I have ...
24
votes
13answers
22k views

Good differential equations text for undergraduates who want to become pure mathematicians

Alright, so I have been taking a while to soak in as much advanced mathematics as an undergraduate as possible, taking courses in algebra, topology, complex analysis (a less rigorous undergraduate ...
3
votes
0answers
337 views

Infinite System of Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations Coupled by Infinite Graphs

$\ \ \ $ In Time Evolution of Infinite Anharmonic Systems, Lanford,Lebowitz and Lieb, roughly speaking, proved that for some families of functions $F_v$ $(v\in\mathbb Z^d)$ and a large set of initial ...
2
votes
1answer
641 views

A formula for the Jacobian of a flow

Let $U : \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be a smooth vector field, and let $F_t : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be the corresponding smooth flow, defined by the differential equation ...
3
votes
2answers
576 views

Good references for analytic solutions to nonlinear ordinary differential equations?

I am faced with a non-autonomous initial value problem for a function $x:[0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}^2$ of the form $$ x'(t) = f(t,x(t)) $$ for $f: [0,\infty) \times \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ with ...
3
votes
2answers
562 views

Analyzing the solution to a second-order, non-linear ODE

Let $\psi : [0,\infty] \to \mathbb R$ be a strictly positive, continuously differentiable function, and consider the non-linear ODE $$\ddot x = - \frac{1}{4} \frac{\psi'(x)}{\psi(x)} \left( \dot x^2 - ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Undergraduate Derivation of Fundamental Solution to Heat Equation

It is well known that the 1-dimensional heat equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t)=a\cdot\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} {u(x,t)}$$ has the fundamental solution $$K(x,t)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi a ...