1
vote
1answer
102 views

Global version of the Picard-Lindelöf theorem [closed]

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be an arbitrary (not necessarily closed) intervall and $f:I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}^{n}$ a continuous function such that in $I\times \mathbb{R}^{n}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
187 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

projecting Laplacian onto tangent and normal bundles of submanifold

If I have a simple linear differential equation involving covariant derivatives such as $\nabla^2 g_{\mu\nu}+ 2g_{\mu\nu}=0$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) ...
4
votes
1answer
395 views

Reference request: a differential equation in elementary geometry

15 hours and four up-votes but not a word from anybody. That's the result of this question to stackexchange. My question is where the following differential equation arises naturally and where it ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first order system $$ u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u) $$ for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference. Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality the following result is due to Chaplygin ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations $$ \sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n, $$ has ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Parameter dependent differential equation in a Lie group

It is well-known that a linear differential equation in a finite-dimensional vector space depends continuously on some external parameters (for details see below). I search for an explicit reference ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

On global attraction of a stable node for a four dimensional nonlinear system

Consider the dynamical system on ${\mathbb R}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$ (or ${\mathbb T}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$) described by $$\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \dot{\theta}_1 = \omega_1 - ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Exact Differential Equations of Order n via Pfaffian Differential Equations?

I'm wondering if somebody could both shed some light on, & offer references for more details about, this interesting quote: The derivation of the conditions of exact integrability of an ...
8
votes
2answers
769 views

Reference for a nice proof of “undetermined coefficients”

I'm teaching an honors differential equations class and have been using linear algebra heavily. I thought it would be interesting to include a proof of the method of undetermined coefficients along ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Periodic Holomorphic ODE

Suppose I have an annulus $U\subset \mathbb{C}$ and a single-valued holomorphic function $V:U\to \mathbb{C}$. I would like to know if there are (tractable) conditions on $V$ that ensure that the ...
1
vote
3answers
839 views

book on PDE on manifolds

let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\alpha$ be any some unknown form on $M$. I am interested in solutions or some references of the equation of type $(d + \delta) \alpha = 0$ where $\delta$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
271 views

Archimedes’ and Galileo’s spirals in one equation.

The differential equation in polar coordinates $r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, $r(t=0)=0$, k- Const, for large $t$ presents Archimedes’ Spiral and Galileo's spiral for $t \to 0$. I find it surprisingly, however ...
1
vote
0answers
232 views

Linear differential equations with regular singularities

Consider a differential equation $$ \delta^n+b_1(z)\delta^{n-1}+\ldots+b_n(z) $$ with a regular singular point zero. (Here $\delta=z\frac\partial{\partial z}$). Assume that its indicial polynomial ...
7
votes
1answer
483 views

Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$: $\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...
4
votes
1answer
469 views

Regularity for transport equation?

In the book of Evans the transport equation, $$\frac{d}{dt} u + b\cdot \nabla u = 0, \quad u(t=0)=u_0,$$ is solved by the method of charateristics for $b$ and $u_0$ smooth enogh (in terms of ...
3
votes
2answers
286 views

parallel transport along $W^{1,2}$-curves

Let $c$ be a $W^{1,2}$-curve into a (compact Riemannian) manifold $Q,$ defined on some open interval $I$. Let $t_0\in I$ and $\xi_0\in T_{c(t_0)}Q$ be arbitrary. I am looking for a citeable reference ...
3
votes
5answers
445 views

Analytic hypoellipticity of linear ordinary differential operators

Let $P = a_n(x) D_x^n + a_{n-1}(x) D_x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_0(x)$ be a linear ordinary differential operator with polynomial (or real analytic) coefficients $a_j(x)$. Suppose that $a_n(x)$ doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
682 views

Christodoulou's paper on naked singularities in inhomogeneous dust collapse

I have been studying of late about formation of naked singularities in certain collapse scenarios in Einstein's theory. It seems to me that the canonical paper to read about how such a formation is ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

2- and 3-body problems when gravity is not inverse-square

Suppose that gravity did not follow an inverse-square law, but was instead a central force diminishing as $1/d^p$ for distance separation $d$ and some power $p$. Two questions: Presumably the 2-body ...
3
votes
1answer
640 views

Limit of a discrete time dynamical system

I have the following discrete time dynamical system $$ y(t+1) = y(t) + \frac{1}{1+\exp(z+ u f y(t))} ,\quad y(0)=0,$$ where $z$ is a real number $f$ and $u$ are non-negative reals. I know I have ...
23
votes
13answers
20k views

Good differential equations text for undergraduates who want to become pure mathematicians

Alright, so I have been taking a while to soak in as much advanced mathematics as an undergraduate as possible, taking courses in algebra, topology, complex analysis (a less rigorous undergraduate ...
3
votes
0answers
337 views

Infinite System of Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations Coupled by Infinite Graphs

$\ \ \ $ In Time Evolution of Infinite Anharmonic Systems, Lanford,Lebowitz and Lieb, roughly speaking, proved that for some families of functions $F_v$ $(v\in\mathbb Z^d)$ and a large set of initial ...
2
votes
1answer
619 views

A formula for the Jacobian of a flow

Let $U : \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be a smooth vector field, and let $F_t : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R^d$ be the corresponding smooth flow, defined by the differential equation ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Good references for analytic solutions to nonlinear ordinary differential equations?

I am faced with a non-autonomous initial value problem for a function $x:[0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}^2$ of the form $$ x'(t) = f(t,x(t)) $$ for $f: [0,\infty) \times \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ with ...
3
votes
2answers
559 views

Analyzing the solution to a second-order, non-linear ODE

Let $\psi : [0,\infty] \to \mathbb R$ be a strictly positive, continuously differentiable function, and consider the non-linear ODE $$\ddot x = - \frac{1}{4} \frac{\psi'(x)}{\psi(x)} \left( \dot x^2 - ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Undergraduate Derivation of Fundamental Solution to Heat Equation

It is well known that the 1-dimensional heat equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t)=a\cdot\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} {u(x,t)}$$ has the fundamental solution $$K(x,t)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi a ...