1
vote
1answer
55 views

Solving Bessel-like equation by using Bessel Kernel [closed]

Consider the drifted-Bessel equation as follows. \begin{equation} x^2\ddot y + x\dot y + (x^2-n^2)y=f, \end{equation} where $n$ is an integer and $f$ is a known function. If $f\equiv 0$, the solution ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

Path integrals for stochastic equations

Does there exist a rigorous mathematical proof for path integral representations given in the physics literature? See for example http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9912209v1 For imaginary time rigorous ...
16
votes
0answers
261 views

Infinitely many planets on a line, with Newtonian gravity

(I previously asked essentially this on physics.stackexchange, but was actually hoping for answers with something closer to a proof than what I got there.) Suppose we have a unit mass planet at each ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

conservation law and generalized Symplectic Monge-Ampere equation arising from 3-variables

If we have a Jacobi PDE system with conservation law $\theta \in \Omega^1(M)$ such that $d \theta$ is non-degenerate 2-form , then we know this fact that it can be written as symplectic 2D ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

symmetry of generationg function of PDE

We know that for finding the solutions of PDE equations, one of methods is "reduction of PDE", . For nonlinear equation $v_t=(v^{-4/3}v_x)_x+\lambda v$ how can we compute the generators of Lie ...
1
vote
0answers
278 views

a question about contact manifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}=< X_{f_1},X_{f_2},...,X_{f_n}> $ be a lie algebra of contact symmetries , $\mathfrak{g}\subset Sym(E_\omega )$ , such that the orbit spact $ B_\mathfrak{g}=E_\mathfrak{g}/ ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

multivalued solution of a equation

Definition: A scalar k-th order differential equation on a smooth manifold $M$ , is $F(x,v,\frac{\partial {^\left | \sigma \right |}v}{\partial x^\sigma })=0 $ for $\left | \sigma \right |\leqslant ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Bessel and Neumann functions:ordering the zeroes

I realize the abundance of the literature on this theme which is a disservice in this case, because there are too many formulas in all the books I've found and no explicit answers. Maybe someone could ...
2
votes
0answers
659 views

Bessel functions in wave propagation and scattering

Is there a way to scale Bessel J(n,.) (Bessel of first kind) and Bessel H(n,.) (Bessel of third kind or Hankel)? I am having computer problems with higher orders (higher vlaues of n) and small ...
3
votes
1answer
439 views

A name for PDE systems which are neither under- nor overdetermined?

The concepts of overdetermined and underdetermined PDE systems are well known. However, all sources I have so far looked into appear to avoid giving any name to PDE systems which are neither ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Herpolhode equation

Poinsot’s construction describes the motion of a freely rotating rigid body in terms of an ellipsoid rolling on a plane. (http://www.phys.ttu.edu/~huang24/Teaching/Phys5306/CH5C.pdf), and the path of ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a Poincare-Hopf Index theorem for non compact manifolds?

Does Poincare-Hopf index theorem generalizes in any way to non compact manifolds ? In particular, I am interested in the case of a smooth vector field on a cylinder $\mathbb{T}_1\times\mathbb{R}$? If ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Schrodinger's equation over a randomized grid

I am interested in solutions to $$ \frac{d}{dt} \Psi = -iH \Psi $$ for $H$ hermitian and time independent. This boils down to evaluating $$ \Psi(t) = e^{-iHt}\Psi_0 $$ at points of interest $t_n$. I ...
12
votes
9answers
2k views

Newton equations, second order equation and (im)possible motions

I am am currently studying Newtonian mechanics from a conceptional and axiomatic point of view. Now, if I am not mistaken, one (but surely not all) statement of Newtons second law about nature is, ...
22
votes
11answers
2k views

What kind of Lagrangians can we have?

In any physics book I've read the Lagrangian is introuced as as a functional whose critical points govern the dynamics of the system. It is then usually shown that a finite collection of ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

2- and 3-body problems when gravity is not inverse-square

Suppose that gravity did not follow an inverse-square law, but was instead a central force diminishing as $1/d^p$ for distance separation $d$ and some power $p$. Two questions: Presumably the 2-body ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Characterizing the harmonic oscillator creation and annihilation operators in a rotationally invariant way

I am interested in a characterization of the creation and annihilation operators that is in some sense invariant under $O(n)$ rotations of $\mathbb{R}^n$: Background The Harmonic Oscillator on ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Justification for the matching condition for the wave function at potential jumps. Why is it both restrictive enough and sufficiently general?

Consider Schrödinger's time-independent equation $$ -\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\nabla^2\psi+V\psi=E\psi. $$ In typical examples, the potential $V(x)$ has discontinuities, called potential jumps. Outside ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

PDEs, boundary conditions, and unique solvability

I'm interested in a criterion that determines whether a linear scalar PDE (arbitrary order) has a unique solution given vanishing boundary conditions at spatial infinity. I'll try to formulate the ...
2
votes
1answer
382 views

What kind of uniqueness can I conclude for solutions to a simple functional equation?

I'm going to ask a very vague question, and then give specifics for the version I particularly care about. I'm interested in answers at all levels of vagueness. At the most vague version, I am in ...
64
votes
0answers
4k views

Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...
5
votes
3answers
352 views

Do there exist small neighborhoods in a classical mechanical system without pairs of focal points?

The question I will ask makes sense in much more generality, but I will leave the translation to the experts, since I'm only looking for a special case (and it would not surprise me if the answer does ...
23
votes
7answers
2k views

Does every ODE comes from something in physics?

Not sure if this is appropriate to Math Overflow, but I think there's some way to make this precise, even if I'm not sure how to do it myself. Say I have a nasty ODE, nonlinear, maybe extremely ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

Is there a theory of differential equations for smooth correspondences?

This question is very closely related to another one I just asked. The general question is to what extent there is a theory of differential equations for smooth correspondences (between a smooth ...
2
votes
2answers
442 views

Is the Hessian of Hamilton's function positive-definite?

Background Consider an electron with mass $1$ moving in $\mathbb R^n$ in under the influence of a static electromagnetic field. Up to identifying vector fields with differential forms, Maxwell's ...
58
votes
11answers
11k views

What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what is a non-integrable system.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...
10
votes
3answers
453 views

What happens to Newtonian systems as the mass vanishes?

This question is closely related to another one I asked recently, and may be thought of as a warm-up to that one. Consider $\mathbb R^n$ with its usual metric, and pick a one-form $b$ and a function ...
5
votes
5answers
370 views

What happens to the solutions of a fourth-order boundary-value problem as you turn off the fourth-order coefficient?

Background Lagrangian mechanics on $\mathbb R^n$ is usually defined by picking a Lagrangian function $L: {\rm T}\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$, where ${\rm T}\mathbb R^n = \mathbb R^{2n}$ is the tangent ...
7
votes
1answer
338 views

Is the space of nondegenerate classical paths connected?

I have a fairly specific question. My intuition says the answer is "yes", but there is a natural generalizations in which I take out all the "physics", and then I think the answer is "no". Edit ...
33
votes
9answers
6k views

Motivating the Laplace transform definition

In undergraduate differential equations it's usual to deal with the Laplace transform to reduce the differential equation problem to an algebraic problem. The Laplace transform of a function $f(t)$, ...