# Tagged Questions

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Is there an explicit ODE solution for this system?

y'(t)=A(t)*y(t)+g(t),
A(t)=[-t^2, t;
sin(t) cos(t)]
g(t)=(1+t/2;
-1)
y(0)=(3;
1)
I actually do not know how to solve an ODE with variable constants, but when I use the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background
Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying,
$f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$,
for every ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Solution of an Ordinary Differential Equation

I'd like to know if there is an analytical solution of the following Ordinary Differential Equation :
$\displaystyle{\dfrac{d}{dt}x_i(t) = D_i + \sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}x_j(t) + ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Exponential mapping versus flow

In Hamilton's article on the Nash-Moser Theorem, he gives the map that maps a vector field $X$ to its flow $e^{tX}$ in $\mathrm{Diff}(M)$ as an example where the implicit function theorem in Frechet ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Delay Differential Equations Numerical methods

I have a general question about delay differential equations. I know that even simple ones hardly have analytic solutions and mine clearly doesn't have any as it is a system of non-linear delay ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

515 views

### Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$.
When $f$ is a function, it looks like the only solution is $f(x)=0$. But what if we allow distributions, such as the Dirac delta?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics
http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality
the following result is due to Chaplygin ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

164 views

### Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations
$$
\sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n,
$$
has ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Parameter dependent differential equation in a Lie group

It is well-known that a linear differential equation in a finite-dimensional vector space depends continuously on some external parameters (for details see below). I search for an explicit reference ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

40 views

### Hopf bifurcation for systems where the dynamics is homogeneous of degree 1

Consider dynamical system in dimension 3
$$x'(t)=f(x(t),d)$$
where the dynamics f is homogeneous of degree 1 and there is exactly one
line of equilibrium points. This line is independent of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Non-linear first order ODE

This is a two part question. On one hand, I am trying to find positive solutions of the following equation:
$$1-\frac{d}{dx}f=\frac{f\log(f)}{x}$$
for $x>1$.
If that is not possible, I would at ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

154 views

### Regularity of a nonlinear ODE [Traveling wave solutions of parabolic systems]

In the book of Volpert on Traveling wave solutions of Parabolic Systems (AMS), one reads "the following assertion is readily proved and we shall not discuss it in detail". The same result is tacitely ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Exact Differential Equations of Order n via Pfaffian Differential Equations?

I'm wondering if somebody could both shed some light on, & offer references for more details about, this interesting quote:
The derivation of the conditions of exact integrability of an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### growth bound for solution of an ordinary integro-differential equation

I am considering the following ordinary integro-differential equation
$$
A g = \sigma^2(y) + \int_\mathbb{R} \nu(y,dz) z^2
$$
where
$$
A = b(y) \partial + \frac{1}{2} \sigma^2(y) \partial^2
+ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Solution of linear ODE

Let $A=A(t)$ be a smooth one parameter family of $n\times n$-matrices, $n\ge 2$.
It seems that the solution of linear ODE
$$\dot x= Ax$$
can not be written in a closed form using $\int$, $A$, $x(0)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Differential Equations vs Difference Equations

My question is:
Is there a duality between a solution of an ODE,PDE,SDE or integral equations with their analog counterpart in the discrete domain?
I mean if I know a solution to the difference ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### The solvability of a Hölder ODE [closed]

The problem is follow, I want to know weather there is a function $u\in \text{C}^{0}\left((-1,1)\right)$ but not $\text{C}^1((-1,1))$, such that $\lim\limits_{h\rightarrow ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### Green's function of coupled ODEs

For functions $a(x)$ and $b(x)$ and "sources" $S_1(f,g)$, $S_2(f,g)$ and $S_3(f,g)$ lets say one has the differential equations for functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$,
$f' + af + bg = S_1(f,g) + S_2(f,g)$
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

164 views

### Constructing a linear ODE for a product of two holonomic functions without introducing additional singularities

A function $f$ is called holonomic if it satisfies some linear differential equation with polynomial coefficients $$p_n(x) f^{(n)}(x)+\dots+p_1(x)f'(x)+p_0(x)f(x)=0.$$ Now if $f,g$ are holonomic then ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Whether does the following equation have only one finite zero?

Dear MOs,
Here is a calculus problem which bored me for sometime. Let $a>0$ and $b<0$ be fixed.Define the following function (EDIT: Following the comment by Barry Cipra, you may only consider ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

741 views

### Reference for a nice proof of “undetermined coefficients”

I'm teaching an honors differential equations class and have been using linear algebra heavily. I thought it would be interesting to include a proof of the method of undetermined coefficients along ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

627 views

### What is symmetry group of non-linear equation?

I am not very sure if this is a proper question, but I'm trying to investigate what the area of math can offer in researching the differential equation in polar coordinates:
$r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### When is a solution to an ODE determined by its average value?

Fix a smooth vector field $\vec v$ on $\mathbb R^n$. It is well-known that any trajectory $\vec x : [0,1]\to \mathbb R^n$ solving the ODE $\dot x(t) = \vec v(\vec x(t))$ is determined by its ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Lagrangean uniqueness versus Eulerian uniqueness

(1) Lagrangean description. Let us consider a $N\times N$ system of autonomous ODE:
$$
\dot x=a(x),\quad \mathbb R\ni t\mapsto x(t)\in \mathbb R^N,\quad a:\mathbb R^N\rightarrow \mathbb R^N.
$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Dependence of the blow-up time of existence of an ODE with respect to initial condition.

Let $V$ be a smooth vector field on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that the maximal solution to the Cauchy problem $x'=V(x), x(0)=x_0$ exist only for $t\in [0,T)$, where $T$ is finite, denote this time by ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by
$$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

246 views

### how to solve a singular integral equation involving the kernel $1/x$

Dear all,
Suppose we know that $f(x)$ is nonnegative and Hölder continuous at zero with exponents $1/2$. We also know that
$$
f(x) \le g(x) + \int_0^x \frac{f(y)}{y} d y,\quad\forall x>0,
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

240 views

### Leibniz rule for Pseudo-differential operators of negative order

Does anyone know of some good references for a fractional Leibniz rule for pseudo-differential operators of negative order? As a specific example, I would like to compute $\partial_{x}^{-1}(uv)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### Semi implicit DAE integration using an implicit Runge Kutta scheme

I'm looking for some references regarding integration of DAEs in the form
$M(t) \frac{dy}{dt} + G(y(t),t) + f(t) = 0, \quad y \in R^n, M(t) \in R^{nxn}$
using a high order implicit Runge Kutta ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Continuous variation from solution of easy problem to solution of hard problem

I asked this question a week ago over on math.stackexchange and got no reply, so I am asking here with slightly different wording. I am trying to prove that there exists a solution to a problem. I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### a question about asymptotics of solutions to a ordinary differential equation

This might be an easy question in the theory of ordinary differential equation. But since I know very little about it, I posted it here and hope to get some answers or references.
Consider the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

606 views

### First order differential equation of vector fields

Given vector fields $Y$, $Z$ on a (possibly compact) manifold $M$, I would like to know about the existence of solutions $X$ to the differential equation
$$ \nabla_Y X + a \cdot \mathrm{div}(Y)\cdot X ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

385 views

### On properties of Wronskians of ODE

Hello everyone,
I'm currently working over a certain class of ODE of the form
$D_N \; \phi(x) = \lambda^N \phi(x) \quad, \quad N>1$
where $D_N = \delta_N \delta_{N-1} \cdots \delta_1$ and ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

577 views

### Solving $x\partial_x f = 0$ over distributions

Solving $x\partial_x f = 0$ over 'normal' functions is the same as solving $\partial_x f = 0$, i.e. one gets $f(x)=c_1$ as the complete answer. But over distributions (if my calculations are ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

507 views

### Runge-Kutta method with c<1

In trying to solve an ODE $y'=f(y,t)$ with a function f that is discontinuous at a subset (codim=1) of $\mathbb R^n$, I am looking for a Runge-Kutta ODE method whose stages do not evaluate $f(x,t)$ at ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Regularization of Zygmund functions

Dear community.
I would like to derive a "good" estimate on $\frac{d}{dt}f_\epsilon(t)$, where $f_\epsilon$ is a regularization of a Zygmund-continuous function $f$, i.e.
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

924 views

### Solvability in differential Galois theory

It is well known that the function $f(x) = e^{-x^2}$ has no elementary anti-derivative.
The proof I know goes as follows:
Let $F = \mathbb{C}(X)$. Let $F \subseteq E$ be the Picard-Vessiot extension ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

777 views

### (Approximate) analytic solutions to the Mathieu equation

I'm trying to solve the driven Mathieu equation
$x''+\beta x'+(a-2q\cos{\Omega t})\frac{\Omega^2}{4}x=f(t)$
for both zero and non-zero $\beta$.
I can write down an analytic solution using the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

898 views

### Existence/Uniqueness of solutions to quasi-Lipschitz ODEs

Would the Picard–Lindelöf theorem still be true if the requirement that f be Lipschitz continuous in y was replaced with the requirement that f be almost Lipschitz in y?
If not, are there any moduli ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Analytical solutions of a differential equation (from Archimedes' Spiral)

There is a differential equation in polar coordinates:
$r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, $r(t=0)=0$, k- Const.
I've found that
a) if $\phi \in (0,t)$, t is quite small, then $r(\phi) \approx k/2 *\phi^2$
b) if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

707 views

### The upper semicontinuous envelope of a lower semicontinuous function

We call $u^{*}$ is the upper semicontinuous envelope of $u$ if it is the smallest upper semicontinuous function satisfying $u\le u^*$.
My question is that is there any good properties of the upper ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

525 views

### Approach to solving a differential-functional equation

What could be an approach to solving such equations?
$$f'(x)=C \prod_{k=0}^x f(k)$$
$$\frac{g'(x)}{g(x)}=C+ \sum_{k=0}^{x-1} g(k)$$
Here the product and the sum are understood as indefinite sum and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

297 views

### Does any iterative equation of n-th order have exactly n independent solutions?

Does any iterative equation of n-th order which does not inclute derivatives of order higher than 1 have exactly n independent solutions?
Let's designate n-th iterate of a function $y(x)$ as ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

435 views

### Analytic hypoellipticity of linear ordinary differential operators

Let $P = a_n(x) D_x^n + a_{n-1}(x) D_x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_0(x)$ be a linear ordinary differential operator with polynomial (or real analytic) coefficients $a_j(x)$. Suppose that $a_n(x)$ doesn't ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Spectral Galerkin method for a semi-linear parabolic PDE

I'm trying to understand how to apply the Galerkin method to $u_t - \Delta u = u^3$. I understand how to obtain all of the a-priori estimates using Sobolev embeddings and such but my question concerns ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

612 views

### Do boundary conditions for elliptic PDE need to be homogenous to use spectral theory?

Question 1: It appears that when studying an elliptic equation $Lu=f$ in $\Omega$ with $u = g$ on $\partial \Omega$ we need to have $g=0$ in order that the inverse operator, $K=L^{-1}$ is linear. ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

763 views

### A simple example where elliptic boundary regularity fails due to a kink in the domain

I'm seeking a simple example of where elliptic (preferably linear) boundary regularity fails due to a simple kink in the domain.
So far my gueses were to look at $-\Delta u = f$ on $[0,2\pi] \times ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

553 views

### Reference for existence and uniqueness of differential equations for low differentiability?

My specific situation is that I have a non-spacelike continuous future directed curve $\gamma:[0,a)\to M$ in a Lorentzian manifold. The curve must necessarily satisfy a local Lipschitz condition and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### variational formulation: boundedness of the bilinear form

The simplest case of the problem I'm thinking about involves an elliptic differential operator, $Lu = -u'' + qu$, on the interval $(0,1)$, with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. I want to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### A differential equation

let $g(s)$ be real-valued function defined on $[0,T]$ such that $g(T)=0$ and suppose that $g$ is a "nice function"
Assume that $0<\gamma<1$, $v$ is a positive number, and
...