Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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57 views

Characterization of the stable manifold [closed]

Assume we study a (finite dimensional) differential system $$ x'(t)=f(x(t)), \quad x(t) \in \mathbb R^n, $$ for a smooth function $f$ and such that $0$ is an equilibrium point. Thus, we have existence ...
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76 views

Is the trivial solution the unique solution to the following initial value problem?

This question is a duplicate one asked by myself elsewhere. But there are no answers or comments so far. The initial value problem that I am considering is: $$ y'' (3y+2x)^2=3(3y'-1)(9yy' + 4xy' -y), ...
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1answer
83 views

Heat kernel for non bounded domains

consider a domain $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ which is not bounded and denote its boundary by $\partial U$. (The boundary I'm confronted with is actually not very irregular. Think of a smooth manifold ...
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20 views

Solution of non-linear Fredholm (Hammerstein) equation with non-degenerate kernel and reciprocal non-linearity

I have asked this question at MSE but got no response. I have rephrased it so that anyone who knows operator theory and integral equations could help me out... I faced a problem in physics which is a ...
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0answers
56 views

Uniqueness of analytic center manifold

In a book, i have read a remark which says that the center manifold of an equilibrium point of a differential equation is not unique in general but is unique in the class of analytic manifold. The ...
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1answer
59 views

Fundamental solution to the heat equation with zero boundary values

let $\Omega\subset M$ be an open and unbounded set in a smooth manifold $M$ with boundary $\partial \Omega$. Now let $p_t(x,y)$ be a non-negative fundamental solution to the heat equation on $\Omega$ ...
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0answers
28 views

Causal (Volterra type) differential equation with local Lipschitz condition

Consider the equation $$ u'(t) = (Fu)(t) $$ where $F \colon L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n) \to L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n)$ is a causal (Volterra type) nonlinear operator. It means that the value of $(Fu)(t_0)$ ...
2
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1answer
108 views

What are some good references on the Galois theory, factorization, or minimality of differential equations?

Let $\lambda$ be a nonzero complex number and let $u(x)$ be some smooth function $\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$, not identically zero. I want to prove that if $u$ satisfies $$u'' + \lambda u'+ \lambda^2 u ...
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19 views

Can someone give me an example of how to work out an exact linear second order differential equation? [migrated]

I have a theorem that states: if an equation P(x)y''+Q(x)y'+R(x)y=0 can be written in the form: [P(x)y']'+[f(x)y]'=0 then the equation is said to be exact. Now I need to expand and equate the ...
2
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41 views

Does there exist duality/symmetry between Fuchsian differential equations, like in the case of confluent hypergeometric?

My question is about whether certain dualities or symmetries hold between pairs of Fuchsian differential equations, but I need to give a bit of background to explain what I want to ask. Thank you for ...
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1answer
98 views

BDF2 and TR-BDF2: what is better? [closed]

What method of numerical solving ODEs is better? BDF2 or TR-BDF2? Namely, what advantages has TR-BDF2 over BDF2? Is TR-BDF2 more accurate? Does it damp "ringing" better? The BDF2 method requires the ...
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0answers
69 views

Uniqueness of a Integro-parabolic differential equation?

Let $r, q,\lambda,\sigma,\kappa,\mu$ are positive real numbers and let $c(t)$ is a differential function of $t$. $\Gamma(\eta)$ is a probability density function. When I consider price of American ...
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2answers
181 views

ODE properties true in finite dimension but not in Banach spaces of infinite dimension

Some properties of Ordinary Differential Equations - ODE are true in finite dimension spaces but not in Banach spaces of infinite dimension. The first one I know is the Peano existence theorem. I ...
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1answer
125 views

Implicit function theorem for elliptic partial differential equations

Consider the elliptic equation $-\Delta u=\alpha f(u)$ in $R^n$ and assume that for some $\alpha^* \in R$ it has a bounded smooth solution $u^*$ in $R^n$ ($f$ is a nice smooth function). Under what ...
4
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2answers
116 views

Examples of potentials for which Schrödinger equation lacks discrete points in continuous spectrum

In Landau, Lifshitz, "Quantum Mechanics, non-relativistic theory" in $\S18$ "The fundamental properties of Schrödinger's equation" the following is said about potential $U(x,y,z)$ in a footnote: ...
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1answer
128 views

General description of surface with zero gaussian curvature

Let suppose function $g(s,t)$ satisfies partial differential equations: $g_{ss} g_{tt} - g_{st}^2=0$. It may be treated as the surface has zero gaussian curvature. I am searching for general solution ...
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43 views

Non-autonomous O.D.E with discontinuous and not integrable R.H.S

Consider the non-autonomous O.D.E $\dot{x}(t) = \int h(x(t),y)\mu(t,dy)=F(x(t),t)$ where $\mu(t,dy) = \delta_{y_n}(dy)$ when $t \in [t_n,t_{n+1})$ and $h:\Bbb R^d \times S \to \Bbb R^d$ where ...
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0answers
43 views

Shooting method for non-oscillatory solutions

I am having some trouble with using the shooting method : I am given a system of ode's representing initial value problem, and I know I want one of the unknowns (=u) to vanish at infinity (which I ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Uniqueness of backward heat equation on closed manifold with given initial data

Suppose we have a closed (compact without boundry) Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, do we have uniqueness (assuming solutions exist on $[0,T]$ ) for the backward heat equation $$\frac{\partial f ...
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37 views

Finding a stochastic differential equation as limit of a discrete stochastic equation

I'm dealing with the following problem: Choose $Z_0 \in [0,1]$ and define a process governed by the following discrete stochastic equation: $Z_{k+1}-Z_k=P_k(1-2Z_k)$ where $P_k=0$ with probability ...
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1answer
167 views

How to solve this differential equation with an infinite sum?

I would like to find solutions of the following differential equation: $ \sum_{1}^{\infty} a_n f(nx) + f''(x)+ x^2 f(x)=\lambda f(x)$ For example in space of function from $\mathbb R^*$ to $\mathbb ...
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0answers
76 views

Floquet-Bloch solutions of the quasiperiodic Schrödinger equation

I am concerned about the Schrödinger equation $-x''(t)+q(t)x(t)=Ex(t).$ Here, the potential $q$ is real and quasiperiodic with frequency vector $\omega$. That is, we let $T^d$ be the $d$-dimensional ...
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1answer
175 views

Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...
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1answer
57 views

Integrating factors and integrability of an ODE system

The following argument is from a paper about the Bendixson-Dulac Theorem. Consider a smooth differential equation on the plane $$ x'=g(x,y),\quad y'=h(x,y). $$ Suppose there exists a function ...
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33 views

Perturbation method of a boundary value problem

Let $u(x, \epsilon, \theta)$ be the solution of $$u''+(\epsilon \cos(x)+\theta-u)u=0$$ with boundary conditions $u'(0)=0$ and $u'(\pi)=0$. Here $\theta\in [0, 1]$. I tried to put the solution in ...
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0answers
53 views

Regularity of Schrödinger Resolvent

The following problem keeps bothering me: Let $H:=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrödinger-Operator in $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a Kato-Potential of type $K_n$, which especially yields that $H$ is e.s.a. on ...
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2answers
76 views

Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP: $x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$. Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$. In order for the ...
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1answer
43 views

Solution of a second order nonlinear ode [closed]

I encountered the following ode in the attempt to solve the cauchy problem of Liouville equation. I have tried for a long time to give it a solution but failed. $(K e^f h + ...
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68 views

Dipole Transition Integrals - Acceleration Form, What's Wrong?

I should have posted this question in a physics forum, but I think by posting in MathOverflow I may get more responses. The following question may sound stupid, since I'm sure I was wrong somewhere, ...
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1answer
238 views

applications of C$^*$-algebras in the field of PDEs

I know only a little bit about C$^*$-algebras and I want a to know if you know a nice apllication or the influence of them in the field of partial differential equations (it is better that it is ...
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60 views

Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...
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1answer
43 views

SIRS Stability Analysis

I have set up the following ODE's for a SIRS model: $$\frac{dS}{dt} =-\alpha SI + \zeta R$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt} = \alpha SI - \beta I - \rho I$$ $$\frac{dR}{dt} = \beta I - \zeta R$$ ...
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46 views

Mathematical simulation of viscous material behaviour

I have a non linear first order differential equation of the type: $[y(t)]^n + a \frac{dy(t)}{dt} = b(t)$ where $y(t)$ is a real function, the exponent n is a real number greater than $2$, but not ...
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93 views

“simulteneous eigenvectors” under the full set of weighted Laplacians on a $g$-fold product of the Poincare half plane

This question is closely related to the following MO question Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series Let $\mathfrak{h}=\{z=x+iy\in\mathbf{C}\}$ be the Poincare upper half plane endowed ...
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134 views

System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$: $$ \begin{align}x ...
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29 views

How to switch from the spectral density of the differential equation

I am modeling random process. It is described with the function of the spectral density, where $\alpha_x$ and $\beta_x$ are damping coefficient and the average frequency of the correlation function of ...
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273 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
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1answer
257 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
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0answers
99 views

Is there a unique solution? [closed]

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...
5
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1answer
279 views

Killing vector fields on sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on $\mathbb S^2$, and assume that for every killing vector field $V$ on $\mathbb S^2$. $$\int_{\mathbb S^2} V(u) x_j dS=0\text{,}\forall j=1,2,3$$ Is $u$ necessarily ...
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1answer
369 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
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1answer
78 views

Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values. K is a sparse banded matrix ...
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3answers
125 views

closed integral formula for a non-zero solution of a homogeneous linear ODE of order 2

Let $$ (\star) \;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; y''+p(x)y'+q(x)y=0, $$ be a homogeneous linear ODE of order $2$ with $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ complex valued analytic functions in a small neighbourhood of $0$. Q: ...
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77 views

How to solve a couple of ODEs

Let $\phi_+ (\phi_-)$ be a strictly increasing (decreasing) function defined on $R_+$ such that $\phi_+(\phi_-)\in\mathcal{C}^0(R_+)\cap\mathcal{C}^1(R_+^{\ast})$ and $\phi_+(0)=0(\phi_-(0)=0)$. ...
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86 views

Difference Quotients Evans

There is a theorem in Evans partial differential equation book as follows: if $u \in W^{1,p}(U)$ then for each compact $V$ in $U$ we have that: $ |D^hu|_{L^p(V)} \leq C |Du|_{L^p(U)} $ for all $ ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Differential equation related to the Schwarzschild metric

How can one find solutions of the following second-order differential equation $$\frac{d^2W}{dr^2}-\frac{1}{r}\frac{dW}{dr}=\frac{C}{W^2}\frac{dW}{dr}$$ with the boundary condition $W(r)\to r^2$ at ...
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2answers
185 views

Two questions related to $TS^{2}$ as a holomorphic manifold

We consider $TS^{2}$ as a 2 dimensional holomorphic manifold and fix an explicit holomorphic structure on $TS^{2}$ as it is indicated in the answer of Mike Usher to the following question. ...
2
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108 views

A (different) foliation arising from Hopf fibration

In this question, first we fix an isomorphism between $TS^{3}$ and $S^{3}\times \mathbb{R}^{3}$.(To be more precise we consider the global trivialization of $TS^{3}$ with help of $3$ global ...
4
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1answer
182 views

Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...
2
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1answer
104 views

hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case: In $$ {}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) = A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1), \qquad x \to 1^- $$ what can we say about the ...