Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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98 views

Algebraic conditions for limit cycles

Let $\chi^{n}$ be the vector space of all polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with degree at most $n$. An algebraic map $\phi:\chi^{n}\to \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ is a linear combination ...
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1answer
151 views

How to solve this differential equation with an infinite sum?

I would like to find solutions of the following differential equation: $ \sum_{1}^{\infty} a_n f(nx) + f''(x)+ x^2 f(x)=\lambda f(x)$ For example in space of function from $\mathbb R^*$ to $\mathbb ...
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0answers
48 views

Floquet-Bloch solutions of the quasiperiodic Schrödinger equation

I am concerned about the Schrödinger equation $-x''(t)+q(t)x(t)=Ex(t).$ Here, the potential $q$ is real and quasiperiodic with frequency vector $\omega$. That is, we let $T^d$ be the $d$-dimensional ...
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0answers
32 views

Solving nonlinear system of ODEs

I have the following system of differential equations: $$ \begin{cases} \frac{dx}{dt} = (1 - y) x - 0.4 xu \\ \frac{dy}{dt} = (x - 1)y - 0.2yu \\ \psi_1' = - \frac{dH}{dx} = (-1 + 0.4u)\psi_1 + y ...
1
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1answer
163 views

Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...
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1answer
45 views

Integrating factors and integrability of an ODE system

The following argument is from a paper about the Bendixson-Dulac Theorem. Consider a smooth differential equation on the plane $$ x'=g(x,y),\quad y'=h(x,y). $$ Suppose there exists a function ...
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0answers
31 views

Perturbation method of a boundary value problem

Let $u(x, \epsilon, \theta)$ be the solution of $$u''+(\epsilon \cos(x)+\theta-u)u=0$$ with boundary conditions $u'(0)=0$ and $u'(\pi)=0$. Here $\theta\in [0, 1]$. I tried to put the solution in ...
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34 views

How to solve this partial equation using weighted Laplacian Matrix?

I have to solve the following system of partial differential equations: \begin{equation*} \begin{array}{rll} Z(t,x) & = & \nabla_w T(x,t) \\ Z_t(t,x) & = & \nabla_w L_w . ...
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0answers
32 views

Optimal time control for the system of two non-linear ODE

I have the following system of two non-linear ODE with one control variable (modified model of Lotka-Volterra): $$\left\{\begin{matrix} \frac{dx}{dt}=(\alpha-\beta y)x \\ \frac{dy}{dt}=(-\gamma + ...
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0answers
47 views

Regularity of Schrödinger Resolvent

The following problem keeps bothering me: Let $H:=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrödinger-Operator in $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a Kato-Potential of type $K_n$, which especially yields that $H$ is e.s.a. on ...
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2answers
64 views

Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP: $x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$. Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$. In order for the ...
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1answer
38 views

Solution of a second order nonlinear ode [closed]

I encountered the following ode in the attempt to solve the cauchy problem of Liouville equation. I have tried for a long time to give it a solution but failed. $(K e^f h + ...
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0answers
63 views

Dipole Transition Integrals - Acceleration Form, What's Wrong?

I should have posted this question in a physics forum, but I think by posting in MathOverflow I may get more responses. The following question may sound stupid, since I'm sure I was wrong somewhere, ...
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1answer
204 views

applications of C$^*$-algebras in the field of PDEs

I know only a little bit about C$^*$-algebras and I want a to know if you know a nice apllication or the influence of them in the field of partial differential equations (it is better that it is ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...
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0answers
26 views

SIRS Stability Analysis

I have set up the following ODE's for a SIRS model: $$\frac{dS}{dt} =-\alpha SI + \zeta R$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt} = \alpha SI - \beta I - \rho I$$ $$\frac{dR}{dt} = \beta I - \zeta R$$ ...
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0answers
46 views

Mathematical simulation of viscous material behaviour

I have a non linear first order differential equation of the type: $[y(t)]^n + a \frac{dy(t)}{dt} = b(t)$ where $y(t)$ is a real function, the exponent n is a real number greater than $2$, but not ...
2
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0answers
89 views

“simulteneous eigenvectors” under the full set of weighted Laplacians on a $g$-fold product of the Poincare half plane

This question is closely related to the following MO question Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series Let $\mathfrak{h}=\{z=x+iy\in\mathbf{C}\}$ be the Poincare upper half plane endowed ...
3
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0answers
126 views

System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$: $$ \begin{align}x ...
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0answers
27 views

How to switch from the spectral density of the differential equation

I am modeling random process. It is described with the function of the spectral density, where $\alpha_x$ and $\beta_x$ are damping coefficient and the average frequency of the correlation function of ...
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0answers
267 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
0
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1answer
251 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
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0answers
97 views

Is there a unique solution? [closed]

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...
5
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1answer
213 views

Killing vector fields on sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on $\mathbb S^2$, and assume that for every killing vector field $V$ on $\mathbb S^2$. $$\int_{\mathbb S^2} V(u) x_j dS=0\text{,}\forall j=1,2,3$$ Is $u$ necessarily ...
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0answers
237 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values. K is a sparse banded matrix ...
2
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3answers
111 views

closed integral formula for a non-zero solution of a homogeneous linear ODE of order 2

Let $$ (\star) \;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; y''+p(x)y'+q(x)y=0, $$ be a homogeneous linear ODE of order $2$ with $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ complex valued analytic functions in a small neighbourhood of $0$. Q: ...
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0answers
64 views

How to solve a couple of ODEs

Let $\phi_+ (\phi_-)$ be a strictly increasing (decreasing) function defined on $R_+$ such that $\phi_+(\phi_-)\in\mathcal{C}^0(R_+)\cap\mathcal{C}^1(R_+^{\ast})$ and $\phi_+(0)=0(\phi_-(0)=0)$. ...
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0answers
84 views

Difference Quotients Evans

There is a theorem in Evans partial differential equation book as follows: if $u \in W^{1,p}(U)$ then for each compact $V$ in $U$ we have that: $ |D^hu|_{L^p(V)} \leq C |Du|_{L^p(U)} $ for all $ ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Differential equation related to the Schwarzschild metric

How can one find solutions of the following second-order differential equation $$\frac{d^2W}{dr^2}-\frac{1}{r}\frac{dW}{dr}=\frac{C}{W^2}\frac{dW}{dr}$$ with the boundary condition $W(r)\to r^2$ at ...
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2answers
177 views

Two questions related to $TS^{2}$ as a holomorphic manifold

We consider $TS^{2}$ as a 2 dimensional holomorphic manifold and fix an explicit holomorphic structure on $TS^{2}$ as it is indicated in the answer of Mike Usher to the following question. ...
2
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0answers
104 views

A (different) foliation arising from Hopf fibration

In this question, first we fix an isomorphism between $TS^{3}$ and $S^{3}\times \mathbb{R}^{3}$.(To be more precise we consider the global trivialization of $TS^{3}$ with help of $3$ global ...
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1answer
163 views

Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...
2
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1answer
100 views

hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case: In $$ {}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) = A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1), \qquad x \to 1^- $$ what can we say about the ...
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1answer
56 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation (wave-like) with variable-dependent coefficient and possibly singular in one variable

First, I beg your pardon since the title of the question is a bit confusing I guess. I'm working on a physical equation of the wave-like form. Explicitly, it reads ...
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0answers
65 views

Geodesics on a perturbed submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^m$ [closed]

Let us consider $M$, a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$, isometrically embedded in $R^m$. Let us consider a geodesic $\gamma$ on $M$. Now, let us "perturb" (in other words, change slightly the ...
2
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2answers
283 views

Monge-Ampere type PDE

NB: I have edited this question to clarify what the OP is asking – Robert Bryant Problem: Find a holomorphic function $f$ where where $f(x+iy) = u(x,y) + i\,v(x,y)$, such that the graph $\Gamma_u = ...
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1answer
34 views

Can we implicitly fit a system of linear ODEs by reduced information?

Assume we are given several initial vectors $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(r)} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the dimension $n$ is in the range of 50 to 100, and the number of initial vectors $r$ is in the range of ...
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1answer
152 views

The logarith map as a contraction [closed]

Two Questions: (1) Under what conditions(if any) can the logarithm map from a point on a Riemannian manifold, $q_1\in Q$, to the Tangent Space $T_{q_0}Q$, locally, be a contraction mapping? Or more ...
3
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0answers
134 views

A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...
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0answers
33 views

singularity of the solution to an integral equation

I consider a function $x\mapsto f(x)$ which is the positive solution to the integral equation $$\int_{f(x)}^\infty \frac{du}{u^\gamma-x}=1, \quad x\ge 0,$$ where $\gamma\in (1, 2]$ is some ...
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0answers
186 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
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8answers
6k views

Why have mathematicians used differential equations to model nature instead of difference equations

Ever since Newton invented Calculus, mathematicians have been using differential equations to model natural phenomena. And they have been very successful in doing such. Yet, they could have been just ...
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0answers
36 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation

How solve this equation (numeral or analytical)? $u(t,x)=\int_{t-x}^{t}{a \cdot e^{b \cdot s} \cdot \int_{0}^{s-(t-x)}{u(s,z)dz}ds}+\int_{t-x}^{t}{c \cdot e^{d \cdot s} \cdot ...
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5answers
253 views

Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...
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2answers
823 views

What justification can you give for the fact that “most ODEs do not have an explicit solution”?

What justification can you give for the fact that "most ODEs do not have an explicit solution"?
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1answer
194 views

Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...
6
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2answers
189 views

curvature flow for loops in S^2

Consider the unit 2-sphere and a smooth simple closed curve c embedded in it. I would guess that under the well studied parabolic equation which evolves the curve according to its curvature vector, ...
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0answers
58 views

Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...
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0answers
49 views

How to find a Lax Pair for the modified KdV equation

Question I am having trouble trying to find a matrix $T$ so that with $X$, they form a Lax pair for the modified KdV equation $u_t - 6 u^2 u_x + u_{xxx} = 0$. Where $X$ is defined as: $ X = ...