Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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Understanding the steps taken in a calculation of the maximum profile likelihood of a simple ODE, given some data [on hold]

I'm trying to understand a calculation made in a paper (section 2 from the supplementary contents of ...
5
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1answer
176 views

A solution for this equation with a certain condition

Let $(S^n(1),g)$ be the round sphere and $J_{\delta , \beta}$ be an almost complex structure on $TS^n(1)$ with the definition \begin{equation} J_{\delta , \beta}(X^h)=\beta X^h + \alpha X^v,\\ ...
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0answers
8 views

A specific question regarding a proof in Hassan Khalil's book, Nonlinear Systems [migrated]

I am trying to understand the proof of a Lemma in the book 'Nonlinear Systems' by Hasaan Khalil (3rd edition). In the Proof of Lemma 3.1, about Lipschitz continuity of vector valued functions, I am ...
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343 views
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Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are: Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...
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71 views

A simple question about ordinary diffential equations of first order [on hold]

An ODE (Ordinary Differential Equation) of order $n$ becomes a relation: $$ F(x,y,y',...,y^{(n)})=0$$ Then $F(x,y,y^{(1)})=0$ defines a an ODE of order one. In "basic standard texts", for purposes ...
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1answer
54 views

Trying to solve this non-linear differential equation

I have a second order differential equation given by: $x''(t) = \frac{exp(-\frac{x(t)^2}{4t})}{A \sqrt{t}}$ I would very much like to be able to obtain an analytic solution to this equation, which ...
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0answers
55 views

Is the Rossler attractor globally stable?

The standard form of the Rossler system is $\frac{dx}{dt}=-y-z$, $\frac{dy}{dt}=-x+ay$, $\frac{dz}{dt}=b+z(x-c)$. For simplicity, consider the well known chaotic attractor that exists at a=b=0.2, ...
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22 views

Is there a “natural” way to interpolate between a set of bound state wave functions?

Consider for example the Coulomb potential, $-Z/r$, for which there exist a set of bound states with energy $\epsilon_n := {-Z^2 \over 2 n^2}$ (in Hartree). If I want the "wavefunctions" for some ...
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1answer
88 views

Is there any solution for this PDE system?

‎Let $(\mathbb{R}^2,\langle‎ .‎,.\rangle)$ be the Euclidean space and define the almost complex structure $J_{\delta,\beta}:TT\mathbb{R}^2\longrightarrow TT\mathbb{R}^2$ with‎ ‎\begin{align}‎ ...
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33 views

Sufficient condition for a differential inclusion to have a global attractor

Let $\dot{x}(t) \in f(x(t))$ be a differential inclusion (d.i.). Is there any sufficient condition under which it will have a singleton global attractor ? We know the condition if $f$ is single ...
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22 views

numerical differentiation of sum of one-dimensional sinusoids with angular frequency close to Nyquist one

Suppose that $f(t) = \sum_i C_i e^{i\omega_i t}$, and $f$ is sampled at certain sampling angular frequency $\omega_s$. All $\omega_i$s are very close to $\omega_s/2$, and thus standard finite ...
3
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81 views

Weak form of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on closed manifolds

Suppose we are dealing with diffusion over a boundaryless manifold $M$ (for simplicity let's say it's a surface). In that case, we have \begin{align} \int_M W \Delta U \mathrm{d} x & = -\int_M ...
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1answer
151 views

An example for affine function [closed]

I'm looking for an example of a non-Euclidean non-compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ such that we could define a non-constant affine function $f:M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, namely its gradient vector ...
2
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2answers
129 views

Backgrounds of the p-Laplacian Operator

Motivation I encountered the following partial differential equation (PDE) in a mathematical paper $$\begin{array}{} u_{tt}+\Delta^2u-\nabla\cdot\left(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u\right)-\Delta ...
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2answers
127 views

Existance of Integrating Factors, a Constructive Proof

Being a novice with differential equations, I recently learned that if $\mu$ is an integrating factor for $\frac{dy}{dx}f(x,y)+ g(x,y)=0$, then the corresponding 1-form, $\mu fdy+\mu g dx$, is exact. ...
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44 views

Are singular critical points isolated for control systems on comapct semi-simple Lie groups

Given a control system on $SU(n)$ (or any other compact, semi-simple Lie group I suspect) of the form: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B)U_t$ where $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ generate the algebra (to ...
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1answer
77 views

Exact solution to nonlinear differential equation sought

I am looking for an exact solution to equation: $w''=aw^{-1/3}+b[f(y)]w^{-5/3}$, where $w=w(y), f(y)$ - arbitrary function (in this case $y^n$ with arbitrary $n$); $a,b$ - constants. Of course I can ...
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77 views

How to eliminate secular terms for perturbed non-oscillatory equations?

Even in a linear second order equation like $x''+x'+\epsilon x=0$ the standard asymptotic expansion has a secular term already in the first order of $\epsilon$, namely ...
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47 views

solution of a mixed difference and differential equation

Is it possible to solve the following difference and differential equation: $a\frac{d f(x)}{d x} = \frac{d f(2x)}{d x}$, where $a<1$ and $\int_0^\infty f(x)=1$.
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64 views

Finite blowup time for a simple ODE

Consider the ODE $$ y'(x) = C y(x)^{2-x},$$ where $C$ is a positive constant. I suspect there is no closed-form solution. I want to understand the constant $C$ such that for a given $y(0) > ...
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0answers
61 views

Is the Wave Function a “Smooth” Function of the Potential?

Consider the Schroedinger equation in a spherically symmetric system. In the unit system under which energy is measured in Hartree and length in Bohr radius $a_0$, the schroedinger equation can be ...
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1answer
54 views

Stabilize the vector field of $y' = f (y) - \gamma H^T(HH^T)^{-1}h( y ) $ of ODE $y' = f(y)$

This question has been asked here but there is no answer: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1585400/stabilize-the-vector-field-of-y-f-y-hthht-1h-y-of-ode-y Consider autonomous ODE $y' = ...
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1answer
56 views

Ordinary homogeneous differential equation [closed]

How to solve this one $y''=(2xy - \frac{5}{x})y' + 4y^2 - \frac{4y}{x^2}$ I know it's homogeneous. I've made replacement $x = e^t$ and $y = ze^{-2t}$ but I had no result.
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2answers
69 views

Index Reduction of Differential Algebraic Equations by Hand

I dont really understand how to reduce the index of DAEs ? Does Reducing the index of DAE result in an ODE ? How would I reduce the index of the DAE by Hand ? Say I have : $$ \begin{matrix} ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Are all bidimensional second-order PDE at most quadratic in the top derivatives of Monge-Ampère type?

The general Monge-Ampère equation in $n$ independent variables is a quasi-linear combination of all the possible minors of the $n\times n$ Hessian matrix $$ \left\|\frac{\partial^2u}{\partial ...
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1answer
92 views

gradient descent in space of functions

Differential equations of the form $$\frac{d}{dt}\vec{x} = - \nabla E(\vec{x})$$ can be analyzed using phase portrait method. In particular, if the function $E$ (we call it energy) has local minimums, ...
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2answers
127 views

A Global Estimates for Linear Elliptic PDE

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth region in $R^n$ and $u$ satisfy $-\Delta u+a(x)u=f, \ \ u|_{\partial \Omega}=0$, where $a(x)\geq 0$ and $f(x)$ are smooth functions. I wonder if the following ...
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1answer
138 views

Schauder estimate for the heat equation on compact manifolds

I asked this question on math.stackexchange.com, however I didn't get any answers so I'll try it here. Let $M$ be a compact manifold without boundary. Consider $Lu:=\partial_tu-\Delta u$. Let $f\in ...
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1answer
159 views

General solution to system of stochastic linear differential equations

Assume we are given the system of linear stochastic differential equations $$dx_i = \sum_{j=1}^n a_{ij}(t) \cdot x_j \cdot dt + \sum_{j=1}^n \sigma_{ij}(t) \cdot x_j \cdot dB_{ij,t} + b_j(t)\cdot ...
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2answers
449 views

What does it mean for a differential equation “to be integrable”? [duplicate]

What does it mean for a differential equation "to be integrable"? Are "integrable" and "solvable" synonyms? The first thing that comes to my mind is to say: it's integrable if we can find the ...
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38 views

Algebraic invariants of linear ODE's with constant coefficients

Let consider linear ODE with constant coefficients: $$y^{(n)}(x) + A_{n-1} y^{(n-1)}(x) + ... + A_1 y'(x) + A_0 y(x)= 0.$$ It admits some equivalence point transformations, that preserves its ...
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1answer
306 views

On Harmonic Unit Vector Fields

When we restrict the Dirichlet energy functional to the set of all unit vector fields on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, then the critical points of this functional are satisfied in $\Delta_g ...
5
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1answer
105 views

A special function solution of a fourth-order ODE

I want to consider the solutions of the following fourth-order ODE: $$ f^{(4)}(t)+a tf^{(1)}(t)+b f(t)=0, \tag{$\ast$}$$ where $a,b$ are complex parameters. It turns out that with a Fourier ...
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1answer
449 views

A tricky tractrix question about vertical tangents

This is raised by a recent question occurring in combinatorial geometry. It is about a sort of tractrix, but instead of a line, the pulling end moves along a circle of radius $r>\frac12$ ...
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1answer
60 views

Holomorphic vector field with infinite separatrix

Let $V=\sum_{i=1}^{n}a_i(z_1,\ldots z_n)\frac{\partial}{\partial z_i}$ be a holomorphic vector field defined on a neighborhood $U\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ of the origin, such that the common zero point of ...
5
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3answers
428 views

Determining geodesics between two points in curved space [closed]

In order to determine the geodesics between two points, one must solve the geodesic differential equations, which are as following \begin{align} p &= u'(s)\\ q &= v'(s)\\ p' + \Gamma^0_{00}p^2 ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Frobenius method for multiple singular points

As we know, if the equation $$a(x)y''+b(x)y'+c(x)=0 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ has a regular singular point at $x=x_0$ then we seek solution of the equation as $$y(x)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\beta_n ...
3
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1answer
172 views

stability of the Monge-Ampère equation

Is there any hope to prove this conjecture (or a similar one)? Conjecture Let $\Omega_k$ be a family of convex (smooth) domains, and let $u_k$ be convex Alexandrov solution of $$ \begin{cases} ...
2
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0answers
100 views

Modifying monkey saddles

We get negative Gauss curvature K surfaces of quasi polar symmetry surface form generated from: $$ Re (x+ i y)^n = a^n $$ (n integer) with n humps above plane $ z =0$. ($ n =2,3,4 $ hyperbolic ...
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59 views

Tau functions for the KP and Toda lattice hierarchies

A statement, which is known to be true can be vaguely stated as "the tau function for the KP and Toda hierarchies are the same". I would just like to know exactly what it means as it is not obvious ...
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2answers
225 views

Noninvariance for a specific nonlinear oscillator

Consider the nonlinear system \begin{align*} \frac{d}{dt} \begin{pmatrix} x_1(t) \\ x_2(t) \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} x_2(t) \\ -4x_1(t) + x_1^2(t) \end{pmatrix}, \end{align*} which admits ...
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0answers
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Equations of the form $((\Delta)^{2}+\lambda\Delta+\gamma)(f)=0$

Here is the problem: I am trying to figure out if there is a non-zero solution for the system of equations: $(\Delta^{k-1}+a)(d^{\ast}\eta)=2d^{\ast}d\xi$ $(\Delta^{k}+b)(d\xi)=2dd^{\ast}\eta$ for ...
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0answers
46 views

Attainability of Global Optima In Optimal Control

Given a manifold $M$ and a set of smooth functions of one real variable $\mathcal{A}$ and a 'control system' type first order differential equation: $\frac{d x(t)}{dt} = F(x,u)$ one can consider the ...
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3answers
279 views

Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, ...
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1answer
227 views

The Biharmonic Eigenvalue Problem with Dirichlet Boundary Conditions on a Rectangle

I am interested in solving the following biharmonic eigenvalue problem. $$\begin{array}{cccc} & \Delta ^2 \Psi (x,y) = \lambda \Psi (x,y), & - a \le x \le a & - b \le y \le b \\ ...
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42 views

The Solution to the system of linear PDEs

I am looking for the solution to the following system: $$ f_t(t,x) = -tx g(t,x), g_t(t,x) = (1-t)x f(t,x). $$ The equation comes from the integral equation $$ f(t,x)=1+ x \int_{0}^{1-t} ...
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0answers
92 views

A finiteness question for integrable polynomial distributions on $\mathbb{R}^3$

This question is motivated by the finitness of limit cycles for polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^2$ Assume that $X,Y$ are two independent polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such ...
4
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1answer
68 views

Getting out a system of linear ODEs by knowing the Magnus expansion

Assume we are given for a transition between two time points $t_0 = 0$ and $t_1$ a matrix relationship, eventually describing the solution of a system of linear with non-constant coefficients, ...
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0answers
79 views

What is known about topological equivalence of polynomial dynamical systems on two different domains in R^n?

The question is mainly about $\it flows$, not maps (i.e., continuous time, not discrete time). Is it known if the study of polynomial dynamical systems on $\mathbb R^n$ can be reduced to the study ...
2
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1answer
112 views

A question about viscosity solutions

Let $A:=[a,b]$ be a closed interval in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $F(x,p,q,r)$ be a function from $[a,b]\times \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R} \times\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ describing a second order ...