Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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Reference request: Heat kernel regularity near the boundary

Let $D$ be a domain in $\mathbb{R^d}$ and $p(t,x,y)$ be the heat kernel of $D$ (for the Dirichlet problem). I was told that if the boundary of $D$ is real-analytic, then the function $y\mapsto ...
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1answer
70 views

Non-hyperbolic fixed points in multidimensional systems

Consider first a one-dimensional dynamical system given by $dx/dt = f(x)$. Suppose that the origin is a fixed point, i.e. $f(0)=0$. Suppose that we're interested in whether trajectories that start ...
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48 views

About the integral of the plurisubharmonic functions on the whole manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Kahler manifold with positive first Chern class. $\omega\in c_1(M)$ is a Kahler current. $D$ is a smooth simple divisor in $-K_M$. $s$ is a determining section of $D$. The ...
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Is there a program for convenient working with equations and coefficients? [migrated]

I perform some calculations with one differential equation. Then I got a huge expression depending on $x$ and its degrees/powers. E.g. $$\alpha x+(4-x+\sqrt[3]{x})^2-(\beta\sqrt{x}+\frac12(x^3+1))^3 + ...
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1answer
55 views

Solving Bessel-like equation by using Bessel Kernel [closed]

Consider the drifted-Bessel equation as follows. \begin{equation} x^2\ddot y + x\dot y + (x^2-n^2)y=f, \end{equation} where $n$ is an integer and $f$ is a known function. If $f\equiv 0$, the solution ...
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35 views

Is there an explicit ODE solution for this system?

y'(t)=A(t)*y(t)+g(t), A(t)=[-t^2, t; sin(t) cos(t)] g(t)=(1+t/2; -1) y(0)=(3; 1) I actually do not know how to solve an ODE with variable constants, but when I use the ...
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74 views

Is the space of $C^r$ vector fields inducing locally uniformly bounded trajectories Baire?

Let $\mathcal{V}$ be the space $C^r$ vector fields on a non-compact (smooth) manifold $M$. Being a subspace of $C^r(M, T M)$, it inherits the natural $C^r$ topology (i.e. the strong topology) of that ...
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150 views

J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...
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67 views

Boundary gradient estimate

Assume $U$ is the unit disk and $\bar U$ its closure and let $u\in C^2(U)\cap C(\bar U)$ be a real function, with $u(z)=0$ for $z\in \partial U$. If $$|\Delta u|\le A|\nabla u|^2+g(z),$$ for some ...
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58 views

Weak convergence of 4-th degrees

Good day! We have an equation $y'+Ay=Bu$ where $y=\{\theta,\varphi\}$, $A, B$ are nonlinear operators. $u \in L^\infty(\Gamma)$, $\theta, \varphi \in W = \{y \in L^2(0,T;V) : y'\in L^2(0,T;V')\}$, ...
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44 views

Implementing boundary conditions to an ODE (involving elliptic integrals)

I am trying to solve the following differential equation: $$ \frac{\mathrm{d} f}{\mathrm{d} x} = \frac{x^2-2 a}{\sqrt{4k^2-(x^2-2 a)^2}}, $$ where $a$ and $k$ are constants ($k$ is known and $a$ is ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Solution to Seiberg-Witten monopole equation

To understand some physics problem, I want to know if there is (non-$L^2$ or $L^2$) solution to the Seiberg-Witten equation on $\mathbb{R}^4$ \begin{equation} {D}_A \psi = 0\\ F_A^+ = ...
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90 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
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2answers
195 views

Rank of a jet bundle of a vector bundle. Interpretation of the first jet bundle

I am trying to understand the jet bundles but currently I am stuck on the following questions: Let $\pi: E\rightarrow X$ be a smooth (holomorphic) vector bundle of rank $k$ over a smooth (complex) ...
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47 views

ODE system with a very large number of equations

Are there any theory about a ode system (linear or nonlinear) with a very large number of equations, e.g. more than $10^5$ equations ?
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1answer
139 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
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1answer
120 views

how to solve this system of nonlinear differential equations

I want to solve this system \begin{align*}\tag{*} x'(s)=x^2(s)+y(s), y'(s)=x(s)y(s) \end{align*} with initial conditions $$x(0)=t, y(0)=t,$$ where $t\not=0.$ With the help of Maple, the solution is ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Global Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations

Background Let $f: [0, \infty) \times {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}^n$ be a jointly measurable function satisfying, $f(t, \cdot)$ is locally Lipschitz for every $t \geqslant 0$, for every ...
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1answer
320 views

Teaching profession:Differential Equations and Mean Value Theorems

Usually I teach Algebra,Algebra and Geometyry, Topology, at various University levels. This semester (Spring 2014) I have to teach Differential Equations to University second year students (4th ...
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128 views

Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property. Given the problem \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} ...
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43 views

Solvability and uniqueness of Fokker-Planck BVP

I have been searching for solvability for the following BVP, I believe that this is a Fokker Planck's equation but I can't find any comprehensible text on existence and uniqueness of the solutions of ...
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72 views

Wave operator for focusing NLS

Consider the NLS equation \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} iu_t + \Delta u+u|u|^{\alpha}=0\\ u(0) =\varphi\in H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^N), \\ \end{array}\right. \end{equation} where ...
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29 views

Green function and translational symmetry

I have met this problem in solving the classical field theory of a scalar field with a cubic term. I am able to solve exactly each equation, given in a form of odes, but this question escapes my ...
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1answer
191 views

Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by $T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$, where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$. $T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...
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1answer
109 views

Solution of an Ordinary Differential Equation

I'd like to know if there is an analytical solution of the following Ordinary Differential Equation : $\displaystyle{\dfrac{d}{dt}x_i(t) = D_i + \sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}x_j(t) + ...
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3answers
143 views

Method to compute fundamental solutions which are distributions

The Malgrange-Ehrenpreis theorem tells us that there is a fundamental solution for any linear differential operator of constants coefficients. The original proof was not constructive (it was based on ...
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41 views

Mathieu equation

I have come across different versions of Mathieu equation. I am trying to solve for the stability of an inverted pendulum with oscillating base. If there any correspondence between different version ...
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3answers
148 views

General systems of linear differential equations with variable coefficients

I am wondering what can be said in general about the fundamental matrix of a system of linear differential equations. For simplicity, let $A(t)\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ be a time dependent matrix, ...
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1answer
182 views

Simple example of why Differential Equations can be NP Hard [closed]

Just looking for a simple example of why Differential Equations can be NP hard Edit: It appears that the answer below may be what I was looking for, but I am clarifying just in case: Slides ...
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224 views

A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } ...
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1answer
194 views

Exponential mapping versus flow

In Hamilton's article on the Nash-Moser Theorem, he gives the map that maps a vector field $X$ to its flow $e^{tX}$ in $\mathrm{Diff}(M)$ as an example where the implicit function theorem in Frechet ...
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2answers
231 views

existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference. Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...
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1answer
125 views

Linear dynamical systems: interpretation of Frobenius eigenvector

Consider a positive linear dynamical system. $\frac{dx}{dt}=Ax$, where $A$ is a quasipositive/Metzler/essentially nonnegative matrix. By its properties, the vector $x$ will remain positive for all ...
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1answer
59 views

Delay Differential Equations Numerical methods

I have a general question about delay differential equations. I know that even simple ones hardly have analytic solutions and mine clearly doesn't have any as it is a system of non-linear delay ...
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37 views

Id monodromy in hamiltonian dynamics

In my problem I have non autonomous Hamiltonian which depends on 2 parameters (pretty close to oscillator Hamiltonian, $(a+b\cos t +1) p^2+(a+b\cos t-1)q^2$, $a,b$ - parameters). From numerical ...
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1answer
515 views

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$. When $f$ is a function, it looks like the only solution is $f(x)=0$. But what if we allow distributions, such as the Dirac delta?
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46 views

Existence of BVP solutions for non-linear Bessel-like equation

The basic problem: we have the differential equation $$ g''(r) + \frac{2}{r} g'(r) - \frac{2}{r^2} g(r) = F(g(r)) $$ in which $F(g)$ satisfies $F(0)=F(1)= 0$ and $F(x) > 0$ for $0<x<1$. ...
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46 views

How to apply initial conditions to the Mathieu differential equation?

The Mathieu equation was a result of the separation of variables method used on a wave equation for a string with sinusoidally changing cross-section with the coordinate, $S(x)=S_1-S_2 \cos{x}$. The ...
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1answer
267 views

An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits

Edit: There is an interesting complete answer for the second part(see the answer by Thomas Kragh). I search for an answer for the first part. 1.Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian ...
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191 views

Question on measure zero set of initial conditions in dynamical systems

[Update] Let $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a closed, bounded, convex set with measure $m(S)>0$ and let an autonomous dynamical system (system of ODEs) be given by $$\frac{dx}{dt} = f(x),$$ where ...
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87 views

Convergence of functions of bounded variation

Let $u_n$ be a sequence of smooth functions with $||u_n||_{W^{1,1}}<C<\infty$. By $BV$ compactness, a subsequence of $u_n$ converges to some $u$ in $L^{n/(n-1)}$. Assume $\int_{\Omega} (|\nabla ...
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1answer
342 views

Do exist infinitely differentiable, compactly supported non zero solutions of the free Schrodinger equation?

I would like to get an answer for the following problem (and possibly be pointed to the relevant literature): given the one dimensional free Schrodinger equation $ i \, f_t + f_{xx}/2 = 0$ for the ...
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1answer
93 views

Product of derivatives of a convex function [closed]

Given a well-behaved function $f(x,t)$ such that $\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}<0$ and $\frac{\partial^2f}{\partial x^2}>0$, is there a way to show \begin{equation} ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality the following result is due to Chaplygin ...
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2answers
149 views

Any suggestions on a rigorous stochastic differential equations book?

I have been looking through some books and they are not very rigorous. Any suggestions would be great.
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1answer
97 views

For a linear dynamic system, what can we learn from its singluar value and rank?

Given a linear system $\frac{dx}{dt}=Mx$, what's the relationship between the dynamic's property and the singular value decomposition/rank of $M$ ?
3
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1answer
95 views

Convergence of trajectories and asymptotic stability

Say that an autonomous system $\dot{u} = f(u)$ in $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ has the property that for any two solutions $x(t), y(t)$ corresponding to initial conditions $x(0)$ and $y(0)$ the trajectories are ...
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2answers
112 views

What is the right initial domain for the Dirichlet-Laplacian on a bounded domain?

Given some bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with sufficiently regular boundary (e.g. smooth boundary). Then I saw two slightly different definitions for the Dirichlet-Laplacian. Some books ...
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1answer
201 views

Question about a (relatively simple looking) differential operator and its eigenvalues

A colleague and I are interested in a specific differential operator on the reals. The differential operator L is of the form $L=-(1+x^{2})\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+c_{1}x\frac{d}{dx}+c_{2}x^{2}$ for ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Is the ideal membership problem solvable for differential ideals? Is there a good notion of a Gröbner basis?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $\Omega = K[x_1, \dots, x_n, dx_1, \dots, dx_n]$ be the differential ring of algebraic differential forms over $K[X_1, \dots, X_n]$. Is there an ...