The differential-calculus tag has no usage guidance.

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### calculus question related to derivative of an integral [closed]

let g be differentiable function at [-1,1], such that g(0) = 0 and g'(0) = 1
does the next limit exists? and if so, what is it?
https://i.imgsafe.org/b9fe48f29b.png
I understand I need to use l'...

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**1**answer

179 views

### An answer to this system of PDE's

Planning of the question:
Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $TM$ be its tangent bundle
The isotropic almost complex structures $J_{\delta , \sigma}$ were introduced by Aguilar on the ...

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28 views

### Creating a model based on info, calculus [closed]

A town's rate of population change is modeled by P'(t) = 34t + 16, where t is number of years since 1990 an P'(t) is in people per years.
a) Find the population model for this town if it is known ...

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33 views

### Finiteness / convergence of differential extensions [closed]

The topic of this question is the integration of symbolic expressions: integration in finite terms. It was introduced by Liouville. I want to help to answer "Generalization of Liouville's Theorem" in ...

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**1**answer

32 views

### Approximate largest eigenvalue of Monodromy matrix

Does anyone know the procedure (or have pseudo code) to approximating the largest eigenvalue of a monodromy matrix? Or even to approximate the monodromy matrix itself?
There is no explicit solution ...

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### How to calculate the monodromy matrix of the following ODE system [migrated]

I have the following equation:
$$
\frac{dw}{dt} = (-V(t)+\frac{1}{\lambda}F(t)) w,
$$
with $t>0$ and parameter $\lambda>0$
The matrices $F(t)$ and $V(t)$ take the form
$$
F(t)= \left( \begin{...

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### Show this function is strictly concave

Please help me show that $f(w)$ is strictly concave in $w\in[0,\infty)$:
$f(w)=\sum_{j=1}^N P_j (w)\cdot u_j $
where
$P_j (w)=\sqrt{w}\int _{-\infty}^{\infty}\Pi_{k\neq j}\{\Phi[\sqrt{w}(v-u_k)]\}...

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33 views

### Reparametrisation of a PDE with arclength

Suppose I have the following PDE:
$\frac{\partial y}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left[(1-y)^3y^3\left(\sin \theta + \frac{\partial y}{\partial x}\cos \theta\right) \right]$
I notice ...

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32 views

### how to study the size of basins of attraction on a graph

I have a certain finite (but huge and without an apparent pattern, so that only numerical studies seem feasible) graph $G = (V,E)$, and a function $f: V \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. On each edge $e = (u,v)...

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51 views

### Monotone functions in ordered Banach spaces

Let $(X,\preceq)$ be a real ordered infinite-dimensional Banach space and $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$ is a Fréchet differentiable function. It is said to be a monotone non decreasing map if
$$ x\preceq y \...

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### Computing skewness derivative in terms of variance

In the Portilla Simoncelli paper (page 18):
http://www.cns.nyu.edu/pub/lcv/portilla99-reprint.pdf
They go about calculating the derivative of the skewness $\eta(x)$ of a distribution (2D matrix in ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### $P(Z)$ is matrix polynomials. Why is $s_n$ smooth in a neighbourhood of $Z$?

Let $A_j \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, ($j = 0,1,2,\ldots,m$) and
$P(Z) = A_m Z^m + \cdots + A_1 Z + A_0$ is a matrix polynomial, and $Z $ is a complex variable.
$Z$ is eigenvalue of $P(Z )$ if $\...

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29 views

### Divergence of a second order tensor [closed]

I think that I have found 2 seemingly conflicting sources relating to the divergence of a second order tensor. I am not sure which is correct.
Suppose you would like to compute the components of a ...

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**1**answer

49 views

### A question on decreasing function [closed]

Let $t\in (0,1)$ and
${a_n}{x^n} + .... + {a_1}{x^1} + f(t) = 0$
$f(t) $ is continuous decreasing function of $t$.
$a_i\ge0$ for all $i$.
$y(t)$ is positive real zero of the first equition.
Can ...

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**1**answer

209 views

### Does differentiation widen, or narrow, the class of functions?

Let $\cal F^k$ be a set of functions, each of class $C^k$,
i.e., both, for every function in $\cal F^k$:
$k^{\textrm{th}}$ derivatives exist, and
are continuous.
Let $D(\cal F^k)$ be the set of ...

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**1**answer

278 views

### Law of unconsious statistician: application in characteristic function

Let $g(x)=(x-a)\mathbf 1_{x\ge a}$ for some $a>0$ and let $X$ be a non-negative random variable with cdf $F$ and $E[X]<+\infty$. I want to calculate $$\frac{d}{da}E[g(X)]$$ To do that I thought ...

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**2**answers

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### What is the derivative of: $f(x)=x^{2x^{3x^{4x^{5x^{6x^{7x^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$? [closed]

I happened to ponder about the differentiation of the following function:
$$f(x)=x^{2x^{3x^{4x^{5x^{6x^{7x^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$$
Now, while I do know how to manipulate power towers to a certain extent,...

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662 views

### A definition of the fractional derivative

I was investigating the idea of fractional derivatives and devised the following definition. WHich definition is it equivalent to and can I have a reference for it?
$$\frac{d^n}{dx^n}f(x) = \lim_{h \...

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**2**answers

297 views

### Minimum of an apparently harmless function of two variables

DISCLAIMER: I already posted this question on Mathematics a month ago, here. However, since it has not been solved yet on that platform, I decided to ask it also here on mathoverflow. At a first ...

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**1**answer

59 views

### growth of an entire solution of a differential equation

Let $d$ be an integer and $\sum_{k=0}^dP_k(z)y^{(k)}(z)=0$ be a differential equation over $\mathbb C$, where the $P_k$ are polynomials of degree $\le d$. Consider (if it exists) an entire solution $f$...

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**1**answer

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### Monotonicity of the integral

Let $R(x)$ be the residual function associated to the normal probability density, i.e.
$$R(x)~=~\int_x^{+\infty}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}e^{-\frac{y^2}{2}}dy, \mbox{ for all } x\in R.$$
Define
$$\phi(...

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**1**answer

90 views

### Why does optimization of a sum of two terms result in “neat” answers? [closed]

This is a somewhat vague and philosophical question.
Consider the following three problems:
Problem 1:
Minimize over all real-valued $x,$ the function $f(x) = bx-ax^2$ where $a,b>0.$
Ans:...

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**4**answers

652 views

### Intrinsic definition of arc length [closed]

Is there an intrinsic way of defining the arc length of a curve in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, that is without resorting to a parametrization of the curve?

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**1**answer

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### Is there a general way to determine the Laplacian of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix? [closed]

I have a real symmetric $3\times3$ matrix $\mathbf{M}(\mathbf{r}$) which depends on $\mathbf{r} \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Each eigenvalue can be considered a scalar field $e_i(\mathbf{r})$ over $\mathbb{R}^3$...

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### Common roots of polynomial and its derivative

Suppose $f$ is a uni-variate polynomial of degree at most $2k-1$ for some integer $k\geq1$. Let $f^{(m)}$ denote the $m$-th derivative of $f$. If $f$ and $f^{(m)}$ have $k$ distinct common roots then,...

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146 views

### About preserving real-rootedness of multivariable polynomials

Say $f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ are polynomials real rooted in the $z$s for a bunch of polynomials indexed by $i$. When can one say that $\sum_{i} p_i f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ is also real rooted?
If ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### Local Biot-Savart law in $B(x_o,r) \subset \mathbb R^2$

Let $u: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ and let $\omega = \text{curl } u$ be the 2D vorticity of $u$, where $u, \omega \in L^2(\mathbb R^2)$ and $\nabla \cdot u = 0$. The classical Biot-Savart law states ...

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### How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable? [closed]

How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable?
In this context PSD means symmetric PSD.

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### Slice a compact C1 surface in R3 by a moving transverse plane. Does the length of the slice depend C1 on the plane?

To be more precise I am interested in questions similar to the one below
(I asked the question below on math.stackexchange last week but got not answer.)
I have a $C^1$ function $f:[0,1]^2 \to \...

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**1**answer

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### Is first term of my cost function convex?

I have an optimization problem in the form of
[\begin{array}{l}
\mathop {{\rm{Minimize}}}\limits_{\bf{X}} \,\,\,2\left| \delta \right|\sqrt {{\rm{Tr}}\left( {{\bf{A}}{{\bf{X}}^2}} \right)} {\rm{ - ...

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**1**answer

177 views

### A functional equality

I don't know if this is known, but I was fiddling around with this equality :
$$f:(-1,1)\to (-1,1)\quad \text{satisfies}\quad(f(z)+1)^s=\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}\dbinom{s}{j}f(z^k)
\quad \forall z\in (-1,1),...

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**1**answer

235 views

### Question about extending a solution to Monge-Ampere solution

I am interested in solutions to the Monge-Ampere equation for a smooth function
$h(x,y)$ of two variables(though I suppose I could try to make do with $C^2$ solutions). The equation is:
$$\det[\...

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**0**answers

251 views

### Boundary of an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$

Let $U$ be an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$. Since $\partial U$ is a rectifiable set it follows that up to a set of $H^{n-1}$-measure zero $\partial U$ is contained in a countable ...

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168 views

### Looking for author of calculus quote

When I was a lowly calculus student many many years ago, my calculus teacher quoted some famous mathemtician: "Calculus is the last course in arithmetic and the first course in mathematics that one ...

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**1**answer

93 views

### Counting extrema on a simplex

Let $p(x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n})=\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}{a_{ij}x_{i}x_{j}}$ be a homogenous multivariate polynomial of degree $2$.
I would like to know how many extrema $p$ has on the standard simplex
...

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**1**answer

224 views

### Request for help with two integrals

It would be great if someone can help me do these integrals - using numerical integration on Mathematica it seems that these converge - in what follows $a \in \mathbb{R}$ and $q \in \mathbb{N}$ and $n ...

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179 views

### Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...

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**1**answer

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### The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial.
In particular, it's the case ...

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**1**answer

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### Differential Calculus and the De Rham Homotopy Operator

Suppose $M$ is a smooth manifold, $\Omega^k(M)$ the vector space (or $C^\infty(M)$-module in case this is better suited) of $k$-differentialforms on $M$ and
$$I: \Omega^k(M\times \mathbb{R}) \to \...

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### Co-filtered and pro-finite manifolds, filtered algebras, and differential calculus on them

Hello! I've come across a lot of questions (and nice answers) on MO, concerning infinite-dimensional manifolds and differential calculus over them, but nothing suiting the simpler and special case I ...

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884 views

### Is there a convenient differential calculus for cojets?

I understand the basics of exterior differential geometry and how to do calculus with exterior differential forms. I know how to use this to justify the notation dy/dx as a literal ratio of the ...

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### How did Bernoulli prove L'Hôpital's rule?

To prove L'Hôpital's rule, the standard method is to use use Cauchy's Mean Value Theorem (and note that once you have Cauchy's MVT, you don't need an $\epsilon$-$\delta$ definition of limit to ...

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### What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point? [closed]

What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point?
This question is now asked on the sister site: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/14841/what-is-the-meaning-of-the-...

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### Finding the Universal Ideal of a (Covariant) Differential Calculus

Let $(\Omega,d)$ be a differential calculus over an algebra $A$. It is easy to show that $\Omega$ is always equal to a quotient of $\Omega_u(A)$, the universal calculus over $A$, by some ideal $N$ of $...