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-4
votes
0answers
30 views

Application of differentation (maximum-minimum problems) [on hold]

one of prominent features of the buildings architecture in University Pendidikan Sultan Idris is Norman window, a rectangle with a semicircle on top. Suppose that the perimeter of a particular window ...
-3
votes
1answer
193 views

Does differentiation widen, or narrow, the class of functions?

Let $\cal F^k$ be a set of functions, each of class $C^k$, i.e., both, for every function in $\cal F^k$: $k^{\textrm{th}}$ derivatives exist, and are continuous. Let $D(\cal F^k)$ be the set of ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

Law of unconsious statistician: application in characteristic function

Let $g(x)=(x-a)\mathbf 1_{x\ge a}$ for some $a>0$ and let $X$ be a non-negative random variable with cdf $F$ and $E[X]<+\infty$. I want to calculate $$\frac{d}{da}E[g(X)]$$ To do that I thought ...
-2
votes
2answers
701 views

What is the derivative of: $f(x)=x^{2x^{3x^{4x^{5x^{6x^{7x^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$? [closed]

I happened to ponder about the differentiation of the following function: $$f(x)=x^{2x^{3x^{4x^{5x^{6x^{7x^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$$ Now, while I do know how to manipulate power towers to a certain ...
5
votes
3answers
638 views

A definition of the fractional derivative

I was investigating the idea of fractional derivatives and devised the following definition. WHich definition is it equivalent to and can I have a reference for it? $$\frac{d^n}{dx^n}f(x) = \lim_{h ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

Minimum of an apparently harmless function of two variables

DISCLAIMER: I already posted this question on Mathematics a month ago, here. However, since it has not been solved yet on that platform, I decided to ask it also here on mathoverflow. At a first ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

growth of an entire solution of a differential equation

Let $d$ be an integer and $\sum_{k=0}^dP_k(z)y^{(k)}(z)=0$ be a differential equation over $\mathbb C$, where the $P_k$ are polynomials of degree $\le d$. Consider (if it exists) an entire solution ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Monotonicity of the integral

Let $R(x)$ be the residual function associated to the normal probability density, i.e. $$R(x)~=~\int_x^{+\infty}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}e^{-\frac{y^2}{2}}dy, \mbox{ for all } x\in R.$$ Define ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Why does optimization of a sum of two terms result in “neat” answers? [closed]

This is a somewhat vague and philosophical question. Consider the following three problems: Problem 1: Minimize over all real-valued $x,$ the function $f(x) = bx-ax^2$ where $a,b>0.$ ...
2
votes
4answers
637 views

Intrinsic definition of arc length [closed]

Is there an intrinsic way of defining the arc length of a curve in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, that is without resorting to a parametrization of the curve?
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there a general way to determine the Laplacian of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix? [closed]

I have a real symmetric $3\times3$ matrix $\mathbf{M}(\mathbf{r}$) which depends on $\mathbf{r} \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Each eigenvalue can be considered a scalar field $e_i(\mathbf{r})$ over ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Common roots of polynomial and its derivative

Suppose $f$ is a uni-variate polynomial of degree at most $2k-1$ for some integer $k\geq1$. Let $f^{(m)}$ denote the $m$-th derivative of $f$. If $f$ and $f^{(m)}$ have $k$ distinct common roots ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

About preserving real-rootedness of multivariable polynomials

Say $f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ are polynomials real rooted in the $z$s for a bunch of polynomials indexed by $i$. When can one say that $\sum_{i} p_i f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ is also real rooted? If ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Universal property of (k-fold) differential $d^k$

does the differential $d^k:C^\infty(U,\mathbb{R}) \to C^\infty(U,S^k(X)^*)$ for $U \subseteq X$ fulfill some kind of (strict) universal property under all '$k$-fold derivations' (you know what i ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Local Biot-Savart law in $B(x_o,r) \subset \mathbb R^2$

Let $u: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ and let $\omega = \text{curl } u$ be the 2D vorticity of $u$, where $u, \omega \in L^2(\mathbb R^2)$ and $\nabla \cdot u = 0$. The classical Biot-Savart law states ...
-1
votes
1answer
123 views

How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable? [closed]

How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable? In this context PSD means symmetric PSD.
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Slice a compact C1 surface in R3 by a moving transverse plane. Does the length of the slice depend C1 on the plane?

To be more precise I am interested in questions similar to the one below (I asked the question below on math.stackexchange last week but got not answer.) I have a $C^1$ function $f:[0,1]^2 \to ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Is first term of my cost function convex?

I have an optimization problem in the form of [\begin{array}{l} \mathop {{\rm{Minimize}}}\limits_{\bf{X}} \,\,\,2\left| \delta \right|\sqrt {{\rm{Tr}}\left( {{\bf{A}}{{\bf{X}}^2}} \right)} {\rm{ - ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

A functional equality

I don't know if this is known, but I was fiddling around with this equality : $$f:(-1,1)\to (-1,1)\quad \text{satisfies}\quad(f(z)+1)^s=\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}\dbinom{s}{j}f(z^k) \quad \forall z\in ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

Question about extending a solution to Monge-Ampere solution

I am interested in solutions to the Monge-Ampere equation for a smooth function $h(x,y)$ of two variables(though I suppose I could try to make do with $C^2$ solutions). The equation is: ...
4
votes
0answers
218 views

Boundary of an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$

Let $U$ be an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$. Since $\partial U$ is a rectifiable set it follows that up to a set of $H^{n-1}$-measure zero $\partial U$ is contained in a countable ...
3
votes
0answers
166 views

Looking for author of calculus quote

When I was a lowly calculus student many many years ago, my calculus teacher quoted some famous mathemtician: "Calculus is the last course in arithmetic and the first course in mathematics that one ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Counting extrema on a simplex

Let $p(x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n})=\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}{a_{ij}x_{i}x_{j}}$ be a homogenous multivariate polynomial of degree $2$. I would like to know how many extrema $p$ has on the standard simplex ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Request for help with two integrals

It would be great if someone can help me do these integrals - using numerical integration on Mathematica it seems that these converge - in what follows $a \in \mathbb{R}$ and $q \in \mathbb{N}$ and $n ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial. In particular, it's the case ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Differential Calculus and the De Rham Homotopy Operator

Suppose $M$ is a smooth manifold, $\Omega^k(M)$ the vector space (or $C^\infty(M)$-module in case this is better suited) of $k$-differentialforms on $M$ and $$I: \Omega^k(M\times \mathbb{R}) \to ...
4
votes
0answers
181 views

Co-filtered and pro-finite manifolds, filtered algebras, and differential calculus on them

Hello! I've come across a lot of questions (and nice answers) on MO, concerning infinite-dimensional manifolds and differential calculus over them, but nothing suiting the simpler and special case I ...
23
votes
2answers
867 views

Is there a convenient differential calculus for cojets?

I understand the basics of exterior differential geometry and how to do calculus with exterior differential forms. I know how to use this to justify the notation dy/dx as a literal ratio of the ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

How did Bernoulli prove L'Hôpital's rule?

To prove L'Hôpital's rule, the standard method is to use use Cauchy's Mean Value Theorem (and note that once you have Cauchy's MVT, you don't need an $\epsilon$-$\delta$ definition of limit to ...
1
vote
0answers
3k views

What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point? [closed]

What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point? This question is now asked on the sister site: ...
2
votes
2answers
355 views

Finding the Universal Ideal of a (Covariant) Differential Calculus

Let $(\Omega,d)$ be a differential calculus over an algebra $A$. It is easy to show that $\Omega$ is always equal to a quotient of $\Omega_u(A)$, the universal calculus over $A$, by some ideal $N$ of ...