Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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29
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0answers
1k views

Minimal volume of 4-manifolds

This question came up in a talk of Dieter Kotschick yesterday. The minimal volume of a manifold is the infimum of volumes of Riemannian metrics on the manifold with sectional curvatures bounded in ...
27
votes
0answers
510 views

Are there periodicity phenomena in manifold topology with odd period?

The study of $n$-manifolds has some well-known periodicities in $n$ with period a power of $2$: $n \bmod 2$ is important. Poincaré duality implies that odd-dimensional compact oriented manifolds ...
26
votes
0answers
3k views

A paper to the question, if the six dimensional sphere is a complex manifold

Hi, for a few days a paper was published on arxiv.org with the title "The six dimensional sphere is a complex manifold": http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/math/pdf/0505/0505634v3.pdf Because I am not able to ...
19
votes
0answers
1k views

Ricci flat metric on $n$-sphere?

Can you put a Ricci flat metric on the $n$-sphere, $n>4$?
17
votes
0answers
596 views

Are the eigenvalues of the Laplacian of a generic Kähler metric simple?

It is a theorem of Uhlenbeck that for a generic Riemannian metric, the Laplacian acting on functions has simple eigenvalues, i.e., all the eigenspaces are 1-dimensional. (Here "generic" means the set ...
15
votes
0answers
320 views

Lipschitz constant of a homotopy

Let $n>0$, $\mathbb S^n$ be $n$-sphere and $1\in \mathbb S^n$ be its north pole. A am looking for an example of compact manifold $M$ with a continuous $n$-parameter family off maps $h_x\colon M\to ...
15
votes
0answers
662 views

Milnor's cartography problem

Let $\Omega$ be a round disc of radius $\alpha<\pi/2$ on the standard sphere. It is easy to construct a $(1,\tfrac{\alpha}{\sin\alpha})$-bi-Lipschitz map from $\Omega$ to the plane. Is it true ...
14
votes
0answers
388 views

Does the Ricci flow approach shed light on Poincare conjecture in higher dimension?

I know that the Poincaré conjecture was first proved in dimension ≥ 5, then dimension 4, and finally 3. I'm just curious, does the Ricci flow approach by Perelman shed any light on the high dimension ...
13
votes
0answers
309 views

Does $S^4$ have a “symplecto-homeomorphic” structure?

The 4-sphere cannot be a symplectic manifold. In particular, it does not admit an atlas whose transition maps are symplectomorphisms ...
13
votes
0answers
478 views

Applications of Berger's Curvature Estimate

I'm interested in applications of the following estimate of Berger on the Riemann curvature tensor: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n \geq 4$, let $p \in M$, and assume that the ...
13
votes
0answers
843 views

Nontrivial tangent bundle that is diffeomorphic to the trivial bundle

Is there an example of a smooth $n$-manifold $M$ whose tangent bundle is nontrivial as a bundle but is nonetheless (abstractly) diffeomorphic to the trivial bundle $M \times \mathbb{R}^n$? (This ...
12
votes
0answers
248 views

Artin L-function and Zeta function of twisted Dirac operator

If one thinks of a Frobenius as an element in the fundamental group of an arithmetic curve and of a Galois representation $\sigma$ as a flat connection on the curve, then the definition of the Artin ...
12
votes
0answers
462 views

How come Cartan did not notice the close relationship between symmetric spaces and isoparametric hypersurfaces?

Elie Cartan made fundamental contributions to the theory of Lie groups and their geometrical applications. Among those, we can list the introduction of the remarkable family of Riemannian symmetric ...
12
votes
0answers
273 views

Has Cheeger's 'de Rham cohomology' of metric measure spaces been studied beyond its definition?

In J. Cheeger's 'Differentiability of Lipschitz Functions on Metric Measure Spaces' (Geometric and Functional Analysis, 1999, Vol. 9 pp 428-517, see here), a 'de Rham cohomology group' ...
11
votes
0answers
363 views

Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
11
votes
0answers
444 views

What is the holomorphic sectional curvature?

Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional complex manifold, let $\omega$ be a Kahler metric on $X$ and let $R$ be the $(4,0)$ curvature tensor of $\omega$. We can simplify the tensor $R$ in different ways, two of ...
10
votes
0answers
252 views

The cones for Bochner–Lichnerowicz–Weitzenböck formula

The Bochner–Lichnerowicz–Weitzenböck formula can be written the following way $$ \Delta \phi-\nabla^*\nabla \phi= R(\phi),$$ here $\phi$ is a section in a Dirac bundle and $R$ the something which can ...
10
votes
0answers
299 views

3 manifolds with diffeomorphic unit tangent bundles

What can one say about two closed oriented 3-manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ such that $S^2 \times M_1$ is diffeomorphic to $S^2 \times M_2$?
10
votes
0answers
300 views

Examples of Clifford Modules

For a Riemannian manifold $M$, a Clifford module is a bundle over $M$ that is, fiberwise, a representation of the Clifford algebra bundle $Cl(TM)$ and has a connection compatible with this action. ...
10
votes
0answers
153 views

When is a submersion locally volume-expanding?

I would like to characterize the smooth maps $\varphi: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^k$, $n\geq k$, with the following property: For every $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ there exists a positive number ...
10
votes
0answers
198 views

“Small” maps from sphere to sphere

Start with a continuous map $f:S^{n+k} \rightarrow S^n$ (round unit spheres). The graph of $f$ lives in $S^{n+k}\times S^n$ and suppose it has a surface area (as a subspace of co-dimension $n$). Now ...
10
votes
0answers
380 views

Exotic smoothness and Parallelizability

Regarding the parallelizability of the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres: Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7 The following question naturally arises: Suppose ...
9
votes
0answers
138 views

Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle (pseudo-differential operators)

Normally, in the context of pseudo-differential operators, a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates ...
9
votes
0answers
372 views

Poincaré recurrence and symplectic packings

Question. Is there any example of a path connected symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ that has infinite volume, but which cannot be packed by an infinite number of symplectic balls of a fixed radius ...
9
votes
0answers
443 views

What is Quillen's contribution to index theorem?

In the book "Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators" by Berline, Getzler and Vergne it is said that "Our book is based on a simple principle, which we learned from D. Quillen: Dirac operators are a ...
9
votes
0answers
176 views

Is there a Hodge isomorphism theorem for part-tangential, part-normal, harmonic differential forms?

Let $M$ be an oriented compact Riemannian $n$-manifold with boundary $\partial M$. A differential $p$-form $\omega$ on $M$ is normal if $i^* \omega = 0$ holds, tangential if $i^* \star \omega = 0$ ...
9
votes
0answers
348 views

Are there exotic $S^2\times S^2$?

On 2010 AKHMEDOV and PARK claimed there are infinitely many exotic smooth structures on $S^2\times S^2$, see http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.3346 Then Rasmussen posted a paper : Perfect Morse functions and ...
9
votes
0answers
411 views

How does duality of symmetric spaces explain the hyperbolic cosine theorem?

There is a well-known duality between compact symmetric spaces and symmetric spaces of noncompact type. Basically it goes as follows: If $G/K$ is a symmetric space of noncompact type, $g=k+p$ the ...
9
votes
0answers
413 views

Killing spinors and symmetric tensor fields.

Hi all, I have a question of the following form: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian spin manifold which admits a Killing spinor $\sigma$ and let $h:T M \to T M$ be a symmetric, trace-free and ...
9
votes
0answers
316 views

Covering a subset by submanifolds

Let $K$ be a compact subset of a Euclidean space of very large dimension $N$. Assume that any point $x\in K$ has a neighborhood $U\subset K$ which is contained in a smooth $l$-dimensional submanifold ...
8
votes
0answers
133 views

Commutative spectral triples not coming from manifolds

There is a very deep and remarkable theorem by Connes (the so called reconstruction theorem) which states that from a commutative spectral triple obeying certain axioms one can reconstruct a smooth ...
8
votes
0answers
240 views

Carleson's Theorem on Manifolds

Let $M$ be an oriented, compact, differentiable manifold with some Riemmanian metric $g$, so that $(M,g)$ has a nice volume form and one can define $L^2(M,g)$ as the completion of $C^\infty(M)$ under ...
8
votes
0answers
446 views

Seemingly elementary geometric problem in R^3 which requires the axiom of choice

While playing with what I called "quantum matching", the following problem arose: construct a map $F$ from the unit sphere $S_2$ in $R^3$ to itself such that $F(X)$ is orthogonal to $X$ plus has one ...
8
votes
0answers
130 views

What sort of geometry does the Whitehead manifold have as a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^4$?

If I understand correctly, the standard $\mathbb{R}^4$ is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}\times W$ where $W$ is the Whitehead manifold (i.e., is an open three-manifold that is contractible and not ...
8
votes
0answers
222 views

Are the Chern numbers of a hyperbolic-type compact complex manifold bounded in terms of the Euler number?

Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Kahler manifold with negative first Chern class. Are its Chern numbers $\prod_{i=1}^{n-1} c_i^{k_i}$, over $k _i \geq 0$ with $\sum ik_i = n$, bounded in terms ...
8
votes
0answers
373 views

non-vanishing magnetic helicty density

Suppose you are given a nowhere-vanishing exact 2-form $B=dA$ on an open, connected domain $D\subset\mathbb{R}^3$. I'd like to think of $B$ as a magnetic field. Consider the product $H(A)=A\wedge ...
8
votes
0answers
223 views

Embeddings of hyperbolic $n$-manifolds in $R^{n+2}$

Is there any example of a compact manifold $M$ of dimension $n>10000$ such that $M$ admits an embedding into $\mathbb R^{n+2}$, $M$ is hyperbolic; i.e., it admits a Riemannian metric with ...
8
votes
0answers
207 views

Exhaustion of an open manifold of bounded curvature and finite volume

In the Cheeger-Gromov paper "On the Characteristic Numbers of Complete Manifolds of Bounded Curvature and Finite Volume", http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/papers/cheegergr1.pdf, the authors make the ...
8
votes
0answers
605 views

Good introduction to Morse-Novikov theory?

Morse theory investigates the topology of compact manifolds using critical points of real-valued functions $f\colon\, M\to \mathbb{R}$. Motivated by problems in dynamical systems, Novikov (Multivalued ...
8
votes
0answers
572 views

Moduli space of semistable bundles

It is well-known that the space of S-equivalence classes of rank 2 semistable holomorphic vector bundles with trivial determinant on a genus 2 surface M is $CP^3$ (more concretely ...
8
votes
0answers
428 views

What is the origin of the formula for the Lie derivative along a Killing vector?

Background Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensioal riemannian manifold. A vector field $X$ on $M$ is said to be a Killing vector if the flow it generates is an isometry; that is, it preserves the metric ...
8
votes
0answers
505 views

Hausdorff measure question

Say we have some compact metrisable topological space $X$ with a measure $\mu$ defined on the Borel sets of $X$. Then is there some way to determine whether $\mu$ is the Hausdorff measure associated ...
7
votes
0answers
174 views

Flat manifolds and irreducible representations

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with vanishing curvature of Levi-Civita connection. Such manifolds were classified by Bieberbach; sometimes they are called Bieberbach manifolds. According to ...
7
votes
0answers
267 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
7
votes
0answers
173 views

Reconciling the affine grassmannian and the based loop group

I'm trying to reconcile the differences between the (algebraic) based loop group and the affine grassmannian. I once believed that I understood the relationship, but I just read a paper which has ...
7
votes
0answers
116 views

Topological restrictions from mean curvature bounds

Alexandrov's Theorem says that a compact constant mean curvature hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ must be a round sphere. What happens when the mean curvature is small, or bounded? (For ...
7
votes
0answers
96 views

Bundles over Function Spaces

Is there any reference on bundles over function spaces? In particular, I am interested in Banach-bundles over function spaces like $W^{k,r}(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold. Separable ...
7
votes
0answers
234 views

diameter as a Morse function

Consider the space $X_1$ of closed subsets not containing a pair of antipodal points of the unit circle. Here we have a kind of degenerate Morse function, defined by the diameter of the pointset. ...
7
votes
0answers
82 views

Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action. I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...
7
votes
0answers
204 views

quantitative version of the rigidity of the 2-sphere

I am looking for a quantitaive version of the following theorem: A compact surface with $K\equiv 1$ is isometric to the round sphere. Of course I get the Berger, Brendle-Schoen Theorem which insures ...