Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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Perturbations to a vector field

I ran into some problems while working through a proof of the Poincare-Hopf theorem that essentially boiled down to the following question: given a smooth vector field $V$ on a (compact Riemannian) ...
18
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8answers
978 views

Advanced Differential Geometry Textbook

I tried this post on StackExchange with no luck. Hopefully the experts at MathOverflow can help. In algebraic topology there are two canonical "advanced" textbooks that go quite far beyond the usual ...
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1answer
187 views

Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me: Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...
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1answer
52 views

Non trivial rank 2 holomorphic vector bundles in complex dimensions greater than or equal 2

Does every compact complex manifold of complex dimension greater than or equal two possess a nontrivial rank 2 holomorphic vector bundle?
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166 views

Research situation in the field of Information Geometry

I am now doing an article survey on the field of information geometry started by S.Amari and Barndorff-Nielson. I want to know some research situation in this field. I have read (4) and parts of (3). ...
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0answers
36 views

Anosov representations and boundaries of (harmonic) maps

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface and $\rho\colon\pi_1\Sigma_g\to G$ an Anosov representation into a suitable Lie group. By definition of Anosovness, one has a $\rho$-equivariant ...
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1answer
182 views
+100

Generalising the parametric transversality theorem to a foliation

The parametric transversality theorem states that, given a parameterised family of smooth maps of $C^{\infty}$ manifolds $\phi_s:M \rightarrow N$ and a submanifold $R < N$ then for almost all ...
7
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2answers
252 views

For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
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2answers
293 views

Riemannian metrics preserved by diffeomorphisms

Let $f \neq Id$ be a diffeomorphism (of a smooth manifold $M$) which admits some Riemannain metric on $M$ making it an isometry. How many different metrics are preserved by $f$? Note that ...
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0answers
53 views

A compact Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below has curvature bouneded above?

For a compact Riemannian manifold, Since the curvature tensor is continuous, we know that the sectional curvature is bounded, i.e. bounded above and below. Now let $M$ be a compact Alexandrov space ...
64
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16answers
6k views

What makes four dimensions special?

Do you know properties which distinguish four-dimensional spaces among the others? What makes four-dimensional topological manifolds special? What makes four-dimensional differentiable manifolds ...
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1answer
223 views

Which sections of $T^*M\odot T^*M$ have reproducing kernel “primitives”?

Given a smooth reproducing kernel $\kappa:M\times M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ on a manifold $M$, we can construct a section, $\alpha_{\kappa}$, of the symmetric tensor product $T^*M\odot T^*M$ by taking ...
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0answers
88 views

Curvature in geometry-interpretation

Previously this question was asked on stack exchange: the answer contained only reference to the wikipedia page which I already read (as mentioned in my post). So here is the question: The are ...
19
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7answers
3k views

The Chern-Simons/Wess-Zumino-Witten correspondence

I have often seen a relationship being alluded to between these two theories but I am unable to find any literature which proves/derives/explains this relationship. I guess in the condensed matter ...
6
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5answers
2k views

Lie groups admitting flat (bi)invariant metrics.

I would like to see an example of a non-abelian compact lie group admitting a bi/left/right-invariant flat metric. Is there any non-abelian compact lie group admitting a flat metric that is bi or ...
7
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4answers
995 views

Which Lie algebra admit symplectic forms

Hello, I am interested in symplectic Lie groups, I will sketch out their definition. A symplectic Lie group is a given pair $(G,\omega)$, where $G$ is a Lie group and $\omega$ is a left invariant ...
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0answers
71 views

Representing rational homotopy class by geometric objects

Given a smooth manifold $M$, we can study its rational homotopy type by looking at differential forms. I am wondering if there is a way to represent each $rational$ homotopy class by geometric ...
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1answer
328 views

Affine space structure on the space of Hermitian connections

I'm reading Gauduchon's paper Hermitian connections and Dirac operators. For a fixed almost-Hermitian manifold $(M, g, J)$ let $\mathcal A(g, J)$ be the space of connections $\nabla$ s.t. $\nabla g = ...
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0answers
58 views

Comparing Dirichlet energy and area of a Surface-immersion

Let $(F,g)$ be a closed Surface, $(M,h)$ a Riemannian 3-Manifold and $f: F \to M$ a smooth immersion. Denote by $f^*(h)$ the pullback metric on $TF$ induced by $f$ and let $dV_g$ and $dV_{f^*(h)}$ be ...
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0answers
123 views

Detecting torsion-classified bundles by differential invariants

The following is based on a loose understanding of the nuts and bolts that go into Chern-Simons theory, so bear with any vagueness on my part. Suppose I have a principal $G$-bundle $P\to M$ and I ...
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1answer
371 views

Aysmptotic comparison of L^2 sections versus generating sections

Let $s_1,\ldots, s_k$ be linearly independent global holomorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle $E$ over a compact algebraic manifold $X$, with volume form $\Omega$. For $m$ large, let ...
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2answers
103 views

Does an analytic tensorial Lie structure on $S^2$ gives a fiberwise Abelian Lie algebra structure?

Motivated by the answer to this question we ask: Is it true to say that for every real analytic tensorial Lie algebra structure $\alpha$ on $\chi^{\infty}(S^2)$, all fibers are necessarily ...
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0answers
80 views

Geodesic rays in a toric variety

Let $\{\alpha_0, \ldots, \alpha_r\} \subset \mathbb{Z}^n$ be a finite subset of lattice points and let $\Phi: (\mathbb{C}^*)^n \to \mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^r$ be the corresponding map from the algebraic ...
5
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2answers
439 views

Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
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0answers
81 views

Are ultralimits the Gromov-Hausdorff limits of a subsequence?

Let $(M_i,p_i)$ be a sequence of $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifolds with lower Ricci curvature bound $-1$. Fix a non-orincipal ultrafilter and let X be the ultralimit of the sequence. Does there ...
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1answer
112 views

Manifold_Lie algebra compatibility

In this question we try to improve some parts of this post as follows: What is an example of a manifold $M$ and a Lie algebra $L$ (with the same dimension) such that $M$ does not admit ...
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2answers
698 views

Does every manifold have a flat connection?

Suppose I have a manifold and a vector bundle over it, but not a connection or a metric. Can I always find a connection on it that has a Riemann curvature tensor that is identically zero? If so, can I ...
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0answers
59 views

How to estimate the Lipschitz constant of $\exp_x(\nabla f(x))$?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, $f$ is a $C^2$ function on $M$. Then how to estimate the Lipschitz constant of the function $\exp_x (\nabla f(x))$? Since $|\nabla^2 f| \leqslant C$, then ...
7
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2answers
328 views

Generalising the Penrose Twistor Fibration

As is well known, there exists a fibration $\mathbb{CP}^3 \to S^4$, of the four sphere by complex projective $3$-space, called the Penrose twistor fibration. Does this fibration admit a "canonical" ...
13
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1answer
996 views

Looking for a simple proof that R^2 has only one smooth structure

So not so long ago, I asked for a simple proof that $\mathbf{R}$ has only one smooth structure. A proof that was communicated to me by Ryan Budney (link text) was the following: So let me recall his ...
6
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0answers
146 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
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3answers
591 views

Can a manifold have a curvature-free connection that is not torsion-free?

Suppose I have a smooth manifold with a tangent bundle, and I have a connection. If this connection is curvature-free, is it guaranteed to be torsion-free? (I am not assuming a metric, just a ...
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1answer
119 views

Volume form on pair (X,D)

Let $X$ be a singular Kahler variety with Kahler current $\omega $ then the volume form is $\omega^n$. Now let $D$ be a divisor then how can we define volume form on pair $(X,D) $?
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3answers
186 views

Parameterizing rotations of a cube [closed]

For $g\in\mathrm{SO}(3),S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3,$ define $g\cdot S:=\{g\cdot p : p\in S\}.$ In words, if $g$ is a rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$, $g\cdot S$ is the set of elements of $S$ rotated by $g$. ...
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0answers
95 views

When is a conformal class equal to a conformal orbit?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Let $\text{conf}(M,g)$ denote the conformal group, i.e. the subgroup of diffeomorphisms of $M$ that acts by conformal transformations relative to ...
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3answers
727 views

is there a global obstruction for a diffeomorphism to be an isometry?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space. Let us call an automorphism $T:V\rightarrow V$ admissible if there exists an inner product $\langle , \rangle$ on $V$ making $T$ an isometry. We know ...
6
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1answer
212 views

Differential geometry without the Hausdorff condition or the second axiom of countability

I would like to know how the standard differential geometry of manifolds would change if we didn't assume the Hausdorff condition and/or the second axiom of countability. There are some simple things ...
6
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2answers
744 views

Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on MathOverflow that inquire about the many diverse relationships between PDE and several other 'areas' of mathematics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry ...
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1answer
173 views

How does one identify flow lines on a vector bundle with those on the base in Morse theory?

In Chapter 4.2 of Schwarz's book on Morse homology there is a brief discussion of Morse theory on the total space of a smooth vector bundle $E \to M$. In particular, one can take the Morse function ...
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2answers
245 views

Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator? Thanks
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1answer
288 views

Is there a geometric proof for the upper semicontinuity of fiber dimension in algebraic geometry?

One of the first theorems encountered in algebraic geometry is the upper semicontinuity of fiber dimension: Let $ f : X \to Y $ be a surjective regular map between irreducible varieties with ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
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1answer
673 views

Is it possible for a metric on a smooth manifold to be smooth?

Are there any smooth manifolds $M$ with the following property: There exist a realizing metric $d$ (i.e $d$ induces the topology on $M$), and $d$ is smooth on all of $M \times M$? If not, is it ...
2
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1answer
374 views

Explicitly describing the region of the plane “outward of” a simple, open, oriented, cubic curve $c:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}^2$

Some Context: I'm working with some data given in the form of Bezier curves. I need to sort these (partially ordered) Bezier curves by "outwardness" (described below) and have come across an ...
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Was this particular case of the tube formula known before Weyl and Hotelling?

The tube formula is a really nice result in differential geometry which relates the volume of the tubular neighborhood of a submanifold to its intrinsic geometry. It has been proved by Weyl in 1939 ...
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3answers
702 views

Jacobi fields on a “bump surface”

Consider a "bump surface" which looks like the following: Such a surface is rotationally symmetric, $C^2$-smooth, has positive curvature in the middle and negative curvature along the ring (the ...
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1answer
65 views

Are non-linear connections with linear holonomy, linear?

Let $\pi\colon TM\to M$ be the tangent bundle of a differentiable manifold, let $E=TM\backslash 0$ be the slit tangent bundle, and let $V_eE$ be the kernel of $\pi_*$ at $e\in E$. The set ...
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0answers
73 views

Integral curves on non compact manifolds [closed]

Define a vector field on $\mathbb{R}^d$ by $X = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_{d}}$. That is a vector field that always points upward along the $x_{d}$-axis. Consider starting at any point $p \in ...
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3answers
467 views

Flat regions on surfaces of genus greater than 1

Here is a polygonal disk + gluing scheme model of a surface we are attempting to construct. We want the regions of the surface bounded by the two vertical, dotted lines $\alpha,\beta$ to have zero ...
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0answers
31 views

Normal fields of geodesic spheres

This question is related to this one (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1383511/normal-curvature-of-geodesic-spheres) I've asked at math.stackexchange. Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian ...