Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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5
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1answer
159 views

Intuition behind the Morse inequalities?

Forgive me if this is sort of a vague question, but can someone supply me with their intuition behind the Morse inequalities?
22
votes
3answers
928 views

fake $S^{2k}\times S^{2k}$

Let $X$ be a fixed closed manifold,$S(X)$ the structure set and $Aut(X)$ the group of self homotopy equivalence of $X$. surgery theory tells us that $\mathcal{M}(X):=S(X)/Aut(X)$ is in bijection ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Zeta-Determinant for shifted Laplacians on the circle

Consider on the circle $S^1$ the operator $$L := - \frac{\partial^2}{\partial \theta^2} + c$$ for some constant $c \in \mathbb{R}$. What is its $\zeta$-regularized determinant? This should be ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Space of polynomially growing harmonic functions on a Lie group

There is a recent theorem by Kleiner (based on previous work by Colding & Minicozzi), that reads: If $G$ is a finitely generated group of polynomial growth, then for every $d$ the space of ...
3
votes
1answer
288 views

Affine space structure on the space of Hermitian connections

I'm reading Gauduchon's paper Hermitian connections and Dirac operators. For a fixed almost-Hermitian manifold $(M, g, J)$ let $\mathcal A(g, J)$ be the space of connections $\nabla$ s.t. $\nabla g = ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Check symplectomorphism property on infinitesimal generators

I stumbled over the following question: First, let me give the basic definition of a symplectic group action: Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group. A smooth action $\Phi:G ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Aysmptotic comparison of L^2 sections versus generating sections

Let $s_1,\ldots, s_k$ be linearly independent global holomorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle $E$ over a compact algebraic manifold $X$, with volume form $\Omega$. For $m$ large, let ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Are periodic billiard trajectories stable on a manifold with strictly convex boundary?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with strictly convex boundary. Let $\gamma:S^1\to M$ be a periodic billiard trajectory (geodesic in the interior and reclects specularly at the boundary). ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows: Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on Mathoverflow about the application of PDE to several other topics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry and topology, number theory, harmonic analysis, ...
8
votes
1answer
356 views

Analytical formula for topological degree

At the first page of the following article http://arxiv.org/pdf/1004.1018v1.pdf [edit: the formula on the arXiv differs from the formula in the published paper, and the formula displayed below is the ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Stabilizer subgroup in adjoint action [migrated]

Given $b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, how can I find the stabilizer $\text{stab}(b)$ for the adjoint action of $SU(n)$ on $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ given by $Ad_U(b) = UbU^{\dagger}$ without using coordinates? The ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem? The Kodaira Vanishing Theorem says that the cohomology groups $H^q(M, L \otimes K_M)$ vanish for $q \ge 1$ when ...
7
votes
2answers
255 views

References on quaternionic geometry

Is there any analog, in the quaternionic setting, of Kahler potentials? In particular I'm interested in a similar construction of the Fubini-Study 2-form on $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C})$ over the ...
-2
votes
0answers
86 views

Fiber bundle with no connection for the fibers [on hold]

Suppose I have a fiber bundle $\pi: E \mapsto M$ where the base manifold $M$ is smooth, but I cannot define a connection on the fiber $F$ because in a small neighborhood of a fiber at an $x \in M$ ...
52
votes
2answers
4k views

Complex structure on $S^6$ gets published in Journ. Math. Phys

A paper by Gabor Etesi was published that purports to solve a major outstanding problem: Complex structure on the six dimensional sphere from a spontaneous symmetry breaking Journ. Math. Phys. 56, ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Petrov type D spacetime

I have a rather general question about the Petrov type D spacetime. The standard definition (also used in the official Wikipedia article) is that the Petrov classification is according to which Weyl ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Hamiltonian flow local diffeomorphism?

I am currently reading Arnold's proof of the Darboux theorem in his book on classical mechanics and fail to understand some point. The background So he wants to show that any symplectic form is ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Explicit metrics on non-compact Calabi-Yau threefolds

I would like to know which explicit metrics on non-compact Calabi-Yau (CY) threefolds are known. For instance, an important class of such spaces can be constructed algebraically, including local ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Space of piecewise geodesic paths

It is well-known that for any Riemannian manifold $M$, the spaces $$H_x(M) = \Bigl\{ \gamma \in AC\big([0, 1], M\big) ~\Big|~ \gamma(0) = x, \int_0^T|\dot{\gamma}(s)|^2 \mathrm{d}s < ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Poincare inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is: symmetric, adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Partial differential equation from Kirchhoff system

I was seeking for the solution of following partial differential equation for two unknowns $\vec{u}(s,t), \vec{w}(s,t)$ $$\partial_t \vec{u} = \partial_s \vec{w} - [\vec{w} \times \vec{u}].$$ Using ...
1
vote
0answers
325 views

Vafa's semi-Ricci flat metric

Cumrun Vafa with Greene-Shapere-Yau introduced semi-Ricci flat metric here B. Greene, A. Shapere, C. Vafa, and S.-T. Yau. Stringy cosmic strings and noncompact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Nuclear Physics ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

Explicitly describing the region of the plane “outward of” a simple, open, oriented, cubic curve $c:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}^2$

Some Context: I'm working with some data given in the form of Bezier curves. I need to sort these (partially ordered) Bezier curves by "outwardness" (described below) and have come across an ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Symplectic spectrum

I have a question about a step in the proof of the following theorem from symplectic geometry. The theorem is: Given any ellipsoid $E:=\{ w \in \mathbb{R}^{2n}; \sum_{i,j =1}^{2n} a_{ij}w_iw_j \le ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

How to change the given metric if we want to add few extra isometries?

I have a Hilbert Space $X$ and a group $G$, which consists of bounded linear self-bijections of $X$ (if it helps, this group has a locally compact, but not compact topology). Is there a canonical way ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Permutable (Lie) subgroups

Let's recall that, a group $G$ being given, two subgroups $A,B\subset G$ are called permutable iff $AB=BA$ for the Minkowski law. It is straightforward to see that $(A,B)$ are permutable iff $AB$ ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

Einstein metric for simply connected Riemannian manifold, diffeomorphic to 3-sphere?

If we can construct an Einstein metric for a simply connected Riemannian manifold, why does it necessarily follow it is diffeomorphic to the $3$-sphere?
2
votes
0answers
279 views

When a Spherical variety is $K$-stable

Let $X=G/H$ for a reductive group $G$ and $X$ is normal and has an open $B$-orbit, for a Borel subgroup $B$ then we call $X$ spherical. My question is When a Spherical variety is $K$-stable? Is ...
8
votes
1answer
222 views

What is the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on unit sphere $S^n$?

We know that the first eigenvalue of Laplacian on the Riemannian unit sphere $S^n$ is $n$, then what is the explicit expression for the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on $S^n$? The $p$-Laplacian ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Oriented volume and determinants: Circularity [duplicate]

One often reads about oriented volumes as a motivation for determinants. In two dimensions you can scetch some nice pictures which may convince students that it is a good idea to have a closer look at ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Isotropic subvarieties of $ V(x_1^2+\dots+x_n^2-t_1^2-\dots-t_n^2) $

Let $ K $ be a field, $ \operatorname{char} K = 0, $ let $ Q = x_1^2+\dots+x_n^2-t_1^2-\dots-t_n^2 $ be the totally isotropic form, then the maximal linear isotropic subspaces of $ V(Q) \subset ...
6
votes
0answers
87 views

Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following: (1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...
12
votes
1answer
297 views

Harmonic spinors on closed hyperbolic manifolds

Does anyone know an example of a closed spin hyperbolic manifold of dimension 3 or greater such that the kernel of the Dirac operator is non-trivial? I'm mainly interested in the 3-dimensional case ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Non-flat totally geodesic surfaces

I'd like to know whether a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type admits a non-flat totally geodesic surface. I've found an article by Mashimo on the classification of these surfaces for certain ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

SO(n) orientable? [migrated]

I have to answer the question whether $SO(n)$ is orientable or not...Actually I have no idea - could someone help me? I already know that $SO(n)$ is a $n(n-1)/2$-dimensional manifold, but how can I ...
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Analytic Chern classes

I have two questions on Chern classes, following Huybrechts' Complex Geometry. Are the analytic Chern forms just the elementary symmetric polynomials of the eigenvalues of the curvature? I googled ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Construction of appropriate Morse functions

I am interested in the properties of connectedness of level sets of Morse functions. Let $M$ a compact smooth $n$-manifold, and $1\leq k<n$. Is it possible to construct $k$ Morse functions ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Why is a negatively curved cone surface locally CAT(-1)?

Recently I'm reading a paper about the rigidity of negatively curved cone surfaces written by S. Hersonsky and F. Paulin. The authors said that a negatively curved cone surface is locally CAT(-1). But ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$. How big can the set ...
5
votes
2answers
619 views

Internal equivalence implies weak equivalence for Frechet Lie groupoids?

It is a known theorem that an internal equivalence of Lie groupoids (finite dimensional manifolds!) - that is an equivalence in the 2-category of Lie groupoids, smooth functors and transformations - ...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

Rigidity of secondary characteristic classes

For a representation $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow GL(n,C)$ and the associated flat $GL(n,C)$-bundle $E_\rho\rightarrow M$ one has the Cheeger-Chern-Simons classes $$\hat{c}_k(E_\rho)\in H^{2k-1}(M,R/Z)$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Regularity of maps in algebraic topology for manifolds

Let $M$ be a $n$ manifold such that $\pi_k(M)$ is non trivial. What can we expect about the regularity of a representant $f:S^k\rightarrow M$ of a non-trivial cycle? For example, if $M$ is a manifold ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Huisken's distance comparison principle and type II singularities

I've been reading Huisken's paper on his distance comparison principle and he remarked that in particular his theorem rules out the formation of type II singularities. These are singularities where in ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Limiting behaviour of the symplectic form

It is well known that the coadjoint orbits of the Heisenberg group (with a suitable choice of coordinate system) are the planes $z=c\ne 0$ parallel to the $xy$-plane, and the points in the $xy$-plane. ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Gradient on $SU(n)$

I'm trying to calculate the gradient (wrt to the bi-invariant metric) of the following functions $F_1, F_2 : SU(n) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $F_1(U) = | Tr (G^{\dagger} U) |^2$, $F_2(U) = \Re ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

Ring of SO(n)-invariant differential operators on M_n,m

I'm reading through Stephen Gelbart's paper "A Theory of Stiefel Harmonics." (http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/1974-192-00/S0002-9947-1974-0425519-8/). There comes a point in the paper (Lemma 2.8) ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation: ...
11
votes
1answer
295 views

Flat manifolds and irreducible representations

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with vanishing curvature of Levi-Civita connection. Such manifolds were classified by Bieberbach; sometimes they are called Bieberbach manifolds. According to ...