Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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3
votes
1answer
173 views

Existence and uniqueness of a quasi-linear pde system on a surface

I have the following system of first order quasi-linear pde: $$ -(\Delta+1) a^{\alpha\beta} [b_{\beta\rho} I_{\alpha;\sigma}+b_{\beta\sigma} I_{\alpha;\rho}] + a^{\alpha\beta} [(\Delta+1) ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Polynomial contact structures on $RP^3$

Let us consider polynomial contact structures on $\mathbb RP^3$, i.e. contact structures on $\mathbb R^3$ defined by a form $w=Pdx+Qdy+Rdz,\ P,Q,R\in \mathbb R[x,y,z]\ $ in an affine part and then ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Foliations of Lorentzian manifolds by Spacelike Hypersurfaces

Suppose that $M$ is a Lorentzian manifold (not necessarily satisfying Einstein's equations). What conditions do we need in order to guarantee that $M$ admits a foliation by codimension-$1$ spacelike ...
6
votes
2answers
464 views

Connections on principal bundles via stacks?

Let G be a Lie group and M a smooth manifold. Suppose that P is a principal G-bundle over M. Then by Yoneda, this corresponds to a smooth map $p:M \to [G]$, where $[G]$ is the differentiable stack ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

Based loop groups as stacks?

I have been stuck for some time, thinking about the following question. Let $G$ be a Lie group. Its classifying space $BG$ can be seen as the differentiable stack $[pt/G]$, which is of dimension ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Integral geometry and curvature of surfaces

I'll stick to 2-surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ for simplicity. Higher dimensions generalizations welcome. In classical integral geometry, we may obtain up to a scaling factor, for example, the surface ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

Aysmptotic comparison of L^2 sections versus generating sections

Let $s_1,\ldots, s_k$ be linearly independent global holomorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle $E$ over a compact algebraic manifold $X$, with volume form $\Omega$. For $m$ large, let ...
9
votes
1answer
186 views

Piecewise linear (PL) structures on $\mathbf R^4$

One can read in Wikipedia that the 4-dimensional affine space $\mathbf R^4$ has uncountably many piecewise linear structures (in contrast with other dimensions, where it has exactly one). A reference ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Rolling map as a diffeomorphism?

Let $M$ be a (compact) Riemannian manifold and $x \in M$. For a piecewise smooth path $\gamma: [0, T] \longrightarrow M$, we can define Cartan's development map (or rolling map) $$(\Phi\gamma)(t) = ...
8
votes
3answers
549 views

Can eta invariant be written in terms of topological data?

The eta invariant was introduced by Atiyah, Patodi, and Singer. It roughly measures the asymmetry of the spectrum of a self-adjoint elliptic operator with respect to the origin. In the paper "Exotic ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

On Gromov's Theorem on Symplectic Homotopy

I want to understand the proof of the following theorem due to Gromov which I'll state in the context of Euclidean spaces. While I tried to read the proof from Macduff-Salamon, it turned out that my ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

Atlas of a manifold as a Sheaf

--Hopefully this question does not dublicate another-- In this question Tom Goodwillie pointed out, that the 'atlas part' of the definition of a smooth manifold can be redefined in terms of sheaves. ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

When an Spherical variety is $K$-stable

Let $X=G/H$ for a reductive group $G$ and $X$ is normal and has an open $B$-orbit, for a Borel subgroup $B$ then we call $X$ spherical. My question is When an Spherical variety is $K$-stable? Is ...
-1
votes
1answer
155 views

Reductive space & Reductive Lie algebra

If $M=G/H$ is a reductive space and $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{h}+\mathfrak{m}$ be the canonical decomposition, then are $\mathfrak{g}$ or $\mathfrak{h}$ or both reductive lie algebras? (in this case, ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

invariant measure of uniquely ergodic horocycle flow

Let $S$ be a compact connected orientable surface of variable negative curvature, and let $M=T^1S$ be the unit tangent bundle of $S$. Then, we know from the paper of Brian Marcus (*) that the negative ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Factors of automorphy from Chern connection

This question is inspired by a recent question about holomorphic bundles and factors of automorphy. Suppose $X$ is a compact, complex manifold whose universal cover $\widetilde{X}$ is Stein (the ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Isometry group of a homogeneous space

Background Let $(M,g)$ be a finite-dimensional riemannian (or more generally pseudoriemannian) manifold. Suppose that I know that a certain Lie group $G$ acts transitively and isometrically on $M$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

Intuition for Killing vectors in negative-definite Ricci tensor

Theorem 4.3 from Chapter II of Kobayashi's Transformation Groups in Differential Geometry states that, if $(M,\mathrm{g})$ is a Riemannian manifold with negative definite Ricci tensor, then any ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Do all surfaces (2d riemanian manifolds) admit constant curvature? [closed]

There seems to be a lot of theorems allowing to prove restricted cases of this (eg. uniformization, classification theorem for compact surfaces) . Intuitively, it seems true, but I've never seen a ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there topological restrictions to the existence of almost quaternionic structures on compact manifolds?

I start with some background, but people familiar with the subject may jump directly to the question. Let $M^{4n}$ be a compact oriented smooth manifold. Recall that an almost hypercomplex structure ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Triviality of holomorphic vector bundles over contractible Stein manifolds

If I have correctly undrestood,it is a result of the so called Grauert-Oka principle that all holomorphic vector bundles over contractible Stein manifolds are holomorhically trivial.Does any one knows ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How to find isothermal coordinates equivalent to circles in far limit?

I am trying to find the most general rotational coordinate systems for Euclidean 3-space, with the following two defining characteristics: 1) being equivalent to spherical coordinates in the limit of ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

Alternative proof of Varadhan's formula on Riemann manifolds

Consider Varadhan's famous formula for the kernel of the heat equation on a manifold: $$ \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} t \log h(t,x,y) = - \frac{d(x,y)^2}{4} .$$ I do not have access to his 1967 two ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Boundary geometry of a contact manifold

Let $(M, \xi = \text{ker}\,\alpha)$ be a compact contact manifold with non-empty boundary. Vaguely asked, is there any natural geometric structure on the boundary $\partial M$ induced from the contact ...
17
votes
1answer
385 views

Super-cobordisms

One can construct the $d$-dimensional bordism category by declaring the objects to be the $(d-1)$-dimensional compact manifolds without boundary and the morphisms the $d$-dimensional bordisms between ...
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

Surface and Laplace's equation [closed]

I'm doing a study of surfaces with constante curvature and I'm trying to solve this equation: $$\Delta\phi = -e^{2\phi}K_0$$ for a 2-dimensional metric with constant Gauss curvature such that rotation ...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

Line bundles over Kahler-Hodge manifolds

A Kahler-Hodge manifold $M$ can be defined as a Kahler manifold whose Kahler form $\omega$ is integral, namely $\omega\in H^{2}(M,\mathbb{Z})$. It is known then that there always exists an hermitian ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Length of non-horizontal curve

Let $M$ be a sub-Riemannian space. Consider a smooth curve $\gamma:[0,1]\to M$ such that $\dot\gamma(t)\not\in H_{\gamma(t)}$, where $H_{\gamma(t)}$ is the horizontal subbundle ( i.e. $\gamma$ is ...
20
votes
1answer
640 views

fake $S^{2k}\times S^{2k}$

Let $X$ be a fixed closed manifold,$S(X)$ the structure set and $Aut(X)$ the group of self homotopy equivalence of $X$. surgery theory tells us that $\mathcal{M}(X):=S(X)/Aut(X)$ is in bijection ...
0
votes
2answers
337 views

Chow stability and K-stability

Let $(M,L) $ be a polarized projective variety and is Chow stable, then under which condition it is K-stable in sense of Donaldson's definition? Here is a good referrence for the definitions of Chow ...
5
votes
1answer
979 views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
11
votes
1answer
366 views

Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Linearisation of Einstein operator

Let $(M,g)$ be a $(m+1)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Levi-Civita connection $\nabla$. The Ricci curvature can be viewed as a differential operator ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Fundamental solution to the heat equation with zero boundary values

let $\Omega\subset M$ be an open and unbounded set in a smooth manifold $M$ with boundary $\partial \Omega$. Now let $p_t(x,y)$ be a non-negative fundamental solution to the heat equation on $\Omega$ ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

An identity for Futaki-Donaldson invariant

Let $(X,L)$ be a polarized projective variety Given an ample line bundle $L\to X$, then a test configuration for the pair $(X,L)$ consists of : a scheme $\mathfrak X$ with a $\mathbb C^*$-action a ...
15
votes
1answer
347 views

Integrals of pullbacks and the Inverse function theorem(s?)

The usual story goes like this: Smooth picture (?): For a smooth bijection $\phi: M \to N$ between $n$-manifolds the following is true: $\phi^{-1}$ is a local diffeomorphism a.e. ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

The heat kernel as an exponential of an integral

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, if $\gamma$ is a line segment between $x_0 = \gamma (0)$ and $x = \gamma (t)$, one has the following formula: $$\frac {\mathbb{e}^{- \frac{1}{4} \int_0^t <\dot{\gamma}, ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Continuous isometries on Ricci flat compact manifolds

If I am not mistaken, a compact Ricci-flat manifold can have at most torus isometries. What is the name of the corresponding theorem or where can I find this result proven? It is known that ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

A question about horizontal lifts for an Ehresmann connection

I was just reading the Ehresmann connection wikipedia page and noticed that it defines an Ehresmann connection to be complete if a curve in the base can be horizontally lifted over its entire domain. ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

Complex manifolds with trivial canonical bundle

It is known that a compact Calabi-Yau manifold can be defined as a compact Kahler manifold $M$ with trivial canonical bundle, or alternatively, a reduction of the structure group from $U(n)$ to ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Is $M=E_{7(7)}/SU(7)\times\mathbb{R}^{+}$ a Kahler-Hodge manifold? (possible open problem)

I have been told that the following is an open problem in mathematics, but I am pretty sure that experts in the topic surely know the answer. The problem is: Is the manifold ...
33
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a “geometric” intuition underlying the notion of normal varieties?

I first got concious of the notion of normal varieties around 3 years ago and despite the fact that by now I can manipulate with it a bit, this notion still puzzles me a lot. One thing that strikes me ...
6
votes
0answers
175 views

The open problem of finding the explicit metric on a compact Calabi-Yau manifold

If I am not mistaken, no explicit metric on a compact Calabi-Yau manifold is known. I guess part of the difficulty is due to the fact that compact Calabi-Yau manifolds do not admit continuous ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

Obstruction to a $SU(4)$-structure in eight dimensions

What is the obstruction for the existence of a $SU(4)$-structure on a spin, eight-dimensional manifold $M$? This is equivalent to the existence of two nowhere vanishing global sections of the ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

dual of the Lie derivative

Let $\Omega^p(M)$ be the smooth degree $p$ differential forms on an $n$-dimensional manifold $M$. The Hodge $\ast$ operator maps $\ast : \Omega^p(M) \to \Omega^{n-p}(M)$. Using the Hodge dual we can ...
5
votes
2answers
552 views

Internal equivalence implies weak equivalence for Frechet Lie groupoids?

It is a known theorem that an internal equivalence of Lie groupoids (finite dimensional manifolds!) - that is an equivalence in the 2-category of Lie groupoids, smooth functors and transformations - ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Lifting quadratic forms on the cotangent bundle to higher level forms

Backround In several complex variables, an essential tool is Hormander's machinery for solving the $\overline{\partial}$ problem with $L^2$ estimates. If $\alpha$ is a $(p,q+1)$ form on a domain ...
4
votes
2answers
777 views

A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the reduced ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

“Parallel translate” of a geodesic in the following sense [closed]

Since I'm lazy, I'm shamelessly referring to the following question: Derivative of Exponential Map Given a Riemannian manifold $M$, let $\gamma: (a,b) \to M$ be a geodesic and $E$ a parallel vector ...