Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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8
votes
2answers
465 views

What is the obstruction to the existence of a global Kahler potential?

It is a well-know fact that if $(X,\omega)$ is Kahler then about every point $x \in X$ there exists a neighbourhood $U$ and a function $K \in C^{\infty}(U,\mathbb{R})$ such that $\omega|_U = i\partial ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Alexandrov-Fenchel inequality for sets of positive reach

If $E$ is a convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $|E| = |B_1|$, then one consequence of the classical Alexandrov-Fenchel inequalities from convex geometry is that $$\int_{\partial E} H_{\partial E} ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Equations of the form $((\Delta)^{2}+\lambda\Delta+\gamma)(f)=0$

Here is the problem: I am trying to figure out if there is a non-zero solution for the system of equations: $(\Delta^{k-1}+a)(d^{\ast}\eta)=2d^{\ast}d\xi$ $(\Delta^{k}+b)(d\xi)=2dd^{\ast}\eta$ for ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Unique Kahler-Einstein metric $g$ with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$ when first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$: $\mathrm{Ricc}(h)=-g\,\Rightarrow\,h=cg$ for $c>0$?

On a compact Kahler manifold, let $g$ be the unique Kahler-Einstein metric with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$, proved to exist by Yau and Aubin when the first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$. Question: Does $g$ ...
7
votes
0answers
221 views

A question on a result of Colin de Verdiere

Consider a compact connected surface $M$ of some genus $\gamma \geq 2$. A particular case of a famous result of Colin de Verdiere (see here) says that if we fix $\gamma$ and select a finite sequence ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Eikonal equation and double null coordinates

I"m trying to understand the exact/technical link between the Eikonal equation and a double-null form of the metric (if such a direct link even exists). R. Wald, in his "General Relativity", doesn't ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Attainability of Global Optima In Optimal Control

Given a manifold $M$ and a set of smooth functions of one real variable $\mathcal{A}$ and a 'control system' type first order differential equation: $\frac{d x(t)}{dt} = F(x,u)$ one can consider the ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Faster (than normal) convergence of the normalized Ricci flow on surfaces

Consider a compact surface $M$ of genus $\gamma > 1$ (I am using the more usual letter "$g$" to denote metric), and the normalized Ricci flow on it. It is known that at time $t$, the scalar ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

The jump set of $SBV$ function over a hyper surface

Assume $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded, smooth boundary. Also assume $S\subset \Omega$ is a smooth hyper surface such that $0<\mathcal H^{N-1}(S)<+\infty$. Now, given a positive ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

What subdomains of $\mathbb{R}^2$ are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^2_+$ via rational functions?

For what subdomains $D \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ does there exist a rational diffeomorphism $h:D \to \mathbb{R}^2_+$, such that its inverse is also a rational function? (By "rational function" I mean a ...
10
votes
0answers
151 views

Can we find minimal-diameter metrics without computability?

A beautiful argument by Nabutovsky and Weinberger (see http://math.uchicago.edu/~shmuel/fractal.ps) shows that, if $M$ is any smooth compact manifold of dimension $\ge 5$, then the diameter functional ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

comparing Laplacian and gradient of function on boundary

Consider $ E(x)$ some smooth function on $ \Omega$ (some smooth bounded domain in $ R^N$) and suppose $E=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$. Suppose one knows that there is some $C_1,C_2 \in R$ such that $ x ...
7
votes
0answers
157 views

Gauss curvature flow

Let me first start by stating the following wonderfull theorem of Ben Andrews "Gauss curvature flow: the fate of the rolling stones" 1999. Let $M_0=x_0(M)$ be a compact, smooth, strictly convex ...
16
votes
1answer
711 views

When is curvature given by a connection?

Suppose we have a curvature-like tensor $R\in \wedge^2 T^*_p M \otimes T^*_p M \otimes T_p M$ on a manifold $M$, that is $R(X,Y)Z = - R(Y,X)Z$. How does one determine whether or not this is a ...
5
votes
1answer
234 views

harmonic extension of a curve by different parametrization

Let us consider a curve $\gamma :S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ (or even a planar convex one if it simplifies). Then I look to the harmonic extension to the disc $h:\mathbb{D}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Foliation by Umbilic surfaces

Suppose $(M,g)$ denotes a Riemannian manifold with boundary that is a foliation by Umbilic surfaces. (As an example consider a manifold where the exists a unit parallel vector field) . Is it ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

A question about curvature for linear connections

Let $M$ be a manifold and $\pi : E \to M$ a rank $n$ vector bundle on $M$. We can define a connection on $E$ in two ways: We can specify the covariant derivatives $\nabla_X s$ or We can choose a ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

change of the residue of meromorphic differential by a covering map.

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ denote complex algebraic curves, and let $f : C_1 \rightarrow C_2$ be a non-constant map. Let $x$ be a point on $C_1$ and its ramification degree is $e_x$. I want to compute the ...
7
votes
3answers
325 views

Smoothness of the fourth power of the geodesic distance in a Finsler geometry

The simplest form of Finsler metric is: $ds (X, dx)=\sqrt[4]{g_{\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta}(X).dx^{\alpha}dx^{\beta}dx^{\gamma}dx^{\delta}}$, where $g_{\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta}$ is a fourth ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Hodge-Weil Formula for Quaternionic-Kähler manifold

Let $M$ be a quaternionic-Kähler manifold, with fundamental form $\omega$, and let $L$ be the Lefschetz operator of $\omega$. In the Kähler and, more generally, symplectic cases, there is a mysterious ...
22
votes
1answer
722 views

How and why did mathematicians develop spin-manifolds in differential geometry?

First of all, I am neither a physicist nor a mathematician. And I am afraid that mathoverflow is not a suitable place for my question, but having asked similar questions on math SE it is obvious that ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Exponential of approximate quadratic variation of Brownian motion

Let $X_t$ be a Brownian motion or a Brownian Bridge on a (\edit: compact) Riemannian manifold. Let $T>0$ be given. The question is: Does there exists a constant $C>0$ such that for all ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

triviality of Whitney sums of a vector bundle

Let a $3$-dimensional subspace $V$ of $\mathbb{R}^4$ be $$V=\{(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4)\in\mathbb{R}^4\mid\sum_{i=1}^4x_i=0\}.$$ The alternating group $A_4$ acts on $V$ by ...
9
votes
1answer
201 views

Conformal changes of metric and geodesics

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Let us assume that $X$ denotes a vector field in this manifold and consider the integral curves of this vector field. Does there exist a conformal factor $c$ ...
2
votes
0answers
368 views

Weil Petersson metric on moduli space of Calabi Yau manifolds

Let $f:(X,D)\to Y$ be a holomorphic fibre space where $D$ is divisor with conic singularities and let fibres $(X_s,D_s)$ are log Calabi-Yau pair .i.e $K_X+D$ is nummerically trivial, then we have ...
10
votes
1answer
220 views

Tori in three-space

Recently I was talking to an alien who does not know complex function theory. I was trying to convince her that the set of conformal equivalence classes of smooth embedded tori in $R^3$ is two ...
3
votes
3answers
197 views

Compact surfaces with arbitrary gaps in spectrum

Consider a sequence of positive numbers $a_n$. My question is, can we select a closed Riemann surface whose spectrum $\lambda_i$ satisfies the condition that $\lambda_{i + 1} - \lambda_i > a_i$? Of ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Proof of asymptotic non-flatness

in a few papers I came across a statement that the Kerr-NUT metric $g_{uu}=\rho\overline{\rho}(r^{2}-2mr-l^{2}+a^{2}\cos^{2}x)$ $g_{ur}=1$ $g_{uy}=-2\rho\overline{\rho}l\cos ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Closed leaves on foliations of $\mathbb{R}^n$

I want to know if there exists a characterization of k-foliations of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which have all the leaves closed. Do exists a $k$-foliation of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a non-closed leaf? In general, ...
4
votes
0answers
154 views

Comparing spectra of Laplacian and Schrödinger operator

Let $M$ be a closed (compact without boundary) Riemannian manifold. Is there a body of results that compares the eigenvalues of the Laplace-Beltrami operator with that of Schrödinger operators ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Fundamental class in $KO[1/2]$

Let $M^m$ be an oriented Riemannian manifold. The signature operator associates to $M$ a class $\Delta_M\in KO_m(M)[1/2]$. I have two questions about this class $\Delta_M$: Rationally, $\Delta_M$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Equivariant isometric embedding of manifolds in a Hilbert space under a noncompact group action

Given a Riemannian manifold $M$ and a group of isometries $G$ of $M$, I am interested in when there exists a isometric embedding $\iota : M \to H$, where $H$ is a Hilbert space and a representation ...
7
votes
2answers
337 views

first Chern class of complex vector bundles and first Pontrjagin class of quaternionic vector bundles

Let $\xi$ be a (real) vector bundle of dimension $n$. Then the first Stiefel-Whitney class $$ w_1(\xi)=0 $$ if and only if $\xi$ is orientable, i.e. the structure group of $\xi$ can be reduced to ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Norm on space of metrics

I recently heard a differential geometry talk where the speaker constructed a one-parameter family of metrics $g(t)$ on a smooth manifold and said that $g(t)$ is real analytic in the Banach space ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Rellich Embedding Theorem for the $2$-Sphere

I'm trying to understand the Rellich-Embedding Theorem in the non-flat case by looking at the $2$-sphere. To be precise, for $S$ the spinor bundle of $S^2$; $L^2(S^2)$ the space of square integrable ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

ricci flow on surfaces

In Hamiltons paper "Ricci flow on surfaces" there is an estimate on $|\nabla R|^2$ which shows that $|\nabla R|^2 \leq C_1 \exp{\frac{rt}{2}}$ for some constant $C_1$. Actually for any solution of the ...
4
votes
2answers
150 views

Differential structures and K-homology groups

What is an example of a (compact) manifold, which has two non-equivalent differential structures such that the K-homology groups are non-isomorphic? If no such example exists, i.e. "K-homology does ...
2
votes
2answers
335 views

$dd^\mathbb{C}$-lemma on pair $(X,D)$

Let $X$ be a Kähler manifold with a simple normal crossing divisor $D$, i.e., pair $(X,D)$. Let $\omega$ and $\omega'$ be two Kähler forms in the same Kähler class then have we $dd^\mathbb{C}$-lemma ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

A question on the integrability of eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Let $\lambda$ and $u$ be (the $k$-th) eigenvalue and eigenfunction, $$\Delta u=-\lambda u.$$ I was wondering under what condition (for example, spaces ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Plurisubharmonic functions on Kähler manifolds, intuition?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition for working with plurisubharmonic functions on Kähler manifolds?
7
votes
1answer
437 views

Is a manifold generically real analytic (with generic real analytic metric)?

I have heard it said in some differential geometry talks that "the generic situation in such and such case is real analytic". My question is, is the generic smooth manifold also real analytic in some ...
6
votes
1answer
202 views

Minimal immersions of the 2-sphere

Following the ideas of S.-S. Chern, J. L. M. Barbosa associated a holomorphic curve in $\mathbb{C}P^m$ to a minimal immersion of the 2-sphere into the $2m$-sphere in his 1972 paper. However, his ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

Osculating ellipsoids

Let $K$ be a given smooth, origin-symmetric, strictly convex body in $n$ dimensional euclidean space. At every point $x$ on the boundary of $K$ there exists an origin-symmetric ellipsoid $E_x$ that ...
0
votes
0answers
115 views

Flow on invariant Lagrangian tori

The most concrete version of the question is : A (necessarily) invariant Lagrangian torus $L$ on the unit cotangent of a Riemannian metric on the two-torus carries a periodic orbit with period $T$. ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Does this PDE only have the trivial solution?

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Einstein manifold of dimension $m>2$ and $$ \mathrm{Ricc}(g)=\lambda g, $$ $h$ a symmetric $2$-covariant tensor, $\Delta=\nabla^*\nabla$ the Laplacian on functions as well ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

normal form of currents?

(this question did not get any answers on math.SE, so I am reposting it here) Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional manifold. Then the space of currents $\mathcal D^k(M)$ of degree $k$ on $M$ is the space ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Uniform bounds on affine invariants of a family of manifolds

Suppose $\{M_i\}$ is a family of $C^{\infty}$ smooth, strictly convex hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $B_r\subseteq M_i\subseteq B_R$, where $B_r,B_R$ are balls centred at the origin of ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Curvature computations of globally symmetric spaces of rank $1$

I've been having trouble with finding the curvature computations of globally symmetric spaces of rank $1$. More specifically, I need to use results about the eigenvalues of the operator $R:T_pM ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

about transverse complete intersection

There are several questions about transverse complete intersection arising from L. Guth's paper: http://www.ams.org/journals/jams/0000-000-00/S0894-0347-2015-00827-X/home.html We say a polynomial ...
9
votes
3answers
763 views

Is each closed convex set a manifold with corners?

Assume that $C$ is a convex set in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with non empty interior. Then consider its closure, is it a smooth manifold with corners? Edit: 1) The closure of $C$ should be a smooth manifold ...