# Tagged Questions

**9**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Are harmonic mappings of Riemannian manifolds always non-singular outside a set of measure zero?

Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact, oriented, smooth Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we are given an immersion $f \colon M \to \mathbb{R}^n$ (note that $n=\dim M$).
Let $...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### Hessian of distance function from a Jordan curve

Assume that $\gamma$ is $C^2$ Jordan curve in $\mathbf{R}^3$ and let $f(x)=d^2(x,\gamma)$. Is there any known formula for the hessian of $f$ near $\gamma$?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Are affine maps (wrt to a connection), which preserve a tensor field, given by a PDE?

Let $(M, \nabla)$ be a manifold together with a connection on $TM$ and let $T$ be a tensor field on $M$. Suppose the pseudogroup $\Gamma$ of locally defined smooth maps, that simultanously preserve ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Relative tangent bundle and trivilization, tautological foliation

Let $T_{X}\rightarrow X$ be the tangent bundle over a complex manifold $X.$ Let $\pi:PT_{X}\rightarrow X$ be a projectivization of that bundle. Let $L$ be the tautological line bundle of $PT_{X}.$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Surfaces of constant Gauss curvature K spanned by two helices and two straight lines

A surface is bounded by four lines parametrised as $(x,y,z)=$
$$ (0,u,- 1), (-1<u<1); \, (0,u,1), (-1<u<1); $$
$$(\cos v, \sin v, 2 v/ \pi), (- \pi/2 < v< \pi/2); \, (-\cos ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Hyper-Complex Connected Sums of Grassmannians?

As we all know, the Grassmannians are Kaehler manifolds. Is there anyway to take connected sums of Grassmannians and produce a examples of hypercomplex manifolds, hyper-Kaehler or Calabi--Yau exmples ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### A very torsioned closed curve in space

Is there a simple smooth closed curve $\gamma$ in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such that for all $x,y\in \gamma$ with $x \neq y $, $l_{x}$ and $l_{y}$ are skew lines, where $l_{x} $ and $l_{y}$ are ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

473 views

### General Relativity and Differential Geometry intuitions of Second Bianchi Identity

In General Relativity, one uses the Riemann Tensor in its coordinate form $R_{abcd}$, and proves the Second Bianchi Identity-
$R_{abcd;e} + R_{abde;c} + R_{abec;d} = 0$
It is said that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### $C^{k,\alpha}$ diffeomorphisms and vector fields

This feels like something I should know, but I have a hard time finding a definite reference.
Let $M$ be a compact (Riemannian) manifold, $k\ge 1$ be an integer and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. When v is a $C^k$...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Weyl's law for minimal surfaces

I wanted to know if there was some equivalent of Weyl law for the spectrum of the Jacobi operator of a minimal surface in the non-compact case. If the minimal surface is not closed, for example in $\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Properties of connection Laplacian on vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a simply-connected compact surface with boundary $\partial M$ and metric $g$. Let $N$ denote the outward unit normal on $\partial M$, $\nabla$ the Levi-Civita connection and $\Delta_g$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Linearization of specific plane vector field

I have a vector field $v = (f(x,y), \alpha y)$, such that $f(0, 0) = 0$ and $df (0, 0) = (1, 0)$. When is smooth linearization possible and when is it not?
I only see obstacles in the form like this:...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### Exact derivation of Von Kármán relation of Gauss curvature

Using relations for surface deformations (in structural mechanics notation)
$$ u,v,{\epsilon _x, \epsilon_y, \gamma_{xy}}$$
Notations {u,v } have same meaning as displacements in surface theory.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

205 views

### Invariance of Gauss-Bonnet theorem with respect to connection?

I am stuck with a basic understanding of the generalized (and even the ordinary version of) Gauss-Bonnet theorem. For a compact 2-dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$ with boundary $\partial M$, let $K$...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Number of critical points of a smooth function

Are there any examples of closed manifolds with the property that the minimal number of critical points (possibly degenerate) of a smooth function on this manifold is strictly bigger than the stable ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Is there a smooth polar decomposition for non-invertible matrices?

Every $n \times n$ real matrix $A$ has a polar decomposition $A=OP$, where $O \in O_n, P$ is symmetric positive semi-definite.
$P$ is uniquely determined by $A$, by $P(A)=\sqrt{A^TA}$,
and when $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Relation between Harmonic vector field and Harmonic 1-form

Definition 1: A unit vector field $X$ side to be harmonic if it is critical point for the following energy function
$$E(X)=\frac{1}{2}\int_M\|dX\|^2dvol_g=\frac{m}{2}vol(M,g)+\int_M\|\nabla X\|^...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Smoothing a continuous section in 1-jet bundle

Here is a question I encountered when reading the book "Convex Integration Theory by D.Spring". My question lies in the second paragraph to the proof of theorem 4.2($C^{0}$-dense $h$-principle).
I ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Poincare-Hopf theorem for polytopes?

Is there an analogue of Poincare-Hopf theorem for polytopes?
I want to apply it in the following situation.
I have a polytope in $R^n$ and a smooth explicitly given vector field in $R^n$.
I want to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### Definable curves in definable sets

Suppose that I have an unbounded subset $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, definable in the $o$-minimal structure $\mathbb{R}_{an, exp}$. Is it possible to find an unbounded, analytic and definable curve (i.e. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Chern-Simons form and Rarita-Schwinger operator

The Rarita-Schwinger (RS) operator naturally generalizes the Dirac operator and in Physics it describes particles with spin-3/2.
I was wondering if there exists any reference concerning the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Are the canonical maps from $\Omega^1_k(C^\infty(M))$ into $\Omega^1(M)$ and into $\Omega^1_k(C^\infty(M))^{**}$ compatible?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $A=C^\infty(M)$. In this question, it is observed that the map $\Omega^1_k(A)\to \Omega^1(M)$ from the Kähler differentials of $A$ to the 1-forms of $M$ is not an ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Polynomials pulled back by momentum maps

Let $G$ be a Lie group acting Hamiltonian on some real analytic symplectic manifold $(M, \omega)$, with an $G$-equivariant momentum map $\Phi \colon M \to \mathfrak{g}^*$.
Assuming I can find ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Analogue of fundamental theorem of real surfaces for complex surfaces

Is there an analogue of the fundamental theorem of surfaces for complex surfaces?
If I know only differentiable functions $E,F,G,e,f,g$ (coefficients of the first and second fundamental forms) where $...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### References for metrics in matrix groups

I am studying a very concrete matrix group with a riemaniann (right invariant) metric for solving a question on Applied Math. I need explicit formulas for the distance between two matrices, geodesics ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### How to investigate the harmonocity of holomorphic vector fields?

Let $(M,g,J)$ be a Kahler manifold and $\nabla$ be its Levi-Civita connection. We know that $\Delta _gX=||\nabla X||^2X$ is the characterizing equation for harmonic unit vector fields.
I dont know ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

540 views

### Does $E_8$ know $Spin(7)$?

One way to define the compact group $Spin(7)$ is as the stabilizer of a certain 4-form on Euclidean $\mathbb R^8$ (see e.g. this MO question). This 4-form can be defined in various ways. For example,...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Representation viewpoint on Chern Weil (cohomology computations done with rep theory?)

Let $G$ be a compact lie group. Chern-Weil theory tells us that there's a homomorphism:
$$H^{*}(BG;\mathbb{R}) \to (Sym^{\bullet} \mathfrak{g^*})^G$$
Which in our case is an isomorphism since $G$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Submersion on open and dense subset

If $f \colon M \to N$ is a smooth map between smooth manifolds, is it possible to find an open and dense set $M_0$, such that $f(M_0)$ is a manifold and
$f \colon M_0 \to f(M_0)$ is a surjective ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

430 views

### what is the universal cover of GL(2,R)?

In the theory of Bridgeland stability conditions one has an action of the universal cover $G'$ of $G = GL^+(2,\mathbb R)$.
What is G'?
I know there is concrete description in terms of pairs (M,f)...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Triangulation with simplices of same volume

Let $M$ be a Riemannian smooth compact manifold.
It is known that $M$ has a triangulation, for any dimension. But do we know if there exists a triangulation such that all simplices have same volume ?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Lower bounds on the measure of balls in attractor sets

I'm looking for a source for the following result.
Let $f: \mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function and consider the $d$-manifold $M = \{(x, f(x)): x \in \mathbb{R}^d\} \subset \...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

146 views

### Converse to Lichnerowicz Vanishing Theorem?

The Lichnerowicz vanishing theorem says that if on a compact 4-dimensional spin manifold there exists a metric whose scalar curvature $R>0$, then there are no harmonic spinors; $$D\psi=0 \implies \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Invariance of spin coefficients

I have a question about how spin coefficients (Newman Penrose formalism) transform.
I know that if we perform a tetrad rotation, say of Class III:
$(l,n,m,\overline{m})\mapsto \left(\frac{1}{A}l, An,...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### When are Kähler potentials bounded from below?

The prototypical example of global Kähler potential is the one of the standard Kähler structure on $\Bbb C^n$ given by
$$f:\Bbb C^n\longrightarrow \Bbb R,\quad f(z_1,\ldots,z_n)=\sum_{k=1}^n|z_k|^2.$$
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Deformation of the covariant Laplacian

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle (with compact structure group $G$).
Fix a connection $A$ in $P$ and consider a nearby connection $B$, which is in Coulomb gauge ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Lower bound on the diameter of a ball contained in the stable manifold of a critical point

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function and consider the $d$-manifold $M = \{(x, f(x)): x \in \mathbb{R}^d\} \subset \mathbb{R}^{d+1}$. Consider the negative of the gradient ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### “structure group” for fibration

Regarding "fibration" as a homotopy analogue of "fiber bundle",I want to see parallel notions of "structure group" and "fiber change" in "fibration".
Does it make sense to talk about "structure group"...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### intuitive connection between The KdV equations and the Virasoro bott group

I posted this on stack exchange but had no joy, perhaps someone here can answer : The Euler Arnold equation expresses equations (usually from mathematical physics) as geodesic equations on a Lie group....

**9**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### A careful roadtrip from locally symmetric spaces to algebra

I'm trying to break the classification of locally riemannian symmetric spaces to little steps to make it more comprehensible (and s.t. the technical details can be verified without drowning completely)...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Volume of the subelliptic ball

Let $\Omega \in \mathbb{R}^n$ a bounded open set when $n\geq 2$, and let $X_{1},X_{2},\cdots,X_{m}$ be real smooth vector fields that satisfy Hormander condition on $\Omega$. If we denote $Q(x)$ as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Non-diffeomorphic smooth structures on the quotient of a manifold by an integrable distribution

In geometric quantization, one of the important ingredients is an integrable distribution $D$ (let's say real) on some manifold $M$ (symplectic, but this is not important). The resulting object is $M/...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Can we use the “size” of smooth structure set to predict the information geometry or other topological information?

The "size" can mean the number of elements or the diameter of the set of smooth structures. Y. Shikata defined a distance function on it and proved that it is a distance. He then used it to prove that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Exact sequence of vector bundles

Consider the short exact sequences below;
\begin{equation}
0\longrightarrow H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^4}(d-1)^{\oplus 4})\longrightarrow H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\Omega_{\mathbb{P}^4}(d+1))\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### covariant derivative of manifold-valued function and logarithm map

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $f\colon \Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d\rightarrow M$ a smooth, i.e. $C^\infty$, function. For any $p\in M$ let $T_pM$ be the tangent space at $p$ and $\log_p\colon U\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Eigenfunction basis of Laplacian on a manifold

It is a well known result that for $\Omega$ bounded open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$, there exists a basis of $C^\infty$ eigenfunctions of the Laplacian for $L^2(\Omega)$. It is also known that there exists ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Feynman-Kac formula and time-ordering for vector bundles

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mathrm{d}\mathbb{W}^{yx;T}(\gamma)$ denote the Brownian Bridge measure, i.e. the Wiener measure on the paths that travel from $x$ to $y$ in time $T$ (...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

41 views

### Hermitic connections on complex line bundles with imaginary curvature form

It is a simple fact that if $L \to B$ is a complex line bundle endowed with an Hermitian product and a compatible connection $\nabla$, then the curvature $F_\nabla$ is imaginary (and so are the local ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Quantizable vs. integral Kahler form

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a (not necessarily compact) Kahler manifold. Then the form $\omega$ is integral if and only if $\omega \in c_1 (L) $ for some holomorphic line bundle $L$.
A Hermitian holomorphic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...