Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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9
votes
1answer
86 views

Harmonic function with injective boundary conditions is an immersion?

Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we are given an immersion $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^n$. (i.e $df$ is invertible at every point $p \in M$, note ...
23
votes
2answers
677 views

Why is it true that if two 4-manifolds are homeomorphic then their squares are diffeomorphic?

Near the top of the second page of this paper, it is claimed that if two 4-manifolds $X$ and $Y$ are homeomorphic, then their squares $X \times X$ and $Y \times Y$ are diffeomorphic. Why is this true? ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

coisotropic action on $TS^{2n+1}$

Let $S^{2n+1}$ be the $m$-dimensional sphere in $\mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. Endow $S^{2n+1}$ with the standard metric. Let $S^1$ act by multiplication on $S^{2n+1}$. Then $S^1$ and the canonical action of ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Extension of functions from geodesically convex compact sets in a Riemannian manifold

In the paper Extension operators for spaces of infinite differentiable Whitney jets (J. reine angew. Math. 602 (2007), 123—154, DOI:10.1515/crelle.2007.005) by Leonhard Frerick, a convenient condition ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

A problem of defining addition in a Quotient space

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the space of all parametric curves $x:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. Let the set of all re-parameterizations of curves is $\Gamma = \{\gamma : [0, 1] \rightarrow [0, 1]| \gamma ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Proof about affine connections

I'm reading Nomizu & Sasaki's "Affine Differential Geometry: Geometry of Affine Immersions" and I'm having some trouble with Proposition 1.4. I have an immersed surface in $M \hookrightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Divergence theorem on stratified spaces

It is very common in physics and engineering to apply the divergence theorem to compact spaces whose boundary is not smooth. For example, in the wikipedia link I just gave, the picture illustrating ...
18
votes
6answers
622 views

Automorphism group of real orthogonal Lie groups

I would like to know what is the "outer-automorphism group" $Out$ of $SO(p,q)$ and $O(p,q)$, where $p+q >0$. My working definition of $Out$ is as follows: Let us denote by $Aut(G)$ the ...
3
votes
0answers
171 views

Canonical metric on moduli space of singular Calabi-Yau varieties

Let $\pi:X\to Y$ be a surjective holomorphic map with connected fibers and let fibers are singular Calabi-Yau varieties (i.e. numerical dimension is zero) then is it possible to construct canonical ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Is $\mathbb{P}T^*M$ a sub-Riemannian manifold if $M$ is Riemannian?

(this question is about a particular aspect of a previous question, which was not duly stressed) Let $(M,g)$ a Riemannian $n$-dimensional manifold, and let $$ \widetilde{M}:=\mathbb{P}T^*M $$ be the ...
6
votes
2answers
218 views

Index of Modified Dirac Operator

Let's say we have an oriented compact 4-d Riemannian spin manifold $(M,g)$. Everybody who's anybody has heard about the index of the Dirac operator $D: S^+\rightarrow S-$; it's the $\hat{A}$-genus, ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Vector fields, diffeomorphism subgroups and lie group actions

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Since any vector field is complete we get a $1$-parameter subgroup for each vector field. Consider the following generalization: Let $\{X_j\} \in Vect(M)$ be a ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Action of orthogonal group on the free Lie algebra

This question is somewhat related and inspired by this post of professor Montgomery. The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Perburb the Monodromy of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk,(more general, Lefschetz fibration over a surface with boundary ) and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it ...
9
votes
1answer
115 views

Generalized Dirac operators

So far I met three definitions of the so called generalized Dirac operator(or Dirac type operators. Everything takes place over Riemannian manifols $M$ and we have smooth hermitian vector bundle $S ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

A random question on the local family index theorem

A random question. Say we have a complex vector bundle $E\to M$ that is isomorphic to a trivial bundle, and $d$ is a trivial connection on it. Let $M\to B$ be a fiber bundle with even dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

isometric action on the $n$-sphere

Let $S^n$ be the $n$-sphere. If $n=2k+1$ is odd, then we can identify $S^n$ as a subset of $\mathbb{C}^{k+1}$. We define the $S^1$ action on $S^n$ by multiplication, namely $$ \Psi \colon S^1 \times ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

What is meant by a Lie group acting by affine transformations?

This question is a continuation of this one, where I did not receive a complete answer so am moving to MO. I am trying to understand a paper by JP Szaro that was referred to there, and in particular, ...
5
votes
0answers
165 views

Homotopy groups of the Grassmannians

What are the homotopy groups of the oriented Grassmannian $Gr^{+}(p,q)$ (p-planes in $R^{p+q}$) $\pi_{r}(Gr^{+}(p,q))$, $r \le pq$? Do you know any references on the web about it?
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Willmore functional

Let $(M^2,g)$ and $(\bar{M},\bar{g})$ be two Riemannian manifolds. Suppose that $\mathcal{W}$ is the Willmore functional on the set of immersion functions from $M^2$ to $\bar{M}$. We know that ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

How many linear independent vector fields can be constructed on a general manifold with $\chi(M)=0$?

We have known how many linear independent vector fields can be constructed on $S^n$:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_fields_on_spheres So how many linear independent vector fields can be ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Orders of zeros of section of sheaf

We have a semistable family (fibers has normal crossings and they are reduced, multp 1) $f: X \rightarrow Y,$ of complex curves over a smooth curve $Y.$ The family is smooth over the set ...
1
vote
4answers
146 views

On the definition of fundamental vector field

I've encountered with following question while reading Morita's book "Geometry of Differential Forms" (pp.263) Let $(P,\pi,M,G)$ be a principal G-bundle, $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of the Lie ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Defining smooth manifolds without homeomorphisms

I would like to define smooth manifolds via atlases without homeomorphisms, by viewing it as a set (not a topological space) with maps and transition functions, by requiring the latter to be smooth ...
7
votes
0answers
159 views

Biholomorphic neighborhoods of the boundary of Stein domains

Let $(X_1,J_1)$ and $(X_2,J_2)$ be Stein domains with the same contact boundary $(Y,\xi)$. Under what conditions does there exist a biholomorphism between a neighborhood of their respective boundaries ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Distance comparison in submanifold versus in the underlying manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be the (underlying) manifold, $(S,g|)$ be a submanifold. Let $a,b,c \in S$. It's not in general true that $d_M(a,b)\leq d_M(a,c) \implies d_S(a,b)\leq d_S(a,c)$. QUESTION I: The above ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

$H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the ...
5
votes
0answers
79 views

Spectra of Dirac operators

1. Suppose that $M$ is a spin manifold. The spin structure of $M$ is not uniquely defined: in other words, $M$ may have many nonequivalent spin structures. For each choice of spin structure there is ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

When are the minimizing geodesics of a totally geodesic submanifold also minimizing in the underlying manifold? [duplicate]

Also asked here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1725787/when-are-the-minimizing-geodesics-of-a-totally-geodesic-submanifold-also-minimiz A reference on totally geodesic submanifold (TGS): ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Riemannian metric on a level set of a smooth function on a manifold

Also asked here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1725491/riemannian-metric-on-a-level-set-of-a-smooth-function-on-a-manifold Let $(M,g)$ be a finite or infinite dimensional Riemannian ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Locally nilpotent algebraic section of tangent bundle is complete?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V$ be an algebraic vector field (i.e. an algebraic section of the tangent bundle). If $V$ is locally nilpotent, meaning that ...
11
votes
1answer
377 views

Differential geometric interpretation of cohomology

I'm not sure whether this is an appropriate question for this forum. I'm afraid that this is not a research level question however: 1. It's about reference request therefore the answer does not ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Local form of Dirac operator

I have the following question. Provided that $E\to M$ is vector bundle and that a Clifford module $Cl(T^*M)$ acts on $\Gamma(E)$ via Clifford multiplication $c$, the Dirac operator of this Clifford ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Difference between the Laplacian and the sub-Laplacian of a Lie group

Given a Lie group $G$, what is the difference between the Laplacian $\Delta$ and the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ of $G$. And what are the properties that we lose when going from sub-Laplace to ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Douglass integral and harmonic maps

Let $F$ be the family $f:U\to R^3$ of smooth mappings of the unit disk onto $R^3$ mapping the boundary $T$ onto a smooth Jordan curve $\Gamma\subset R^3$. Form the energy integral $$E[f]=\int_U ...
21
votes
1answer
289 views

Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question: Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial? What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Property of Lie algebroid morphism: $\#_B\circ \Phi=d\phi\circ \#_A$?

Let $A\longrightarrow M$ and $B\longrightarrow N$ be Lie algebroids with anchors $\#_A$ and $\#_B$, respectively. A morphism of Lie algebroids is a morphism of vector bundles $\Phi:A\longrightarrow ...
7
votes
0answers
244 views

Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$ is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
251 views

Existence of non-constant solutions for this equations

This question is related to this question: "Solutions of equations characterizing a complex structure." Where, here we suppose the Euclidean space instead of Sphere and the following equations happen ...
16
votes
1answer
394 views

Just how close can two manifolds be in the Gromov-Hausdorff distance?

Suppose that we have two compact Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(N,h)$. Define the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between them in your favorite way, I'll use the infimum of all $\epsilon$ such that ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

Criterion for deciding the conformal class of a metric on a complete surface

For orientable closed Riemannian surfaces $(S,g)$, there is a constant curvature metric $\overline{g}$ on $S$ that is conformal to $g$ in the sense that $\overline{g} = e^ug$ for some smooth function ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

On the complexification of a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $TM$ be its tangent bundle. If we suppose $TM\otimes\mathbb{C}$ is the complexification of $TM$ then how can we define a natural metric on the complex bundle ...
11
votes
1answer
276 views

A symmetric embedding of manifolds

Assume that $M$ is a manifold. Is there an embedding of $M$ in some $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that the image of $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is invariant under each reflection $(x_{1},x_{2},\ldots ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Continuity of Busemann-Hausdorff area density

I am trying to find out why the Busemann-Hausdorff area density as defined by Burago and Ivanov is continuous. Here, $GC_m(V)\subset \Lambda^m(V)$ denotes the simple $m$-vectors in an $n$-dimensional ...
0
votes
0answers
152 views

About the homotopy type of diffeomorphism groups

In this paper by Antonelli, Burghelea and Kahn (Topology, 1972), a homomorphism $L :\pi_i(\operatorname{Diff}(S^n, D_+^{n})) \rightarrow \Gamma^{n+i+1}$ was used as a tool to detect non-triviality of ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Integral of gradient between level sets of Lipschitz functions

Start with a compact metric measure space $(X,d)$, with a doubling measure $\mu$ and a local regular Dirichlet form $\mathcal E$ that supports a Poincare inequality. $d$ can be taken to be the ...
13
votes
2answers
240 views

Classification of $O(2)$-bundles in terms of characteristic classes

I had asked this question in stackexchange but there seems to be no consensus in the answer It is well-known that $SO(2)$-principal bundles over a manifold $M$ are topologically characterized by ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Finding a specific Global Smooth Function

Any help with this problem would be appreciated. Thanks Suppose $(M^3,g)$ is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold with smooth boundary and $\gamma$ is a simple smooth orientable curve in $M$. Does ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Variation of normals along loops

I've constructed a quotient space $M/\sim$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that must be a $2$-manifold. If $M/ \sim$ is a sphere then I know that its normal spaces must vary at least 90 degrees. That is $M / \sim$ ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Orientability of orbit type strata of Lie group actions

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group that acts on a smooth, finite dimensional, oriented manifold $M$, and suppose that such action preserves orientation, i.e., for each $g\in G$, the diffeomorphism $\mu_g$ ...