**3**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Symplectic geometry and stability of orbits

I am looking for a theorem (read it once, but forgot about it and would now like to find a reference with proof):
In symplectic geometry (at least for some particular subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$), there ...

**42**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What were the main ideas and gaps in Yoichi Miyaoka's attempted proof (1988) of Fermat's Last Theorem?

Out of sheer curiosity I have been reading Stewert and Tall's "Algebraic Number Theory and Fermat's Last Theorem" (2001). As it contains various bits of history, I found out to my own shame that I was ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some source to know about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### References on hyperinvariant

Reading Dubrovin & Novikov text: Modern Geometry, "hyperinvariant" is mentioned. Can someone give me references on the concepts and notations ?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Can the compactification of a (co)tangent bundle equipped with Saski metric be viewed as a “Wick rotation”?

We can equip the (co)tangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold (B,g) with a Saski metric $\hat{g}$ (see, for example, "On the geometry of tangent bundles" by Gudmunssun & Kappos) that looks like
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Action generated by geodesic flow is hamiltonian

I'm trying to understand why a certain action of a Lie Group is hamiltonian.
Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold.
Then there exists a canonical one-form on the cotangentbundle ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection.
By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Do the values of the differential of a function on a Lie group with a single maximum span the Lie algebra?

Consider: a vector field $X=\nabla \phi$ on a compact, semi-simple, connected matrix Lie group $G$ where $\phi$ as a smooth scalar field on $G$ possessing only a single maxima which topologically is a ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

410 views

### Do cotangent bundles have “bounded geometry”?

I have often heard the phrase "a manifold $M$ has bounded geometry" thrown around without ever seeing a precise definition of what this means. Apparent examples are compact manifolds and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### What does it mean that the Hessian is proportional to the metric?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth manifold equipped with a metric tensor $g$, and $f\in C^\infty(M)$ a regular function (i.e., with nowhere vanishing differential).
Denote by $\mathrm{Hess}_g(f):=\nabla df$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

22 views

### c-superdifferential is unique +cost function is differentiable, then the potential function is differentiable?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probability measures, the cost function $c(x,y)=\frac{d^2(x,y)}{2}$.
It's well known that the infimum of the Kontorovich's ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Reference for the Banach Manifold structure of $C^k(M,N)$

I'm completely new to the subject of banach manifolds and I'm looking for a reference of the following:
Let $M$,$N$ be smooth (=$C^\infty$) finite-dimensional compact manifolds. Consider the set ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

480 views

### Witten's proof of Morse inequalities, question on eigenvalues?

See here. I present Theorem 6 and Corollary 7 as follows.
Theorem 6. For large $s$, $\Delta_s$ and $H$ have the same number of eigenvalues in the interval $[0, s^{-2/5}]$.
Corollary 7. $\dim ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Zeta-Determinant for shifted Laplacians on the circle

Consider on the circle $S^1$ the operator
$$L := - \frac{\partial^2}{\partial \theta^2} + c$$
for some constant $c \in \mathbb{R}$.
What is its $\zeta$-regularized determinant?
This should be ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Intuition behind the Morse inequalities?

Forgive me if this is sort of a vague question, but can someone supply me with their intuition behind the Morse inequalities?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Space of polynomially growing harmonic functions on a Lie group

There is a recent theorem by Kleiner (based on previous work by Colding & Minicozzi), that reads:
If $G$ is a finitely generated group of polynomial growth, then for every $d$ the space of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Check symplectomorphism property on infinitesimal generators

I stumbled over the following question:
First, let me give the basic definition of a symplectic group action:
Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group. A smooth action $\Phi:G ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Are periodic billiard trajectories stable on a manifold with strictly convex boundary?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with strictly convex boundary.
Let $\gamma:S^1\to M$ be a periodic billiard trajectory (geodesic in the interior and reclects specularly at the boundary).
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

744 views

### Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on MathOverflow that inquire about the many diverse relationships between PDE and several other 'areas' of mathematics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows:
Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

389 views

### Analytical formula for topological degree

At the first page of the following article http://arxiv.org/pdf/1004.1018v1.pdf [edit: the formula on the arXiv differs from the formula in the published paper, and the formula displayed below is the ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem? The Kodaira Vanishing Theorem says that the cohomology groups $H^q(M, L \otimes K_M)$ vanish for $q \ge 1$ when ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Petrov type D spacetime

I have a rather general question about the Petrov type D spacetime.
The standard definition (also used in the official Wikipedia article) is that the Petrov classification is according to which Weyl ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Hamiltonian flow local diffeomorphism?

I am currently reading Arnold's proof of the Darboux theorem in his book on classical mechanics and fail to understand some point.
The background
So he wants to show that any symplectic form is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Explicit metrics on non-compact Calabi-Yau threefolds

I would like to know which explicit metrics on non-compact Calabi-Yau (CY) threefolds are known.
For instance, an important class of such spaces can be constructed algebraically, including local ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Space of piecewise geodesic paths

It is well-known that for any Riemannian manifold $M$, the spaces
$$H_x(M) = \Bigl\{ \gamma \in AC\big([0, 1], M\big) ~\Big|~ \gamma(0) = x, \int_0^T|\dot{\gamma}(s)|^2 \mathrm{d}s < ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Poincare inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Partial differential equation from Kirchhoff system

I was seeking for the solution of following partial differential equation for two unknowns $\vec{u}(s,t), \vec{w}(s,t)$
$$\partial_t \vec{u} = \partial_s \vec{w} - [\vec{w} \times \vec{u}].$$
Using ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

129 views

### Symplectic spectrum

I have a question about a step in the proof of the following theorem from symplectic geometry.
The theorem is: Given any ellipsoid $E:=\{ w \in \mathbb{R}^{2n}; \sum_{i,j =1}^{2n} a_{ij}w_iw_j \le ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### How to change the given metric if we want to add few extra isometries?

I have a Hilbert Space $X$ and a group $G$, which consists of bounded linear self-bijections of $X$ (if it helps, this group has a locally compact, but not compact topology). Is there a canonical way ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Einstein metric for simply connected Riemannian manifold, diffeomorphic to 3-sphere?

If we can construct an Einstein metric for a simply connected Riemannian manifold, why does it necessarily follow it is diffeomorphic to the $3$-sphere?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

167 views

### Permutable (Lie) subgroups

Let's recall that, a group $G$ being given,
two subgroups $A,B\subset G$ are called
permutable iff $AB=BA$ for the Minkowski
law. It is straightforward to see that $(A,B)$
are permutable iff $AB$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

122 views

### Oriented volume and determinants: Circularity [duplicate]

One often reads about oriented volumes as a motivation for determinants. In two dimensions you can scetch some nice pictures which may convince students that it is a good idea to have a closer look at ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following:
(1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Isotropic subvarieties of $ V(x_1^2+\dots+x_n^2-t_1^2-\dots-t_n^2) $

Let $ K $ be a field, $ \operatorname{char} K = 0, $ let $ Q = x_1^2+\dots+x_n^2-t_1^2-\dots-t_n^2 $ be the totally isotropic form, then the maximal linear isotropic
subspaces of $ V(Q) \subset ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Non-flat totally geodesic surfaces

I'd like to know whether a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type admits a non-flat totally geodesic surface. I've found an article by Mashimo on the classification of these surfaces for certain ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

281 views

### References on quaternionic geometry

Is there any analog, in the quaternionic setting, of Kahler potentials?
In particular I'm interested in a similar construction of the Fubini-Study 2-form on $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C})$ over the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Why is a negatively curved cone surface locally CAT(-1)?

Recently I'm reading a paper about the rigidity of negatively curved cone surfaces written by S. Hersonsky and F. Paulin. The authors said that a negatively curved cone surface is locally CAT(-1). But ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$.
How big can the set ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

35 views

### Huisken's distance comparison principle and type II singularities

I've been reading Huisken's paper on his distance comparison principle and he remarked that in particular his theorem rules out the formation of type II singularities. These are singularities where in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Limiting behaviour of the symplectic form

It is well known that the coadjoint orbits of the Heisenberg group (with a suitable choice of coordinate system) are the planes $z=c\ne 0$ parallel to the $xy$-plane, and the points in the $xy$-plane. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Regularity of maps in algebraic topology for manifolds

Let $M$ be a $n$ manifold such that $\pi_k(M)$ is non trivial. What can we expect about the regularity of a representant $f:S^k\rightarrow M$ of a non-trivial cycle? For example, if $M$ is a manifold ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Gradient on $SU(n)$

I'm trying to calculate the gradient (wrt to the bi-invariant metric) of the following functions $F_1, F_2 : SU(n) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $F_1(U) = | Tr (G^{\dagger} U) |^2$, $F_2(U) = \Re ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Ring of SO(n)-invariant differential operators on M_n,m

I'm reading through Stephen Gelbart's paper "A Theory of Stiefel Harmonics." (http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/1974-192-00/S0002-9947-1974-0425519-8/).
There comes a point in the paper (Lemma 2.8) ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Construction of appropriate Morse functions

I am interested in the properties of connectedness of level sets of Morse functions. Let $M$ a compact smooth $n$-manifold, and $1\leq k<n$. Is it possible to construct $k$ Morse functions ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Lie algebra cohomology with values in the ring of smooth functions of a $G$-manifold

Let $G$ be a connected Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ acting faithfully on a smooth, finite-dimensional manifold $M$. Let $C^\infty(M)$ and $\mathcal{X}(M)$ denote the ring of smooth ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

114 views

### Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Prove that the holonomies along any two homotopic paths are the same if the curvature of the connection vanishes [closed]

The proof is trivial in the Abelian case by the Stokes' theorem.How to prove it in the non-Abelian case?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### The sign of the mean curvature on convex cones in three dimensions

my question is as follows. It is known that a closed smooth curve in $R^2$ is convex iff its (signed) curvature has a constant sign. I wonder if one can characterize smooth convex cones in $R^3$ in a ...