3
votes
1answer
92 views

Question about conjugate points

If there exist two geodesics from $p$ to $q$ that are not only different from each other but also infinitesimally close to each other, then it implies that $q$ is conjugate to $p$. Can anyone give an ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ for any vector field $X$, the manifold must be flat?

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V\not=0$ in Riemannian manifold $M$ and an open set $U\subset M$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ in $U$ for any vector field $X$ in $M$, then dose $U$ have to be ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation \begin{equation} d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right) ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Riemannian metric and Volume form for $SE(n)$ and/or $E(n)$

I wonder what happens when you construct the Tiling spaces considering the natural action of $SE(n)$ or $E(n)$ rather than $\mathbb R^n$. In order to do that, I need to understand both the (left ...
5
votes
5answers
824 views

Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Fill radius and fundamental group

I am reading M. Ramachandran and J. Wolfson's article Fill radius and fundamental group, whose main result is: Theorem. Let $N$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. If its universal cover has fill ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Connection on canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on symplectic manifold

Let $W$ be the canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on a symplectic 4-manifold $(M, \omega)$, with a compatible $J$ and $g$, so \begin{equation} {W_ + } = {T^{0,0}}{M^*} ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...
5
votes
1answer
285 views

A question on generalized Einstein metrics on four-dimensional manifolds

I am thinking of a possible generalization of Einstein metrics (or a possible characterization of Einstein metrics) on four-dimensional manifolds, \begin{equation*} ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

Ricci curvature under rough convergence

From the work of Lott--Villani and Sturm, I know that the following fact holds: (*) Suppose that $(M_k,g_k,dvol_{g_k})$ is a sequence of compact Riemannian manifolds of non-negative Ricci ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Riemann normal coordiantes and change of metric

Le $(M,g)$ be Riemannian manifold. Fix point $p\in M$. We can define the map $$\exp: U \subset T_p M \rightarrow M$$ $$\exp(X) = \gamma_{p,X}(1)$$ where $t\mapsto \gamma_{p,X}(t)$ is geodesic such ...
1
vote
3answers
223 views

Two questions on isometric embedding

According to the answer of the following question, I try a new version: An special isometric embedding Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a small part of a geodesic. Is there an ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

An special isometric embedding

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a non closed geodesic. Is there an isometric embedding of $M$ into some $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which send $\gamma$ into an straight line? The second ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines: $$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Killing constant in Killing spinor equation

This is a simple question, but I can't find explicit discussion in literatures that I can find. Real/imaginary Killing spinor equation \begin{equation} \nabla_\mu \psi = \lambda \gamma_\mu \psi ...
1
vote
0answers
172 views

Second derivative of Riemannian Exponential Map

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. Let us look at the Riemannian exponential function $\exp_x: T_x M \supset \mathcal{D} \longrightarrow M$. The derivative of the exponential map can be expressed in ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Brakke's theorem for gap in entropy between self-shrinkers

In their paper The round sphere minimizes entropy among closed self shrinkers, Colding-Ilmanen-Minicozzi-White state "It follows from Brakke's theorem that $\mathbb{R}^n$ has the least entropy of any ...
3
votes
2answers
435 views

A Converse to the Gauss Bonnet Theorem

Let $S$ be a compact surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the gauss normal map $N:S\to \mathbb{S}^{2}$. Assme that $\phi;\mathbb{S}^{2}\to S$ is a diffeomorphism. Put $F=N\circ \phi$ and represent ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Normal vector field associated to deformations of Riemannian submanifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ and $X$ be a immersed submanifold in $M$ of dimension $k$ i.e there is a immersion $F_{0}:X \longrightarrow M$. A deformation of the submanifold ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Monograph or rich survey on infinite-dimensional Riemann manifolds

I'm working with the space of smooth curves $\mathcal{C}$ in a smooth manifold $M$, having (different, pre-determined) fixed endpoints. I'd like to endow it with a Riemann structure (I already have a ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

'Convex' slices of proper actions

Consider a Lie group $G$ acting properly on a manifold $M$. Then by the slice theorem we can find for any point $m\in M$ a submanifold transverse to the orbit $\mathcal{O}$ through $m$ and which is ...
12
votes
4answers
738 views

What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves" (Wikipedia link; MathWorld link) states that there is a unique (up to congruence) curve in space that simultaneously realizes given continuous curvature ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Intersections of complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$

This is an exercise from Gromov's Partial differential relations. (page 5) Let $V$ and $V'$ be two closed complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$ of complimentory dimension. Prove that $V$ and $V'$ ...
5
votes
1answer
527 views

What is the geometric interpretation of this quantity?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. Using the metric to identify the tangent and cotangent bundles defines a natural symplectic structure on the tangent bundle, $(TM, ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

Some facts about cut-locus

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemmanian manifold diffeomorphic to $S^2$. S.B.Myers says "the cut-locus of every point $x\in M$ is a finite tree." How the set of point can be a tree? ...
6
votes
2answers
378 views

Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result: The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic. The lecture note that ...
8
votes
3answers
357 views

Number of disjoint simple closed geodesics

According to Jairo comment on the first version of this question I revise the question as follwos; Let $g$ be a real analytic Riemannan metric on $S^{2}$. Is it true to say that: There are at most ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

On the Geroch's argument

During the study of Geroch's argument to prove positive mass theorem, I faced a problem explained below: Suppose $(M,g_{\mu \nu})$ is a four dimensional Lorentzian Manifold and $\Sigma$ is a ...
9
votes
1answer
283 views

Spectrum of Laplacian in non-compact manifolds

What can be said about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a non-compact, complete Riemannian manifold of finite volume? For example, is the point spectrum non-empty? What would be a ...
7
votes
4answers
524 views

Smoothing of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a complete Riemannian manifold. $p\in M$ is a fixed point. $d_{p}(X)$ is the distance function defined by $p$ on M (i.e., $d_p(x)$=the distance between $p$ and $x$). Let ...
6
votes
3answers
186 views

Is the set of focal points of a submanifold on a normal geodesic discrete?

Let $M$ be a complete riemannian manifold, $L$ a smooth submanifold of $M$ and $\gamma$ a geodesic with $\gamma'(0)$ normal to $L$. A focal point of $L$ is a critical value of the normal exponential ...
-2
votes
2answers
160 views

On the definition of convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle

Convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle is defined as follows: Definition: Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a manifold $M$, and let metrics $g$ and connections $∇$ be given on $E$ and on ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Can an open manifold with positive Ricci curvature be non simply connected at infinity?

The question is in the title, I haven't been able to locate a discussion of these kind of properties.
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $L^p$: where is it?

On a noncompact Riemannian manifold $M$, the $L^2$-spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ sits inside $\mathbb{R}$ (by self-adjointness), either to the left or to the right of $0$ ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...
9
votes
0answers
137 views

Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

How to understand two examples of spin bundle

I am confused by two examples of spinor bundles over 4-manifolds, which I saw in various places: (1) The spinor bundle $S = S_+ \oplus S_-$ associated to a spin or spinc structure of Riemannian ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold) Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

Interpetation of torsion and curvature in terms of families of nearby geodesics

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with affine connection such that the metric is covariantly constant (so that the connection equals the Levi-Civita connection up to torsion). I know the ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me: Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...
1
vote
0answers
196 views

Reference request for parallel transport

I am learning about parallel transport on a Riemannian manifold equipped with an affine connexion. It seems (if I understand it well) that, in general, we might not be able to compute the parallel ...
7
votes
2answers
240 views

Does positively curved sphere admit an isometric embedding as hypersurface in Euclidean space?

Let $(S^n, g)$ be an $n$-dimensional positively curved sphere. Assume the smoothness of the metric, does it admits an isometric embedding into $\mathbb R^{n+1}$? for $n=2$ it is proved by A.D ...
3
votes
1answer
304 views

Reverse Ricci Flow and Longtime Existence

The usual Ricci flow and normalized Ricci flow for surfaces are $$ \partial_t g = -2Kg $$ and $$ \partial_t g = -2Kg + 2sg,$$ where $K$ is the Gaussian curvature and $s$ is its average. The latter ...
10
votes
1answer
337 views

Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric. It is essentially ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

Isometry group of pseudo Riemannian manifold always a Lie group? (Myers-Steenrod)

Myers-Steenrod states that the isometry group of a Riemannian manifold is a Lie group. Is that also true for pseudo Riemannian manifolds? I didn't find anything related to that. Cheers
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Regularity of metric of the double of a Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with totally geodesic boundary $\partial M$. We let $\check{M}$ be its double, i.e. the disjoint union of $M$ with itself under identification of corresponding ...
-1
votes
1answer
214 views

Buseman function on manifolds with $Ric \ge - \left( {n - 1} \right)$

It's well known that if M is a Riemannian manifold with $Ric \ge 0$ and contains a line $\gamma $. Set ${\gamma _ + } = \gamma \left| {_{[0, + \infty )}} \right.$, ${\gamma _ - } = \gamma \left| {_{[ ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic? For example, is this true for small ...