# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Question about conjugate points

If there exist two geodesics from $p$ to $q$ that are not only different from each other but also infinitesimally close to each other, then it implies that $q$ is conjugate to $p$.
Can anyone give an ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

112 views

### If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ for any vector field $X$, the manifold must be flat?

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V\not=0$ in Riemannian manifold $M$ and an open set $U\subset M$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ in $U$ for any vector field $X$ in $M$, then dose $U$ have to be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation
\begin{equation}
d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right)
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Riemannian metric and Volume form for $SE(n)$ and/or $E(n)$

I wonder what happens when you construct the Tiling spaces considering the natural action of $SE(n)$ or $E(n)$ rather than $\mathbb R^n$. In order to do that, I need to understand both the (left ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

824 views

### Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat?
I am especially interset in the case ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Fill radius and fundamental group

I am reading M. Ramachandran and J. Wolfson's article Fill radius and fundamental group, whose main result is:
Theorem. Let $N$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. If its universal cover has fill ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

84 views

### Connection on canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on symplectic manifold

Let $W$ be the canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on a symplectic 4-manifold $(M, \omega)$, with a compatible $J$ and $g$, so
\begin{equation}
{W_ + } = {T^{0,0}}{M^*} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### A question on generalized Einstein metrics on four-dimensional manifolds

I am thinking of a possible generalization of Einstein metrics (or a possible characterization of Einstein metrics) on four-dimensional manifolds,
\begin{equation*}
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

333 views

### Ricci curvature under rough convergence

From the work of Lott--Villani and Sturm, I know that the following fact holds:
(*) Suppose that $(M_k,g_k,dvol_{g_k})$ is a sequence of compact Riemannian manifolds of non-negative Ricci ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic?
Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Riemann normal coordiantes and change of metric

Le $(M,g)$ be Riemannian manifold. Fix point $p\in M$. We can define the map
$$\exp: U \subset T_p M \rightarrow M$$
$$\exp(X) = \gamma_{p,X}(1)$$
where $t\mapsto \gamma_{p,X}(t)$ is geodesic such ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

223 views

### Two questions on isometric embedding

According to the answer of the following question, I try a new version:
An special isometric embedding
Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a small part of a geodesic.
Is there an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### An special isometric embedding

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a non closed geodesic.
Is there an isometric embedding of $M$ into some $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which send $\gamma$ into an straight line?
The second ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Killing constant in Killing spinor equation

This is a simple question, but I can't find explicit discussion in literatures that I can find. Real/imaginary Killing spinor equation
\begin{equation}
\nabla_\mu \psi = \lambda \gamma_\mu \psi
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### Second derivative of Riemannian Exponential Map

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. Let us look at the Riemannian exponential function $\exp_x: T_x M \supset \mathcal{D} \longrightarrow M$.
The derivative of the exponential map can be expressed in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Brakke's theorem for gap in entropy between self-shrinkers

In their paper The round sphere minimizes entropy among closed self shrinkers, Colding-Ilmanen-Minicozzi-White state "It follows from Brakke's theorem that $\mathbb{R}^n$ has the least entropy of any ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

435 views

### A Converse to the Gauss Bonnet Theorem

Let $S$ be a compact surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the gauss normal map $N:S\to \mathbb{S}^{2}$. Assme that $\phi;\mathbb{S}^{2}\to S$ is a diffeomorphism. Put $F=N\circ \phi$ and represent ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Normal vector field associated to deformations of Riemannian submanifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ and $X$ be a immersed submanifold in $M$ of dimension $k$ i.e there is a immersion $F_{0}:X \longrightarrow M$.
A deformation of the submanifold ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Monograph or rich survey on infinite-dimensional Riemann manifolds

I'm working with the space of smooth curves $\mathcal{C}$ in a smooth manifold $M$, having (different, pre-determined) fixed endpoints. I'd like to endow it with a Riemann structure (I already have a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### 'Convex' slices of proper actions

Consider a Lie group $G$ acting properly on a manifold $M$. Then by the slice theorem we can find for any point $m\in M$ a submanifold transverse to the orbit $\mathcal{O}$ through $m$ and which is ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

738 views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Intersections of complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$

This is an exercise from Gromov's Partial differential relations. (page 5)
Let $V$ and $V'$ be two closed complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$ of complimentory dimension. Prove that $V$ and $V'$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### What is the geometric interpretation of this quantity?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. Using the metric to identify the tangent and cotangent bundles defines a natural symplectic
structure on the tangent bundle, $(TM, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Some facts about cut-locus

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemmanian manifold diffeomorphic to $S^2$.
S.B.Myers says "the cut-locus of every point $x\in M$ is a finite tree."
How the set of point can be a tree? ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

357 views

### Number of disjoint simple closed geodesics

According to Jairo comment on the first version of this question I revise the question as follwos;
Let $g$ be a real analytic Riemannan metric on $S^{2}$. Is it true to say that:
There are at most ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### On the Geroch's argument

During the study of Geroch's argument to prove positive mass theorem, I faced a problem explained below:
Suppose $(M,g_{\mu \nu})$ is a four dimensional Lorentzian Manifold and $\Sigma$ is a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Spectrum of Laplacian in non-compact manifolds

What can be said about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a non-compact, complete Riemannian manifold of finite volume? For example, is the point spectrum non-empty?
What would be a ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

524 views

### Smoothing of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a complete Riemannian manifold. $p\in M$ is a fixed point. $d_{p}(X)$ is the distance function defined by $p$ on M (i.e., $d_p(x)$=the distance between $p$ and $x$). Let ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

186 views

### Is the set of focal points of a submanifold on a normal geodesic discrete?

Let $M$ be a complete riemannian manifold, $L$ a smooth submanifold of $M$ and $\gamma$ a geodesic with $\gamma'(0)$ normal to $L$. A focal point of $L$ is a critical value of the normal exponential ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### On the definition of convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle

Convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle is defined as follows:
Definition: Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a manifold $M$, and let metrics $g$ and connections $∇$ be given on $E$ and on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Can an open manifold with positive Ricci curvature be non simply connected at infinity?

The question is in the title, I haven't been able to locate a discussion of these kind of properties.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $L^p$: where is it?

On a noncompact Riemannian manifold $M$, the $L^2$-spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ sits inside $\mathbb{R}$ (by self-adjointness), either to the left or to the right of $0$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

232 views

### How to understand two examples of spin bundle

I am confused by two examples of spinor bundles over 4-manifolds, which I saw in various places:
(1) The spinor bundle $S = S_+ \oplus S_-$ associated to a spin or spinc structure of Riemannian ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Interpetation of torsion and curvature in terms of families of nearby geodesics

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with affine connection such that the metric is covariantly constant (so that the connection equals the Levi-Civita connection up to torsion).
I know the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me:
Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

196 views

### Reference request for parallel transport

I am learning about parallel transport on a Riemannian manifold equipped with an affine connexion. It seems (if I understand it well) that, in general, we might not be able to compute the parallel ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Does positively curved sphere admit an isometric embedding as hypersurface in Euclidean space?

Let $(S^n, g)$ be an $n$-dimensional positively curved sphere. Assume the smoothness of the metric, does it admits an isometric embedding into $\mathbb R^{n+1}$?
for $n=2$ it is proved by A.D ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Reverse Ricci Flow and Longtime Existence

The usual Ricci flow and normalized Ricci flow for surfaces are
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg $$
and
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg + 2sg,$$
where $K$ is the Gaussian curvature and $s$ is its average.
The latter ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric.
It is essentially ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Isometry group of pseudo Riemannian manifold always a Lie group? (Myers-Steenrod)

Myers-Steenrod states that the isometry group of a Riemannian manifold is a Lie group. Is that also true for pseudo Riemannian manifolds? I didn't find anything related to that.
Cheers

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Regularity of metric of the double of a Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with totally geodesic boundary $\partial M$. We let $\check{M}$ be its double, i.e. the disjoint union of $M$ with itself under identification of corresponding ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Buseman function on manifolds with $Ric \ge - \left( {n - 1} \right)$

It's well known that if M is a Riemannian manifold with $Ric \ge 0$ and contains a line $\gamma $. Set ${\gamma _ + } = \gamma \left| {_{[0, + \infty )}} \right.$, ${\gamma _ - } = \gamma \left| {_{[ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic?
For example, is this true for small ...