# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**2**answers

175 views

### Is the hypersurface satisfying $\langle x-x_0,\nu\rangle>0$ diffeomorphic to sphere?

Let $p:M\to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be the closed immersed hypersurface. Is the following thing right? If there exists a point $x_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ such that $\langle x(p)-x_0,\nu(p)\rangle>0$ ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

493 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### isoperimetric problems on Alexandrov spaces

For an Alexandrov space M with curvature bounded from below, the isoperimetric profile $v \to I_M(v)$ defined for every $v\in (0,V(M))$ (the volume of M might be infinite), is given by
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Taylor expansion of the determinant of a Riemannian metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Fix a point $x\in M$ and $N\ge 2$ large. Then there exists a metric $\tilde g$, conformal to $g$ such that $$ \det \tilde g=1+O(r^N)$$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### both convex and superharmonic function on manifold concave?

M is a non-compact Rimannian manifold without boundary.
$f\in W_{loc}^{1,2}(M)$ satisfies $\Delta f \leq c$ in the weak sense, i.e.
$$
-\int_M \langle \nabla f,\nabla \psi \rangle dvol \leq c\int_M ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Riemannian distance functions on the real line

A distance function $d: \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,\infty)$ that is defined by a smooth Riemannian metric on the real line satisfies the following properties:
$d$ is a length metric ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Does the R-sphere condition imply that a surface is locally a graph of function on a ball of radius R?

Let $S$ be a $C^2$-regular hypersurface with $S=\partial V$ for some open set $V \subset R^{N+1}$, and let $\nu(P)$ be the exterior unit normal of $S$ with respect to $V$.
Assume that $S$ satisfies ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

221 views

### diameter as a Morse function

Consider the space $X_1$ of closed subsets not containing a pair of antipodal points of the unit circle. Here we have a kind of degenerate Morse function, defined by the diameter of the pointset. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### On bi-invariant metrics on groups

I'm looking for a quick, snap-your-fingers proof of the following result:
A continuous length metric on $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is invariant under translations comes from a norm.
To be clear about ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### When is the Gromov--Hausdorff limit of a sequence of manifolds itself a manifold?

Suppose a metric space $X$ is the Gromov--Hausdorff limit of a sequence of Riemannian three-manifolds $M_i$ with Ricci curvature bounded from below and not collapsed. Is $X$ a manifold? What ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### A question on Hilbert geometries as metric-measure spaces

Recall that a Hilbert geometry is the interior of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ provided with the metric
$$
d(x,y) = \frac{1}{2} \ln\left(\frac{|x-b|}{|y-b|}\frac{|y-a|}{|x-a|}\right) ,
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Groups of equi-quasi-isometric diffeomorphisms of a Riemannian surface of bounded geometry

Let $M$ be an open Riemannian surface of bounded geometry. Let $\Gamma$ be a group of diffeomorphisms of $M$. Suppose that $\Gamma$ is equi-quasi-isometric; i.e., its elements are (differentiable) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### How to define the distributional Hessian for a convex function on a $C^0$ Riemannian manifold?

M is a $C^1$ manifold with a $C^0$ Riemannian metric, f is a convex function on M. How to define a functional on M which can represent $Hessf$?
For example: for $\Delta f$ we can define the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Is there a sideways-walking rolling convex body?

Let $K$ be a solid, homogenous convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Place $K$ on an inclined plane, and let it roll down the plane,
under some reasonable assumptions of friction between $K$ and
the plane, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Buseman function is regular on manifolds without boundary containing a line?

For an n-dim noncompact manifold M without boundary. Assume M contains a line $\gamma$. For every point $p \in M$, let $\widetilde{p\gamma(t)}$ be the geodesic from p to $\gamma(t)$.
Choose a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Guassian upper bound of the heat kernel implies ultracontrativity?

For spaces satisfies uniformlly local doubling and Poincare inequality (for example, Riemannian manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below RCD(K,N)).
By Sturm's paper, we have bounds on the heat ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### Volume-preserving projective transformations are isometries

What is a simple, elementary proof of the following result?
A continuously differentiable map from the unit sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ $(n > 1)$ to itself that preserves volumes and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### Triple bubble conjecture: Natural candidate?

Is there a standard natural candidate surface for
the shape that encloses three given volumes
in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and has minimal surface area?
I know the planar triple bubble conjecture was ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### quantitative version of the rigidity of the 2-sphere

I am looking for a quantitaive version of the following theorem:
A compact surface with $K\equiv 1$ is isometric to the round sphere.
Of course I get the Berger, Brendle-Schoen Theorem which insures ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### A question on differential forms and integral invariants

The following question comes up in the study of metrics with the same unparameterized geodesics in Riemannian and Finsler geometry:
Question. Let $M$ be a closed manifold of dimension $2n+1$ and let ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Surfaces with many (but not solely) closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a closed surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
let's say of genus zero.
I seek examples of $S$ with the following property:
If one selects a random any point $p$ on $S$, and a random
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### harmonic maps from cone to $S^2$ locally lipschitz?

Are the harmonic maps from a 2-dimensional cone to $S^2$ locally lipschitz or Holder continuous?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Why is proving $C^{\infty}$ regularity of sub Riemannian geodesics so hard?

In Montgomery's A Tour of Subriemannian Geometries, Their Geodesics and Applications, problem 10.1 in Chapter 10 asks "Is every minimizing geodesic smooth ?".
Can someone explain what are the major ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

153 views

### Local vs distance function metric structures

The geodesic distance $d(p_1, p_2)$ on a geodesically complete, Riemanian manifold is a metric in the sense of a metric space metric. I'd like to know when other infinitesimal metric structures (e.g. ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

198 views

### Möbius transformation by 3 points in the Minkowski model

Goal
I'm interested in describing MÃ¶bius transformations in the plane, and I'd like to define them in terms of three points and their images.
What I have tried
I know that a projective ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

779 views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

351 views

### Isometric embeddings of metric spaces in Hilbert spaces

There are plenty of isometric embeddings of metric spaces in Banach spaces. Nevertheless, I have been unable to find any significant result on isometric embeddings into Hilbert spaces. My question is: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

176 views

### Normal tubular neighborhood theorem for semi(or pseudo)-riemannian manifolds

Suppose you have a manifold $M$ and a closed sub-manifold $A$, and let $g$ be a semi-riemannian metric,ie, $g_x$ defines a quadratic form on $T_xM$ such that $g_x(v,v)\ge0$, but $g_x(v,v)=0$ not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

197 views

### Harmonic function defined on a cone

It's well known that: Given a continuous function defined on the boundary of the disk, then there exists a unique harmonic function in the interior of the disk. What if we replace the disk by a cone?
...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

795 views

### Lightray trapped between two mirror disks: Computation formulation?

I would like to calculate the angle of a ray $r$ from a given
point $p$ such that it gets "stuck" reflecting between
two congruent mirror-disks.
For why there is such a ray, see the (amazing!) answer
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Closed surface with uncountably many conic points?

Let $M^2$ be a closed surface, say the 2-sphere. Is there any example of metric on it such that there are uncountably many points are conic and the metric is smooth elsewhere?
We call $p\in M$ a ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

254 views

### On discrete version of curve shortening flow

One can define an analogous version of the curve shortening flow for polygons in $\mathbb R^2$, namely defined by the differential equation $\dot{p_i}(t)=\frac{v_i(t)}{|v_i(t)|^2}$, where $p_i$ is the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### construction of heat kernels for non-compact manifolds with boundary

Recently, I am studying heat semigroup for noncompact manifolds with boundary.
In Issac Chavel's book "eigenvalues in Riemannian geometry". "Given a noncompact Riemannian manifold, it need not be ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

247 views

### Preservation of injectivity radius

Suppose I have a smooth, noncompact manifold $M$ with metrics $g_i$ for $i = 1,2$. Suppose there exists a $C \geq 1$ such that
$$ C^{-1} d_1(x,y) \leq d_2(x,y) \leq C d_1(x,y)$$
where $d_i$ are the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Optimal, conformal diffeomorphisms between two surfaces in 3D

Let $S_1$ and $S_2$ be two smooth, closed surfaces embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Q. Is there a natural definition of the optimal, conformal diffeomorphism between $S_1$ and $S_2$?
I am imagining ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Divergence of geodesics in $P(n,\mathbb{R})$

I'm reading Bridson & Haefliger's book on non-positively curved spaces. Specifically the parts in II.10 on $P(n,\mathbb{R})$. These are positive definite matrices, viewed as the image of symmetric ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

263 views

### When does heat kernel have both Gaussian upper and lower bounds?

Recently, I am reading Sturm's paper "Analysis on local Dirichlet form III: X is a locally compact separable Hausdorff space and m is a positive Radon measure with supp[m]=X.
$\varepsilon$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### heat kernel $p_t(x_0,y) \in D(\Delta) \cap L^\infty$ for a manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below?

X is an n-dim Riemannian manifold with the Dirichlet form
$$
\varepsilon (u,v) =-\int_X \langle \nabla u,\nabla v \rangle
$$
for $u,v \in W^{1,2}(X)$.
Let $P_t$ and $p_t(x,y)$ be the associate ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### $|\nabla f|^2 \in W^{1,2}(M)$ for harmonic function f on manifolds with two nonparabolic ends?

We know that if a complete noncompact manifold M has two nonparabolic ends, then we can construct a nonconstant bounded harmonic function with finite Dirichlet integral defined on the whole M.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Are harmonic maps quasiconformal at the boundary of hyperbolic spaces?

Let $M$ be a hyperbolic $3$-manifold and $X$ a negatively curved, simply connected space with geometric boundary $\partial X$.
If $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow Isom(X)$ does not fix a point in $\partial ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

254 views

### How to construct a harmonic function with non-zero gradient on manifold with two nonparabolic ends?

We know that if a complete noncompact manifold M has two nonparabolic ends, then we can construct a nonconstant bounded harmonic function with finite Dirichlet integral defined on the whole $M$.
More ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Alexandrov spaces satisty $BE(K,N)$ and $BE(K,\infty)$?

Assume the Dirichlet form $\varepsilon$ adimits a Carre du champ $\Gamma$ and introduce the multilinear form $\Gamma_2$ $$
\Gamma_2 [f,g;\phi]:=\frac12 \int_X (\Gamma (f,g)L\phi ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### harmonic forms with respect to different metrics

Given a smooth manifold M with two different metric, we can consider U and V, the spaces of harmonic k-forms on M with respect to the first metric and second metric respectively. The question is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Oloid and sphericon: rolling develops entire surface

Wikipedia says that,
"The oloid is one of the only known objects, along with some members of the sphericon family, that while rolling, develops its entire surface."
Below are illustrations of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic?
For example, is this true for small ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### Geodesics in Graphs:Shortest Paths vs Going as Straight Ahead as Possible

According to Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geodesic, a geodesic " is a generalization of the notion of a "straight line" to "curved spaces " and further " In the presence of an affine ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

223 views

### Transitive geodesics on closed surfaces of genus greater than one

A well-known result of Hedlund and Morse states that if a Riemannian metric on a closed surface of genus $g > 1$ has no conjugate points, then it carries transitive geodesics (i.e., geodesics whose ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Geodesic transformations of the complex projective plane

Are there non-trivial diffeomorphisms (i.e., different from isometries) of the complex projective plane that map geodesics (for the canonical Riemannian metric) to geodesics?
Same question for all ...