2
votes
1answer
144 views

Surface curves equidistant from a simple closed geodesic

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$, let's say (to keep it simple) of genus zero. Let $\gamma$ be a simple, closed, oriented geodesic on $S$. Because $\gamma$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

undergraduate handle decomposition. Reference

As the title says, I'm searching for a nice textbook for introducing the theory of handle decomposition of manifolds to undergraduate students.
15
votes
2answers
397 views

Does a small-area sphere in a 3-manifold bound a small ball?

Let $M$ be a closed riemannian 3-manifold. I think that the following fact should be true and should have a relatively simple proof, but I cannot figure it out. For every $\varepsilon>0$ there ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Ray-Singer torsion of compact 3-manifolds with finite abelian fundamental group

Is the Ray-Singer analytic torsion for an arbitrary compact 3-manifold with finite Abelian fundamental group equivalent to the Ray-Singer analytic torsion of S^3 mod some direct product of Z_N's? It ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

PL or projective PL map on the links of a PL manifold

Let $M$ be a PL manifold and $f: M\rightarrow M$ be a PL homeomorphism. Suppose that $f(x)=x$ for some vertex $x$. Is the restriction map of $f$ on the links of $x$ also PL? Someone claims that this ...
-1
votes
2answers
160 views

Let be $f \in Diff(M)$. What we can say about the subgroup $span{f}< Diff(M)$? What are implications in the structure of $f$ and $M$? [closed]

Let be $f \in Diff(M)$. When is finite the subgroup $span\{f\}< Diff(M)$? What are implications in the structure of $f$ and $M$?
2
votes
2answers
542 views

Kenji Fukaya's Lecture series at Simons center

In the past decade, theory of Kuranishi structures on moduli space of pseudo-holomorphic curves has been in the center of debates between some mathematicians in the field of symplectic geometry. ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Is any smooth homeomorphism isotopic to a smooth embedding?

Let $f:D^m\to \mathbb{R}^m$ be a smooth map ($D^m$ is the unit ball). We call $f$ embedding if it is a homeomorphism on the image and the derivative $D_xf$ is nonsingular at each point $x\in D^m$ ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure

I am looking for a proof or counterexample for following assertion Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure (In sense of ...
3
votes
2answers
249 views

Automorphisms of Surfaces, Open Books and Contact Structures

Let $S$ be a surface with non-empty boundary $\partial S$ and let $f$ be an element of MCG(S), the Mapping Class Group of S, i.e., the group of self-diffeomorphisms of S up to isotopy, but with $f$ ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Rigidity vs Super-rigidity of representations (of Kähler/surface groups)

In the literature there are several definitions of "rigidity" (or "super-rigidity") of representations, adapted to the circumastances. I wonder what are the relations between them; I excuse in advance ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

When the leaves of a distribution are compact

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

An example for the case tht if the leaves of polarization be non-compact then the polarized sections are not square integrable

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

are smooth homotopic open embedding of Hilbert manifolds smoothly isotopic?

A theorem of Chapman (Chapman, T. A. Homotopic homeomorphisms of infinite-dimensional manifolds. Compositio Math. 27 (1973), 135–140) states that every two open embeddings $f,g:M\to N$ of Hilbert ...
-1
votes
1answer
137 views
23
votes
8answers
2k views

Are there some other notions of “curvature” which measure how space curves?

I am learning differential geometry and have a few questions on curvature. -- Background: Gauss invented "Gauss curvature" to measure how surface curves. Riemann gives an ingenious generalization ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Can an open manifold with positive Ricci curvature be non simply connected at infinity?

The question is in the title, I haven't been able to locate a discussion of these kind of properties.
3
votes
0answers
197 views

Looking for a necessary and sufficient condition for the polarization $\mathbb{P}$ being positive

My question is about positivity of polarization in Geometric quantization theory. Let $\mathbb{P}$, be a complex polarization on symplectic manifold $(M,\Omega)$. For every $m\in M$, we can define a ...
7
votes
3answers
777 views

Is the list of “known” 3D compact manifolds complete?

"it is an open question if the known compact manifolds in 3-D are complete." This is a quote from Eric Weisstein's CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Second Edition. 2010, p.480. (Google ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

looking for an identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$?

We know this fact that the first jet Bundle $J^1M$ is diffeomorphic with $T^*M×\mathbb{R}$.i.e, ($J^1M=T^*M×\mathbb{R}$) Is there something like this identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$? I editted ...
9
votes
1answer
498 views

moduli spaces are kahler?

I often heard from experts that "moduli spaces are Kahler". This sounds as a meta-theorem asserting that every time one defines reasonable moduli spaces, then there is a standard strategy to see ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Are harmonic maps quasiconformal at the boundary of hyperbolic spaces?

Let $M$ be a hyperbolic $3$-manifold and $X$ a negatively curved, simply connected space with geometric boundary $\partial X$. If $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow Isom(X)$ does not fix a point in $\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
166 views

Fractional degree of a map?

Is there some natural notion of a fractional degree of a map? The degree of a map is a generalization of the winding number, and fractional winding numbers appear in the (mathematical physics) ...
3
votes
0answers
239 views

Representation variety vs. space of flat connections

The holonomy provides a bijection from the space of flat G-connections (modulo gauge equivalence) on a trivial G-bundle over M to a connected component of the representation variety ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Rigidity of secondary characteristic classes

For a representation $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow GL(n,C)$ and the associated flat $GL(n,C)$-bundle $E_\rho\rightarrow M$ one has the Cheeger-Chern-Simons classes $$\hat{c}_k(E_\rho)\in H^{2k-1}(M,R/Z)$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

Stratification of a smooth map

So, this is an exercise. But from math.stackexchange I have been suggested to post this question here. To find the Thom-Boardman stratification of the smooth map ...
14
votes
1answer
587 views

A concrete realization of the nontrivial 2-sphere bundle over the 5-sphere?

Since $\pi_4 (PU(2)) = \pi_4 (SO(3)) = {\mathbb Z}_2$, the two-element group, we know that half of the two-sphere bundles over the 5-sphere $S^5$ are trivial and the other half are non-trivial and ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

question about the developing map

I'm having some trouble finding literature on the developing map. All the sources I could find on it seem to refer to thurston's definition in either: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucahhjr/Notes/Essay.pdf or ...
7
votes
3answers
228 views

A version of Lusternik–Schnirelmann category for good open covers

Recall that the Lusternik–Schnirelmann category (or LS-category) of a space is the integer $n$ such that there is an open cover by $n+1$ open sets which have nullhomotopic inclusions, and no such ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

space of simple loops in the plane

Consider the space $S$ of smooth free simple (non-self-intersecting) loops in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2.$ By Grayson's theorem, $S$ is connected, but is more known about its topology? Is it known to be ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

winding number for outer-pointing normal

While trying to characterize the complexity of a closed differentiable curve (for a path planning application), I've been using a notion which is similar in spirit to the winding number of a curve. ...
12
votes
2answers
787 views

Converse of Poincaré-Hopf theorem

Let $M$ be a connected, compact, oriented manifold of dimension $n<7$. If any two maps $M \to M$ having equal degrees are homotopic, must $M$ be diffeomorphic to the $n$-sphere?
6
votes
1answer
513 views

How metric is Riemannian geometry

Let $(M, g)$ be a finite-dimensional Riemannian manifold. It is well-known, that the Riemannian metric induce a metric on the manifold by $$d(x, y) = \text{inf} \int_a^b \| \dot\gamma(t) \| \, ...
0
votes
1answer
345 views

Can vector fields be used to construct diffeomorphisms of the 2-sphere? [closed]

For some reason, today I want to understand better the group of diffeomorphisms of the 2-sphere, $S^2$. After a few minutes I found this result by Smale in 1958. The space $\Omega$ of all ...
1
vote
0answers
228 views

contact structure on 3 manifolds

every orientable closed 3-manifold admits a contact structure. how we can construct this contact structure? if the manifold is prime what will happen?
9
votes
0answers
277 views

3 manifolds with diffeomorphic unit tangent bundles

What can one say about two closed oriented 3-manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ such that $S^2 \times M_1$ is diffeomorphic to $S^2 \times M_2$?
8
votes
0answers
124 views

What sort of geometry does the Whitehead manifold have as a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^4$?

If I understand correctly, the standard $\mathbb{R}^4$ is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}\times W$ where $W$ is the Whitehead manifold (i.e., is an open three-manifold that is contractible and not ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

How fast does Ricci flow converge on the three-sphere?

Suppose I have a metric $g_0$ on the $\mathbb S^3$, and let $g_t$ be the solution to Ricci flow (with surgery) with initial metric $g_0$. What are some general results which give upper bounds on the ...
5
votes
0answers
223 views

Quotient of 3-sphere by binary octahedral group?

Consider the Lie group $Spin(3)$, which can be thought of geometrically as the 3-sphere (e.g., it can be represented by the collection of unit quaternions). The quotient $Spin(3)/\pm I$ yields the ...
5
votes
0answers
210 views

Existence of particular embeddings in euclidean spaces for non compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a $n$-dimensional smooth non-compact manifold such that the singular cohomology groups $H^{k}(M,\mathbb{Z})$ are finitely generated for $k\geq 0$. Can we find a sufficiently big integer ...
10
votes
1answer
452 views

Strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}$The present question arises from some confusion on my part regarding the precise statement of the strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds. The strong ...
8
votes
2answers
331 views

Converse to Milnor's theorem on manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature.

Disclaimer : I suspect the question I am about to ask is really hard, but I just want to know the status of such questions. Thanks to Milnor, we know that the $\pi_1$ any compact manifold with ...
7
votes
1answer
326 views

Classification of higher dimensional manifolds

It is known that a 2-connected closed smooth 6-manifold is homeomorphic to S^{6} or connected sum of (S^{3}xS^{3}). My question is whether we have a similar statement for (n-1)-connected closed ...
7
votes
1answer
312 views

How unique is a conformal compactification?

I'm trying to understand the term "conformal compactification" which is often used in physics. I reckon that most places take this to mean a (sometimes specific) compact conformal completion. That is, ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Reference question: space of embeddings

Let $X$ be a compact surface of genus $g \geq 1$. Then it is a well known fact that the space of embeddings into $\mathbb{R}^{\infty}$ is contractible. The proof uses Whitney's embedding theorem. ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Transversality for Chern-Simons functional on a rational homology sphere

When Floer defined instanton Floer homology for an integer homology sphere. He chose a finite set of loops in the manifold and consider the holonomy along these loops as a perturbation on Chern-Simons ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Lorentzian isoparametric hypersurfaces of ads

A hypersurface of a pseudo-Riemannian manifold is said to be isoparametric if its shape operator has the same characteristic polynomial at all points. Xiao has classified Lorentzian isoparametric ...
17
votes
2answers
776 views

How does hyperbolicity of space time affect our lives?

My main research has been in hyperbolic geometry and geometric group theory. I always thought that the only real "application" of my work was that the universe is a 3-manifold. But recently I found ...
6
votes
0answers
282 views

A conjecture of Thurston and possibly Weeks too

What is the status of the following conjecture: "... [w]hen the shortest simple closed geodesics are repeatedly removed from any complete hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume, eventually one ...