Complex, contact, Riemannian, pseudo-Riemannian and Finsler geometry, relativity, gauge theory, global analysis.

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-1
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0answers
65 views

Elementary question: Curvature form of connection on trivial bundle

Please forgive me for the following elementary question. I have asked on MSE but nobody answers. Let $L=\mathbb{R}^2\times U(1)$ be the trivial $U(1)$-bundle over $\mathbb{R}^2$. Define a connection $...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Associated vector bundles and Characteristic Classes

Assume that $P\to M$ is a principal $G$-bundle where $G$ is some (compact) Matrix group. Let $\rho\colon G \to \operatorname{Gl}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the tautological representation and $\rho^\prime\...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Carathéodory's theorem for $SO(3)$?

Let $Q \in \operatorname{Conv} SO(3)$. Is there a way to retrieve an explicit representation of $Q$ as convex combination $Q=\sum_{k=1}^{r}{\lambda_{i}R_{i}}, R_{i} \in SO(3)$? An approximation ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Negative-curvature behaviour of higher-rank symmetric spaces

Let $X$ be a symmetric space of noncompact type with $rk\ X\geq 2$ and let $G$ be the identity component of the isometry group. Pick points $p\in X$ and $\xi\in\partial_{\infty}X$, with $\xi$ regular, ...
-3
votes
0answers
76 views

Is a surjective mapping of R2 to itself with full rank derivative everywhere injective? [on hold]

Let $f:\mathbb R^2 \rightarrow \mathbb R^2$, and $rank(\frac{df}{dx}) = 2$ everywhere. If $f$ is surjective $f$ necessarily injective? Also, what if $f$ maps $\mathbb R^{2+}$ (i.e. $\{x_1>0, x_2&...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Definition of formal adjoint of covariant derivative [migrated]

I read in Einstein Manifolds, L. Besse that the covariant derivative $D: \mathcal{J}^{(r,s)}(M)\to \Omega^1(M)\otimes\mathcal{J}^{(r,s)}(M)$ admit an formal adjoint $D^*:\Omega^1(M)\otimes\mathcal{J}^{...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Can some exotic sphere be diffeomorphically embedded into some $R^n$?

Can some (or perhaps every) exotic sphere be diffeomorphically embedded into some $R^n$? How does such an embedding (if it exists) look like? I.e., what are the equations for a particular embedding? ...
1
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0answers
84 views

Ellipticity of Bott-Chern Laplacian

I want to prove that Bott-Chern Laplacian $$\tilde{\Delta}_{BC}^{p,q}=(\partial\bar\partial)(\partial\bar\partial)^*+(\partial\bar\partial)^*(\partial\bar\partial)+(\bar\partial^*\partial)(\bar\...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Exterior derivative on principal bundle [closed]

In Nakahara's Geometry, Topology and Physics on page 375, he constructs a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\omega$ on a principal bundle $P$ by "lifting" a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\mathcal A_i$ on an ...
5
votes
2answers
525 views

Can a Morse function define a unique structure on a closed manifold?

I was thinking about the doubt that if $M$ and $N$ are closed manifold and if there exists two Morse function $f$ and $g$ respectively on $M$ and $N$ with the following property that they both have ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Name for the Quotient $SU(m+1)/(SU(k) \times SU(m-k))$

The sphere $S^{2m-1} \simeq SU(m+1)/SU(m)$ has a canonical $U(1)$-action, and quotienting by this action give complex projective space $CP^m$. We can generalise the family of sphere to the family of ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Scheme of Higgs reductions

I'm reading the Bruzzo and Graña Otero's paper Semistable and Numerically Effective Principal (Higgs) Bundles; here: $X$ is a smooth, complex, projective variety; $G$ is a connected, complex, ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Gaussian bounds on Dirichlet heat kernel

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $p(t, x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Then there exist constants $c, C > 0 $ such that $$\frac{c}{t^{n/2}} e^{-\frac{1}{4t}d(x, y)^2} \leq ...
7
votes
0answers
454 views

Counting limit cycles via curvature in Riemannian geometry

In this post we would like to give a possible new approach to the second part of the Hilbert 16th problem First we give a short introduction: A quadratic system is a polynomial vector field on ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

An answer to this system of PDE's

Planning of the question: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $TM$ be its tangent bundle The isotropic almost complex structures $J_{\delta , \sigma}$ were introduced by Aguilar on the ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Hodge decomposition for Bott-Chern cohomology

$\DeclareMathOperator{im}{im}$ I want to prove that Bott-Chern cohomology group $H^{p,q}_{BC}=\frac{\ker\partial\cap \ker\bar{\partial}}{\im\partial\bar{\partial}}$ has finite dimension via Hodge ...
14
votes
3answers
508 views

Is SO(2n+1)/U(n) a symmetric space?

I am a physics student with only a rudimentary knowledge of differential geometry, so please feel free to point out if I miss something elementary / trivial. According to https://arxiv.org/abs/1408....
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Question on Weil-Petersson metric on Teichmuller space

I'm reading Ahlfors' original articles about Weil-Petersson metric: "Some remarks on Teichmüller's space of Riemann surfaces" and "Curvature properties of Teichmüller's space". The tangent space at ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Second Countability hypothesis for a Banach manifold

Is the second countability hypothesis necessary to rigoruosly define a Banach Manifold (say in infinite dimension)? In the finite-dimensional theory of manifolds, that request is included in the ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

A Geometric proof of the Gauss Lucas theorem

Motivated by a geometric proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra we ask: Is there a geometric proof for the Gauss-Lucas theorem ?Since we are working on a half plane, can one imagine a possible ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Various definitions of the odd Chern character form

I am asking this question from my possibly defected memory, so the things below may not be accurate. I want to know how many different definitions of the odd Chern character form using differential ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

charts for some riemannian embedding

Let $(M,g)$ be some riemannian manifold with some Lie group $G$ acting properly, freely and by isometries. So $M/G$ is a manifold and using the projection $\pi \colon M \to M/G$, we get a smooth ...
4
votes
0answers
173 views

Origin of the name ''momentum map''

Why is the momentum map in the differential geometry of symmetries called the ''momentum'' (or ''moment'') map?
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Convergence of Discrete Geodesic

Let $M$ be a Riemmanian manifold, $p\in M$ and $V\in T_p(M)$. Suppose $f^{-1}:U_p \mapsto U$ is a diffeomorphism of a neighborhood of p to an open subset of $\mathbb{R}$ and define the sequence: \...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Question on period map, Gauss-Manin connection and complex coordinates of $\mathcal{H}^1(k)$

Let $\mathcal{L}_g$ be the space of abelian differentials on Riemann surfaces of genus $g\ge 2$ and $\mathcal{TH}_g:=\mathcal{L}_g/Diff_0^+(S_g)$ be the Teichmuller space of abelian differentials on ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Geometric interpretation of splitting of sequence associated to a homogeneous space

Let $G$ be a Lie group acting transitively on a smooth manifold $M$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of $G$ and let $\xi : \mathfrak{g} \to \Gamma(TM)$ be the Lie algebra homomorphism sending $...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

harmonic differential form integer class

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian three-fold such that $H_2(M,\mathbb{Z}) = \mathbb{Z}$ and $S$ any surface representing 1. By Hodge theory there exist a harmonic differential one-form $\eta$ dual ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Gravitational instantons metric (change variables)

I'm trying to understand the paper by Hitchin called: ''Polygons and gravitons". I'm stuck at page 471. At this point, he does some computations and obtains a metric: $$ \gamma dz d\bar{z}+\gamma^{...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

On Johansson's Theorem on homotopy equivalences of 3-manifolds

Johansson's theorem states the following: Given $f:M_1\rightarrow M_2$ (not a pair map) an homotopy equivalence between 3-manifolds with incompressible boundary. Let $V_i$ be the components of the ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

Holonomy group of a dense, open submanifold

I have a Riemannian manifold $(X,g)$, where $X$ is not necessarily compact or complete, and a dense open submanifold $Y \subseteq X$. In my case $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over the ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Restriction of real analytic functions to embedded submanifolds

lets assume we have a real vectorspace $V$ and functions $f_1, \dots, f_k \colon V \to \mathbb{R}$ which are real-analytic (for instance, let them be polynomial). Furthermore we have an embedded real-...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Geometric quantization of Teichmuller space

The quantizations of Teichmuller space I have seen are via special coordinates (e.g. the paper of Chekhov and Fock) or conformal blocks. Does one get an equivalent quantization by geometric ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Curvature of plane curves on a surface

Let $S$ be a surface and $\gamma$ a curve on $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3$ obtained cutting $S$ with a plane. I wuold an upper bound for the curvature of $\gamma$. Are there papers for this topic?
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Ricci curvature and killing form

Motivated by this question we ask: Is there any relation between the Ricci curvature of a Lie group and the killing form of its Lie algebra?Under what conditions, they are proportional to each ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

sequence of graphs converge in the sense of varifold to multiplicity 2 plane

Say in $R^3$, is there a sequence of smooth graphs $f_n$ over some plane P, such that the graphs as submanifolds in $R^3$ converge in the sense of varifold (as Radon measures on $R^3 \times Gr(2,3)$ ) ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Questions on J. F. Nash's answer about his errors in the proof of embedding theorem

In the interview of John Nash taken by Christian Skau and Martin Gaussen, in EMS Newsletter, September, 2015 when asked Is it true, as rumours have it, that you started to work on the embedding ...
14
votes
5answers
605 views

Smoothness of the closest point on a submanifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, and let $S \subseteq M$ be a compact submanifold. Assume that for each $p \in M$, there exist a unique closest point on $S$, i.e a unique point $\tilde s(...
16
votes
0answers
475 views

Is the determinant of cohomology a TQFT?

If $M$ is an oriented $d$-manifold, let $D(M)$ denote the top exterior power of $H^*(M,\mathbf{C})$. Then $D(M_1 \amalg M_2) = D(M_1) \otimes D(M_2)$. Is there a good recipe for a map $D(M) \to D(N)$...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

“Polygons and gravitons” and Kodaira's theorem

I'm trying to understand the paper by Hitchin called: ''Polygons and gravitons". I'm stuck at page 470. At this point, he does some computations and obtains the conformal structure of the real ...
4
votes
0answers
142 views

Contact manifolds and pseudodifferential operators

By way of background, I am currently trying to understand the theory of pseudodifferential operators in the context of contact geometry. I have some knowledge of pseudodifferential operators on ...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

The radially symmetric isoperimetric problem

A solution to the $l$-isoperimetric problem on a Riemannian surface $(M,g)$ is a smooth closed curve $\gamma \subset M$ of length $l$ which minimizes the isoperimetric constant: $$h(\gamma) = \frac{l}{...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

coisotropic submanifolds on poisson manifolds

Let $(M, \{.,.\})$ be a Poissonmanifold and $B$ the corresponding Poissontensor. Now in this context, a embedded submanifold $C \subset M$ is called coisotropic, if $B^\#(TC^\circ) \subset TC$. For ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

minimal surfaces in $S^n$

Thanks to Choi-Schoen theorem, we know that the space of embedded minimal surfaces into $S^3$ of fixed genus is compact. My question are simples: Can we remove the embeddness assumption? Can we ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Relationship between Gaussian and bisectional curvature

Let $f:\mathbb CP^1\to X$ be an smooth embedding which its image is the curve $C$ where $X$ is a Kähler manifold. Do we have that $$\sup_{\mathbb CP^1}K(f^*\omega)<\sup_C K(\omega),$$where $K(f^*\...
7
votes
2answers
450 views

Spin^c structures on manifolds with almost complex structure

Let $M$ be a smooth even-dimensional manifold. Is it true that for each almost-complex structure $J$ on $M$ there exists a canonical spin$^c$ structure $S_J$ associated to $J$ ? (I've read this ...
15
votes
2answers
526 views

Are there some intrinsic invariants of surfaces other than Gaussian curvature?

The principal curvatures of a surface is denoted by $\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2}$. Let $P(x,y)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients. Assume that $P(\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2})$ is an intrinsically ...
6
votes
0answers
175 views

Jets of sections of vector bundles expressed by symmetrized iterated covariant derivatives - who did it first?

The (non-unique) bundle isomorphism between the bundle $J^r E$ of $r$-th order jets of sections of a vector bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow M$ and the direct sum $$\bigoplus^r_{k=0}\vee^kT^*M\otimes E\...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

h-principle on Hilbert manifolds

Gromov's h-principle is a powerful tool in studying various geometric structure on open, finite-dimensional manifolds. Is there any generalization of h-principle to (necessarily open) infinite-...
6
votes
0answers
148 views

Explicit diffeomorphism between an infinite dimensional sphere its product with itself

Let $S$ be an infinite dimensional sphere in a Hillbert space. As $S$ is homotopic to the product $S \times S$, then $S$ is diffeomorphic to $S \times S$ (for Hilbert manifolds, a homotopy ...
0
votes
2answers
76 views

Normal variation of embedded surfaces [closed]

Let $M^3$ be a complete riemannian manifold and $\Sigma ^2\subset M^3$ a embedded minimal compact surface. Consider the normal variation $\phi: \Sigma \times \Bbb{R}\to M$ given by $$\phi(p,t)=\exp_p(...