Questions about the determinant of square matrices or linear endomorphisms. Also for closely related topics such as minors or regularized determinants.

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3
votes
0answers
83 views

Where does this identity involving sums of Hankel-like determinants over partitions come from?

For a partition $\lambda=( \lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_n)\vdash n$ with $\lambda_1\ge\dots\ge\lambda_n\ge0$ and any function $f:\mathbb Z\to\mathbb C$, define a Hankel-like $n\times n$ matrix $$M_f(\...
28
votes
2answers
675 views

How to make the Capelli's identity less mysterious?

The formulation of the Capelli's identity is very elementary; it has important applications in invariant theory and representation theory, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capelli%27s_identity To ...
6
votes
0answers
212 views

Does anyone know this determinant?

The following determinant arises in a combinatorial enumeration problem. I wonder if anyone has seen it before in any context or knows how to evaluate it. I tried computing it for small $n$ but didn't ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Are these particular kinds of matrices well known?

Given two positive integers $n$ and $a \leq \frac{n}{2}$ consider a $n \times n$ matrix $A$ such that, all the diagonal entries are either $a$ or $a+1$ all the non-zero off-diagonal entries are $\...
1
vote
5answers
336 views

About adding a negative definite rank-1 matrix to a symmetric matrix

If $B$ is a symmetric matrix then how do its eigenvalues compare to the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$? ( where $v$ is a vector of the same dimension as $B$) I guess that the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$ ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Are there good ways of relating a minor to the full determinant?

Say $A$ is a $(n-1)\times (n-1)$ matrix and we augment it by a $n^{th}$ row and a column and get a $n \times n$ matrix $B$. Is there a nice way to relate $det(B)$ and $det(A)$ and the added row and ...
-1
votes
2answers
629 views

A sum-of-determinants identity [closed]

I posed a terser version of this question on math.stackexchange.com and after 24 hours I get only a comment on a detail of notation and neither votes nor answers. Suppose $X_1,\ldots,X_{n+1}\in\...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

How to see that this pairing of line bundles is multiplicative?

Given a projective flat morphism $p: X \rightarrow Y$ of integral noetherian schemes of relative dimension one. For a coherent sheaf $F$ on $Y$ we can define a line bundle $det(F)$ on $Y$ and for a ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Determinant of the oriented adjacency matrix of a tree

Let $(V,E)$ be a finite oriented directed graph, with vertices and edges ordered, and $M$ the $|V|\times |E|$ matrix with entries $$ m_{ve} = \begin{cases} 1 &\text{if $e$ points at $v$}\\ -1 &...
7
votes
3answers
412 views

An infinite product associated with random matrices

Motivation Let ${\mathbb F}_q$ be the field with $q$ (a power of some prime number) elements. Then the order of $GL_n({\mathbb F}_q)$ is $$(q^n-1)(q^n-q)\cdots(q^n-q^{n-1}).$$ The fact that this ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Determinant of block covariance matrix [closed]

I wonder how to express the determinant of a block covariance matrix. For example, I have a covariance matrix $\Sigma=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} \Sigma_1 & \Sigma_{12} \\ \Sigma_{21} &...
5
votes
1answer
739 views

Proving that the kernel of this matrix is of dimension 2

(Edit : see at the bottom of the question for an additional surprising possible hint.) Using a computational software program, I found that the kernel of the following matrix is of dimension 2 when $...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Does this permanent have a closed form?

What is the closed form of this permanent? (similar to the Cauchy determinant) \begin{aligned} f(z_1,z_2,\cdots,z_N,w_1,w_2,\cdots,w_N)=\left[ \small{\begin{matrix} \frac{1}{(z_1-w_1)^2} && \...
4
votes
1answer
291 views

Generalized Cauchy-Binet sum over a fixed subset of indices

I originally posted this on math.stackexchange, but it quickly got buried. I removed it not too long after, thinking of rewriting it for MO, but I didn’t have a chance to post it until now. Apologies ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

MInors related problem [closed]

A matrix $A$ has $m$ rows and $n$ colums, such that $m \leq n$. We know that each row of $A$ has the norm $1$ (the norm of an element $x=(x_1,x_2,...,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n$ is $||x||=\sqrt{x_1^2+x_2^2+...
10
votes
3answers
757 views

A class of matrix determinants between Wronskians and Vandermondes

Update: see below Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix that's constructed as follows. Construct the right-most column of $M$ as $[\alpha_1(x_1),\cdots,\alpha_n(x_n)]^T$ for some class of fixed functions $...
10
votes
2answers
489 views

Are bounds known for the maximum determinant of a (0,1)-matrix of specified size and with a specifed number of 1s?

The problems of determining the maximum determinant of an $n \times n$ $(0,1)$-matrix and the spectral problem of determining exactly which other determinants can possibly occur are both reasonably ...
10
votes
3answers
868 views

Determinant of a $k \times k$ block matrix

Consider the $k \times k$ block matrix: $$C = \left(\begin{array}{ccccc} A & B & B & \cdots & B \\ B & A & B &\cdots & B \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \...
10
votes
1answer
276 views

Factor a sum of products of cofactors

Let $M$ be any $n\times n$ matrix. We define the usual cofactors: $C_{i,j}$ is $(-1)^{i+j}$ times the determinant of the submatrix obtained by deleting row $i$ and column $j$ of $M$. We can write ...
9
votes
1answer
489 views

Why does this antisymmetric product factor out a determinant?

Consider a generic $n \times n$ matrix $M$. Define the $(n-1) \times n$ matrix $M_q$ to be $M$ with the $q$th row omitted, and assume that $M_q$ possesses a right inverse, $R_q$: $$R_q = M_q^T (M_q ...
5
votes
1answer
338 views

Vanishing patterns of minors of matrix

Let $M$ be a $m\times n$ matrix with entries in, say $\mathbb{C}$; assume $n\leq m$. Denote by $I\subseteq\{1,2,\ldots, n\}$ a subset of the columns of M. I am interested in positive results to the ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Number of Matrices with bounded determinant

Here's my question: Let $k,B,C$ be positive integers such that $B<C$. Can you give an upper bound for the number of $k\times k$ integer matrices having entries bounded in modulus by $B$ having ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

$G$-invariant part of products of determinants of minors

Let $G = SL_n$; then for any tuple $\lambda$ such that $\sum \lambda_i = n$, define $f_\lambda(g)$ as the product of the determinants of successive minors of lengths $\lambda_i$ of $g$ (e.g. for $\...
8
votes
0answers
193 views

Sum over growing Young tableaux

Let $\lambda_0,\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\lambda_3,\ldots$ be a sequence of Young diagrams, such that each successive diagram is obtained from the prior by the addition of one box (don't forget that the row ...
4
votes
4answers
678 views

Determinant of sum of Kronecker products

Given four real symmetric matrices $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and $C,D \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times m}$, is there an efficient way to compute the determinant: $\det|A \otimes C + B \otimes D |$
-1
votes
1answer
138 views

Determinant of a sum of two Hankel matrices [closed]

First version: Let $A$ and $B$ be (complex) Hankel matrix. Is it true that $\det (A+B)\neq 0$ if $\det A=0$ and $\det B\neq0$? No. Reformulating: For which $B$ is it true that $\det (A+B)\neq 0$ if $\...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

range of the difference-of-two-qubit-$4 \times 4$-density-matrix-determinants

The determinant of a two-qubit $4 \times 4$ density matrix--that is, a Hermitian, nonnegative definite matrix with unit trace--lies between $0$ and $(\frac{1}{2})^8$. (A "pure state" has determinant ...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

Reconstructing a (unitary) matrix from the determinant of its sub-matrices

I want to find the unitary $N \times N$ matrix U from the following data. Let $M$ be an integer $(1< M<N-1)$ and let $\mathcal S$ be the space of all the possible subsets of $\{1,2,\dots, N\}$ ...
9
votes
1answer
494 views

Determinant of $V^* V$ where $V$ is rectangular Vandermonde matrix with nodes on unit circle

Let $z_{1},\dots,z_{k}$ be distinct complex numbers with $\left|z_{j}\right|=1,\;j=1,\dots,k$. For any natural $N\geqslant k$ consider the rectangular Vandermonde matrix $$ V_{N}=\begin{pmatrix}1 &...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

A determinant problem with symmetric PSD matrices

Suppose we have a a set of matrices in the complex field of the form $a_iv_iv_i^H$ for $i=\{1,\dots,n\}$ where $a_i$ are constant positive real scalars and $v_i$ are constant complex valued finite ...
-2
votes
1answer
681 views

How to obtain the determinant of the difference of two matrices? [closed]

I am trying to obtain the determinant of the difference between the identity matrix and an A matrix. The question is such: ...
10
votes
2answers
575 views

A binomial determinant fomula

Is there an existing or elementary proof of the determinant identity $ \det_{1\le i,j\le n}\left( \binom{i}{2j}+ \binom{-i}{2j}\right)=1 $?
2
votes
3answers
500 views

LU decomposition

Consider a $N \times N$ symmetric real matrix $A$: $A_{ij} = (\sum_{k=1}^N n_{ik}) \delta_{ij} - n_{ij}$, where $n_{ij}$ is a real symmetric matrix whose elements are equal to $1$ or $0$. $A$ has one ...
6
votes
1answer
339 views

Has this generalization of a determinant (assigning multiplicities to the rows) been studied?

I'm working on some questions in tropical geometry, and my problem led me to create the following generalization of a determinant: Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ matrix with $m \le n$, and positive ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Estimate the determinant of sparse 0-1 matrix

There is a matrix A where each entry is either 0 or 1. Each column has exactly a 1's and each row has at most b 1's. What's the upper bound of abs(|A|)? The condition is stronger than the Hadamard's ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Given a correlation matrix $B$. What correlation matrix A (maximizes / minimizes) the following: det(A+B)

Given correlation matrix $B$ (positive semi-definite with ones in the diagonal). 1)Find the correlation matrix $A$ which maximizes $\det\left(A+B\right)$. 2)Find the correlation matrix $A$ which ...
2
votes
3answers
446 views

On matrices in linear forms with vanishing determinant

This is a cross-post from my original question at math.se. I decided to post here because it seems more difficult than I originally thought. Let $R=\mathbb C[x_1,\ldots,x_r]$ be a polynomial ring. ...
7
votes
2answers
584 views

Is this a metric on the Grassmannian Manifold?

Let $m>n$ and consider the Set $$S_{m,n}=\{A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}\lvert A^TA=I_n \}.$$ Does the function $d\colon S_{m,n} \times S_{m,n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $$d(A,B)=\sqrt{1-\...
4
votes
1answer
362 views

Determinant inequality of square-product sum of diagonal matrix and upper-triangular matrix

Recently, I have seen a matrix inequality but don't know how to prove it. The inequality goes as follows. For an arbitrary $n\times n$ diagonal matrix $\mathbf{D}$ and an arbitrary upper-triangular ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Determinants in Graph Theory

In graph theory, we work with adjacency matrices which define the connections between the vertices. These matrices have various properties in themselves. For example, their trace can be calculated (it ...
5
votes
2answers
661 views

Determinant of non-symmetric sum of matrices

Given three real, symmetric matrices $A\succ0$ and $B$, $C⪰ 0$. How can it be shown that: $$\det(A^2+AB+AC) \leq \det(A^2 +BA +AC+BC) ? \qquad (\star)$$ Where $A^2$ is symmetric and positive ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Derivative of a determinant of a matrix field

Let $A(x_1,...,x_n)$ be an $n\times n$ matrix field over $R^n$. I am interested in the partial derivative determinant of $A$ in respect to $x_i$. In can be shown that: $\frac{\partial{\det(A)}}{\...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Find a generalized hypergeometric-based function yielding certain ratios of fifth-degree polynomials

Find a (presumably, generalized hypergeometric-based function $f(n,a,k)$), yielding for $n=1, a=\frac{1}{2}$,the rational function (ratio of fifth-degree polynomials) \begin{equation} f(1,\frac{1}{2},...
7
votes
1answer
494 views

Does this Linear Algebra Construction have a Name?

Let $\mathcal{R}$ be a ring and let $v^0,\ldots,v^{k-1}\in\mathcal{R}^m$ with $m \geq k$. Suppose we wish to find $w\in Span(v^0,\ldots,v^{k-1})$ such that $k-1$ specified coordinates of $w$ vanish (...
9
votes
1answer
560 views

M-matrix plus S-matrix is P-matrix?

I am trying to prove that a mapping has a unique fixed-point by showing that its Jacobian is a P-matrix. In this particular case the Jacobian can be decomposed as the sum of two matrices and I would ...
-1
votes
1answer
6k views

Derivative of log determinant and inverse

I have a matrix $\Sigma$ with element $(i,j)$ $$\Sigma_{i,j}= \exp(-h_{i,j}\rho).$$ The matrix is positive definite and symmetric (it is a covariance matrix). Now I need to evaluate $$\frac{\...
0
votes
1answer
269 views

Gel'fand Yaglom functional determinant of non-diagonal operator?

Introduction: As a quick reminder, the Gel'fand Yaglom theorem uses the generalized zeta-function approach to compute functional determinants of differential operators. Given a differential operator ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Polynomials satisfying a three-term recurrence

Let ${p_n}(x) = x{p_{n - 1}}(x) - {a_{n - 2}}{p_{n - 2}}(x)$ for some numbers ${a_n}$ with initial values ${p_{ - 1}}(x) = 0$ and ${p_0}(x) = 1.$ By Favard’s theorem about orthogonal polynomials ...
4
votes
0answers
573 views

determinant of fibonacci-sum graphs

We have a simple graph with vertices $\{v_1, v_2, ... v_n\}$. The adjacency matrix of this graph is $A= (a_{ij})$ so that $a_{ij}=1$ if $i+j$ belongs to the Fibonacci sequence; $a_{ij}=0$ ...
7
votes
2answers
670 views

When is the determinant a Morse function?

This might be ridiculously obvious, but... For each $n \in \mathbb{N}$, let $M_n$ denote the manifold of $n \times n$ matrices with real entries. It is well known that the $n$-dimensional determinant ...