**6**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### Are Vitali-type nonmeasurable sets determinate?

Here, by a Vitali set, I mean the following. Call $f_1,f_2:\omega\rightarrow 2$ tail-equivalent if {$n| f_1(n)\not=f_2(n)$}$<\infty$. Vitali sets (existence via AC) contain one such $f$ from ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Higher computability : Constructive ordinal and $\Delta^1_1$ predicates

Everything I know on this subject comes from Sacks book : "Higher recursion theory"
Let $\mathcal{O^Y}$ be the set of codes for ordinals constructive in $Y$.
We should have the result that $A ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Kunen tree and Martin tree

Do we know under which conditions the Kunen tree (Recall the Kunen tree provides an analysis of the equivalence classes of functions $f: \omega_1 \to \omega_1$ with respect to the normal measure ...

**54**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology?

This question arises from the excellent question posed on math.SE
by Salvo Tringali, namely, Correspondence
between Borel algebras and topology.
Since the question was not answered there after some ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### A question on infinite dimensional Gaussian measure and affine tranformations.

Let $\gamma_\infty$ denote the product Gaussian measure on $\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$. Which $a,b \geq 0$ satisfy that for every Borel set $K\subseteq \mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$ of positive measure, $a K + ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

380 views

### Question of combinatorics in the lower part of the Borel hierarchy.

Let $S^\omega$ denote either $\omega^\omega$ or $2^\omega$.
Let's call a function $f: S^\omega \rightarrow$ {0,1} 'nice' if
there exists a function $g_f: S^{\lt \omega} \rightarrow 2$ such that for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Borel reduction/Wadge hierarchy

An equivalence relation $E$ is Borel-reducible to an equivalence relation $F$ if there is a $\Delta^1_1$ function $f$ such that $xEy$ holds iff $f(x)Ff(y)$ holds. A set $A\subset \omega^{\omega}$ is ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

498 views

### 2-colorings of the reals

It's easy to prove that, if $\mathbb{R}$ is well-orderable, then there is a 2-coloring of pairs of reals with no uncountable homogeneous set, i.e., there is an $m: [\mathbb{R}]^2\rightarrow 2$ such ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why does inner model theory need so much descriptive set theory (and vice versa)?

I am curious about how much descriptive set theory is involved in inner model theory.
For instance Shoenfield's absoluteness result is based on the construction of the Shoenfield tree which ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

297 views

### Models of $AD$ different from $L(\mathbb{R})$

Today it is known that $AD$ (the axiom of determinacy of games played with integers) is true in $L(\mathbb{R})$. Has it been proven that this is the only model in which $AD$ is true? Have other models ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### Action on a compact group

If $G$ is an infinite compact group, how many orbits can $G$ have under the group action of its continuous automorphisms ?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

529 views

### Question about 0-dimensional Polish spaces

Hello everybody,
I'm stuck with proving (or disproving) the following statement.
Statement:
For every $0$-dimensional Polish space $(X,\mathcal{T}\ )$, and a countable basis of clopen sets ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

633 views

### Theorems proved with AD whose proof is also known in the ZF world

This question arises from discussions with my professor and from Todd Eisworth comments in this question Large cardinal axioms and the perfect set property
In $L(\mathbb{R})$ we have $AD$ and it is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Large cardinal axioms and the perfect set property

It is known that if there is a measurable cardinal then every $\Pi_1^1$ set has the perfect set property (i.e it is either countable or contains a copy of $2^{\omega}$). Also if we have ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Moschovakis Coding Lemma

I trying to study the Coding Lemma (in descriptive Set Theory) and there is a small point in the proof that I don't understand. Let me first recall the version I'm studying ( there are different ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

459 views

### Exact consistency-strength of “all projective sets are Ramsey”

I wonder if the exact consistency strength of
"All projective sets have the Ramsey property"
is still open.
In Solovay's model, all sets have the Ramsey property, so the consistency strength of this ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

591 views

### Continuously selecting elements from unordered pairs

The symmetric square of a topological space $X$ is obtained from the usual square $X^2$ by identifying pairs of symmetric points $(x_1,x_2)$ and $(x_2,x_1)$. Thus, elements of the symmetric square can ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### When can the one-one continuous image of a perfect set fail to be perfect?

Let $\mathfrak{M}$ and $\mathfrak{N}$ be perfect Polish spaces, $P$ a nonempty perfect subset of $\mathfrak{M}$, and $f: \mathfrak{M} \rightarrow \mathfrak{N}$ a continuous surjection that's injective ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Partitioning $\mathbb{R}$ into $\aleph_1$ Borel sets

I just ran into this deceptively simple looking question.
Is it always possible to partition $\mathbb{R}$ (or any other standard Borel space) into precisely $\aleph_1$ Borel sets?
On the one ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

569 views

### Perfect set property for projective hierarchy

Is there any paper discussing the consistency strength (or possible equivalents, maybe large cardinals) of just assuming the perfect set property for certain levels of the projective hierarchy?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

827 views

### Vitali Sets vs Bernstein Sets…

AC is enough to guarantee the existence of both Bernstein Sets and Vitali Sets...
However is the existence of Vitali Sets strictly weaker than that of Bernstein Sets?
What about the other way round?
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### A restatement, in terms of the semi-group product of the left-invariant completion of a Polish group, of http://mathoverflow.net/questions/71389

This is a re-statement, of sorts, of Is there a relational countable ultra-homogeneous structure whose countable substructures do not have the amalgamation property?, so far unanswered.
Let $G$ be a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Definable Wellordering of the Reals

Why are we interested in definable wellordering of the reals? For instance, we have
Con(ZFC) $\Rightarrow$ Con(ZFC + there is a $\Delta^1_2$-wellordering of $\mathbb{R}$),
Con(ZFC + there is a ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

417 views

### Code universal arithmetical sets by a hyperarithmetical set?

For each n, there is a (lightface) Σ0n set Sn ⊆ ω2 that's universal for the Σ0n subsets of ω. Since {n} × Sn is Σ0n, there is a union R of arithmetical ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Consistency strengths related to the perfect set property

I want a model of $\mathrm{MA}_{\sigma\mathrm{-centered}}+\neg\mathrm{CH}$ in which every set of reals in $L(\mathbb{R})$ has the perfect set property. In terms of consistency strength, it is known ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

567 views

### $\Delta^0_{\alpha}$ universal sets does not exist

I am taking a course in descriptive set theory, and the exam is approaching on Sunday. In the framework of proving that for an uncountable Polish space $X$ the following holds: ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### For METRIZABLE spaces, do the Banach classes and Baire classes coincide?

In this paper: 'Borel structures for Function spaces' by Robert Aumann,
http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1255631584
Aumann claims that when X and Y are metric spaces (among other things), the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

487 views

### Images of Borel subsets of non-metric compact spaces

The following question was noted by Jan Pachl in connection with the
study of Arens products and he has not received a satisfactory
answer from the various experts he has asked. Let $X$ and $Y$ be
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Any subset of Baire space is a union of a boldface $\Delta_2^0$ set and a set with no isolated points. Anybody know how to prove this?

I'm trying to do due diligence and determine whether this is known, trivial, original, etc. I have a proof of:
Theorem: If $S\subseteq \mathbb{N}^{\mathbb{N}}$ then $S=X\cup Y$ for some $X$ which is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

528 views

### Is this observation about the Borel Hierarchy trivial?

Hello, consider the following theorem. Is it trivial? Is it interesting? Is it worth including in a paper if I can prove it in 1 line as a corollary?
Theorem: Suppose $n>0$ is a natural. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Does recent work of Woodin clash with an older result in Descriptive Set Theory?

Background/Motivation
First time posting here, so I give the motivation for the question.
Early on in Descriptive Set Theory Sierpinski proved every
${\Sigma}^1_2$ set (PCA set in the older ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

950 views

### Universal sets in metric spaces

(I am cross-posting this from math.SE as it seems to be slightly over the top for that site.)
I saw in the class the theorem:
Suppose $X$ is a separable metric space, and $Y$ is a polish space ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

639 views

### A compactness property for Borel sets

Is the following generalised compactness property of Borel sets in a Polish space consistent with ZFC?
(*) Let $\mathcal{B}$ be a family of $\aleph_1$-many Borel sets. If $\bigcap \mathcal{B} = ...

**23**

votes

**0**answers

966 views

### Do all possible trees arise as orbit trees of some permutation groups?

I.Motivation from descriptive set theory
(Contains some quotes from Maciej Malicki's paper.)
The classical theorem of Birkhoff-Kakutani implies that every metrizable topological group G admits a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

455 views

### Choice function on the countable subsets of the reals

It is easy to find a choice function on all finite subsets of $\mathbb R$, but without using the axiom of choice, not on all subsets. Is there an "explicit" choice function on the countable subsets of ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Parts of Set Theory immune to independence

The motivation for asking this question is a passage (3.2) in an article by Greg Hjorth where he said that "...it is also an attractive feature of the theory of Borel cardinalities and of the theory ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Wanted: chain of nowhere dense subsets of the real line whose union is nonmeagre, or even contains intervals

Let $X$ be a topological space. When I call a set nowhere dense, meagre or similar without qualification, I mean that it has this property as a subset of $X$. Call a subset of $X$ weager (for weakly ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Question about John Steel's “The derived model theorem”

In John Steel's paper "The derived model theorem",
http://math.berkeley.edu/~steel/papers/dm.ps
John Steel asserts that it is clear that $\mathrm{Hom}^{Y}_{\kappa}$ is closed downward under ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

**3**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Question about Woodin's paper “On the consistency strength of projective uniformization”

In the paper "On the consistency strength of projective uniformization" Woodin proves a lemma "Assume $M$ is a model of ZFC that is $\Sigma^{1}_{3}$-absolute. Then $M\vDash\forall ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Descriptive complexity of Hamel bases of R^ω

(base theory = ZFC)
Are any Hamel bases for the vector space $\mathbb{R}^{\omega}$ in the
1. analytical hierarchy?2. projective hierarchy?
In any of the above cases where the answer is not simply ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Related Open Game in Analytic Determinacy

For this question, please refer to Chapter 33 page 638, Set Theory Millennium Edition, by Thomas Jech.
The proof of analytic games $G_A$ is converted into an open game $G^\ast$ on some suitable ...

**39**

votes

**4**answers

10k views

### Non-Borel sets without axiom of choice

This is a simple doubt of mine about the basics of measure theory, which should be easy for the logicians to answer. The example I know of non Borel sets would be a Hamel basis, which needs axiom of ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

518 views

### disjoint translates of a dense uncountable set

If {c(n)} is an arbitrary sequence of irrational numbers converging to 0 then Q + c(n), the set obtained by adding c(n) to the set of rational numbers Q, is clearly disjoint from Q for each n.
Is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

365 views

### A subset of Baire space Wadge incomparable to a Borel set?

Let $\omega^\omega$ be Baire space. If $A,B\subseteq\omega^\omega$ we say that $A$ is Wadge reducible to $B$ (written $A\leq_w B$) if there is a continuous function ...