**6**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Reference for “if the set $A$ is Suslin, then every $\Sigma^1_1(A)$ set is Suslin”

Does anyone know of a reference for one or both of the following facts (in $\mathsf{ZF}$)?
If the set of reals $A$ is Suslin, then every $\Sigma^1_1(A)$ set of reals is Suslin.
If $T$ is a tree on ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Descriptive Complexity of Knot Equivalence

I was reading a little about knots (in a popular math book that wasn't very good) and the book put forth several knot invariants like the Alexander and Jones polynomials. But these are not complete ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### Illfounded trees as “retract” of all trees

Definitions: Let $\omega^{<\omega}$ be the set of all finite sequences of natural numbers. For $u, v \in \omega^{<\omega}$, let $u \prec v$ denote that $u$ is a prefix of $v$. We call a subset ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Characterizing L(R) Cardinals in HOD

We're working in L(R) under AD.
We know that
$\omega_1$ is the least measurable in HOD, $\Theta$ is the least woodin, $\delta^2_1$ is the least strong to the woodin, etc.
My question is about ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### If $x≤^∗y$ has the $\text{BP}$(in $X^2$) we can say that A is meager?

Let $X$ be a Polish space. Let $(I,<)$ be a wellordered set and $(A_i)_{i∈I}$ a family of sets meager in $X$. Let $A=⋃_{i∈I}A_i$. If consider the relation $x≤^∗y$ defined by:
$x,y∈A$ $\wedge$ (the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Fixed Points of the Friedman Stanley Jump

Consider the situation of a pair $(X,E)$, where $X$ is a standard Borel space and $E$ is an invariant equivalence relation on $X$*. The Friedman-Stanley jump of this pair is an equivalence relation ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Degree of unsolvability of finding a open approximation to a Borel set, given its Borel code

It is well known that every Borel set has the property of Baire. That is, for every Borel set $B$, there is an open set $U$ and a sequence of dense open sets $D_n$ such that for every $x\in \cap_n ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Is every set of small measure contained in an open set of small measure with null boundary?

Let $\lambda( \cdot )$ denote Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$. Let $(A_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a decreasing sequence of Borel subsets of $[0,1]$ such that $\bigcap_{n=1}^\infty A_n = \emptyset$. Given ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### A property of the Frechet filter and every ultrafilter

(Joint question with Piotr Szewczak.)
Definitions and notation. By filter we mean a filter on $\omega$ containing the cofinite sets at least.
For a filter $\mathcal{F}$, let ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### A classic cardinal characteristic of the continuum in disguise?

We believe the answer to the following question, that is relevant to a joint research project with Piotr Szewczak, should be known. We would appreciate any help or pointer.
Needed definitions may be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Topological properties of space of Radon measures

Let $M$ denote the space of signed unbounded Radon measures on $\mathbb{R}$ as is defined by Bourbaki, i.e. $M$ is the dual of $C_c$ where $C_c$ is the space of continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Surjective (strong) reducibility of Borel equivalence relations

Suppose $E$ and $F$ are Borel equivalence relations on Polish spaces $X$, $Y$, resp. Say that $E$ is surjectively Borel reducible to $F$ iff there is a Borel surjection $f:X \to Y$ such that $xEy$ iff ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### A query on how to climb inaccessibles in £

I am investigating to what extent extensions of the librationist property or set theory £ may support relative inaccessible sets; see Librationist Closures of the Paradoxes and Elements of ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

242 views

### Borel cross section

It is known from metric space topology that a closed equivalence relation on a Polish space has either countably many or $\mathfrak{c}$ many equivalence classes.
A short elementary proof is given in ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

811 views

### Application of Fraïssé construction in set theory

As you know Fraïssé limit construction and its generalization, Hrushovski's construction, have many applications in model theory to build models with interesting property.
Now I would like to know ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Countable chain condition in $\text{BP}(X)$

Let $\text{BP}(X)$ denote $\sigma$-algebra of subsets of $X$ with the Baire Property BP and $\text{MGR}(X)$ denote the $\sigma$-ideal of meager sets in $X$.
Assume $X$ is second countable Baire ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Potentiality classes and Borel reductions

In a 1998 paper by Hjorth, Kechris, and Louveau, there was a definition given of a "potentiality class." That is, given an invariant equivalence relation $E$ on a standard Borel space $X$, we say $E$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Question about of comeager set

If $G\subseteq2^{\mathbb{N}}$ is comeager then exist is a partition $\mathbb{N}=A_0\cup A_1$, $A_0\cap A_1=\emptyset$, and sets $B_i \subseteq A_i$ for $i \in \{0,1\}$, such that for $A \subseteq ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### A jump operator for Borel equivalence relations

It is well-known that with respect to Borel reducibility the class of Borel equivalence relations on a standard Borel space does not admit a maximal element. We can use the well-known Friedman-Staley ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Does a surjective measurable map induce a surjective pushforward operator?

I hope it is OK to post a question that is basically the same as the months old currently unanswered question at math stackexchange
Suppose X, Y are Polish spaces (without loss of generality, we may ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Defining functions pointwise vs. almost everywhere (w.r.t. uncountably many mutually singular measures)

My question is motivated by a general measure-theoretic problem that one frequently encounters in probability: the need to work with uncountably many mutually singular measures at once, and with ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### Proving regularity properties from forcing axioms

It's well known that PFA implies projective determinacy. It's also well known that PD implies that all projective sets are Lebesgue measurable, have the Baire property, etc.
Is there a direct proof ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### Limits of determinacy on reals

For $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^\omega$, say that $X$ is determined if the associated game on $\mathbb{R}$ of length $\omega$ (players I and II alternate playing reals, player I wins iff the sequence built ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### A question regarding sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$$\neq$$V$

Consider sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$ $\neq$$V$. Are there sets of Vitali's type in both $L$ and $V-L$? If so, is there any way one can distinguish the constructible sets of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

246 views

### Cardinal characteristics without choice

(I'm taking my definition of a cardinal characteristic from Blass' excellent article http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/need.pdf, which cites Vojtas/Fremlin/Miller; theirs is more general, but I'm ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Classify spaces that make extension theorems hold

Recall a Polish space is a completely metrizable separable space.
Say a Polish space $Y$ is a terminal space if for any Polish space $X$ and any closed $C \subseteq X$, one can extend a continuous ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

345 views

### When can we reach a real by forcing?

I'm sure this is well-known, but: suppose I have a non-constructible real $r\in V-L$. Under what conditions is there a poset $\mathbb{P}\in L$ and a $G$ which is $\mathbb{P}$-generic over $L$, such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

219 views

### At what level of the analytic hierarchy do Cohen reals lie?

In his doctoral thesis titled "Three models of ordinal computability", Benjamin Seyfferth proved the following theorems:
i) A set $\mathtt A$ of reals is Ordinal Turing Machine-enumerable if and only ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Space of Borel measurable maps

That's a question from MSE (here) that did not receive any answer for some days. I migrate it to MO.
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two standard Borel spaces and consider the set $M(X,Y)$ of measurable maps $f: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

202 views

### Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1].
Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point.
So in both cases we see ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

479 views

### The continuum hypothesis for packing shapes without overlapping

Consider the finite cross $C$ (=union of line segments $\overline{(0, -1)(0, 1)}$ and $\overline{(-1, 0)(1, 0)}$) and the unit half-circle $H$. It is easy to see that we may pack continuum-many ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Is $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$ ever the union of a chain of proper subgroups each isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$?

Recall that the covering number $cov(B)$ is the least cardinal $\kappa$ such that $\kappa$ meagre sets cover the real line. Andreas Blass and John Irwin http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/bb.pdf ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### cardinality of perfect sets in generalized Baire space

I've been unable to find an answer to the following question in the literature
on generalized descriptive set theory. Consider Baire space $\kappa^{\kappa}$
where $\kappa$ is inaccessible. The basic ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

127 views

### Measure on hyperspace of compact subsets

For a Polish space $X$, let $K(X)$ be the set of compact subsets of $X$. Given the topology with basis $\{K\in K(X):K\subset U_0, K\cap U_1\neq\emptyset,\ldots,K\cap U_n\neq\emptyset\}$ for open sets ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

638 views

### Three old questions on the Sacks forcing

I came across the two following Qs in 1970.
Find reals $a,b$ such that $a$ is Sacks over $L[b]$ and vice versa $b$ is Sacks over $L[a]$. Note that a Sacks $\times$ Sacks generic pair definitely does ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### The (global) theory of Borel equivalence relations

What do we know about the complexity of the theory of Borel equivalence relations, with the Borel reducibility order $\leq_B$?
That is, let $\mathcal{B}$ be the set of all Borel equivalence ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Uniformization/measurable selection theorems

Let $X,Y$ be measurable spaces and $F\subseteq X\times Y$. We say that $f:X\to Y$ is a uniformization map for $F$ if $(x,f(x))\in F$ for each $x\in \pi_X(F)$ where $\pi_X$ is the left projection map. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Inverse of a Borel surjection

Let $X$ and $Y$ be standard Borel spaces, and let $f:X\to Y$ be a surjective Borel map. Does there exist a Borel inverse of $f$, that is a Borel map $g:Y\to X$ such that $f\circ g = \mathrm{id}_Y$.
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

497 views

### Can we define an “empirically generic” real number?

Summary: My question, in a nutshell, is how we should intuitively imagine a generic real number (as opposed to a random one), and whether we can construct numbers which empirically behave like generic ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Quotients of standard Borel spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be standard Borel spaces: topological spaces homeomorphic to Borel subsets of complete metric spaces. Given a surjective Borel map $f:X\to Y$, we get an equivalence relation ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Analytic enlargement of an analytic set

Let $X,Y$ be Borel spaces and $A\subseteq X\times Y$ be an analytic set. Let $\pi:X\times Y \to X$ denote the projection map onto $X$. Does there always exist a set $B$ such that $\pi(B) = X\setminus ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Countable model theory for $\omega$-stable theories?

This is a bit of a fishing expedition, because I'm not sure what I'm looking for. Very vaguely stated, here's the driving question:
What conditions on an $\omega$-stable theory make the class of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Measure Preserving Transformation Induced by a $*$-automorphism on $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

The following excerpt is from Connes' Noncommutative Geometry
Let $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a standard Borel space equipped with a probability measure $\mu$, and let $\ T$ be a Borel ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### Does Turing determinacy imply full determinacy?

The axiom of Turing determinacy is a weakening of the full axiom of determinacy, $AD$, in which only games with payoff sets which are $\equiv_T$-invariant are demanded to be determined.
In "Turing ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### When is $A$ “$L$-ish” whenever $B$ is “$L$-ish”?

My question is about a kind of relative constructibility in set theory.
Fix a countable transitive model $W\models ZFC$ which is much bigger than $L^W$. There is a natural way within $W$ to compare ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Is $\ell^\infty$ Polishable?

Consider $\ell^\infty$ as a subspace of the Polish space $\mathbb{R}^\omega$. It is easy to check that $\ell^\infty$ is not Polish in the subspace topology, as it is countable union of the compact ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Is the set of measurable maps with countable range Borel?

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a standard probability space, and $(Y,\tau)$ an uncountable Polish space. Then the set $L^0(X,\mu,Y)$ of measurable maps from $X$ to $Y$ identified up to measure 0 is Polish w.r.t. ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Higher recursion theory and reverse mathematics: What is to $\Pi^1_1-CA_0$ as $RCA_0$ is to $ACA_0$?

There is an extremely rich and well-understood analogy between "recursively enumerable" and "$\Pi^1_1$" - indeed, this is the starting point of metarecursion theory, and $\alpha$-recursion theory in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### Cofinality of a $\sigma$-ideal of $\mathbb{R}$

The cofinality of a partially ordered set $\left( P,\leq \right)$, written $cof(P)$, is the smallest cardinality of a subset $T$ of $P$ that is [EDIT: cofinal] in $P$, i.e. for every element $p\in P$ ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Haar measurable sets and quotient maps

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff group with a Haar measure $\mu$, let $H$ be a closed normal subgroup of $G$, and let $q: G \to G/H$ be the quotient homomorphism. Let $\nu$ be a Haar measure ...