# Tagged Questions

Descriptive Set Theory is the study of definable subsets of Polish spaces, where definable is taken to mean from the Borel or projective hierarchies. Other topics include infinite games and determinacy, definable equivalence relations and Borel reductions between them, Polish groups, and effective ...

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### Choice and the Baire property in non-separable complete metric spaces

It's known to be consistent with ZF+DC that every subset of $\mathbb{R}$ has the Baire property (BP). (E.g. Shelah's model). If so, then every subset of every complete separable metric space has ...
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### Spreading sets - especially without choice

For what follows, I work in ZF+AD+DC. However, the questions below are not obviously trivial in ZFC, so I'm also interested in results in that system. Suppose I have a set $X\subseteq \mathbb{R}$. ...
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### Bernstein sets of large cardinality

A metrizable space $X$ will be called a generalized Bernstein set if every closed completely metrizable subspace $C$ of $X$ has cardinality $|C|<|X|$. It is well-known that the real line contains ...
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### Is it inconsistent for a model of set theory to contain its own first order theory?

I am wondering if it is inconsistent to have a model of set theory V such that V contains an $A\subset \omega$ that codes its first order theory.I.e. for all $\{\underline\epsilon\}$-sentences $\phi$, ...
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### Countably generated $\sigma$-algebra

Let $(\Omega,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a countably generated probability space. Must $(\Omega,\Sigma,\mu)$ be isomorphic modulo null sets to a standard probability space? I assume not, so here is a more ...
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### Is the following product-like space a Polish space?

Let $\mathcal{M}_1(\mathbb R)$ denote the space of Borel probability measures on $\mathbb R$. The space is a Polish space (a space which admits a complete, separable, metric) using, say the Levy-...
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### Absoluteness and Tree Representations

Suppose $T$ is a tree on $\omega \times \omega \times \delta$ for some ordinal $\delta$ is a homogeneous tree (with some coherent set of measures witnessing homoegeneity). ($T$ can have additional ...
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### A question about Borel sets on the unit interval

It is known that each non-decreasing continuous function $\phi$ induces a $\sigma$-additive measure $d\phi$ such that $\int_0^1 f(x) d\phi(x)$ exists for every bounded real-valued Baire function $f$. ...
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### Is every ordinal potentially definable?

It is easy to see that, if $V\models\alpha>\omega_1^{CK}$, then $\alpha$ is not recursive in any forcing extension of $V$. The argument goes as follows: The relation "$\Phi_e=r$" is $\Pi^0_2$. ...
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### On continuous perturbations of functions of the first Baire class on the Cantor set

Is it true that for any function of the first Baire class $f:X\to\mathbb R$ on the Cantor cube $X=2^\omega$ there is a continuous function $g:X\to[0,1]$ such that the image $(f+g)(X)$ is disjoint with ...
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### Is there an analytic $\mathrm{P}$- ideal on $\omega$ which is not $\Sigma^0_2$ and not $\Pi^0_3$-complete?

Soleski proved that for any analytic $\mathrm{P}$-ideal on $\omega$ is $\Pi^0_3$. The usually example , such as the density zero ideal $Z_0$ is $\Pi^0_3$-complete, $I_{\frac{1}{n}}$ is $\Sigma^0_2$-...
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### Scott Rank of Models of Infinitary Sentences

Let $\mathscr{L}$ be a recursive language. Let $\varphi$ be a $\mathscr{L}_{\omega_1 \omega}$-sentence and $\varphi \in L_{\omega_1^\emptyset}$. (Let $\varphi$ be a computably infinitary formula.) Let ...
Let $\mathbb{P}$ be the usual forcing which adds a dominating real: conditions in $\mathbb{P}$ are pairs $(p, f)$ with $p:\omega\rightarrow\omega$ finite partial and $f:\omega\rightarrow\omega$ total, ...
### Natural examples of $\bf\Sigma^0_3$ equivalence relations
I have been reading about Borel equivalence relations and I have noticed that while $\bf\Sigma^0_3$ equivalence relations are mentioned, there is a conspicuous absence of natural examples (other than \$...